2016 學測衝刺班試答題

Question 1 of 83

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01. Some of the ruined villages appeared to have been ______, with few signs of life among the piles of rubble.

Select one of the following:

  • (A) shaded

  • (B) abandoned

  • (C) coveted

  • (D) exhibited

Question 2 of 83

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02. Nepal ______eight of the ten highest mountains in the world, with spectacular scenery to match.

Select one of the following:

  • (A) boasts

  • (B) honored

  • (C) flocked

  • (D) surveyed

Question 3 of 83

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03. Trespass occurs when, without ______, one enters onto another’s property in an unlawful manner.

Select one of the following:

  • (A) wariness

  • (B) consent

  • (C) trick

  • (D) source

Question 4 of 83

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04. My parents decide to ______ the cost of the groceries, covering expenses for the birthday party I am throwing.

Select one of the following:

  • (A) perform

  • (B) sample

  • (C) absorb

  • (D) release

Question 5 of 83

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05. Initially selected as a temporary replacement, the pitcher later signed a longer-term ______ with much higher salaries this year.

Select one of the following:

  • (A) incident

  • (B) nomination

  • (C) rumor

  • (D) contract

Question 6 of 83

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06. According to the study, the foreign population in this region was ______ while indigenous communities were shrinking.

Select one of the following:

  • (A) damaging

  • (B) booming

  • (C) deserting

  • (D) bustling

Question 7 of 83

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07. We cannot stop natural disasters, but we have to ______ to overcome them once they happen. After all, we hope to move on and get back to normal life as soon as possible.

Select one of the following:

  • (A) contribute

  • (B) desire

  • (C) dare

  • (D) attain

Question 8 of 83

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08. Following a series of violent eruptions, the government has issued a red ______, warning that the volcano remains unstable.

Select one of the following:

  • (A) burden

  • (B) horror

  • (C) degree

  • (D) alert

Question 9 of 83

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09. The kitchen — ______ with an oven, dishwasher, toaster, kettle and coffee maker — was ample enough to indulge culinary arts.

Select one of the following:

  • (A) equipped

  • (B) enlisted

  • (C) entertained

  • (D) exchanged

Question 10 of 83

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10. Ted is ______ of the adverse effect of smoking; however, he continues the habit.

Select one of the following:

  • (A) aware

  • (B) guilty

  • (C) capable

  • (D) foolish

Question 11 of 83

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11. The company is expected to ______ a brand new version of its smartphone at the press conference next week.

Select one of the following:

  • (A) blossom

  • (B) direct

  • (C) boast

  • (D) debut

Question 12 of 83

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12. My plan to reduce office paper waste has proven to be ______, resulting in a fifty percent reduction in paper use.

Select one of the following:

  • (A) effective

  • (B) cautious

  • (C) general

  • (D) fancy

Question 13 of 83

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13. By week’s end, the Tourism Bureau said Mount Everest climbs could ______ once the icefall was repaired.

Select one of the following:

  • (A) gather

  • (B) resume

  • (C) entertain

  • (D) prosper

Question 14 of 83

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14. The candidate worked tirelessly to persuade ______ or even mildly hostile voters that he has the ability to be a good president.

Select one of the following:

  • (A) worldly

  • (B) destructive

  • (C) harsh

  • (D) skeptical

Question 15 of 83

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15. Applying a generous amount of sunscreen 30 minutes before going outdoors is ______ to protect your skin from the sun’s harmful ultraviolet radiation.

Select one of the following:

  • (A) regular

  • (B) permanent

  • (C) essential

  • (D) doubtful

Question 16 of 83

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16. The man was arrested on ______ of murdering a seven-year-old who died in a house fire two years ago.

Select one of the following:

  • (A) suspicion

  • (B) core

  • (C) desire

  • (D) effort

Question 17 of 83

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17. On freezing winter days, most students don’t ______ leaving a cozy, warm bed to trudge over to campus for a full day of classes.

Select one of the following:

  • (A) deny

  • (B) fancy

  • (C) enable

  • (D) rotate

Question 18 of 83

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18. A producer’s value lies in his eye, the deep understanding about how a film moves or ______ an audience.

Select one of the following:

  • (A) undergoes

  • (B) rushes

  • (C) sways

  • (D) thrills

Question 19 of 83

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19. Everybody laughs the same in every culture. Moreover, a warm smile has become a ______ language of kindness.

Select one of the following:

  • (A) pure

  • (B) intimate

  • (C) universal

  • (D) potential

Question 20 of 83

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20. The experts ______ this quake-stricken area, looking closely at it to measure the damage.

Select one of the following:

  • (A) nibbled

  • (B) mined

  • (C) surveyed

  • (D) repaired

Question 21 of 83

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21. Despite its beautiful scenery, the town is not a popular tourism ______ because it offers few leisure activities.

Select one of the following:

  • (A) destination

  • (B) provision

  • (C) outbreak

  • (D) miracle

Question 22 of 83

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22. From bendable screens to eye scanners, the following are 15 smartphone ______ to expect in the next five years.

Select one of the following:

  • (A) titles

  • (B) substances

  • (C) appliances

  • (D) features

Question 23 of 83

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23. Obviously, such a ______ portion of fried rice doesn’t cheer a hungry growing boy like my brother.

Select one of the following:

  • (A) major

  • (B) slender

  • (C) realistic

  • (D) violent

Question 24 of 83

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24. Whenever she tries to discuss with Jack about his drinking problems, she is met with excuses, ______ and anger.

Select one of the following:

  • (A) innocence

  • (B) penalty

  • (C) denial

  • (D) proof

Question 25 of 83

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25. Fresh fruit has a ______ low amount of sugar compared with bottled juice. For those who are on a diet, the former is a better choice.

Select one of the following:

  • (A) rarely

  • (B) regularly

  • (C) relatively

  • (D) remotely

Question 26 of 83

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26. Tom’s family valued education highly, so they have made financial ______ for his college tuition payments.

Select one of the following:

  • (A) execution

  • (B) invasion

  • (C) participation

  • (D) provision

Question 27 of 83

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27. Cyber-bullying can happen 24 hours a day, 7 days a week, so its impact can be severe, ______, and long-lasting.

Select one of the following:

  • (A) tricky

  • (B) far-reaching

  • (C) breathtaking

  • (D) sentimental

Question 28 of 83

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28. Residents here have the lowest household incomes in the country and, correspondingly, the highest ______ rates.

Select one of the following:

  • (A) poverty

  • (B) retirement

  • (C) property

  • (D) hostility

Question 29 of 83

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29. Despite earnest attempts to make peace, this ______ encounter has stretched my patience to my limit.

Select one of the following:

  • (A) hostile

  • (B) mature

  • (C) eager

  • (D) cruel

Question 30 of 83

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30. Sue picked a lovely floral ______ as my birthday present, but to be honest, I am not too fond of how it smelled on my skin.

Select one of the following:

  • (A) breeze

  • (B) data

  • (C) attachment

  • (D) fragrance

Question 31 of 83

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31. It stands to reason that investors are ______ to spend money on items that won't yield good results.

Select one of the following:

  • (A) tentative

  • (B) reluctant

  • (C) abnormal

  • (D) adventurous

Question 32 of 83

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32. There is no question that the economy is in recession, with many factories ______ especially in the fabric and households industries.

Select one of the following:

  • (A) destructive

  • (B) brilliant

  • (C) idle

  • (D) captivating

Question 33 of 83

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33. After the strong quake, our top priority is to reach those isolated villages ______ from centers of civilization. We fear that they might be wiped off the map.

Select one of the following:

  • (A) remote

  • (B) lean

  • (C) empty

  • (D) picturesque

Question 34 of 83

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34. We need to radically rethink our economic, social and political models to create a sustainable, ______ future for everyone on the planet.

Select one of the following:

  • (A) prosperous

  • (B) existing

  • (C) fancy

  • (D) intimate

Question 35 of 83

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35. Attending my son’s graduation ceremony and watching him receive his ______ are a terrific thrill, truly one of a family’s most memorable moments.

Select one of the following:

  • (A) diploma

  • (B) essentials

  • (C) identification

  • (D) insight

Question 36 of 83

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36. Mary’s difficult boss is constantly ______ everything she does, especially what time she comes in and what time she leaves the office.

Select one of the following:

  • (A) forgiving

  • (B) committing

  • (C) grasping

  • (D) monitoring

Question 37 of 83

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37. As the beetles ______ forests, the trees suffer a quick death and become the perfect fuel for fire.

Select one of the following:

  • (A) dangle

  • (B) migrate

  • (C) invade

  • (D) reproduce

Question 38 of 83

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38. Many consider this painting the Mona Lisa of Austria, and to some Austrians, keeping this ______ work in the country is a matter of national honor.

Select one of the following:

  • (A) magnetic

  • (B) mandatory

  • (C) magnificent

  • (D) malicious

Question 39 of 83

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39. Traveling abroad has become easier for Chinese as many countries ______ to welcome the high-spending Chinese tourists have relaxed visa rules.

Select one of the following:

  • (A) random

  • (B) keen

  • (C) seductive

  • (D) hesitant

Question 40 of 83

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40. Lisa erupted in fury when her little brother ______ her carefully constructed Lego castle, breaking it into tiny parts.

Select one of the following:

  • (A) overlooked

  • (B) portrayed

  • (C) resembled

  • (D) destroyed

Question 41 of 83

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41. The US government has now ______ the ban and a number of ferry companies have been given licenses.

Select one of the following:

  • (A) lifted

  • (B) imposed

  • (C) accumulated

  • (D) restrained

Question 42 of 83

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42. The random police checkpoints are done as a way to ______ people from drinking and driving.

Select one of the following:

  • (A) divide

  • (B) disagree

  • (C) discourage

  • (D) dread

Question 43 of 83

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43. With the movie Frozen becoming a worldwide ______, Princess Elsa, who freezes her kingdom, has become an icon for numerous young girls.

Select one of the following:

  • (A) phenomenon

  • (B) mischief

  • (C) myth

  • (D) performance

Question 44 of 83

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44. Adapted from Suzanne Collins’ bestseller, the movie has been ______ for and won multiple awards in major film festivals.

Select one of the following:

  • (A) denied

  • (B) nominated

  • (C) sustained

  • (D) budgeted

Question 45 of 83

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45. If you wait to start your term paper until the night before it's due, you are ______ to procrastination or late submission.

Select one of the following:

  • (A) prone

  • (B) foolish

  • (C) desirable

  • (D) wary

Question 46 of 83

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46. When planning a party, it's best to write out a to-do list so that you don't ______ any details.

Select one of the following:

  • (A) jeer

  • (B) invent

  • (C) pose

  • (D) overlook

Question 47 of 83

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47. All families have conflicts and ______, but what unites us is far more important than what divides us.

Select one of the following:

  • (A) tragedy

  • (B) disagreement

  • (C) tales

  • (D) polls

Question 48 of 83

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48. Emotionally ______ employees are expert at reading others, and this shows them what they should and shouldn’t reveal about themselves at work.

Select one of the following:

  • (A) versatile

  • (B) remote

  • (C) eloquent

  • (D) intelligent

Question 49 of 83

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49. Teens are good at ______ they are fine, while inside their body and mind are at war with one another.

Select one of the following:

  • (A) resuming

  • (B) misunderstanding

  • (C) pretending

  • (D) modeling

Question 50 of 83

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50. Every parent of a soldier son fighting on the front line ______ the knock on the door to say their child was fatally wounded.

Select one of the following:

  • (A) dreaded

  • (B) intended

  • (C) suspected

  • (D) coated

Question 51 of 83

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文法 01. iPhone 6, ______ screen measures 4.7 inches, did the best across a variety of tests that measures how prone smartphones are to break due to every day accidents.

Select one of the following:

  • (A) what

  • (B) whose

  • (C) where

  • (D) which

Question 52 of 83

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文法 02. The doctor cured of Ebola plans to return to the same clinic ______ he contracted the deadly virus to resume working at a medical mission.

Select one of the following:

  • (A) when

  • (B) what

  • (C) that

  • (D) where

Question 53 of 83

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文法 03. Budget-conscious travelers will do ______ it takes to see the world for cheap.

Select one of the following:

  • (A) how

  • (B) whether

  • (C) whatever

  • (D) which

Question 54 of 83

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文法 04. His novel is gripping, very funny and thoroughly absorbing, so it’s a great choice for reading in an environment like a plane ______ distraction is desperately needed.

Select one of the following:

  • (A) when

  • (B) where

  • (C) that

  • (D) which

Question 55 of 83

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文法 05. It’s exactly in the conversations among those ______ we disagree that old ideas get made better and new ideas flourish.

Select one of the following:

  • (A) who

  • (B) on whose

  • (C) with whom

  • (D) what

Question 56 of 83

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文法 06. The major problems with the space trash are that it may hit working satellites and ______ pieces of junk may damage traveling spacecraft.

Select one of the following:

  • (A) how

  • (B) that

  • (C) which

  • (D) why

Question 57 of 83

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文法 07. There was once a time ______ all human beings were gods. However, they often took their divinity for granted and even abused it.

Select one of the following:

  • (A) what

  • (B) where

  • (C) which

  • (D) when

Question 58 of 83

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文法 08. Today the Doll Hospital has up to 12 staff, ______ works remotely, and handles up to 200 dolls and toys a month.

Select one of the following:

  • (A) most of them

  • (B) some of whom

  • (C) part of which

  • (D) one that

Question 59 of 83

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文法 09. Susan is a primordial dwarf, ______ means she is afflicted with a condition so rare that only two individuals in world history are estimated to have had this disorder.

Select one of the following:

  • (A) what

  • (B) that

  • (C) which

  • (D) whose

Question 60 of 83

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文法 10. In 1974, the space probe Mariner 10 discovered ______ Mercury's surface is cratered by meteorite impacts.

Select one of the following:

  • (A) that the planet

  • (B) of the planet

  • (C) the planet that

  • (D) which planet is

Question 61 of 83

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It is impossible to decide whether or not you like something until you have tried it. This sounds obvious, but many people do not think trying something new is necessary. It is.
__01__ each idea a fair trial, not a brief brush. If you have decided to try out something new, also decide how long you will __02__ with it before you can make a fair judgment. __03__ , if you decide that you would like to play the violin, you need to take more than one lesson before you can know anything about your potential skill or interest. But whether you have the potential skill or interest depends on the __04__ of reaching the goal rather than the goal itself. Almost everybody would like to be highly skilled. But becoming highly skilled at anything requires a great deal of time and work. You must decide __05__ you enjoy working toward the goal. It’s not enough to want to be a great violinist. You also have to love the hard work involved in becoming __06__ . Do you enjoy the lessons? Do you enjoy practicing? If you would enjoy being a great violinist but hate the work, forget it.
 
It’s a good plan to try as many ideas as possible when you are still young. That’s the time for self-discovery. Don’t __07__ yourself to the few goals and standards that other people think you should try. Expand your views as far as you can.
 
01.

Select one of the following:

  • (A) To give

  • (B) Giving

  • (C) Given

  • (D) Give

Question 62 of 83

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It is impossible to decide whether or not you like something until you have tried it. This sounds obvious, but many people do not think trying something new is necessary. It is.
__01__ each idea a fair trial, not a brief brush. If you have decided to try out something new, also decide how long you will __02__ with it before you can make a fair judgment. __03__ , if you decide that you would like to play the violin, you need to take more than one lesson before you can know anything about your potential skill or interest. But whether you have the potential skill or interest depends on the __04__ of reaching the goal rather than the goal itself. Almost everybody would like to be highly skilled. But becoming highly skilled at anything requires a great deal of time and work. You must decide __05__ you enjoy working toward the goal. It’s not enough to want to be a great violinist. You also have to love the hard work involved in becoming __06__ . Do you enjoy the lessons? Do you enjoy practicing? If you would enjoy being a great violinist but hate the work, forget it.
 
It’s a good plan to try as many ideas as possible when you are still young. That’s the time for self-discovery. Don’t __07__ yourself to the few goals and standards that other people think you should try. Expand your views as far as you can.
 
02.

Select one of the following:

  • (A) interact

  • (B) stick

  • (C) overcome

  • (D) associate

Question 63 of 83

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It is impossible to decide whether or not you like something until you have tried it. This sounds obvious, but many people do not think trying something new is necessary. It is.
__01__ each idea a fair trial, not a brief brush. If you have decided to try out something new, also decide how long you will __02__ with it before you can make a fair judgment. __03__ , if you decide that you would like to play the violin, you need to take more than one lesson before you can know anything about your potential skill or interest. But whether you have the potential skill or interest depends on the __04__ of reaching the goal rather than the goal itself. Almost everybody would like to be highly skilled. But becoming highly skilled at anything requires a great deal of time and work. You must decide __05__ you enjoy working toward the goal. It’s not enough to want to be a great violinist. You also have to love the hard work involved in becoming __06__ . Do you enjoy the lessons? Do you enjoy practicing? If you would enjoy being a great violinist but hate the work, forget it.
 
It’s a good plan to try as many ideas as possible when you are still young. That’s the time for self-discovery. Don’t __07__ yourself to the few goals and standards that other people think you should try. Expand your views as far as you can.
 
03.

Select one of the following:

  • (A) In addition

  • (B) To begin with

  • (C) For instance

  • (D) As a result

Question 64 of 83

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It is impossible to decide whether or not you like something until you have tried it. This sounds obvious, but many people do not think trying something new is necessary. It is.
__01__ each idea a fair trial, not a brief brush. If you have decided to try out something new, also decide how long you will __02__ with it before you can make a fair judgment. __03__ , if you decide that you would like to play the violin, you need to take more than one lesson before you can know anything about your potential skill or interest. But whether you have the potential skill or interest depends on the __04__ of reaching the goal rather than the goal itself. Almost everybody would like to be highly skilled. But becoming highly skilled at anything requires a great deal of time and work. You must decide __05__ you enjoy working toward the goal. It’s not enough to want to be a great violinist. You also have to love the hard work involved in becoming __06__ . Do you enjoy the lessons? Do you enjoy practicing? If you would enjoy being a great violinist but hate the work, forget it.
 
It’s a good plan to try as many ideas as possible when you are still young. That’s the time for self-discovery. Don’t __07__ yourself to the few goals and standards that other people think you should try. Expand your views as far as you can.
 
04.

Select one of the following:

  • (A) consequence

  • (B) situation

  • (C) demand

  • (D) process

Question 65 of 83

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It is impossible to decide whether or not you like something until you have tried it. This sounds obvious, but many people do not think trying something new is necessary. It is.
__01__ each idea a fair trial, not a brief brush. If you have decided to try out something new, also decide how long you will __02__ with it before you can make a fair judgment. __03__ , if you decide that you would like to play the violin, you need to take more than one lesson before you can know anything about your potential skill or interest. But whether you have the potential skill or interest depends on the __04__ of reaching the goal rather than the goal itself. Almost everybody would like to be highly skilled. But becoming highly skilled at anything requires a great deal of time and work. You must decide __05__ you enjoy working toward the goal. It’s not enough to want to be a great violinist. You also have to love the hard work involved in becoming __06__ . Do you enjoy the lessons? Do you enjoy practicing? If you would enjoy being a great violinist but hate the work, forget it.
 
It’s a good plan to try as many ideas as possible when you are still young. That’s the time for self-discovery. Don’t __07__ yourself to the few goals and standards that other people think you should try. Expand your views as far as you can.
 
05.

Select one of the following:

  • (A) if

  • (B) unless

  • (C) what

  • (D) once

Question 66 of 83

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It is impossible to decide whether or not you like something until you have tried it. This sounds obvious, but many people do not think trying something new is necessary. It is.
__01__ each idea a fair trial, not a brief brush. If you have decided to try out something new, also decide how long you will __02__ with it before you can make a fair judgment. __03__ , if you decide that you would like to play the violin, you need to take more than one lesson before you can know anything about your potential skill or interest. But whether you have the potential skill or interest depends on the __04__ of reaching the goal rather than the goal itself. Almost everybody would like to be highly skilled. But becoming highly skilled at anything requires a great deal of time and work. You must decide __05__ you enjoy working toward the goal. It’s not enough to want to be a great violinist. You also have to love the hard work involved in becoming __06__ . Do you enjoy the lessons? Do you enjoy practicing? If you would enjoy being a great violinist but hate the work, forget it.
 
It’s a good plan to try as many ideas as possible when you are still young. That’s the time for self-discovery. Don’t __07__ yourself to the few goals and standards that other people think you should try. Expand your views as far as you can.
 
06.

Select one of the following:

  • (A) it

  • (B) those

  • (C) one

  • (D) so

Question 67 of 83

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It is impossible to decide whether or not you like something until you have tried it. This sounds obvious, but many people do not think trying something new is necessary. It is.
__01__ each idea a fair trial, not a brief brush. If you have decided to try out something new, also decide how long you will __02__ with it before you can make a fair judgment. __03__ , if you decide that you would like to play the violin, you need to take more than one lesson before you can know anything about your potential skill or interest. But whether you have the potential skill or interest depends on the __04__ of reaching the goal rather than the goal itself. Almost everybody would like to be highly skilled. But becoming highly skilled at anything requires a great deal of time and work. You must decide __05__ you enjoy working toward the goal. It’s not enough to want to be a great violinist. You also have to love the hard work involved in becoming __06__ . Do you enjoy the lessons? Do you enjoy practicing? If you would enjoy being a great violinist but hate the work, forget it.
 
It’s a good plan to try as many ideas as possible when you are still young. That’s the time for self-discovery. Don’t __07__ yourself to the few goals and standards that other people think you should try. Expand your views as far as you can.
 
07.

Select one of the following:

  • (A) apply

  • (B) extend

  • (C) restrict

  • (D) accustom

Question 68 of 83

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The Greek alphabet was developed in about 1000 BC. It was adapted from Northern Semitic, an alphabet from which Hebrew __01__ . The Semitic languages, including Hebrew and Arabic, have many consonantal sounds, while vowels are relatively unimportant. Their alphabet, __02__ , had no symbols for vowels. The Greeks changed the alphabet; consonantal signs which represented sounds not __03__ in Greek were re-used for vowel sounds. Greek thus became the first alphabet in the world with signs for both vowels and consonants.
 
At the start, the direction of writing was from right to left, but the early Greeks adopted an unusual practice of writing. This was called boustrophedon, meaning “as the ox ploughs.” In this writing system, all the even number rows were written in the same direction and all the odd number rows in the opposite direction. There is a very good example of this in the Greek city of Gortys in Crete, __04__ the laws of the city were carved on a wall in boustrophedon style and are still there for all to see. Around 500 BC, the practice changed to writing from left to right, and this continues to the present day.
 
The Roman alphabet used for Western European languages, the Cyrillic alphabet used for Eastern European languages, and even the Scandinavian Runic alphabet are all directly adapted from the Greek alphabet. Thus, it certainly was the parent of all modern European alphabets. __05__ , the word alphabet itself comes from the names of the first two Greek letters, Alpha and Beta.
 
01.

Select one of the following:

  • (A) has also derived

  • (B) also to derive

  • (C) is also derived

  • (D) also derived

Question 69 of 83

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The Greek alphabet was developed in about 1000 BC. It was adapted from Northern Semitic, an alphabet from which Hebrew __01__ . The Semitic languages, including Hebrew and Arabic, have many consonantal sounds, while vowels are relatively unimportant. Their alphabet, __02__ , had no symbols for vowels. The Greeks changed the alphabet; consonantal signs which represented sounds not __03__ in Greek were re-used for vowel sounds. Greek thus became the first alphabet in the world with signs for both vowels and consonants.
 
At the start, the direction of writing was from right to left, but the early Greeks adopted an unusual practice of writing. This was called boustrophedon, meaning “as the ox ploughs.” In this writing system, all the even number rows were written in the same direction and all the odd number rows in the opposite direction. There is a very good example of this in the Greek city of Gortys in Crete, __04__ the laws of the city were carved on a wall in boustrophedon style and are still there for all to see. Around 500 BC, the practice changed to writing from left to right, and this continues to the present day.
 
The Roman alphabet used for Western European languages, the Cyrillic alphabet used for Eastern European languages, and even the Scandinavian Runic alphabet are all directly adapted from the Greek alphabet. Thus, it certainly was the parent of all modern European alphabets. __05__ , the word alphabet itself comes from the names of the first two Greek letters, Alpha and Beta.
 
02.

Select one of the following:

  • (A) on the contrary

  • (B) as a consequence

  • (C) somehow or other

  • (D) for example

Question 70 of 83

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The Greek alphabet was developed in about 1000 BC. It was adapted from Northern Semitic, an alphabet from which Hebrew __01__ . The Semitic languages, including Hebrew and Arabic, have many consonantal sounds, while vowels are relatively unimportant. Their alphabet, __02__ , had no symbols for vowels. The Greeks changed the alphabet; consonantal signs which represented sounds not __03__ in Greek were re-used for vowel sounds. Greek thus became the first alphabet in the world with signs for both vowels and consonants.
 
At the start, the direction of writing was from right to left, but the early Greeks adopted an unusual practice of writing. This was called boustrophedon, meaning “as the ox ploughs.” In this writing system, all the even number rows were written in the same direction and all the odd number rows in the opposite direction. There is a very good example of this in the Greek city of Gortys in Crete, __04__ the laws of the city were carved on a wall in boustrophedon style and are still there for all to see. Around 500 BC, the practice changed to writing from left to right, and this continues to the present day.
 
The Roman alphabet used for Western European languages, the Cyrillic alphabet used for Eastern European languages, and even the Scandinavian Runic alphabet are all directly adapted from the Greek alphabet. Thus, it certainly was the parent of all modern European alphabets. __05__ , the word alphabet itself comes from the names of the first two Greek letters, Alpha and Beta.
 
03.

Select one of the following:

  • (A) yet presented

  • (B) to present

  • (C) present

  • (D) presenting

Question 71 of 83

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The Greek alphabet was developed in about 1000 BC. It was adapted from Northern Semitic, an alphabet from which Hebrew __01__ . The Semitic languages, including Hebrew and Arabic, have many consonantal sounds, while vowels are relatively unimportant. Their alphabet, __02__ , had no symbols for vowels. The Greeks changed the alphabet; consonantal signs which represented sounds not __03__ in Greek were re-used for vowel sounds. Greek thus became the first alphabet in the world with signs for both vowels and consonants.
 
At the start, the direction of writing was from right to left, but the early Greeks adopted an unusual practice of writing. This was called boustrophedon, meaning “as the ox ploughs.” In this writing system, all the even number rows were written in the same direction and all the odd number rows in the opposite direction. There is a very good example of this in the Greek city of Gortys in Crete, __04__ the laws of the city were carved on a wall in boustrophedon style and are still there for all to see. Around 500 BC, the practice changed to writing from left to right, and this continues to the present day.
 
The Roman alphabet used for Western European languages, the Cyrillic alphabet used for Eastern European languages, and even the Scandinavian Runic alphabet are all directly adapted from the Greek alphabet. Thus, it certainly was the parent of all modern European alphabets. __05__ , the word alphabet itself comes from the names of the first two Greek letters, Alpha and Beta.
 
04.

Select one of the following:

  • (A) which

  • (B) when

  • (C) whose

  • (D) where

Question 72 of 83

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The Greek alphabet was developed in about 1000 BC. It was adapted from Northern Semitic, an alphabet from which Hebrew __01__ . The Semitic languages, including Hebrew and Arabic, have many consonantal sounds, while vowels are relatively unimportant. Their alphabet, __02__ , had no symbols for vowels. The Greeks changed the alphabet; consonantal signs which represented sounds not __03__ in Greek were re-used for vowel sounds. Greek thus became the first alphabet in the world with signs for both vowels and consonants.
 
At the start, the direction of writing was from right to left, but the early Greeks adopted an unusual practice of writing. This was called boustrophedon, meaning “as the ox ploughs.” In this writing system, all the even number rows were written in the same direction and all the odd number rows in the opposite direction. There is a very good example of this in the Greek city of Gortys in Crete, __04__ the laws of the city were carved on a wall in boustrophedon style and are still there for all to see. Around 500 BC, the practice changed to writing from left to right, and this continues to the present day.
 
The Roman alphabet used for Western European languages, the Cyrillic alphabet used for Eastern European languages, and even the Scandinavian Runic alphabet are all directly adapted from the Greek alphabet. Thus, it certainly was the parent of all modern European alphabets. __05__ , the word alphabet itself comes from the names of the first two Greek letters, Alpha and Beta.
 
05.

Select one of the following:

  • (A) That is to say

  • (B) On the other hand

  • (C) As a matter of fact

  • (D) In short

Question 73 of 83

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What is known about the early Buddhism is that its teachings were memorized, and passed on orally for centuries by its followers. Recently, there was an important discovery of Buddhist __01__ that are believed to be the oldest ever found. They may be 2,100 years old. And there may be as many as 20 of them. It’s expected that we will be able to learn from them about the __02__ of Buddhism from present day India into China, and throughout Asia. But the scrolls themselves have presented challenge, too. They were very fragile, __03__ rolled-up in clay pots. __04__ they could even be looked at, they need to be dampened, overnight in fact, and then carefully flattened with tweezers. And it’s not that anybody could just sit down and read them. The scrolls were written in a language that is really __05__ today. Only a few people are proficient at it. __06__ these challenges, it’s easy to understand why it takes scholars so long to examine the scrolls.
 
01.

Select one of the following:

  • (A) remedies

  • (B) manuscripts

  • (C) ceremonies

  • (D) sites

Question 74 of 83

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What is known about the early Buddhism is that its teachings were memorized, and passed on orally for centuries by its followers. Recently, there was an important discovery of Buddhist __01__ that are believed to be the oldest ever found. They may be 2,100 years old. And there may be as many as 20 of them. It’s expected that we will be able to learn from them about the __02__ of Buddhism from present day India into China, and throughout Asia. But the scrolls themselves have presented challenge, too. They were very fragile, __03__ rolled-up in clay pots. __04__ they could even be looked at, they need to be dampened, overnight in fact, and then carefully flattened with tweezers. And it’s not that anybody could just sit down and read them. The scrolls were written in a language that is really __05__ today. Only a few people are proficient at it. __06__ these challenges, it’s easy to understand why it takes scholars so long to examine the scrolls.
 
02.

Select one of the following:

  • (A) spread

  • (B) translation

  • (C) exchange

  • (D) diversity

Question 75 of 83

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What is known about the early Buddhism is that its teachings were memorized, and passed on orally for centuries by its followers. Recently, there was an important discovery of Buddhist __01__ that are believed to be the oldest ever found. They may be 2,100 years old. And there may be as many as 20 of them. It’s expected that we will be able to learn from them about the __02__ of Buddhism from present day India into China, and throughout Asia. But the scrolls themselves have presented challenge, too. They were very fragile, __03__ rolled-up in clay pots. __04__ they could even be looked at, they need to be dampened, overnight in fact, and then carefully flattened with tweezers. And it’s not that anybody could just sit down and read them. The scrolls were written in a language that is really __05__ today. Only a few people are proficient at it. __06__ these challenges, it’s easy to understand why it takes scholars so long to examine the scrolls.
 
03.

Select one of the following:

  • (A) finding to be

  • (B) found

  • (C) founded being

  • (D) to find

Question 76 of 83

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What is known about the early Buddhism is that its teachings were memorized, and passed on orally for centuries by its followers. Recently, there was an important discovery of Buddhist __01__ that are believed to be the oldest ever found. They may be 2,100 years old. And there may be as many as 20 of them. It’s expected that we will be able to learn from them about the __02__ of Buddhism from present day India into China, and throughout Asia. But the scrolls themselves have presented challenge, too. They were very fragile, __03__ rolled-up in clay pots. __04__ they could even be looked at, they need to be dampened, overnight in fact, and then carefully flattened with tweezers. And it’s not that anybody could just sit down and read them. The scrolls were written in a language that is really __05__ today. Only a few people are proficient at it. __06__ these challenges, it’s easy to understand why it takes scholars so long to examine the scrolls.
 
04.

Select one of the following:

  • (A) Once

  • (B) As long as

  • (C) Now that

  • (D) Before

Question 77 of 83

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What is known about the early Buddhism is that its teachings were memorized, and passed on orally for centuries by its followers. Recently, there was an important discovery of Buddhist __01__ that are believed to be the oldest ever found. They may be 2,100 years old. And there may be as many as 20 of them. It’s expected that we will be able to learn from them about the __02__ of Buddhism from present day India into China, and throughout Asia. But the scrolls themselves have presented challenge, too. They were very fragile, __03__ rolled-up in clay pots. __04__ they could even be looked at, they need to be dampened, overnight in fact, and then carefully flattened with tweezers. And it’s not that anybody could just sit down and read them. The scrolls were written in a language that is really __05__ today. Only a few people are proficient at it. __06__ these challenges, it’s easy to understand why it takes scholars so long to examine the scrolls.
 
05.

Select one of the following:

  • (A) articulate

  • (B) savage

  • (C) profound

  • (D) rare

Question 78 of 83

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What is known about the early Buddhism is that its teachings were memorized, and passed on orally for centuries by its followers. Recently, there was an important discovery of Buddhist __01__ that are believed to be the oldest ever found. They may be 2,100 years old. And there may be as many as 20 of them. It’s expected that we will be able to learn from them about the __02__ of Buddhism from present day India into China, and throughout Asia. But the scrolls themselves have presented challenge, too. They were very fragile, __03__ rolled-up in clay pots. __04__ they could even be looked at, they need to be dampened, overnight in fact, and then carefully flattened with tweezers. And it’s not that anybody could just sit down and read them. The scrolls were written in a language that is really __05__ today. Only a few people are proficient at it. __06__ these challenges, it’s easy to understand why it takes scholars so long to examine the scrolls.
 
06.

Select one of the following:

  • (A) Thanks to

  • (B) Considering

  • (C) In case of

  • (D) Except for

Question 79 of 83

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When landslides occur in populated areas, what can humans do to avoid or minimize damage? Basically, there are three things that can be done. The first thing is to simply avoid construction in the areas where landslides are likely to happen. Typically, when a side on the slope is chosen for new construction, it is important that a geological survey of the area __01__ . The survey will reveal unsafe conditions such as too little vegetation or soil that would __02__ water too easily, conditions that might lead to a landslide during periods of heavy rains. The second thing is to build in a way that doesn't make stable slopes unstable. __03__ , natural vegetation, like grass, is needed to keep soil __04__ in place. This vegetation should not be entirely removed. __05__ the grass, the soil would loosen up and this could result in a landslide. The third thing is to design good water drainage to ensure that the water naturally runs down the slope and doesn't build up in the soil. This kind of water buildup on the slope is one of the most frequent causes of landslides.
 
01.

Select one of the following:

  • (A) be conducted

  • (B) has conducted

  • (C) is conducting

  • (D) conducted

Question 80 of 83

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When landslides occur in populated areas, what can humans do to avoid or minimize damage? Basically, there are three things that can be done. The first thing is to simply avoid construction in the areas where landslides are likely to happen. Typically, when a side on the slope is chosen for new construction, it is important that a geological survey of the area __01__ . The survey will reveal unsafe conditions such as too little vegetation or soil that would __02__ water too easily, conditions that might lead to a landslide during periods of heavy rains. The second thing is to build in a way that doesn't make stable slopes unstable. __03__ , natural vegetation, like grass, is needed to keep soil __04__ in place. This vegetation should not be entirely removed. __05__ the grass, the soil would loosen up and this could result in a landslide. The third thing is to design good water drainage to ensure that the water naturally runs down the slope and doesn't build up in the soil. This kind of water buildup on the slope is one of the most frequent causes of landslides.
 
02.

Select one of the following:

  • (A) transmit

  • (B) resist

  • (C) absorb

  • (D) engage

Question 81 of 83

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When landslides occur in populated areas, what can humans do to avoid or minimize damage? Basically, there are three things that can be done. The first thing is to simply avoid construction in the areas where landslides are likely to happen. Typically, when a side on the slope is chosen for new construction, it is important that a geological survey of the area __01__ . The survey will reveal unsafe conditions such as too little vegetation or soil that would __02__ water too easily, conditions that might lead to a landslide during periods of heavy rains. The second thing is to build in a way that doesn't make stable slopes unstable. __03__ , natural vegetation, like grass, is needed to keep soil __04__ in place. This vegetation should not be entirely removed. __05__ the grass, the soil would loosen up and this could result in a landslide. The third thing is to design good water drainage to ensure that the water naturally runs down the slope and doesn't build up in the soil. This kind of water buildup on the slope is one of the most frequent causes of landslides.
 
03.

Select one of the following:

  • (A) As a result

  • (B) For example

  • (C) On the contrary

  • (D) In fact

Question 82 of 83

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When landslides occur in populated areas, what can humans do to avoid or minimize damage? Basically, there are three things that can be done. The first thing is to simply avoid construction in the areas where landslides are likely to happen. Typically, when a side on the slope is chosen for new construction, it is important that a geological survey of the area __01__ . The survey will reveal unsafe conditions such as too little vegetation or soil that would __02__ water too easily, conditions that might lead to a landslide during periods of heavy rains. The second thing is to build in a way that doesn't make stable slopes unstable. __03__ , natural vegetation, like grass, is needed to keep soil __04__ in place. This vegetation should not be entirely removed. __05__ the grass, the soil would loosen up and this could result in a landslide. The third thing is to design good water drainage to ensure that the water naturally runs down the slope and doesn't build up in the soil. This kind of water buildup on the slope is one of the most frequent causes of landslides.
   
04.

Select one of the following:

  • (A) firmly

  • (B) accurately

  • (C) organically

  • (D) slightly

Question 83 of 83

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When landslides occur in populated areas, what can humans do to avoid or minimize damage? Basically, there are three things that can be done. The first thing is to simply avoid construction in the areas where landslides are likely to happen. Typically, when a side on the slope is chosen for new construction, it is important that a geological survey of the area __01__ . The survey will reveal unsafe conditions such as too little vegetation or soil that would __02__ water too easily, conditions that might lead to a landslide during periods of heavy rains. The second thing is to build in a way that doesn't make stable slopes unstable. __03__ , natural vegetation, like grass, is needed to keep soil __04__ in place. This vegetation should not be entirely removed. __05__ the grass, the soil would loosen up and this could result in a landslide. The third thing is to design good water drainage to ensure that the water naturally runs down the slope and doesn't build up in the soil. This kind of water buildup on the slope is one of the most frequent causes of landslides.
 
05.

Select one of the following:

  • (A) Despite

  • (B) WIthout

  • (C) Due to

  • (D) Instead of

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2016 學測衝刺班試答題

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大學堂英文 - 台灣高中升大學英文學測測驗題

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