A statement of the relationship between two variables is called:
an operational definition
If research clearly established that “study time determines the grades that a student earns,” grades are the _____ variable.
The research method where researchers collect data by systematically observing people in their natural surroundings is called _______ research.
Three researchers wish to test the effects of playing soft music during an exam on the test performance of their sociology students. They conduct an experiment in which one test-taking class hears music and another does not. In experimental terms, the class hearing the music is called:
the control group
the experimental group
the dependent variable
___________ is a way of measuring by examining the cultural artifacts such as newspapers, magazines, TV programs or popular music.
Which of the following steps comes first in sociological research?
to develop a research question
to decide how to proceed with your investigation via a research design
to develop a hypothesis
to collect the data
When sociologists conduct surveys or engage in participant observation they are gathering _____
Compared to survey research, participant observation creates a greater risk that
the research is not measuring what it is designed to
the researcher may be subjective in their interpretations.
the results will not be easily understood by other researchers.
the research process is too systematic.
Controlled experiments are highly focused ways of collecting data and are especially useful for determining _____.
cause and effect
__________________ allows for interpretation and nuance in what people say and do and thus can provide an in-depth look at a particular social behavior.