Social scientists have survey research, experimental design, historical methods, official statistics, and field research at their disposal.
In order to understand what goes on in deviant worlds, which two are associated according to the text.
How things happen and what they mean.
When things happen and what they mean.
The absolutist perspective is considered a simple task, implying that widespread agreement exists about what is deviant and what is not.
What could be considered absolutist deviance?
Adultery and divorce.
Stealing and lying.
Social constructions define meanings, notions, or connotations that are assigned to objects and events in the environment and to people’s notions of their relationships to and interactions with these objects.
The more the relativists examined norms in different places, they considered this less universal.
Relativists agree that deviance is in the eye of the beholder rather than the act itself.
Killing someone in self defense can be considered non-deviant.
What is the social power of perspective?
Expands on the relativist theory of deviance but says that people in power get to decide what is deviant and what is not.
Deviance is not created by social norms but intrinsic to the human race
What are the three types of norms?
Folkways, mores, and laws.
Laws, traditions, and customs.
Folkways are associated with customs, traditions, and etiquette.
Mores are based on broad societal morals.
Are laws the weakest norms?
People can be labeled as the ABC's of deviance. ABC stands for:
Attributes, basis, and capital.
Attitudes, behaviors, and conditions.
What are the 3 categories of the S's?
Sin, sick and selected.
Sorrow, sacrifices, sayings.
Deviant behavior can be talked about in social units called?
Boundaries are a fixed property of any community.
The four analytic types of deviance are negative deviance, rate busting, deviance admiration, and positive deviance.
Co0hen defined deviance as "behavior that violates normative rules."
Negative evaluations and under conformity or nonconformity would be considered negative deviance.
Positive evaluations and over conformity would be considered positive deviance.
Norm is defined as?
A belief shared to some extent by members of a social unit as to what conduct ought to be in particular situations.
Conduct that is considered out of control.
Deviance is the repeated or serious violation of society's expectations.
Theft burglary and rape are considered negative deviances?
Rate busting is considered under conformity?
An Integrated Typology of Deviance Applied to Ten Middle-Class Norms ar:
- Group Loyalty/Fanatism
- Group Loyalty/Rebellion
- Group Loyalty/Altruism
Three Variations in why People respond to Deviance Differently
1. Variation over time
2. Who commits it/who feels harmed by it
3. Variations in consequences
1. Gather marginal people into groups
2. Teach them the skills and attitudes of a deviant career
3. Reinforce alienation from society
Moral order is a central dimension of culture?
Which theory helps to examine the legal order?
Social reality of crime?
Social reality of law?
The theory of the social reality of crime is formulated by? Check all that apply.
Official definition of crime.
Formulating the definition of crime.
Applying the definition of crime.
How behavior patterns develop in relations to definitions of crime.
Constructing an Ideology of crime.
Constructing the social reality of crime.