According to the text, sexual behavior is defined as:
the behavior that is chiefly associated with reproduction
the behavior that produces arousal and increases the chance of orgasm
any behavior that distinguishes males from females
Richard von Krafft-Ebing had a special interest in _____.
nonhuman sexual behavior
sexually transmitted diseases
In the 20th century, a study looking at the physiology of sexual response was conducted by:
Masters and Johnson
Avid viewers of TV soap operas may begin to believe that sexual intercourse between unmarried individuals is mainstream because this is the most frequently shown sexual activity on these programs. This process is an example of:
Which of the following is true of sexuality on the island of Mangaia?
Premarital sex is essentially unknown
Masturbation is the only form of sexual activity undertaken
Foreplay is limited to kissing and fondling of the buttocks
Boys learn about cunnilingus from male experts
According to a research based on social class variations and sexuality, which of the following women is most likely to terminate a pregnancy by abortion?
Millie, a high school drop-out
Joan, a high school diploma holder
Sandra, a college sophomore
Kelly, a masters degree holder
In the traditional Latino culture, gender roles are epitomized by the concepts of machismo and marianismo, which:
tolerate premarital sex for both men and women
discourage premarital sex for both men and women
tolerate premarital sex for men and discourage it for women
discourage premarital sex for men and tolerate it for women
Research on nonhuman species suggests that same-gender sexual behavior is:
the predominant form of sexual interaction among nonhuman species
found only in primates
found in many species
nonexistent in all other species, apart from humans
An example of a negative sexual right is the:
freedom to express one's sexuality with same-gender partners
freedom to experience sexual pleasure
freedom from sexual abuse and violence
right to reproductive self-determination
A research statistic shows that 10 percent of males have engaged in masturbation by age 11. This value indicates the ____.
Which type of measurement uses questions such as "With how many different partners have you had sexual intercourse without having an interest in a long-term committed relationship with this person?"
Social Desirability Scale
Sexual Orientation Index
STI Risk Scale
Which of the following relationships suggests a positive correlation?
As the number of sexual partners increases, the number of sexually transmitted diseases increases.
The greater the number of years of marriage, the lower the frequency of intercourse.
The fewer the number of sexual partners, the greater the number of sexually transmitted diseases contracted.
The greater the number of years of marriage, the lower the number of sexually transmitted diseases contracted.
With respect to their sampling procedures, Masters and Johnson:
studied the same males who participated in the Kinsey studies
assumed that random sampling was necessary
failed to use a random sample of the population of the United States
recruited participants exclusively from the special populations of their interest
Masters and Johnson's report "Human Sexual Response" differs from surveys of sexual behavior because:
it directly observed sexual behavior
it focused on sexual minorities
it had a high test-retest reliability
it used implicit measures to study behavior
Which of the following is a standard technique used to understand the impact of mass media on sexuality?
Debra wants to conduct a sex study on individuals who enjoy sadomasochism. She contacts a few of her friends who engage in sadomasochistic behavior. In turn, they contact others whom they know are sadomasochists or attend S/M parties. Eventually, a sample of 200 participants is obtained. Identify the type of sampling method used in this survey.
Which among the following is a limitation of the NHSLS?
American Indians were underrepresented in the sample
Responses had high levels of concealment and enlargement
It did not include enough people from ethnic minority groups--particularly Asian Americans
IT provided no information on the sexuality of individuals who were more than 40 years old
The computer-assisted self interview:
accommodates poor readers through audio components
lacks the privacy that written questionnaires provide
uses biological measures to test the response of participants
relies on direct observation methods of collecting data
In a study about sexuality, participants of a perfectly random sample were truthful and tried to give information that was as accurate as possible. Identify the factor that is most likely to make their self-reports inaccurate in this context.
Difficulties with estimates
In conducting a study of sexual research, you collect your sample from walk-ins at a local doctor's office. This type of sample is a:
product of probability sampling
systematic and representative sample of the local community
The ____ are rounded pads of fatty tissue lying along both sides of the vaginal opening and are covered with pubic hair.
Which of the following is one of the physical consequences of infibulation?
heightened sexual arousal
Increased risk of urinary infections
increased incidence of orgasms
fewer complications during childbirth
Which of the following is true of the G-spot?
It is located on the front wall of the vagina
It is homologous with the male penis
It is an insensate spot on the vaginal wall
It is typically more sensitive than the clitoris
The ____ are erectile tissues that lie close to the crura of the clitoris, and are the size and shape of a pea pod.
The organ that is responsible for female ejaculation is the ____.
The raised ridge at the edge of the glans of a penis is called the ____.
The ____ is an additional layer of skin that forms a sheathlike covering over the glans of a peanis.
Which of the following procedures results in the excretion of urine at the base rather than at the tip of the penis?
The death rate from cervical cancer has decreased sharply since the mid-1960s, mainly as a result of ____.
breast self examinations
Jason looks like and identifies as a typical male. He goes to the doctor for abdominal pain and is told by the physician that he has a uterus. Which of the following could theoretically account for Jason's condition?
XY congenital adrenal hyperplasia
lack of SRY
5 alpha reductase deficiency
mutation of the gene for the Mullerian Inhibiting Hormone Receptor
It is NOT possible for an individual to have which pair of structures simultaneously?
Clitoris and penis
Scrotum and penis
Vagina and testes
Vas deferens and epididymis
In a content analysis of clinics offering female genital cosmetic surgery, it was found that:
most described the range of variation in the appearance of the vulva
most describe requirements for psychological evaluation before undergoing survery
all agree to the standards of the American Congress of Obstetrics and Gynecologists
none describe non-surgical approaches to genital appearance concerns.
Which of the following is true about masturbation and menstruation?
Masters and Johnson suggested masturbation as a possible remedy for menstrual cramps
Masturbation is not advised during menstruation because it may exacerbate the cramps
After an orgasm during menstruation, fluids become congested in the pelvic region
Masturbation is dangerous because orgasm interferes with uterine contractions necessary for menstrual flow
Which of the following statements best summarizes the hormone-mood relationship causing PMS?
Most mood swings are a result of high levels of secretions from the adrenal glands.
Most mood swings experienced by women are caused by the influence of their respective cultures, with a minimal role played by hormones.
Most mood swings are caused by a rise in the level of testosterone in the blood.
Most mood swings are likely to be related to the decline of estrogen and progesterone.
One of the main functions of estrogen includes:
stimulating breast growth
decreasing the mucous membrane of the vagina
enhancing muscle growth
promoting bone growth past the pubertal years
Which of the following is true of Klinefelter's syndrome?
It occurs in genetic females that have a single X chromosome.
It can be reversed by surgery.
It involves overproduction of sperm and low testosterone levels.
It occurs when a genetic male has an extra X chromosome (XXY).
The embryonic source of the glans penis is the:
The Skene's gland in females and the prostate in males have the same embryonic source--the urethral primordia. The Skene's gland also secretes a fluid that is biologically similar to the milky alkaline fluid secreted by the male prostate. Based on this, we may say that:
these organs are homologous but not analogous
these organs are analogous but not homologous
these organs are both analogous and homologous
these organs are neither analogous nor homologous
One of the most common intersex syndromes, which often results in identifying genetic females as males, is:
congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH)
Triple Y syndrome (YYY)
Triple X syndrome (XXX)
androgen insensitivity syndrome (AIS)
Adolescence is a developmental period of life:
defined by the psychological transition toward adulthood
characterized completely by the physiological changes in the body
marked by the normative and universal time frame of 13 to 18 years
recognized positively and celebrated by all societies of the world
In the luteal phase,
the follicle turns into a glandular mass of cells called the corpus luteum.
the endometrium breaks down and is discharged through the cervix.
the degeneration of the corpus luteum is accompanied by a rise in progesterone.
the lutenizing hormone is no longer secreted.
For an erection to occur:
the body's dopamine receptors need to be shut down temporarily
the veins carrying blood away from the penis should function normally
the arteries supplying the corpus spongiosum with blood should constrict
the arteries supplying the corpus cavernosa with blood need to dilate
Where is the G-spot located?
Below the fourchette
On the front wall of the vagina
Above the perineum
Inside the seminiferous tubules
During the excitement phase of the sexual response cycle, the clitoris:
is softer than usual
descends into the body
Which of the following occurs in men during the excitement stage of the sexual response cycle?
The scrotal sac hangs away from the body
The skin of the scrotum thickens
The scrotal sac relaxes
The spermatic cords lengthen
Which of the following is true of the female orgasm?
It can be achieved more easily than the male orgasm.
It is of two types: uterine and ovarian.
It occurs only during a woman's refractory experience.
It does not always leave tangible evidence of its occurence.
Which of the following is true of the resolution phase of the sexual response cycle?
It lasts longer for women who have orgasmed than for women who have not.
It is a reversal of the processes that built up during the excitement stage.
It is the sustained period of excitement that occurs just before a man orgasms.
It is characterized by a state of tumescence in men that does not dissipate easily.
Myotonia is one of the two basic physiological processes that occur during the sexual response cycle. It involves:
the dilation of blood vessels
an increased blood flow
the swelling of body tissue
Women are capable of multiple orgasms because:
they do not experience the excitement phase
they do not experience the ballooning phase
they do not have a refractory period
they do not have a resolution period
Why was Masters and Johnson's model of sexual response criticized?
It ignored the basic physiology of sexual arousal and response.
It was representative of humankind as a whole only in terms of sexual drive.
It did not study the cognitive and subjective aspects of sexual response.
It gave too much weight to the desires and passions of the subjects.
Which of the following is true of the vagina during the excitement phase of the sexual response cycle?
The vagina's response to arousal is always faster than the response of a penis.
Vaginal lubrication is due to the secretions of the Bartholin glands.
The capillaries in the walls of the vagina dilate to increase blood flow.
Vaginal lubrication is due to the secretions of the Tyson's glands.
Research indicates that female ejaculation occurs in some women with the stimulation of the ____ glands.
Several researchers, including Perry and Whipple, have suggested that a type of female orgasm, other than the one investigated by Masters and Johnson, exists. They have termed it "____ orgasm" and state that its main cause results from the stimulation of the G-spot.
Which of the following has research discovered about androgens?
The sexual drives of women are not affected by the deprivation of androgens.
Androgen levels increase with age in both men and women.
Androgens are related to sexual desire in both men and women.
The sexual drives of men are not affected by the deprivation of androgens.
Which of the following is true of pheromones?
Pheromones need to be consciously perceived in order to be effective.
The vomeronasal organ, which helps detect pheromones, is absent in women.
Pheromones are secreted by the endocrine glands and released into the bloodstream.
People's brain responses to pheromones differ according to their sexual orientation.
In two-person sex, the best way to stimulate the woman's genitals is to:
press forcefully on the clitoris since this area is almost always insensate.
manipulate the clitoris by pulling and pushing it.
begin with light, gentle stroking of the thighs and the inner and outer lips.
rub the clitoris when it is fairly dry to increase the levels of erotic friction.
Which of the following is true of the woman-on-top position?
It is most suitable for a couple who wish to increase the chances of conceiving.
It provides women with little or no clitoral stimulation.
It is ideal for a man who wishes to control his ejaculation.
It does not allow couples an opportunity to communicate via facial expressions.
Masters and Johnson's research excluded:
people who were orgasmic
people who were multiply orgasmic
people who experienced a lack of sexual desire
people who had high sexual desire
Kaplan's triphasic model of sexual response contains the ____, which was missing in Masters and Johnson's model.
biological component, muscular contractions
cognitive component, sexual desire
physiological component, vasocongestion
sensual component, orgasm
____ is a sexual technique used by lesbians in which one woman lies on top of another and moves rhythmically in order to produce sexual pleasure.
Freud used the term ____ to refer to the period of childhood following the resolution of the Oedipus complex.
Which of the following does research indicate about masturbation in boys?
Boys typically begin to masturbate earlier than girls.
Boys generally masturbate less frequently than girls.
Boys are incapable of stimulating themselves unaided.
Boys are unable to achieve true erection before puberty.
Which of the following is true of sexual encounters between children around the age of 4 or 5?
Children tend not to exhibit any sexual curiosity during this age.
Sexual encounters during this age generally involve looking at or touching each other's genitals.
Sexual encounters during this age generally involve the oral stimulation of each other's genitals.
Sexual encounters during this period are a sign of abnormality.
Integrate themselves well with members of the opposite gender.
display an aversion toward members of their own gender.
engage in sexual exploration with same-gender peers.
express very little curiosity about their own sexual parts.
The manifestation of sexualization in Western society has been linked to:
a larger number of young women turning to cosmetic surgery.
a decline in the popularity of provocative clothing
a marked rise in the self-esteem of young adolescents.
broadened career aspirations of young girls.
Heterosexual behavior is generally a progression beginning with kissing, then petting, moving on to oral sex, and then to penis-in-vagina intercourse. These behaviors tend to follow ____.
a sexual script
a gender sequence
Which of the following does research indicate to be true of adolescent intercourse across cultures?
America has the lowest number of adolescents reporting intercourse among the developed nations of the world.
America has a lower number of adolescents reporting intercourse than in Latin American countries.
The percentage of girls who report intercourse is lower in Latin American countries than in African nations.
The percentage of adolescents who report intercourse is the same across all countries of the world.
Which of the following has research found to be true of teen pregnancies?
The cycle of teen pregnancy is often passed from one generation to the next.
The incidence of teen pregnancies in the US has risen drastically over the last 50 years.
Few teen pregnancies occur amongst girls belonging to minority groups.
The incidence of teen pregnancies in the US hasn't changed over the last 50 years.
Which of the following is true about online communication through social networking sites and Instant Messaging?
It provides more auditory cues than direct forms of communication.
It stimulates disclosure of more personal information.
It increases a person's concern about how other people will react to them.
It reduces social integration and connection.
In what way are "hooking up" and "friends with benefits" similar to each other?
They are both forms of casual sex outside the bounds of a romantic relationship.
They are both forms of casual sex within the bounds of a romantic relationship.
They are both unplanned sexual encounters between two strangers.
They are both unplanned sexual encounters between platonic friends.
According to Erikson's model of psychosocial development, parents who accept their 5-year-old's masturbatory behavior are encouraging the development of ____.
The term "never married" refers to a growing section of adults in society. Which of the following is true of the composition of this group?
This group consists solely of individuals who have chosen to remain single for life.
This group includes individuals who intend to marry someday in the future.
This group consists only of priests, nuns, and people who have taken a vow of celibacy.
This group excludes homosexual people who cannot marry because of the law.
Which of the following is true of cohabiting couples?
The majority of cohabiting couples do not plan to marry each other.
The marriages of cohabiting couples are more likely to end in divorce.
Cohabiting couples have higher relationship quality than married couples.
Cohabiting couples have sex less frequently than married couples.
According to research on the frequency of marital intercourse:
The frequency of marital sex has increased sharply since the 1940s.
An individual's race and religion influences the frequency of coitus greatly.
The frequency of intercourse tends to decline with age.
Cohabiting couples have intercourse less frequently than married couples.
Which of the following does research suggest to be true of work and sexual satisfaction?
Sexual satisfaction is highest in families where one spouse works from home.
Sexual satisfaction is highest in families where one spouse is unemployed.
Sexual satisfaction is not affected by job satisfaction.
Sexual satisfaction is strongly impacted by job satisfaction.
Which of the following is true of attitudes toward extramarital sex?
Infidelity is sanctioned by societal norms in most urban areas.
Infidelity seldom occurs among members of primitive societies.
Attitudes toward extramarital sex are good predictors of extramarital sexual behavior.
Attitudes toward extramarital sex are not good predictors of extramarital sexual behavior.
Michael felt that he hadn't been receiving enough attention from his wife over the last year. As a result of this, he began an extramarital affair with his co-worker. Which theory helps us understand what motivated Michael to have the affair?
The non-possessive, honest, responsible and ethical philosophy and practice of loving multiple people simultaneously is called ____.
In what way do divorcees differ from widows?
Divorcees are less likely to seek a second marriage than widows.
Widows are less likely to be financially secure than divorcees.
Widows are more likely than divorcees to engage in postmarital sex.
Divorcees are more likely than widows to engage in postmarital sex.
Which of the following is true of the climacteric?
It is experienced exclusively by young men.
It includes menopause, the cessation of menstruation
It occurs most frequently in young girls.
It marks a period of increased fertility in women.
According to Masters and Johnson:
the elderly should abstain from sexual activity because of declining physical health.
the elderly can maintain their sexual capacity by regular sexual expression.
the elderly should abstain from sexual activity because of declining emotional health.
the elderly are physiologically incapable of orgasming or feeling sexual pleasure.
Brian is more likely to be attracted to Helen, who lives across the hall from him, than Sharon, who is a co-worker he sees once or twice a year at office parties. This phenomenon is known as the ____.
social desirability effect
Terry, an attractive 25-year-old, is interested in dating Brad, who is a successful lawyer. Terry is hardly interested in Bill who is a plumber. However, Jill--a less attractive 24-year-old waitress--thinks Bill would be an acceptable date. Which of the following explains the women's preferences?
Misattribution of arousal
According to the reinforcement theory, we are attracted to people who are similar to ourselves in social characteristics because:
they are more likely to be nice to us and the interaction with them is rewarding.
they are quite likely to hold different individual values, even though they are like us.
it is more socially acceptable to partner with individuals who have similar values.
similar people are less likely to give each other positive reinforcement.
The features of Mark's face on one side of his nose are not symmetrical to the features on the other side of his nose. According to sociobiologists, this reflects a ____.
high degree of facial attractiveness
potential development instability
high degree of perceived similarity between the bilateral features
Which of the following is true about intimacy?
The term is applicable to individuals but not to relationships.
Intimacy need not be reciprocal in nature.
Intimacy and mutual self-disclosure build on one another.
Intimacy and trust are mutually excluive.
Sternberg has found that the best predictor of satisfaction within a relationship is:
the match between partners' levels of passion.
the match between the partners on all of the components of love.
the match between the number of reinforcements and punishments the person gives us.
the match between partners' intimacy relative to the match between partners' commitment.
Anna has trouble trusting her boyfriend David. While David wants to engage in intimate conversations, Anna feels uncomfortable with this closeness. She also maintains an emotional distance from most people in her life. Which of the following attachment styles is Anna most likely to have?
Fearful or avoidant
Which of the following statements is NOT true about leveling?
It requires clear and uncensored communication of all the hard feelings one has for their partner.
It essentially involves not saying anything that would deliberately hurt your partner.
It means stating your thoughts clearly, simply, and honestly.
It entails a "no holds barred" approach.
What happens to a romantic relationship if it lasts over time?
There is a shift, as the relationship progresses, from passionate to companionate love.
The passionate component of love becomes very important in long-term relationships.
Companionate love keeps the relationship together early on and then passionate love takes over.
Companionate love is present at the beginning of the relationship but slowly diminishes over time.
After playing a vigorous game of basketball, Ed experienced an increased heart rate and sweating from playing and found himself more attracted to women than Tyrone who did not play the game. What phenomenon can best explain the fact that Ed was more attracted to women than Tyrone?
Ed's sex drive is higher than Tyrone's
Ed's misattribution of arousal
Ed's heterosexual orientation
Ed's insecure attachment style.
"You moron! Can't you do anything right?" This statement is an example of which of the following destructive patterns of interaction as identified by Gottman?
Which of the following statements is true about gender identity disorder (GID)?
Research by Zucker has shown that gender identity disorder is found in children as young as 2 to 3 years old.
A significant number of patients affected by GID are first diagnosed in their twenties and thirties.
A vast majority of children with GID persist in the condition and go on to become completely transsexual adults.
GID typically develops in late adolescence and not during childhood.
Which of the following is true regarding the female-to-male gender reassignment surgery?
Generally, the newly-constructed penis is capable of ejaculation.
After the gender reassignment surgery, most transsexual men are able to have sustained and strong erections.
A metoidioplasty is a type of female-to-male gender reassignment surgery that involves elongating the clitoris.
Only skin from the thigh can be used to construct the penis.
For how long is a male-to-female transsexual given estrogen?
For about a year before surgery
For about a year before and after surgery
For about two years before and after surgery
For the rest of her life
____ is defined as unhappiness or dissatisfaction with one's gender.
Adolescent female sexuality is ____.
Which of the following statements is true with regard to Helen Singer Kaplan's views on the development of sexuality in women across the lifespan?
Women reach their complete potential for sexual enjoyment by their late teens.
Women evolve from a body-centered to a person-centered approach to sex as they age.
Women have a markedly slower sexual response mechanism by their mid-thirties.
Women develop the ability to orgasm more consistently in their mid-thirties.
Heiman found a high correlation between self-reports and physiological measures of arousal in women when:
women had been told to pay attention to their arousal.
women engaged in sexual intercourse in the laboratory.
women masturbated in the laboratory.
women were informed of the experimental value of the study.
___ in a relationship is likely to be a prerequisite for participating in sexual intercourse for women more than for men.
Freedom from commitment
In studies of sexuality, the largest difference in sexual behavior between men and women exists in the incidence of ____, especially when the factor of age is considered.
____ refers to an approach that simultaneously considers the meaning and consequences of multiple categories of identity, difference, and disadvantage.
A ____ is defined as a set of norms, or culturally defined expectations, that define how people of one gender ought to behave.
Reiss suggests that homosexuality is most likely to develop in cultures with:
females competing with males for authority.
dominant males and rigid gender roles.
gender roles which are very flexible.
gender roles which are not well-defined.
One body of evidence that is consistent with Bem's interactionist theory is that:
gay men and lesbians are less likely to have a history of gender nonconformity.
gay men and lesbians are likelier to have a history of gender nonconformity.
a majority of lesbians, when younger, felt no different from other girls.
gay men almost always find members of the opposite gender attractive as well.
Studies of hormone levels have revealed that:
homosexual males have considerably lower levels of testosterone than do heterosexual males.
homosexual males have considerably higher levels of testosterone than do heterosexual males.
administering testosterone to homosexual males reduces their sex drive considerably.
testosterone levels do not appear to differ much between heterosexuals and homosexuals.
The fraternal birth order effects shows that:
gay men tend to have more older brothers.
gay men are likelier to have an earlier birth order.
lesbians tend to have more older sisters.
lesbians tend to have a late birth order.
The fact that the rate of homosexual concordance is substantially higher for identical twins than for nonidentical twins shows that:
sexual orientation is determined solely by environmental factors.
there is a genetic contribution to determining sexual orientation.
there is no genetic contribution to determining sexual orientation.
sexual orientation is determined solely by cultural factors.
Kate has a score of 3 on the Kinsey scale. This means that she:
is exclusively heterosexual.
is exclusively homosexual.
has equal heterosexual and homosexual experience.
identifies as an asexual.
What does research say about the effect of homosexual parenting on children?
Research shows that an overwhelming number of children raised by gay parents turn gay themselves.
Research shows that children raised by gay parents often lead more troubled lives than children raised by traditional families.
Research shows that the mental health of children raised by gay parents is no different from that of children raised by traditional families.
Research shows that an overwhelming number of children raised by gay parents are sex offenders.
Which of the following did research discover to be true of the tearoom trade?
A large portion of men who participated in the tearoom trade were married "heterosexuals".
The tearoom trade is an urban legend used to turn liberalists against homosexuals.
None of the men who participated in the tearoom trade were covert homosexuals.
All of the men who participated in the tearoom trade were overt homosexuals.
The process of ____ involves acknowledging to oneself, and then to others, that one is gay or lesbian.
____ is the belief that everyone is heterosexual and that homosexual behaviors are denigrated.
____ refers to a person's erotic and emotional attraction toward members of a certain gender.
Under the ____ approach, Arnold Buss delineates the three features of sexual abnormality to be discomfort, inefficiency, and bizarreness.
Which of the following people would be described as having a hard media fetish?
George, who can never have sex with his wife unless the TV is on in the background
Jason, who experiences intense sexual arousal when he touches fur coats.
Jacob, who is sexually aroused by the smell and feel of leather.
Saul, who refuses to engage in any sexual activity unless his partner poses nude for him.
The sexual behavior most likely to be classified as a "victimless" crime would be:
The term sexual addiction has been criticized because:
it is not possible to have too much sex
the withdrawal period following termination of sexual behavior involves no psychological distress.
there appears to be no physiological withdrawal symptoms when a person abstains from an addictive sexual behavior.
no true cases of addictive sexual behavior have ever been documented.
Which of the following is true with regards to sadomasochists?
They use every opportunity that presents itself in daily life to inflict pain on others.
They are inherently more likely to be involved in violent sexual crimes.
They find pain arousing only when it is part of a carefully scripted sexual ritual.
They derive sexual pleasure from any form of physical pain that they encounter in their day-to-day lives.
In bondage and discipline, the role preferred by both men and women is the ____.
A more accurate term encompassing satyriasis and nymphomania is:
____ is defined as a desire to induce oneself to a state of oxygen deficiency to create or enhance sexual arousal or orgasm.
____ refers to automatic, unintentional sexual behaviors during sleep.
Applied to preventative medicine for sexual variations, primary intervention would mean:
intervening in home life or in other factors during childhood.
using surgical castrations to control deviant sexual impulses.
providing androgen-suppressing hormonal treatment.
administering cognitive-behavioral therapies to paraphiliacs.
A systematic review of controlled outcome evaluations of psychological and hormonal treatment programs found that, overall:
such programs resulted in sexual recidivism.
use of hormonal medications showed the largest effect.
classical behavioral programs have the greatest significant effect.
cognitive-behavior therapy had no impact on recidivism.
Which of the following is true of rape?
t is the most frequently reported crime in the United States.
Its legal definition does not extend to forced oral or anal sex.
It involves nonconsensual oral, anal, or vaginal penetration.
Its legal definition refers to women and excludes men.
Which of the following is true of suspicious schemas?
Sexually aggressive men have very weak suspicious schemas.
Suspicious schemas are typically broken down by castration.
Only women have been proven to have suspicious schemas.
Suspicious schemas can be altered with cognitive therapy.
Paula told her mother that she'd been raped at a nightclub. Her mother responded with, "What were you doing at the nightclub? If you'd stayed at home it never would have happened." Which of the following views about the nature of rape does Paula's mother take?
Rape is caused by the psychopathology of rapists.
Rape is the result of social anomie.
Rape is precipitated by the victim.
Rape occurs due to social disorganization.
Identify the theoretical view of the nature of rape that holds that rapes occur more frequently when a community is not able to enforce norms against crime in general.
The existential theory
The victim-precipitated theory
The experiential theory
The social-disorganization theory
Which of the following is true of rapists according to research?
The vast majority of them have had traumatic head injuries as a child.
They lack empathy and often don't feel that they've done anything wrong.
They seldom objectify women.
They are seldom sexually aggressive.
The most frequent suggestion given by the prisoners themselves for ending rape in prison is to:
chemically castrate violent prisoners.
physically castrate violent prisoners.
isolate rape victims from other prisoners.
segregate those who are most vulnerable.
Prisoners use rape as a means of establishing a dominance hierarchy, thus proving to be a clear example of how rape is an expression of:
power and aggression.
Which of the following is true of rape and ethnicity?
African-American women are less likely to be raped than white women.
African-American women are less likely to report rape than white women.
Hispanic American women are the ethnic group at greatest risk for rape.
White women are not as psychologically disturbed by rape as Hispanic women.
____ is an inability to recall important personal information, usually of a traumatic nature.
Transient global amnesia
Which of the following is true of pedophilia?
Recidivism is very rare among pedophiles.
The majority of pedophiles are uneducated.
Most experts believe that sexual attraction toward a child cannot be changed.
All experts agree that there is no link between brain injuries and pedophilic behavior.
Researchers have identified four different types of sexual harassment. In the case of ____ harassment, the man is truly motivated by a desire for sexual intimacy, but he won't take no for an answer and persists with unwelcome sexual advances.
Which of the following is true of the services provided by a call girl?
A call girl works regular shifts at a brothel and may see several clients in a day.
A call girl plies her trade on the streets and thus is often at risk of physical violence.
A call girl has considerable autonomy concerning the services she provides.
A call girl acts as an escort to her clients but does not provide sexual services.
Which of the following is true of the experience offered by escort services?
Escort services can also offer clients the girlfriend/boyfriend experience.
Escort services offer only sexual services to their clients.
Escort services offer services only to homosexual clients.
Escort services are limited to phone conversations and cyber sex.
The prostitutes that charge the least amount of money are the ____.
Who among the following is considered a third party in commercial sex work?
The recruitment and control of persons, by threat or use of force or deception, for purposes of sexual exploitation is known as ____.
Which of the following is true of occasional johns?
They are the clients who seek only occasional contact with prostitutes.
They are male prostitutes who occasionally service homosexual men.
They are gay men who seek only occasional contact with women.
They are clients who occasionally act as pimps to prostitutes.
What do bar hustlers and female streetwalkers have in common?
Both are the most exclusive type of prostitute.
Both are the most expensive type of prostitute.
They both service heterosexual women.
They both sell their services to men.
Leisure travel with the purpose of purchasing sexual services is known as ____.
The legal terminology used to describe literature, art, or film that is foul, disgusting, or lewd to the authorities or to society is ____.
Which of the following is true of pornographic magazines?
They are more popular and demand a larger audience than pornographic Web sites.
Their production, distribution, and perusal are illegal in the United States today.
Their content is not controversial and is therefore suitable for children.
Their circulation has declined because sexual videos are easily accessible online.
____ refers to an interest in sexual activity that leads the individual to seek out sexual activity or to be pleasurably receptive to it.
____ refers to a lack of response to sexual stimulation, including a lack of lubrication.
Female sexual arousal disorder
Sexual aversion disorder
Female orgasmic disorder
Holly cannot orgasm through sexual intercourse. In fact, she has never had an orgasm in her life. Medically, Holly's condition is known as ____.
Some women may only attain orgasm through hand or mouth stimulation by the partner. The notion that this is a disorder can be linked to the:
sexual scripts and beliefs that there is a "right" way to have sex
definition of orgasm by modern scientific thought
fact that it does not consider the other partner's need to orgasm
physiological changes that accompany an orgasm
____ refers to genital pain experienced during intercourse
Which of the following statements is correct according to the cognitive-physiological model of sexual functioning and dysfunction?
Interpreting arousal as anxiety increases one's arousal further.
Higher levels of anxiety increase one's sexual arousal proportionately.
Interpreting arousal as sexual arousal increases one's arousal further.
Physiological arousal does not lead to effective sexual functioning.
One of the basic goals of Masters and Johnson's therapy was to:
eliminate goal-oriented sexual behavior.
identify physiological triggers of sexual dysfunction.
involve the family in the reconditioning process.
review childhood traumas that could have caused sexual dysfunction.
Which of the following is a specific technique developed for the correction of premature ejaculation?
Solitary masturbation prior to sex
The stop-start technique
The use of androgen injections
The mirror exercise
One of the most effective programs for women with orgasmic dysfunction is the:
directed masturbation technique
Which of the following is true of the implantation of an inflatable penis?
It is a common treatment for erectile disorder with no side effects since no drugs are required.
It makes it possible to experience an erection with the aid of a pump.
It is used primarily in the treatment of mild cases of erectile dysfunction.
It is recorded to have a success rate of 100 percent.
The drug Viagra works:
by changing the mental state of the man, prompting erection.
by relaxing the smooth muscles in the corpora cavernosa.
by raising the testosterone levels in the female.
by prompting increased lubrication in the vagina.
Which of the following is a major reason why chlamydia goes undiagnosed and untreated, especially among women?
The social stigma attached to the infection.
The high costs of medical treatment.
The asymptomatic nature of the infection in a majority of cases.
The good recovery rate in response to home remedies.
Which of the following complications may occur if chlamydia is left untreated in women?
Pelvic inflammatory disease
Miscarriage in pregnant women
The majority of people infected with HPV:
are prone to develop breast cancer
are likely to develop pelvic inflammatory disease
are male homosexuals
are likely to have no symptoms
Amy notices, several blisters on her labia, which are quite painful, especially when they burst. They go away in a few weeks, but often return unpredictably for 7 to 14-day periods. Amy regularly has sex with her boyfriend whom she met a month earlier. Her symptoms point to a likely case of:
If we examine AIDS in Thailand, it appears the most common means of transmission is:
intravenous drug use
In the United States, AIDS in infants has:
nearly been eliminated
doubled in the past 5 years
been found to be passed from fathers as well
remained uncontrolled because of the lack of drugs to treat AIDS
One of the main reasons for an increase in gonorrhea in the last couple of decades has been:
that gonorrhea has always increased during wartime activity.
that gonorrhea has mutated and is no longer curable with antibiotics.
the shift from the condom to the pill that has raised the infection among women.
the fact that both infected males and females are now asymptomatic for longer durations.
Neville reveals to his doctor that he had sex with a stranger almost a month ago while on vacation and is worried about the risk of a possible STI. The doctor finds that Neville is exhibiting the first stage of syphilis which is characterized by:
a grayish-greenish discharge
a skin rash
blisters on the back
Identify the STI against which an effective vaccine is available.
Candida is caused by a type of ____.
Drake is experiencing a discharge from his urethra and there is a mild discomfort when he urinates. Drake is most likely suffering from ____.