Which of the following health benefits would result from regular walking?
Increased blood pressure
Decreased risk of coronary heart disease
Increased resting heart rate
Decreased life expectancy
The development of balance would be required for which of the following activities?
Which of the following is a long term adaptation to muscular strength training?
Increased size of type II muscle fibres
Decreased number of type II muscle fibres
Increased number of type II muscle fibres
Decreased size of type II muscle fibres
What is the definition of muscular strength?
The ability of muscles to exert maximum force in one contraction
The ability of muscles to exert minimum force in one contraction
The ability of muscles to repeatedly exert maximum force
The ability of muscles to repeatedly exert minimum force
Which of the following would be classified in the aerobic fitness zone?
65% max heart rate
75% max heart rate
85% max heart rate
95% max heart rate
Which of the following is a long term adaptation to cardiovascular training?
Increased lactic acid accumulation
Decreased carbon dioxide removal
Decreased oxygen delivery
What body type has broad shoulders and a muscular build?
According to the Borg 6-20 scale which of the following would represent an intensity that felt 'somewhat hard'?
What is heart rate?
The number of beats/ contractions per minute
The number of beats/ contractions per 30 seconds
The volume of blood pumped from the heart in one contraction
The volume of blood pumped from the heart in one minute
Which of the following is defined as the volume of blood pumped from the heart in one contraction?
A long term effect of regular exercise on the heart is increased stroke volume. What effect will this have?
The heart will beat less frequently
The heart will contract less forcefully
Blood pressure will increase
CHD risk will increase
Complete the text with the missing word?
When someone begins exercising heart rate will _________________. This will allow a greater supply of blood and therefore oxygen to reach the working muscles.
What happens during dilation of blood vessels?
The blood vessels get wider
The blood vessels get narrower
The valves in the veins remain open
The valves in the veins remain closed
Why does blood pooling lead to an increased risk of fainting?
It leads to a decrease in blood sugar
It leads to an increase in blood sugar
It leads to an increase in the blood supply to the brain
It leads to a decrease in the blood supply to the brain
What happens to the synovial fluid in joints during exercise?
The amount of synovial fluid decreases
The amount of synovial fluid increases
The amount of oxygen in the synovial fluid decreases
The amount of oxygen in the synovial fluid increases
Which of the following types of muscle contraction is most likely to cause DOMS?
Which of the following will primarily recruit type 2b muscle fibres in resistance training?
High weight and high repetitions
High weight and low repetitions
Low weight and high repetitions
Low weight and low repetitions
Which of the following training outcomes requires speed during resistance training?
Which of the following will increase overload during a resistance training exercise?
Increasing the speed of repetitions
Decreasing the number of repetitions
Increasing the lever length
Decreasing the range of movement
An ability to cope with stressful situations in everyday life and to make good decisions is an example of which component of total fitness?
Which of the following defines physical fitness?
Maintaining an active lifestyle that contributes to maintaining levels of cardiovascular and muscular fitness and flexibility
Eating a variety of foods from majoy food groups and maintaining a calorie intake appropriate for needs and demands
Being free from disease and illness and making lifestyle choices that maintain this component
Awareness of and ability to manage and express emotions assertively and with respect to self and others
The equation force x speed represents which component of motor fitness/ skill related fitness?
Which of the following defines balance?
The ability to change the position of the entire body in space with speed and accuracy
The ability of the body to remain centred over a base of support
The ability to perform smooth and accurate movements
Distance divided by Time
Which of the following is a genetic factor influencing an individual's training potential?
The 100m sprint primarily uses which of the following components of skill related fitness?
What is the recommended intensity and duration of stretching to improve flexibility according t ACSM?
5-10 seconds with no feelings of discomfort
10-15 seconds to mild discomfort
10-30 seconds to mild discomfort
10-30 seconds to severe discomfort
What is a plateau?
It is when continued adaptations to training no longer occur
It is a gradual decrease in physiological gains when training is ceased
It is the ability of the body to cope with specific training needs
It is the gradual increase of stress placed upon the body during exercise training
What is recovery time?
A gradual decrease in physiological gains when training is ceased
The ability of the body to cope with specific training needs
The gradual increase of stress placed upon the body during training
The period of time between training sets and training sessions
Which of the following principles is affected when an additional set of exercises is added to a resistance training programme?
Why are supine exercises after the first trimester of pregnancy contraindicated?
They can cause overstretching of ligaments supporting joints
They can cause loss of balance
They can reduce blood supply to the baby and mother
They can cause spinal fractures
Which of the following should be avoided when programming for 14-16 year olds?
High intensity strength training
Low intensity strength training
Functional pushing exercises
Functional pulling exercises
How does exercise reduce the risk of type 2 diabetes?
By reducing levels of obesity
By increasing levels of obesity
By reducing bone density
By increasing bone density
According to the Food Standards Agency which of the following food groups makes up one of the largest sections of the food plate?
Milk and dairy foods
Fruit and vegetables
Meat, fish, eggs and beans
Foods and drinkks high in sugar and/or fats
Which of the following is a non-dairy source of protein?
Which of the following is a negative effect of dehydration?
Increased oxygen uptake
Decreased oxygen uptake
Which of the following is a source of carbohydrates in the diet?
Which of the following meals/foods would be high in carbohydrates?
Sausages, bacon and fried tomatoes
Which of the following will result in weight gain?
Energy in + energy out
Energy in > energy out
Energy in < energy out
Energy in = energy out
Which of the following can be a result of a diet low in calcium?
Type 2 diabetes
For an individual who is obese which of the following would be a positive change to their diet?
Decrease intake of saturated fat
Decrease intake of fruit and vegetables
Increase intake of sugary foods
Increase salt intake