The Portuguese developed an improved ship with triangular sails as well as square sails called the
Finding the first all-water route to Asia meant that the dealings with the Muslims and Italians came to an end. What country founded this all-water route?
An Italian sailor that thought he knew a faster route to Asia
Vasco da Gama
Giovanni da Verrazzono
When Portugal takes control of this trade in Asia due to their findings of an all-water route to Asia, all of Europe searches for more routes
All but the following are known mistakes of Columbus' route
He calculated it would be a short journey to sail west across the Atlantic Ocean because he relied on the writings of Marco Polo and Paolo Toscanelli who claimed the size of Asia stretched farther west to east than it really did.
He underestimated the distance around the globe
He thought the globe was only 1/3 the size it is
Thought the Atlantic Ocean must be small
Which one is NOT a reason Spain would not fund Christopher Columbus
royal council had doubts about Columbus' calculations
Spanish monarchs were in a costly war to drive the Muslims out of Spain
They did not want to spread Christianity
Columbus' was asking a high payment for his services
Why did King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella fund Columbus
for profit only
because they believed in Columbus
to spread Christianity
for profit and to spread Christianity
When Columbus reached land on an island in the Caribbean Sea, he thought he had reached the Southwest Asia where he greeted the Taino people and called them
One of the main goals of European exploration was to
Which explorers found an all-water route to Africa and India
Vasco de Gama
Giovanni da Verrazzano
What were the names of the ships Columbus assembled
The line of Demarcation is changed by the
Treaty of Tordesillas
Countries gainded wealth, raw materials, and trade markets by using
In order to have a favorable balance of trade a country must
import more than they export
export more than they import
What is the main purpose of mercantilism
increase the money in a countries treasury by having a favorable balance of trade
gain as much land as possible
create more imports than exports
This Italian sailor set out in 1501 to find a sea route to Asia but realized that when he sailed west like Columbus he did not reach Asia. The new land was named after him.
Vasco Nunez de Balboa
In 1519 this explorer led an expedition through the jungles of Panama and reached the Pacific ocean.
This Portuguese sailor set out to reach Asia by sailing west around South America and although he died on the long journey his crew carried on and were the first to sail around the world.
Vasco Nunez de alboa
What were the reasons Columbus lost Spanish support
failed to bring back riches
Spain wanted all the riches Columbus brought back
he did not spread Christianity
he spread Christianity
Spanish soldiers that explored the Americas and claimed them for Spain
Conquistador that after landing in Central America he and his 508 men set their sights on conquering the mighty Aztec Empire.
Montezuma was a leader. Which leader was he?
One reason Spain was able to defeat Native American empires was because of its
alliance with Montezuma
This conquistador marched on the Incas in Peru with an army of 180 men and conquered the Incas.
What were the reasons that the Spanish were successful to defeat the Aztec and Incan empires
The spread of European disease killed millions of Native Americans
The Spanish were execllent sailors and soldiers and also had superior weapons
The Incas and Aztecs had less men to fight with
Spain made alliances with Native Americans who were enemies of the Aztecs and Incas
Spain conquered the Aztecs with the invisable weapon which was
This kept Spaniards hopes high to collect treasures from North America as they did in Mexico and Peru.
Cities of Gold
Coronado, Soto, and Cabrillo all went out in search of the cities of gold but all three failed to find the fabled cities.
Discovered Newfoundland, Canada
Giovanni de Verrranzo
English explorer who sailed for the Dutch and landed at the coast of present-day New York.
Bartolome de Las Casas
Italian sailor who sailed for the French with hopes of finding an all-water route to Asia.
French sailor who sailed up the St. Lawrence River to present day Montreal.
Who became angered as France and England gained land in the Americas
One of the battlegrounds in North America was Florida between the Spanish and the French. Who was driven out of Florida?
Large fleet of ships sent to invade England and restore Catholicism.
Who defeated the Spanish Armada in the English Channel with fater ships and an assist from mother nature.
The English victory over Spain had two important effects
England would become independant and remain Protestant
England would take over Spain and spread Christianity
It showed that Spain could be defeated
No one would ever try to defeat Spain
Who paid for the oversea expansion of colonies in America in England
Wealthy and powerful people
Founder of fur-trading post a Quebec
Samuel de Champlain
First permanent French colony in North America
The defeat of the Spanish Armada was important because
Spain was unable to rebuild its navy
Spain lost its colonial possessions
the world saw that Spain could be beaten
the English gained all of Spain's lands
Grant of native American slave labor.
The colonies were divided into a class system. Which order reflects the people with the most power to the least power.
Creoles, Spaniards, Native Americans/Slaves, Mestizos
Spaniards, Mestizos, Creoles, Native Americans/Slaves
Spaniards, Creoles, Mestizos, Native Americans/Slaves
Native to Spain
Mixed Spanish and Native American Ancestory
Spanish settlers born into colonies
Mixed Spanish and Native American ancestory
Large farm or estate were called Haciendas.
Large farm that raises cash crops were called
Spaniard who fought for Native American rights.
When 12 million Africans had been ensleaved and shipped to the Western Hemisphere
As Native Americans began to die out Aftican Slavery rose in the colonies and they were enslaved because
they were immune to European disease
they didn't have friends to seek help from in America
they were a permanent source of cheap labor
they had experiences working on farms
Middle leg of the triangular trade route that brought captured Africans to the Americas to serve as slaves.
Racism is the belief that some people are inferior because of their race.
Africans survived the horrors of slavery in part by clinging to their African culture including
reading and writing
Transfer of plants, animals, and diseases between the Western and Eastern Hemisphere.
The rise of sugar plantations brought about a dramatic rise in the numbers of
The Columbian Exchange benefited Europe by
helping to feed its population
increasing the supply of ready cash
giving Europeans immunity to germs
decreasing the slave trade