HDFS 2220 Exam 1

Question 1 of 74

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Examples of non-normative influences that affect development include: Parental divorce, car accident, winning the lottery, parent incarcerated, death of parent or sibling , house fire

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 2 of 74

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Development is:

Select one or more of the following:

  • Multi-dimensional

  • Lifelong

  • Multi-directional

Question 3 of 74

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Chronological age is

Select one of the following:

  • number of years since birth

  • physical health

  • adaptive capacity

  • social understandings and significance

Question 4 of 74

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There are three realms of developmental milestones. They include all of the following except:

Select one of the following:

  • Cognitive Processes

  • Biological Processes

  • Culture Processes

  • Historical Processes

Question 5 of 74

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Social age refers to the social understandings and significance that are attached to chronological age.

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 6 of 74

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( Psychological, Biological, Chronological, Social ) age is how old one feels, acts, and behaves, and is thus not necessarily equal to chronological age.

Question 7 of 74

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age is a measure of how well or poorly your body is functioning relative to your actual calendar age.

Question 8 of 74

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( Plasticity, Stability ): whether we develop into someone different from who we are at an earlier point in development (change is likely)

Question 9 of 74

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A is an orderly integrated set of statements that describes, explains, and predicts.

Question 10 of 74

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_________ theory: the process is the same but the speed or rate changes; involves gradual/cumulative changes.

Select one or more of the following:

  • Continuous

  • Discontinuous

Question 11 of 74

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________ theory: the way we change is completely different from one stage to the next

Select one or more of the following:

  • Continuous

  • Discontinuous

Question 12 of 74

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Nature refers to an organisms biological inheritance.

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 13 of 74

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( Stability, Plasticity ): is shaped by early experience or genetics; unlikely to change (to what degree do we become older renditions of our earlier selves)

Question 14 of 74

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Nature refers to environmental experiences.

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 15 of 74

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Modern developmental theorists advocate that all development is .

Question 16 of 74

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is the ability to adapt effectively in the face of threats to development.

Question 17 of 74

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The is the impulsive (and unconscious) part of our psyche which responds directly and immediately to the instincts.

Question 18 of 74

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The ( ego, id, superego ) is the decision making component of personality. (works by reason)

Question 19 of 74

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The _________ incorporates the values and morals of society which are learned from one's parents and others. It develops around the age of 3 – 5 during the phallic stage of psychosexual development. (controls impulses)

Select one of the following:

  • id

  • superego

  • ego

Question 20 of 74

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According to B.F. Skinner, through ________ __________ the consequences of a behavior produce changes in the the probability of the behavior's occurrence.

Select one of the following:

  • Social Learning

  • Operant Conditioning

  • Classical Conditioning

  • Information Processing

Question 21 of 74

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Badura's research relied heavily on _________ ___________, which occurs through observing what others do.

Select one of the following:

  • classical conditioning

  • operant conditioning

  • observational learning

  • social learning

Question 22 of 74

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Bandura's model of learning and development includes all of the following:

Select one or more of the following:

  • history

  • behavior

  • the person/cognition

  • environment

Question 23 of 74

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________________ holds that behavior, environment, and cognition are the key factors in development.

Select one of the following:

  • Social Cognitive Theory

  • information-processing theory

  • Operant conditioning

  • Learning Theory

Question 24 of 74

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Bronfrenbrenner's holds that development reflects the influence of several environmental systems.

Question 25 of 74

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The ( microsystem, macrosystem, exosystem, mesosystem, chronosystem ) is the setting in which the individual lives. This includes: family, peers, school, and neighborhood.

Question 26 of 74

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The __________ involves relations between microsystems or connections between contexts. This includes school experiences, church experiences, family experiences , and peer experience.

Select one of the following:

  • macrosystem

  • microsystem

  • mesosystem

  • exosystem

  • chronosystem

Question 27 of 74

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The consists of links links between individual's immediate context and social setting in which the individual does not play an active role. (Ex. mother's experience at work. promotion = more travel, increased parental conflict, changes of interaction with child)

Question 28 of 74

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The involves the culture in which individuals live. (The cultural contexts involve the socioeconomic status of the person and/or family, ethnicity or race and living in a still developing or a third world country. For example, being born to a poor family makes a person work harder every day.)

Question 29 of 74

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The chronosystem consists of the patterning of environmental events and transitions over the life course. (Ex. Divorce)

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 30 of 74

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John Watson's theory involves learning a new behavior via the process of association. In simple terms two stimuli are linked together to produce a new learned response in a person or animal.

Question 31 of 74

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The ____________ stage is where children begin to go beyond simply connecting sensory info with physical action and represent the world with words, images, and drawings.

Select one of the following:

  • preoperational

  • formal operational

  • concrete operational

  • sensorimotor

Question 32 of 74

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Piaget's Four Stages of Cognitive Development include:

Select one or more of the following:

  • Sensorimotor (0-2 yrs)

  • Concrete Operational (7-11 yrs)

  • Formal Operational (11-adulthood)

  • Preoperational (2-7 yrs)

  • Sensory Operational (0-2 yrs)

Question 33 of 74

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The ______________ stage is the stage where infants construct an understanding of the world by coordinating sensory experiences. (hearing, seeing)

Select one of the following:

  • preoperational

  • sensorimotor

  • concrete operational

  • formal operational

Question 34 of 74

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Vygotsky's theory stresses the fundamental role of social interaction in the development of cognition.

Question 35 of 74

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The _____________ stage, individuals move beyond concrete experiences and think in abstract and more logical terms. (think about ideal circumstances)

Select one of the following:

  • concrete operational

  • sensorimotor

  • formal operational

  • preoperational

Question 36 of 74

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The ______________ stage where children can preform operations that involve objects and they can reason logically when the reasoning can be applied to specific or concrete examples.

Select one of the following:

  • preoperational

  • formal operational

  • sensorimotor

  • concrete operational

Question 37 of 74

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By the time most women realize they are pregnant, and schedule an appointment with a healthcare provider (10-12 wks) is nearly complete

Question 38 of 74

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During organogenesis all of the following are formed

Select one or more of the following:

  • heart

  • spinal canal

  • eyes

  • limbs

  • genitalia

  • brain

Question 39 of 74

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Poor dental hygiene can increase the risk for preterm labor and birth.

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 40 of 74

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1st trimester is the period of ________.

Select one of the following:

  • radiant health

  • adjustment

  • watchful waiting

Question 41 of 74

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2nd trimester is the period of _________.

Select one of the following:

  • radiant health

  • adjustment

  • watchful waiting

Question 42 of 74

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Fetal Development 6-7 weeks

Select one or more of the following:

  • placenta begins to form

  • uterus is small orange

  • internal organs are formed

  • "fetus" at 7 weeks

  • has fingernails/toenails

Question 43 of 74

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3rd trimester is the period of

Select one of the following:

  • radiant health

  • watchful waiting

  • adjustment

Question 44 of 74

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At 36 weeks birth can occur at anytime.

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 45 of 74

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1st stage of labor is .

Question 46 of 74

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Early labor means the woman can still talk, laugh, joke and does not take full focus to deal with contractions.

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 47 of 74

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Dilation goes from 1cm to 12cm.

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 48 of 74

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The 3rd stage of labor is .

Question 49 of 74

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Active labor is still the 1st stage of labor.

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 50 of 74

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Latent Phase of Labor is in the second stage of labor.

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 51 of 74

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The is the 2nd stage of Labor.

Question 52 of 74

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Uncontrolled bleeding (postpartum hemorrhage) is the leading cause of maternal mortality around the world.

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 53 of 74

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DNA is

Select one of the following:

  • deoxyribonucleaic acid: strings of amino acid pairs; substance of which genes and chromosomes are made.

  • units of hereditary information composed of segments of DNA located along the chromosomes

  • threadlike structures made up of DNA; store and transmit genetic information

Question 54 of 74

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Genes are

Select one of the following:

  • deoxyribonucleaic acid: strings of amino acid pairs; substance of which genes and chromosomes are made.

  • units of hereditary information composed of segments of DNA located along the chromosomes

  • threadlike structures made up of DNA; store and transmit genetic information

Question 55 of 74

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Chromosomes are

Select one of the following:

  • threadlike structures made up of DNA; store and transmit genetic information

  • deoxyribonucleaic acid: strings of amino acid pairs; substance of which genes and chromosomes are made

  • units of hereditary information composed of segments of DNA located along the chromosomes

Question 56 of 74

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( Mitosis, Meiosis ) is a part of the cell cycle in which chromosomes in a cell nucleus are separated into two identical sets of chromosomes, each in its own nucleus.

Question 57 of 74

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( Autosomes, Sex Chromosomes, Xygotes ) are the 22 pairs of chromosomes that are not sex chromosomes.

Question 58 of 74

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( Meiosis, Mitosis ) a type of cell division that results in four daughter cells each with half the number of chromosomes of the parent cell, as in the production of gametes and plant spores.

Question 59 of 74

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are:

23rd pair of chromosomes

Determines sex

XX = female, XY = male

“Sex-linked traits” are on this chromosome

Question 60 of 74

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are sex cells. Sperm or ova

Question 61 of 74

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: sperm and ova unite.

Question 62 of 74

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Fraternal twins is one zygote that divides into two individuals.

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 63 of 74

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There are 1 in fraternal births in U.S

Question 64 of 74

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There are 1 in Identical twin births in the U.S

Question 65 of 74

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Which groups are more likely to be poor?

Select one or more of the following:

  • children

  • women

  • parents under 25 with young children

  • elderly, living alone, especially women

  • ethnic minorities

  • adults 30-40

Question 66 of 74

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(Working Memory) —Mental processing unit where info stored temporarily.

Question 67 of 74

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(Memory Storage)—Encyclopedic memory in which info is stored and from which it can be retrieved

Question 68 of 74

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______ correlation (niche picking) is when children select their own contexts that they find stimulating and rewarding

Select one of the following:

  • Active

  • Passive

  • Evocative

Question 69 of 74

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The perspective called views the human mind as a symbol-manipulating system through which information flows, much as in a digital computer, with environmental stimuli as inputs and behavioral responses as outputs.

Question 70 of 74

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dominance is when one allele doesn't completely mask another; result is somewhere in between.

Question 71 of 74

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dominance is when one allele completely masks another one.

Question 72 of 74

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is when neither alleles are completely masked; little of each

Question 73 of 74

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_________ correlation is when parents provide genes and environment. Ex) seeing parents read so you read

Select one of the following:

  • Active

  • Passive

  • Evocative

Question 74 of 74

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_________ correlation is when different genes elicit different responses from their environment. ex) receiving positive feedback for being good at reading.

Select one of the following:

  • Active

  • Evocative

  • Passive

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HDFS 2220 Exam 1

Kerri McDaniel
Quiz by , created over 1 year ago

Exam 1 for HDFS 2220 Life-Span Development

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Kerri McDaniel
Created by Kerri McDaniel over 1 year ago
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