U1 Pretest

Question 1 of 10

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Charles Darwin suggested that the evolution of living organisms is guided by:

Select one of the following:

  • rational thought

  • natural selection

  • introspection

  • unconscious motives

Question 2 of 10

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Wilhelm Wundt, who founded the first psychology laboratory, was both a:

Select one of the following:

  • psychoanalyst and psychiatrist.

  • sociologist and psychiatrist.

  • physiologist and philosopher.

  • theologian and philosopher.

Question 3 of 10

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In its early years, psychology focused on the study of _____; from the 1920s into the 1960s, American psychologists emphasized the study of _____.

Select one of the following:

  • mental illness; effective psychotherapy

  • maladaptive behavior; adaptive behavior

  • unconscious motives; conscious thoughts and feelings

  • mental processes; observable behavior

Question 4 of 10

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Behavior is to mental processes as _____ is to _____.

Select one of the following:

  • nature; nurture

  • sensation; memory

  • talking; perception

  • stability; change

Question 5 of 10

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Which psychological perspective is most directly concerned with how the brain influences behaviors and mental states?

Select one of the following:

  • cognitive

  • psychoanalytic

  • behavioral

  • neuroscience

Question 6 of 10

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Which perspective highlights the reproductive advantages of specific behavioral traits?

Select one of the following:

  • behavioral

  • cognitive

  • evolutionary

  • social-cultural

Question 7 of 10

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Which perspective is most likely to examine how group membership influences individual attitudes and behaviors?

Select one of the following:

  • neuroscience

  • cognitive

  • evolutionary

  • social-cultural

Question 8 of 10

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Which perspective most clearly emphasizes the impact of learning on behavior?

Select one of the following:

  • evolutionary

  • neuroscience

  • behavioral

  • psychoanalytic

Question 9 of 10

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Which professional specialty focuses on the diagnosis and treatment of people with psychological disorders?

Select one of the following:

  • personality psychology

  • biological psychology

  • clinical psychology

  • developmental psychology

Question 10 of 10

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The specialist who is most likely to prescribe a drug for the treatment of a psychological disorder is a:

Select one of the following:

  • developmental psychologist.

  • clinical psychologist.

  • psychiatrist.

  • personality psychologist.

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U1 Pretest

Jennifer Parks
Quiz by , created about 1 year ago

U1 Pretest

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Jennifer Parks
Created by Jennifer Parks about 1 year ago
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