This is a timed quiz.
You have 1 hour 30 minutes to complete the 100 questions in this quiz.
What is a Trojan?
a. Backdoor malware
What technique does Zberb use to remain invisible on a system?
a. Adding values in the registry
c. Exe wrapping
How can malware infections be prevented?
a. Using antiviruses and personal IDS
b. Using an up-to-date operating system
c. Using KeyScrambler
How should you check your system for infection?
a. Using checksum method to check file integrity
b. Using malware scanners
c. Checking for suspicious looking files and network connections
What is the use of a DoS attack Trojan?
a. Make a remote service unavailable to legit users
b. Transfer information and files
c. Provide remote access
A tool to monitor file integrity is:
Which is a port monitoring tool?
b. CM tool
Which tool is used for sniffing a network?
a. Billy Bastard
c. Cain and Abel
How is a salted password validated?
a. Retrieve the salt and hash from the database; Append the salt and the hash again with the same algorithm; Check for the resulting password hash, match or not
b. Check for the resulting password hash, match or not; Retrieve the salt and hash from the database; Append the salt and the hash again with the same algorithm
c. Append the salt and the hash again with the same algorithm; Check for the resulting password hash, match or not; Retrieve the salt and hash from the database
Which utility is used for a hash insertion attack?
c. iKey 2032
On which system do alternate data streams work?
What is steganography?
a. Data encryption technique
b. Data hiding technique
c. File infection technique
Steganography can be used as a substitute for which encryption values?
c. one-way hash
Using alternate data streams negatively impacts the file.
What type of encryption does NTLM use?
c. One-way hash
How can an MD5 hash be cracked?
a. Brute-force attack
b. Rainbow table attack
c. Dictionary attack
For what purpose is the pass-the-hash technique used?
a. To bypass Syskey
b. To bypass Windows normal login
c. To crack a password hash
How can password guessing be prevented?
a. Using long passwords
b. Using alphanumeric passwords with both uppercase and lower¬case letters
c. Using Syskey and storing key on an external drive
d. All of these
Which of the following operating systems employs Kerberos authentication?
a. Windows 2000
b. Windows NT SP3
c. Windows 98
Which of the following is not true about Certification Authority?
a. It is a third party that issues digital certificates
b. It is a third party that encrypts information for people
c. CA validates the identity of the certificate holder
Which of the following are rootkit functionalities?
a. To hide OS processes
b. To elevate the privileges of processes
c. To hide files or registry entries
d. To delete or audit logs
e. All of the above
Which process stage does not verify or try to exploit the vulnerability, just lists and ranks the identified weaknesses?
a. Vulnerability assessment
b. Vulnerability scan
How can rootkits be prevented?
a. By using updated antivirus
b. By using anti-rootkits
c. By reinstalling the operating system
Which is the strongest password among these?
What is the maximum length of a LanMan Hash?
Which is a non-technical type of social engineering attack?
a. Fake calling as a technician and asking the victim for system details
c. Infecting the victim with malware
What is the correct order of the challenge-response process of Windows authentication?
a. Response, login request, result, challenge
b. Challenge, login request, response, result
c. Login request, challenge, response, result
d. Result, challenge, login request, response
What is needed to successfully crack an FTP password?
a. A good word list
b. A Windows system
What is a good password policy to implement in an organization?
a. Do not use old passwords
b. Change your passwords every 2 weeks
c. Do not use a dictionary word
In which file are Windows passwords stored?
a. Boot.ini file
b. SAM file
c. Hosts file
d. None of these
Which tool can be used to crack a Windows password protected with Syskey?
b. Cain and Abel
Which is the best hardware to crack a password?
a. Using a system CPU
b. Using a powerful GPU
c. Using high network bandwidth
What type of password hash is this: 2ea886556a3a225a18bf4bcc425486db ?
Which of these is not a countermeasure against attacks?
a. Use self-encrypting drives
b. Disable the storage of the LM hash
c. Disable the LM authentication
Which tools can be used to sniff traffic on a network?
How can LM hash storage be disabled?
a. By creating a Group Policy Object
b. By using BitLocker
c. By using kerbcrack.exe
What type of authentication protocols does Windows support?
Which of the following are tools that can be used to extract hidden data using steganography?
c. Stream Explorer
A hash injection attack is possible due to?
a. Network access
b. Physical access
c. Viruses and backdoors
Which utility is used for hash injection attacks?
c. iKey 2032
Which of the following .exe of a Trojan is executed on a victim machine?
SigCheck is a download offered by Microsoft.
Elite wrapper is a tool to :
a. connect to an infected system
b. make an .exe FUD
c. join malware .exe to another .exe
How is Fully Undetectable (FUD) malware created?
a. Using .exe wrappers
b. Using hex editors
c. Using steganography
What is a Trojan.FakeAV?
a. Malware behaving as an antivirus
b. Tool to detect malware
c. Tool to make FUD malware
Which is a ransomware?
What is the effect of SMS Trojans?
a. Data locked down
b. SMS sent to premium numbers
c. Data theft
What is email harvesting?
a. Sending bulk emails
b. Collecting email accounts
c. Cracking email passwords
What is the full form of UDP?
a. User Data Program
b. User Datagram Protocol
c. User Defined Program
Identify the spyware.
c. Legitimate tracking software
d. Tracking software
Pick the non-legitimate software.
a. Trend Micro Titanium Maximum Security
c. Mobile apps
How does a virus spread between computers?
a. Using network weakness
b. Viruses don’t spread
c. Infecting .exe files
Spyware are malicious programs that, after downloading themselves on a PC, begin to transmit some type of information through the Internet, except:
a. Data files
b. Login usernames and passwords
c. Sensitive banking and credit information
d. Computer IP address
Which is not a method of spyware distribution?
a. Peer-to-peer distribution
b. Installing unapproved toolbars in your web browser
c. Sharing freeware
What is the common IANA registered Port for Kerberos?
a. UDP Port 123
b. TCP Port 119
c. UDP Port 161
d. TCP Port 88
Which type of keylogger remains undetected by both antispyware and antivirus programs?
a. Hardware Keylogger
b. Software Keylogger
A program designed to trace every keystroke on the machine on which it is installed to steal the personal information of the user is called a:
Spyware is a program that runs in stealth mode. What is this program otherwise called that gathers and records sensitive information available on your PC?
Pick the odd one out.
a. Form grabbing keylogger
b. Wireless keyloggers
c. Keyboard overlays
d. Firmware keyloggers
SetWindowsHookEx() is a Windows function used by:
a. Software keyloggers
b. Hardware keyloggers
The memory injection-based keyloggers can alter while patching the memory table of your PC and browser, and help the hackers gain control over your personal data. An example of Trojans that use memory injection-based keyloggers is:
d. Ultimate Keylogger
What is not true about Social Engineering?
a. It uses social tactics to gain information.
b. It uses high-end technologies.
c. Exploits the trust of the victims.
Select all the countermeasures that can keep you safe from spyware and keyloggers.
a. Expensive antivirus
b. Use of a firewall
d. Use of freeware
The majority of keyloggers are used by hackers to steal people’s confidential information, but there are few exceptions like Amac and:
a. Ultimate Keylogger
Which of these is the odd one out?
a. USB spyware
b. Screen capture spyware
c. Image spyware
d. Video spyware
Spyware activity can cause the following except:
a. System crashes
b. Utilization of bandwidth of the Internet connection
c. Deletion of files
d. Changes in the default browser
Antivirus and antispyware programs fail to detect kernel-based keyloggers because, they . (Select all that apply.)
a. are user level applications
b. run at ring 3
c. run at ring 0
Though hackers are always a step ahead, even sophisticated spyware programs cannot:
a. Uninstall antivirus
b. Remove antispyware
c. Disable firewalls
d. Change your web browser’s security settings
It is safe to install all search engine toolbars?
Identify the hardware keyloggers.
a. Form grabbing
d. Keyboard overlays
Which of the following, when installed on a PC, can include a kernel-based keylogger?
c. Drive-by downloads
The following steps can help you stay protected, except :
a. never using an administrator account on a daily basis
b. using free file sharing sites
c. enabling firewalls
Select all the programs that will protect your PC.
Almost all programs contain spyware code.
Antivirus software is spyware.
There is a difference between legitimate tracking software and spyware.
When you visit some websites, you will get a popup asking you to install ActiveX or a similar plug-in. This is known as a drive-by download.
The keylogger works in combination with spyware and cannot be programmed to start and end when the user is prompted to enter a username and password in any browser window.
Antivirus and antispyware programs can detect the data stored in the hardware keyloggers?
Zeus can alter the memory table that is associated with your browser and control the logging functions.
Amac is a keylogger designed for the Windows operating system.
Keyloggers run at ring 0.
Built-in firewalls are easy to turn off.
What is a Netcat?
a. Network port scanner
Which tool is used to replace the .exe icon?
a. Exe icon
The pattern that can be used to identify a virus is known as:
b. Virus signature
Which one of the following is not an attack, but a search for vulnerabilities to attack?
b. Port scanning
c. Dumpster diving
Which one can’t spread viruses?
a. A plain text email
b. An email attachment
c. Downloading files over the Web
Programs that come into a computer system disguised as something else are called:
Nmap stands for?
a. Network Mapper
b. NetBIOS Mapper
c. Network Map
Which is the best way to test or analyse malware?
a. Use a sandbox or virtual machine
b. Use your original machine
c. Use an antivirus
Which is a function of Nmap?
a. Virus detection
b. Malware removal
c. Network scanning
What is the name of a hardware-based malware detection tool?
a. Adaptive DarkNet
How can malware infection be cured?
a. Employing a strict software policy
b. Using an anti-malware tool
c. Educating users
What is a Trojan-Game Thief?
a. A Trojan stealing gaming accounts
b. A Trojan damaging gaming accounts
c. A spamming tool
Which step is essential for the organization to be compliant with certain ISOs or other certification bodies?
a. Security audit
b. Vulnerability assessment
c. Code reviews
You may give someone your password if:
a. It is never OK to give out your password
b. Your boss asks you for your password
c. The Helpdesk asks you for your password
d. you send it by e‐mail and change it soon afterwards
Find the odd one out.
Pick the wrong statement(s) about Encryption.
a. It is an irreversible process.
b. It can be used to prove the identity of a person.
c. Non-repudiation is ensured.
d. It cannot ensure the integrity of data.