Linguistics is concerned with how language ought to be spoken.
A new student in your class speaks English in a way that aligns with the accepted version of English in your country. They are speaking African American Vernacular English.
A teacher had students place their fingers on their throat and then in front of their mouth. Then, he had them make sounds associated with different letters. Most likely, he was teaching them about which of the following?
voiced/unvoiced consonant sounds
Which is an example of Standard English?
A student who speaks using uncommon slang.
A student who misuses many common grammar rules.
A student speaks English which aligns with the accepted version of English of the country.
A student who speaks a combination of English and Spanish.
Dialects are typically based on regional and/or ethnic speech patterns.
Which speech variety would be used when speaking to an animal?
Reduction of final consonant clusters is a defining feature of African American Vernacular English.
Which of the following consonants are an example of fricatives?
f and s
m and n
The consonants m and n are examples of which?
Sociolinguists would study which of the following? Check all that apply.
How changing cultural norms impact and change language.
Pragmatics - how context contributes to and creates meaning within language.
How voiced consonants differ from unvoiced consonants.
How social classes use language differently.
If a student said to you, "Pencil give to me the!" instead of "Give the pencil to me," you would know that this child struggles with which of the following? Check all that apply.
How can a child show phonemic awareness? Check all that apply.
Counting words within a sentence
The smallest unit of sound distinguishing meaning is called what?
How does a fricative and an affricate differ? Check all that apply.
place of articulation
pressure phase and friction phase
manner of articulation
Linguists want to study the patterns of speech in an isolated rural community using a descriptive approach. Which of the following will be their aim?
Telling the local people how to correct their grammar to make it fit with established grammar guidelines.
Changing the rules of grammar to include the way that the people of this community speak in everyday life.
Listening and learning about how the community uses language and then describing this in their research.
All of the above.
A teacher who edits the organization of words in a student's essay in order to make them fit with proper grammar is an example of which approach?
The y sound in "yes" is an example of an approximant.
Humans are the only animals that communicate with each other.
All languages have essentially the same number of sounds.
Grammar consists of which of the following? Check all that apply.