what is 3 bases on DNA called?
what is 3 bases called on tRNA?
there is two stages of protein synthesis; translation and transcription
Translation happens before transcription
where does transcription occur?
what happens in translation?
the ribosome reads the mRNA
the mRNA is coded for
the tRNA brings the coded for amino acid to the mRNA
the polypeptide chain is released and folds into a functional protein
the mRNA leaves the nucleus
more than one codon, can code for an amino acid
what is the purpose of transcription?
the purpose is for mRNA to transcribe the code for a protein so the original DNA doesnt get damaged
the purpose is to use mRNA to make a protein that can be used for cellular functions
what are the types of mutations that cause frameshift?
what type of substitution mutation changes the coded for amino acid?
what type of mutation can be inherited?
what type of substitution mutation codes for a stop codon?
silent mutation is the result of redundancy due to degeneracy
what is frameshift?
when one base is inserted or deleted and the bases are moved over one resulting in different amino acids
when a base is swapped for another base
when the stop codon is coded for and results in the polypeptide chain not being completed and an unfunctional protein made
can mutations affect the metabolic pathway?
what can determine a organism's phenotype
what are the things that cause mutations called?
the definition of metabolic pathway is linked biochemical reactions controlled by enzymes that maintain life processes in organisms