Chapters 1 & 2 - Introduction, Chem. level of organization

Question 1 of 42

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Histiology

Select one of the following:

  • The Science that deals with the study of tissue

  • The Science of body structures & relationships among them

  • The relationship between muscles and bones

  • The Science of body functions and how they work

  • The study of muscle

Question 2 of 42

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Anatomy is defined as the Science of body structures & relationships among them.

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 3 of 42

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Physiology:

Select one of the following:

  • The Science of body functions & how the body parts work

  • The study of muscles

  • The Science that deals with the study of tissue

  • The Science of chemical reactions

  • The study of bones

Question 4 of 42

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Molecule is DEFINED as a group of atoms bonded together representing the smallest fundamental unit of a chemical compound that can take part in a chemical reaction.

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 5 of 42

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Select from the dropdown lists to complete the text.

( Atoms, Molecules ) are the smallest unit of matter that participates in a chemical reaction and when 2 or more of them join together they are called ( Molecules, Atoms ).

Question 6 of 42

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Metabolism is the sum of all chemical processes in the body.

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 7 of 42

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is the development of a cell from an state to a one.

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    Differentiation
    Differentiation
    Metabolism
    Metabolism
    unspecialized
    unspecialized
    specialized
    specialized

Question 8 of 42

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Differentiation is the development of a cell from an unspecialized state to a specialized one.

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 9 of 42

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The condition of ( Equilibrium, Imbalance ) (balance) in the body's ( internal environment, external enviroment ) due to the constant interaction of the body's many regulatory processes is called ( homeostasis, instability ).

Question 10 of 42

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A cycle of events in which a "body" condition is monitered, evaluated, change and adjusted accordingly is:

Select one of the following:

  • Feedback System

  • The Metabolism

  • Molecules

  • Homeostasis

Question 11 of 42

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Select ALL that apply

A Feedback System includes these BASIC components:

Select one or more of the following:

  • Receptor

  • Control Center

  • Effector

  • Homeostasis

  • Molecules

Question 12 of 42

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A Feedback System a change in a controlled condition. in this system when blood pressure , the body will respond by the blood pressure.

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    Negative
    Negative
    Positive
    Positive
    reverses
    reverses
    strengthens
    strengthens
    increasing
    increasing
    decreases
    decreases

Question 13 of 42

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are that speed up chemical reactions but do not become part of the product created.

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    Catalysts
    Catalysts
    compounds
    compounds
    energy
    energy

Question 14 of 42

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Chemical Element is a substance that cannot be split into a simpler substance by an chemical means

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 15 of 42

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IONS are electrically charged forms of atoms.

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 16 of 42

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: This is the very level of anatomy, like the letters of the alphabet. It includes , the smallest units of matter that participate in chemical reactions, and , two or more atoms joined together

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    Chemical level
    Chemical level
    Cellular level
    Cellular level
    basic
    basic
    atoms
    atoms
    molecules
    molecules

Question 17 of 42

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: combine to form , the basic living, structural and functional units of an organism that are compose of chemicals. Just like words are the smallest elements of language that make sense, so too are our cells, the smallest living thing in the body.

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    Molecules
    Molecules
    Atoms
    Atoms
    Cellular level
    Cellular level
    Chemical level
    Chemical level
    cells
    cells

Question 18 of 42

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: are groups of surrounding them that work together to perform a particular function, similar to the way words are put together to form sentences.

: At the , different types of . Organs are structures that are composed of two or more different types of tissues; they have a specific function and usually have . Similar to the relationship between sentences and paragraphs

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    Tissue level
    Tissue level
    Organ level
    Organ level
    organ level
    organ level
    Tissues
    Tissues
    cells and the materials
    cells and the materials
    tissues are joined together
    tissues are joined together
    recognizable shapes
    recognizable shapes

Question 19 of 42

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System level: A system that consists of related organs with a common function.

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 20 of 42

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A Receptor

(ie feedback system)

Select one of the following:

  • is a body structure that monitors changes in a controlled condition and sends input to a control center.

    (example, the pancreas detects low blood glucose in the blood.)

  • in the body, for example, the brain, sets the range of values within which a controlled condition should be maintained

  • reverses a change in a controlled condition

  • tends to strengthen or reinforce a change in one of the body’s controlled conditions

Question 21 of 42

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A Positive Feedback System

may be more then one right answer;

Select one or more of the following:

  • tends to strengthen or reinforce a change in one of the body’s controlled conditions

  • does not occur often in a controlled system

  • reverses a change in a controlled condition

  • is a body structure that monitors changes in a controlled condition and sends input to a control center

  • an example would be during childbirth contractions of the wall of the uterus force the baby’s head into the cervix, stretching the cervix. Stretch receptors detect this and send signals to the brain which releases the hormone oxytocin. Oxytocin makes the muscles of the uterus contract even harder, forcing the baby deeper into the cervix which causes even more stretching of the cervix.

Question 22 of 42

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different normally are present in your body.
of the elements, , carbon (C), , and nitrogen (N), are elements, constituting about 96% of the body’s mass.

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    26
    26
    4
    4
    chemical elements
    chemical elements
    hydrogen (H)
    hydrogen (H)
    oxygen (O)
    oxygen (O)
    major
    major
    minor
    minor

Question 23 of 42

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The body regulates its environment using of . A feedback system, or , is a in which a body is , evaluated, changed, and adjusted accordingly. Each factor being monitored, such as body temperature, blood pressure, or blood glucose level, is . Any disruption that changes a controlled condition is called a stimulus. For example, the body tightly regulates how much glucose is in the blood. If there is , energy reactions may not take place efficiently. If there is , glucose can damage blood vessels.

Drag and drop to complete the text.

    internal
    internal
    external
    external
    two types
    two types
    feedback systems
    feedback systems
    feedback loop
    feedback loop
    cycle of events
    cycle of events
    condition
    condition
    termed a controlled condition
    termed a controlled condition
    too much
    too much
    too little
    too little
    monitored
    monitored

Question 24 of 42

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The science of body structures and the relationships among them is called

Select one of the following:

  • Histology

  • Embryology

  • Anatomy

  • Physiology

Question 25 of 42

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The science of body functions - how the body parts work is called;

Select one of the following:

  • Histology

  • Embryology

  • Anatomy

  • Physiology

Question 26 of 42

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The Science that deals with the study of tissue

Select one or more of the following:

  • Histology

  • Embryology

  • Anatomy

  • Physiology

Question 27 of 42

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Two or more atoms that join together are called

Select one or more of the following:

  • Molecules

  • Atoms

  • Hormones

  • Cells

Question 28 of 42

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Two or more atoms that join together are called molecules

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 29 of 42

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Smallest unit of matter that participates in chemical reactions

Select one or more of the following:

  • molecules

  • atoms

  • hormones

  • cells

Question 30 of 42

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The term for all the chemical processes in the body is

Select one of the following:

  • metabolism

  • growth

  • differentiation

  • reproduction

Question 31 of 42

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The term for all the chemical processes in the body is referred to as differentiation

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 32 of 42

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In a Negative Feedback system, when blood pressure decreases, the body will respond by causing changes, which tend to:

(Note: BP = Blood Pressure)

Select one of the following:

  • maintain the decreased BP

  • lower the BP

  • raise the BP

  • the body will not respond to the change in BP

Question 33 of 42

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All these are main components of a feedback system EXCEPT

Select one of the following:

  • receptor

  • control center

  • pain

  • effector

Question 34 of 42

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The most common type of chemical bonds in which atoms or molecules share electrons are:

Select one of the following:

  • ionic bonds

  • covalent bonds

  • hydrogen bonds

  • electrostatic bonds

Question 35 of 42

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The compounds that speed up chemical reactions but DO NOT become apart of the product are called

Select one of the following:

  • antioxidants

  • free radicals

  • reactants

  • catalysts

  • covalent bond

Question 36 of 42

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The term for regulated, genetically programed cell death is called

Select one of the following:

  • apoptosis

  • necrosis

  • crenation

  • catabolism

Question 37 of 42

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The term for PATHOLOGICAL cell death that results from cell injury

Select one of the following:

  • necrosis

  • crenation

  • catabolism

  • apoptosis

Question 38 of 42

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Living structural and functional unit enclosed by a membrane

Select one of the following:

  • atom

  • cell

  • molecule

  • golgi complex

  • cell membrane

Question 39 of 42

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The site of protein synthesis

Select one of the following:

  • ribosomes

  • mitochondrion

  • golgi complex

  • lysosomes

  • nucleus

Question 40 of 42

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Thoracic cavity consists of

Select one of the following:

  • pleural cavity

  • pericardial cavity

  • mediastinum

  • ALL of these are located in the thoracic cavity

  • NONE of these are located in the thoracic cavity

Question 41 of 42

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Thin, felxible barrier around a cell; regulates what enters and leaves the cell

Select one of the following:

  • nuclear envelope

  • cell membrane

  • centrioles

  • protein

Question 42 of 42

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The network of membranous cisterns with ribosomes; processing and sorting of secretory and membrane proteins

Select one of the following:

  • Rough ER

  • Golgi complex

  • Smooth ER

  • Mitochondrion

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Chapters 1 & 2 - Introduction, Chem. level of organization

brittany coates
Quiz by , created about 1 year ago

Study guide for Chapters 1 and 2

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brittany coates
Created by brittany coates about 1 year ago
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