what are the stages of protein synthesis
translation is the first stage of protein synthesis
where does transcription occur?
what is the purpose of transcription?
the purpose is to for mRNA to transcribe the code for a protein and so the original DNA doesn't get damaged leaving the nuclues
the purpose is to use mRNA to make a protein, so it can be used for cellular functions
whats the steps of transcription?
free nucleotides pair up to the template strand using the complementary base pairing rule, except U replaces T, to form the mRNA strand
the ribosome moves along and reads the mRNA
the DNA strand unwinds and unzips
the mRNA leaves the nuclues
the tRNA match the codon
A three base sequence on DNA is called a codon
where does translation occur?
cytoplasm on the ribosomes
what is the purpose of translation?
the purpose to use mRNA to make a protein, so the protein can be used for cellular functions
the purpose is for the mRNA to transcribe the code and so the original DNA doesn't get damaged by leaving the nucleus
whats the three base sequence on mRNA called?
whats the steps of translation?
the polypeptide chain folds up into a functional protein
the mRNA moves to the ribosome
the tRNA anti-codon matches the codon on mRNA using the complementary base pairing rule, except U replaces T
the ribosomes moves along and reads the mRNA
the codon codes for a specific amino acid, which the amino acids bond together by peptide bonds
the DNA splits to expose the template and coding strand
a three base sequence on tRNA is called anti-codon