What is the function of organs contained by the thoraxic wall?
List the thoracic tissues, from most superficial to deepest
A-Modified Superficial Fasica
B- Pectoralis Minor & Subclavious
C- Pectoralis Major
How many thoracic verterbra are there?
Which part of the vertebra allows nerve fibres to travel through them?
What direction does the spinous process point?
Which part of the vertebra is made of cancellous bone?
What make up the vertebral foramen?
Which ribs are 'true' ribs?
Why are some ribs 'true' ribs?
The bone is much denser
They articulate with the sternum
They articulate directly with the sternum (no cartilage)
Name the posterior-most feature of a rib
What is the role of the tubercle?
Articulates with the transverse process
Articulates with the spinous process
Articulates with the body
Where does the head of the rib articulate with the vertebra?
Body of the vertebra above
Boy of the vertebra below
What lies in the costal groove?
Name the point of the sternum where the aortic arch begins/ends
Name the bones of the sternum, most inferior first
Body of sternum
Where are the costal notches and transverse ridges found?
Body of the sternum
Which joint joins the xiphoid process and the body of the sternum?
Where does the 2nd rib articulate?
Costal notch 1
Costal notch 2
Which part of the sternum makes up the anterior part of the superior thoracic aperture?
What is the (pertinent) function of the medial margin of manubrial ridge?
The lateral superior thoracic aperture
The protection of the aorta
The protection of the lungs
Which verterbra forms the posterior border of the thorax?
How do the subclavan vein/artery enter the arm?
Arch over the manubrium
Arch over T1 vertebra
Arch around sternal angle
Which ribs form each side of the inferior thoracic aperture?
What makes up the anterior part of the inferior thoracic aperture?
7-10 rib cartilage
9-10 rib cartilage
Which vertebra forms part of the inferior thoracic aperture?
What seals the inferior thoracic aperture?
Name the nerve that supplies the diaphragm
Which parts of the anterior primary rami supply the diaphragm?
What is the role of the intervertebral disk?
Shock absorber & pressure reliever
Describe the makeup of the intervertebral disk
Nucleus pulposa inside
Anunculus fibrosis outside
Anunculus fibrosis inside
Nucleus pulposa outside
Does the intervertebral joint allow movent?
Yes- in a certain plane
Yes- in 2 plans
What type of joint in the intervertebral joint?
What type of joint are both rib-vertebral joints?
Ball and socket
What articulates in the costovertebral joint?
Rib tubercle and costal facet
Rib tuburcle and transverse joint
Rib head and costal facet
What articulates in the costo-transverse joint?
The tubercle and the transverse process
The tubercle and the costal notch
The head and the costal notch
What type of joint is the first sternal joint?
What type of joint attaches the 2-7th ribs to the body of the sternum?
None (they're floating)
Which ribs share the costal cartilage of the 7th rib?
What is effected by a 'pump handle joint'?
What is effected by the 'bucket handle' joint?