Aristotle Revision Quiz

Question 1 of 24

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Aristotle rejected Plato's theory of The Forms because he believed in what type of knowledge?

Select one of the following:

  • Rationalist

  • Roman

  • Empirical

  • Random

Question 2 of 24

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What according to Aristotle is something's 'Form'?

Select one of the following:

  • It's structure and characteristics

  • It's soul

  • What colour it is

  • It's weight in kilograms

Question 3 of 24

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'Substance' in Aristotle's theory is what?

Select one of the following:

  • The material from which things are made

  • The number of materials that make something up

  • The texture of something

  • The size of the material that makes something up

Question 4 of 24

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Choose the correct meaning of 'prime matter'

Select one of the following:

  • Matter that has a particular form

  • Matter that is the most important in terms of what makes up our world

  • Matter that has no particular form or structure

  • Matter that makes up things in our world that have the most structure

Question 5 of 24

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What is Aristotle's theory of the Four Causes known as?

Select one of the following:

  • Theory of Causes

  • Theory of Empiricism

  • Theory of Causality

  • Theory of Aristotle

Question 6 of 24

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The first of Aristotle's causes, the Material Cause answers the question 'what is it made of?'. With this knowledge, what is the Material Cause of a statue?

Select one of the following:

  • The act of it being chiseled

  • It's height

  • Bronze

  • It's purpose, to decorate

Question 7 of 24

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What question does the Efficient Cause attempt to answer?

Select one of the following:

  • What purpose does the thing have?

  • Who created the thing?

  • Why is it here?

  • How did it happen?

Question 8 of 24

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Aristotle's next cause that explains 'what are its characteristics?' is known as what?

Select one of the following:

  • The Form Cause

  • The Final Cause

  • The Extra Cause

  • The Formal Cause

Question 9 of 24

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Aristotle's 4th cause, the Final Cause explained what key idea of his?

Select one of the following:

  • It answers the question 'how long has it been here?' and tells us the age of the thing in question. Aristotle believed strongly in the importance of how old things are and believed we could learn a lot from this.

  • Aristotle believed in the idea that everything has a purpose and this cause therefore answers the question 'what is it for?', attempting to inform us of the ultimate reason for its existence.

  • He believed that the substance of things is very important in discovering more about the origins of the universe and so this cause answers what the thing is made up of.

  • The Final Cause answers the question of the objects Form and allows us to know this immediately.

Question 10 of 24

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Aristotle explained change within the world using the idea of potentiality and actuality. An objects potentiality is its first 'state' and its actuality what it will become/achieve. With this knowledge, select the correct actuality if the potentiality is a child.

Select one of the following:

  • Baby

  • Human

  • Adult

  • Toddler

Question 11 of 24

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Select the correct definition of 'eudomonia'

Select one of the following:

  • How an object will cease to be e.g. death

  • An object's final purpose

  • The 'form' of an object once it has reached it's telos

  • The explanation for how the object came into existence

Question 12 of 24

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'De Anima' is the work of Aristotle in which his ideas on the concept of the soul can be found. He believed in which of the following regarding the soul?

Select one of the following:

  • Monism

  • Dualism

  • Polyism

  • He did not believe in a soul

Question 13 of 24

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Aristotle believed that the body is the matter of a living thing and its 'form' is it's soul. It's soul being the function, sensation and movement of living things.

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 14 of 24

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Aristotle believed that the nature of any soul depends on what the thing is and that these were organised in a hierarchy. Select the correct descriptions for a plant, animal and human soul,

Select one of the following:

  • Plants have no soul, animals have a soul with power to move and humans have an intellectual soul.

  • Plants and animals both have souls that give them desire and feelings and humans have this plus the power of reason.

  • Plants only have a soul once they've reached a certain age and animals and humans have identical souls in that they have feelings, desires and the power of reason.

  • Plants have a soul with the powers of reproduction, nutrition, growth. Animals have these things plus their soul allows them to move because they have desires and feelings as well. Humans have these things and the power of reason.

Question 15 of 24

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Aristotle believed that at death the soul lives on even though the physical body dies.

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 16 of 24

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The Prime Mover is Aristotle's explanation for why the world is constantly changing and is based on the theory of cause and effect. Which of the four causes is the Prime Mover?

Select one of the following:

  • Material Cause

  • Efficient Cause

  • Formal Cause

  • Final Cause

Question 17 of 24

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Select the correct qualities of the Prime Mover

Select one or more of the following:

  • Timeless, spaceless and eternal

  • Loving and caring

  • Object of love and desire

  • Necessary being

Question 18 of 24

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Which of the following explains correctly Aristotle's reasoning for the existence of the Prime Mover?

Select one of the following:

  • The world is constantly changing yet Aristotle did not believe that this movement/change can occur spontaneously but only as a result of an event or cause. Therefore there must be a chain of movement based on cause and effect, but this cannot simply be an infinite regress as this would mean something had caused itself which is a completely unreasonable idea, so came to the conclusion there must be an unmoved mover: the Prime Mover

  • Aristotle believed in a force that is personal and causes change and movement in the world but caring for and loving his creation, naming this the Prime Mover. He believed that this allowed change to happen because of people's worship and prayer.

  • The world is constantly changing because the Prime Mover uses peoples souls to control movement.

  • The Prime Mover forces things to move and change by using a reward and punishment system much alike to the Christian and Muslim god's.

Question 19 of 24

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The Prime Mover is like a giant magnet that causes movement by drawing things to it whilst itself remaining unmoved because it is the object of love and desire.

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 20 of 24

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Select all the strengths of Aristotle's theory.

Select one or more of the following:

  • Aristotle's argument is based on cause and effect which can be tested and verified- cause and effect is a theory used in science and psychology everyday and empirical evidence can be gathered for this.

  • He creates a strong argument by providing a large amount of empirical evidence

  • His theory makes us think by attempting to answer 4 important questions about everything

  • Aristotle makes it clear how to identify when something has achieved its telos

Question 21 of 24

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One of the criticisms of Plato's theory is that there may be no Final Cause of purpose for the universe, we have no evidence for an ultimate reason for things existence.

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 22 of 24

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Select another of the criticisms of Aristotle's theory

Select one of the following:

  • Aristotle relied on the idea that everything has a soul

  • Aristotle stole Plato's name 'forms'

  • Aristotle didn't define the difference between substance and matter clearly

  • Aristotle relied on the idea that everything has a final purpose when this may not be the case- we do not have empirical evidence for this

Question 23 of 24

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Another problem with Plato's theory is that there is no _____________ of the Prime Mover

Select one of the following:

  • Empirical proof

  • Rationalist proof

  • Supporting theories

  • Further knowledge

Question 24 of 24

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The final criticism of the Prime Mover is that he failed to produce a clear link between its relationship to the universe.

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False
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Aristotle Revision Quiz

emma.parry1998
Quiz by , created about 1 year ago

Revision quiz for Aristotle (Topic 2)

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emma.parry1998
Created by emma.parry1998 about 1 year ago
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