Criminology

Question 1 of 55

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, , , , and construct and define social problems.

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Crime is a violation of and . Crime is a form of . Crime is a analogous to .

Question 3 of 55

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Criminalization process:
1. of that certain types of
2. and of
3. If detected, the of that .

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Many criminologist believe that criminalization tends to maintain relationships between the and the .

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Conduct norms are found where ever are formed.

Question 6 of 55

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Human rights include and rights essential to a .

Question 7 of 55

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Some human right violations have been interpreted to include , , , and

Question 8 of 55

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is any social behavior or social characteristic that departs from society’s norms.

Question 9 of 55

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Within the same society, what is deviant varies by , , and .

Question 10 of 55

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Goals of criminal law:
-To keep the public from and .
-To our society’s and .
-To the and of the citizens by protecting it from potential abuses of .

Question 11 of 55

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Criminal law regulates wrongs, while civil law regulates wrongs.

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Possible outcome for criminal law is , while the possible outcome for civil law is .

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is required to be found guilty of criminal law, but not civil law.

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Standards of proof:
Criminal law is .
Civil law is .

Question 15 of 55

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law is very stringent, while law is less stringent.

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American criminal law originated from .

Question 17 of 55

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, , the , of , in the with the intent to .

Question 18 of 55

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means evil in itself.

Question 19 of 55

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Mala in se are criminal acts that are considered .

Question 20 of 55

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means prohibited evil.

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Mala prohibita is an act that is a crime merely because it is by .

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means body of a crime.

Question 23 of 55

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means guilty act.

Question 24 of 55

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means guilty mind.

Question 25 of 55

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First degree murder is an example of a (i.e. having a ).

Question 26 of 55

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Second degree murder is an example of a (implies ).

Question 27 of 55

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Voluntary manslaughter and vehicular manslaughter are examples of a (acts of ).

Question 28 of 55

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Involuntary manslaughter is an example of a (act of ).

Question 29 of 55

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is duress or being deprived of free will.

Question 30 of 55

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is being in the wrong place at the wrong time.

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General defects include , and .

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The usual distinction between voluntary and involuntary manslaughter is that with involuntary the victims death is .

Question 33 of 55

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Manslaughter is the unlawful killing of a human being without .

Question 34 of 55

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The purpose of law is to create and to suppress what the state calls .

Question 35 of 55

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UCR stands for .

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Law enforcement agencies active in the UCR Program represents percent of the total population.

Question 37 of 55

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Criminal , Forcible , Robbery, Aggravated , Burglary, Larceny-, Motor Vehicle , are all included as offenses.

Question 38 of 55

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Simple , and Counterfeiting, Fraud, Embezzlement, Stolen , Vandalism,Weapons, Prostitution and Commercialized Vice, Offenses, Abuse, Gambling, Liquor Laws, and Disorderly Conduct, Vagrancy and a few others are all offenses.

Question 39 of 55

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The US has the homicide rate of any Western democratic nation.

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Clearance occurs when three specific conditions are met by at least one person:
, , and to the court for prosecution (whether following arrest, court summons, or police notice).

Question 41 of 55

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crimes have the highest clearing rates of all crimes.

Question 42 of 55

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NCVS stands for .

Question 43 of 55

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Major influencers in the classical school or criminology are and .

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wrote Of Crimes and Punishment and believed that the legitimacy of criminal sanctions rests on the .

Question 45 of 55

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believed law should be based on “the greatest for the greatest .”

Question 46 of 55

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wrote Introduction to the Principles of Morals and Legislation and believed in : the idea that humans make decisions on the basis of achieving and avoiding .

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Bentham held the idea of : a theory that the aim of action should be the of over or the greatest of the greatest .

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holds that individuals will engage in delinquent and criminal behavior after weighing the and of their actions.

Question 49 of 55

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refers to the idea that punishing one person for a crime will discourage others from committing similar acts.

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refers to the idea that punishing the offender will discourage him/her from committing future criminal acts after experiencing the painfulness of punishment.

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The school of criminology believes that the scientific method can be used to examine the causes of human behavior.

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argued that there were differences between criminals and non-criminals.

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proposed Phrenology, the idea that the section of the brain would be in criminals.

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proposed Somatology, the idea that people’s body affect their personalities and the crimes they commit.

Question 55 of 55

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believed the three components of the personality were the , , and .

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Criminology

Maren Myslinski
Quiz by , created about 1 year ago

Criminology midterm

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Maren Myslinski
Created by Maren Myslinski about 1 year ago
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