Identify this breed of sheep noted for their fine wool production?
Icterus is a commonly observed clinical signs in cattle with:
Which type of fly is associated with the condition shown here in North America?
Identify the breed shown in the picture.
Barbados black belly
Which one of hte following is correct regarding vegetative valvular endocarditis in cattle?
The prognosis is usually good following appropriate therapy
the tricuspid valve is usually affected
An irregular heart rhythm is usually present
Neutropenia is a common finding in the blood count
The mitral valve is usually affected
Which one of the following statements concerning caseous lymphadenitis is true?
Treatment of caseous lymphadenitis with large doses of antibiotics usually results in resolution of disease within 2 months
There two forms of CLA internal and external.
Culling of infected animals with Caseous Lymphadenitis is not necessary due to the fact that the disease is not communicable
It is possible to include both vaccinated and non-vaccinated animals in an ELISA screening program and get accurate results
Proper vaccination for CLA will usually eliminate the risk of most new infections and sometimes cures infected animals.
This heifer was observed at a sale barn. You recognized her condition as being:
Concerning infectious pinkeye in goats, which one of the following statements is true?
Treated animals recover more quickly than non-treated ones
Carrier animals exist
Therapy of choice is procaine penicillin G.
The disease is not zoonotic
The disease has little clinical significance
Which of the following breeds is most susceptible to footrot?
What is the age of the sheep that has the dentition pattern as shown in this picture?
Under one year
One to one and a half years
Two and a half years
Over three years
Identify the skin condition seen on this Jersey heifer.
This cow recently calved and is now showing the clinical signs observed in this picture. What would be your most likely presumptive diagnosis?
Congestive heart failure
Which one of the following is the therapy of choice for polioencephalomalacia in sheep?
Procaine penicillin G
Vitamin E and Selenium
Pericardiostomy was performed on this cow. Which one of the following is most likely a cause of pericardial effusion in a cow?
This breed has been used as a genetic model for study of which one of the following human diseases?
Which one of the following is used as a vaccine for parapox virus in sheep?
Modified live virus
A producer wants to minimize the occurrence of pregnancy toxemia in a flock of crossbred ewes. Which of the following is the most appropriate recommendations?
Add chlortetracycline to the ration that is fed to the ewes in late gestation.
Reduce feeding concentrates and limit exercise during the last trimester.
Target genetic selection from the ewe flock and the breeding ram to produce single lambs rather than multiples
Target the plane of nutrition to avoid extremes in body condition in the pregnant ewe
Vaccinate the pregnant ewe with C. perfringens types C and D approximately 4 weeks before they are due to lamb
What is the primary clinical sign in small ruminants with advanced paratuberculosis infections?
Chronic coughing and emaciation
Diarrhea and emaciation
Chronic weight loss
What are the most common early clinical manifestations of ovine progressive pneumonia virus infection in older ewes?
Chronic hyperplastic synovitis and lymph node hyperplasia
Lymph node hyperplasia and mononuclear infiltration of the mammary gland
Mononuclear infiltration of the mammary gland and weight loss
Leukoencephalomyelitis and/or chronic interstitial pneumonia
Exercise intolerance and progressive weight loss despite normal appetite.
What is the main route for transmission of bovine lymphosarcoma virus?
Iatrogenic with mechanical means
Saliva and nasal secretions
Which of the following statements would represent LEGAL usage of Naxcel (ceftiofur)?
The use of Nacel administered IV in a dairy cow that has just had a displaced abomasum surgery
The use of Naxcel administrated subcutaneously in a lactating dairy cow with a neck wound
The use of Naxcel at double the dose for a beef calf with pneumonia
The use of Naxcel twice a day for 3 days for a beef calf with septic arthritis
Identify the primary cause of neonatal lamb mortality in most flocks
White muscle disease
Which one of the following diseases would be considered most contagious in dairy goats?
A cow was presented for examination of a respiratory system problem. On examination you have found a purulent discharge from the ear canal. Which one of the following goes to the top of your differential diagnosis list?
IBR (infectious bovine rhinotracheitis)
BRSV (bovine respiratory syncytial virus)
Which one of the following statements regarding skin disease of cattle is most correct?
Lice infestation is common in cooler weather
Papillomatosis is contagious
Bovine ringworm is zoonotic
Warbles are lesions found along the dorsum
All of the above are correct
Which one of the following breeds is considered to be double-muscled?
A herd of goats with pruritic, crusty lesions on the pastern areas would most likely be affected with:
Sheep ked infestation
A useful and practical therapy for hypoglycemic lambs, kids, or piglets is:
50% glucose intraperitoneally
20% glucose intraperitoneally
50% glucose orally
20% glucose orally
20% glucose intravenously
A castrated male goat is called a:
Although there are many stressors that can predispose cattle to shipping fever, the highest stressor is which one of the following?
Increased dust in environment
Commingling of cattle
Which one of the following is claimed to be a significant benefit of using either Draxxin or Excede for therapy of bovine respiratory disease despite the cost?
Full course of therapy in a single dose
No withdrawal time for slaughter
Use in dairy as well as beef animals
Efficacy against Histophilus somni
Availability as an over-the-counter (OTC) remedy
In the face of an outbreak of infectious bovine rhinotracheitis virus in a dairy herd, which one of the following vaccines would you select for vaccination of the herd, if any?
Replicating modified live virus vaccine
Non-replicating modified live virus vaccine
None. Vaccination should not be done in the face of an outbreak
Which one of the following statements is true?
Younger animals are more likely to show clinical signs of anaplasmosis than are older ones
Biting flies are biological vectors of anaplasmosis
Effectiveness of oxytetracycline therapy for anaplasmosis is reduced if more than 15% of the red blood cells are infected
Anaplasmosis vaccine is marketed commercially in the United States
Incubation period for anaplasmosis in cattle is short, usually 5-15days
What would be the significance of a low neutrophil count with many non-segmented cells in a cow with a total white blood cell count within a normal range?
Probably indicative of chronic infection
Probably indicative of parasitism
Probably indicative of bone marrow suppression
Probably indicative of an acute overwhelming infection
Possibly could be a normal hemogram
Which of these microorganisms may be part of the normal microflora of the upper bovine respiratory tract?
"Summer slump" in cattle is related to ingestion of:
The antibiotic that has no milk withdrawal time is:
Which one of the following statements is most correct?
Hemoglobinuria is a commonly observed clinical sign with babesiosis
Copper deficiency is the most commonly diagnosed mineral deficiency worldwide in cattle
The AGID test is the most sensitive test for detection of bovine lymphosarcoma
Persistent right aortic arch is the most common congenital cardiovascular anomaly observed in cattle
Post-partum hemoglobinuria is associated with magnesium deficiency
According to label, flunixin meglumine (Banamine) must be administered to cattle by what route?
Which one of the following statements is true concerning tuberculosis in cattle?
The primary route of infection is transplacental
The test used in the eradication program is an intradermal skin test
The disease has been eradicated in the continental United States
Coughing and chronic nasal discharge are the most obvious clinical signs in early cases
Infection usually occurs after two years of age
Why would a red coated cattle breed be better adapted to the tropics than a black one?
More resistant to intestinal parasitism
More tolerant of heat
More able to utilize native roughage
More efficient in water metabolism
More efficient in reproduction
Which one of the following plants is associated with primary photosensitization in cattle?
What unique method of vaccination of cattle against Mannheimia haemolytica is being investigated?
Oral vaccination using transgenic clover
Topical vaccination using
If one were to mate a homozygous polled bull with a horned cow, what percentage of the offspring would be polled?
Which of the following cattle antibiotics is illegal to use in an extralabel manner?
the age of the female bovine when several food animal antibiotics become extralabel (possibly illegal) is:
Day 1 (at birth)
12 months of age
18 months of age
20 months of age
Which one of the following statements is true concerning interstitial pneumonia in cattle?
Interstitial pneumonia is characterized by inspiratory dyspnea
The principal clinical signs are expiratory dyspnea and high fever
Expiratory dyspnea and subcutaneous emphysema are commonly seen
Preferred therapy is oxytetracycline
Prognosis for recovery is poor
Which one of the following breeds of cattle is affected with "fawn calf syndrome"?
Which of the following antibiotics, when administered by label, has the longest period of therapeutic levels?
Why are Mannheimia induced pneumonias only observed in goats, sheep and cattle?
Ruminant specific leukotoxin
Associated parasitic migration through lungs
Lack of protective mucin in the airway of these species
Tracheal antimicrobial peptide deficiency
Sudden death with high morbidity in a group of vaccinated beef calves on pasture after a new dirt pond was dug would be suggestive of:
Milk protein allergy in cattle is manifested as:
A thin ewe in advanced stages of pregnancy toxemia. The ewe could not get up and was alert and not anemic. What therapy would you recommended to the owner?
Glucose therapy and restoration of acid-base balace
Fluids and electrolytes and restoration of acid base balance
Which one of the following breed is most resistant to tick borne disease?
Which breed of dairy cattle is noted for having a hard, darkly colored foot and fewer lameness problems?
Black and White Holstein
Red and White Holstein
Identify this breed of sheep noted for their fine wool production
Icterus is a commonly observed clinical sign in cattle with:
ID the breed
Barbados Black belly
Identify the breed
Several goats in a flock were affected with severe panophthalmitis and conjunctivitis. What would be your recommendation for this flock?
Send all to slaughter immediately
Quarantine and treat with procaine penicillin G
Quarantine and refer to the state veterinary officer
Quarantine and vaccinated the herd
Quarantine and treat with tetracycline
The front end and the back end of this goat kid are visible in the pictures. What gene is involved with the condition observed in this kid? answer hornless
This is a picture of the lungs of a calf at necropsy. You can recognize this as being which one of the following problems?
Atypical interstitial pneumonia
The classification for both frostbite and thermal burns is based upon degree. Which degree is show in these two pictures?
Post-calving this cow was affected with submandibular, ventral and brisket edema. At necropsy the heart had lesions as shown here. What is your Dx?
This heifer was seen at a sale barn You recognized her condition as being:
What is your presumptive diagnosis for the condition observed on this goat?
Which one of the following statements about the parasite of deer and cattle shown in this picture is true?
Paresis and/or paralysis in camelids is associated with this parasite
Coughing and poor body condition are often prominent clinical signs
The parasite is resistant to most commonly used dewormers
Clinical cases are most often seen in late spring
Vaccination against this parasite is available in the United States.
A 4-H member handled some lambs about a week ago at the county fair. Now he has developed lesions. What is the most likely diagnosis?
Associated parasitic migration through the lungs
Interstitial pneumonia is accompanied by high fever
The principal clinical signs are expiratory dyspnea and mild fever
Inspiratory dyspnea and subcutaneous emphysema are commonly seen
If one were to mate a homozygous polled bull with a homozygous horned cow, what percentage of the offspring would be polled?
A useful and practical therapy for hypoglycemic lambs, kids or piglets is:
A flock of sheep was showing clinical signs of lethargy and anemia. A couple of lambs had died. Other sheep were grinding their teeth and showing extreme thirst. Which one of these elements would be at the top of your differential diagnosis of toxicity?
Fly predators are:
effective only against face flies
Not affected by chemicals sprayed on flies
Harmful to humans as well as animals
Are active only in daylight hours
Tiny wasps that prey on fly larvae and pupae
If not properly prepared before marketing, commingled feeder calves have the potential of "wreaking out" when they arrive at a feedlot. What is responsible for this wreck?
A fall in resistance due to weather changes
A simultaneous fall in resistance and a rise in disease challenge
A rise in disease challenge from commingling
Vaccination more than thirty days before marketing
A fall in resistance due to stresses of weaning, shipping and diet change
Which type of sound is consistent with atrial fibrillation on thoracic auscultation of a cow with dyspnea, distended jugular veins, and brisket edema?
Normal heart sounds of high amplitude projected over the entire thorax
Systolic murmur of high intensity
Diastolic murmur radiating from the base of the heart
Irregular heart sounds with tachycardia
If a lamb was found down this morning unable to move or rise with a history of tail docking and castration two weeks ago with rubber bands what is your primary tentative diagnosis?
Acute parasitic disease
What is the main route of transmission of bovine lymphosarcoma virus?
Iatrogenic with mechanical means (blood/needle/palpation)
Primarily, which of the following breeds is affected by bovine leukocyte adhesion deficiency? (BLAD)
Three very common sites of lymphosarcoma lesions in cattle, other than lymph nodes, are:
Spleen, liver, heart
Mammary gland, uterus, kidney
Uterus, abomasum, heart
Skin, kidneys, liver
Skin, abomasum, lung
Pleuritis in cattle manifested by pain. The clinical expression of this is:
Aggression and dysuria
Inspiratory dyspnea and coughing
Stiffness, reluctance to move and abduction of the elbows
Drooling of saliva and inappetance
Adduction of the elbows along with inspiratory grunt
Which one of these breeds of dairy cattle is noted for having a hard, darkly colored foot and fewer lameness problems?
Black and white holstein
Red and white holstein
What would be the significance of a high neutrophil count with many non-segmented cells in a cow with a total white blood cell count within a normal range
Probably indicative of an acute infection
Pulmonary arterial pressure is a used as a screening test for which one of the following cattle diseases?
Why would the red angus be better adapted to the tropics than the black angus?
The owner of a black angus calf was accustomed to horses, but not angus, and thought the calf was changing colors and turning grey-like a black foal turning grey. The calf is now black again after treatment. Which one of the following is the most likely diagnosis?
Which one of the following breeds is more resistant to tick borne disease?
A thin ewe was in advanced stages of pregnancy toxemia. The ewe could not get up and was alert and not anemic. What therapy would you recommend to the owner?
Glucose therapy and restoration of acid base balance
Chronic weight loss in goats:
Is usually an individual animal problem
Is best evaluated within the context of the animal's environment and herdmates
Is a rare herd problem
Often carries a good prognosis
Rarely involves management factors
If a cow began showing symptoms of hives immediately after being treated with procaine penicillin, what would be the drug of choice for treating this cow?
Entropion in neonatal lambs is often related to:
Which of the following diseases of sheep is important because of the zoonotic implications?
Ovine progressive pneumonia
Identify this sheep breed known for the fine quality of its fleece.
This is a blood smear from an anemic beef cow. What is your presumptive diagnosis?
Bracken fern toxicosis
Identify this breed of sheep
This cow was presented with submandibular and brisket edema as well as jugular vein distention. Upon auscultation of the heart you hear splashing sounds. What is your presumptive diagnosis?
Valvular vegetative endocarditis
Identify this breed of dairy goat:
What is the most commonly identified cause of bacterial pneumonia in cattle?
Identify this breed of goat:
Identify this breed of goat
ID goat breed:
ID the goat breed:
Several bulls being performanced test at a Nebraska feedlot 3500 feet above sea level developed edema of the head and brisket and a few died. What is your tentative diagnosis?
ID the cattle breed:
ID cattle breed:
ID cattle breed
ID the breed of dairy cattle that originated in Scotland.
ID this cattle breed that produces alpha 2 casein milk from France
Identify this double muscled Italian breed of cattle selected for the myostatin gene
The clinical signs shown by the animal in this picture is most often seen with which one of the following diseases?
A calculus is lodged in the vermiform appendage of this animal. Which of the following is more likely to be involved in the pathogenesis of this condition?
Imbalanced calcium:phosphorus ratio of the ration
High levels of magnesium in the ration
Inadequate water intake
Only A and C are correct
All other answers are correct
Shown is the eye of a lamb presented for examination. What is your preliminary diagnosis?
Shown here is the fatty liver of a ewe that died and was presented for necropsy. She was pregnant with triplets at the time. What is your preliminary diagnosis?
Some rodeo bulls were penned next to a well-landscaped coliseum for their show. The next morning two of the seven bulls were found dead. What is the name of the plant which is cardio-toxic to ruminants, often killing them so suddenly that the plant may be found in the oral cavity?
"Steely wool" is a clinical sign associated with:
The normal white blood count of cattle usually ranges between:
10000 and 20000 cells/cmm
15000 and 30000 cells/cmm
4000 and 12000 cells/cmm
2000 and 20000 cells/cmm
8000 and 16000 cells/cmm
Calf diphtheria is characterized clinically by:
Fever, depression, coughing, mucopurulent nasal exudatin
Lacrimation, photophobia, coughing, reddened nose
Swelling under the jaw and in the neck area
Which one of the following ewes would be most at risk for getting pregnancy toxemia in your flock, everything being equal except as given?
Suffolk ewe, 3.5 BCS, late gestation, twins
Texel ewe, 4.0 BCS, non-pregnant
Hampshire ewe, 3.0 BCS, late gestation, single fetus
Shropshire ewe, 5.0 BCS, late gestation, twins
Romney ewe, 3.5 BCS, early gestation, triplets
Which one of the following small ruminant disease is a zoonotic disease?
Eosinophilia in the peripheral blood may be important in the diagnosis of which one of the following diseases of sheep?
Rumen acidosis occurs as a result of:
Too much rapidly digestible grain in the diet
Slug feeding of grain (e.g. feeding grain in the milking parlor
Inadequate effective fiber
Heat stress (panting cows have less bicarb available for buffering the rumen)
A defining characteristic of production medicine as applied to food animal practice is its focus on:
Individual animal curative medicine
Health programs for the control of specific diseases
The herd management system
Which one of the following statements concerning camelid restraint and handling is most correct?
The rule of restraint with llamas is "the more, the better"
Restraint for collection of blood sample from a llama requires two people
Llamas are not group animals. You must handle them by themselves
Minimal restraint is preferred for all llama-handling procedures
Diversionary restraint is preferred for all injections
What vaccine has been developed by the University of Alaska for use in the reindeer population?
What is the estimated cost of a case of milk fever?
You open the abdomen of a sheep for an exploratory laparotomy and find small white lesions on the cecum and large intestine. What is your diagnosis?
Which of the following statements is CORRECT?
Antibiotics may be added to the cattle feed if prescribed by a veterinarian under his extra label privilege
Subclinical mastitis is equal to clinical mastitis in its effect on reproductive performance in the lactating dairy cow
Winter dysentery in cattle is associated with brachyspira infections
Tail docking of cattle is associated with a positive impact on milk quality
Pupillary constriction is a clinical sign consistent with hypocalcemia in recumbent dairy cows
The most common consequence of sows having MMA syndrome is? (Mastitis, Metritis, Agalactia)
Iron deficiency anemia in piglets
Porcine stress syndrome in piglets
Hypoglycemia in piglets
Cannibalism of the piglets
Hypothermia of the piglets
What is the ideal calving interval for a beef-cow operation in the Midwest of the USA?
Not an important consideration for a cow-calf herd
What disease symptom is associated with Mycoplasma haemolamae in alpacas
Several piglets in a group weaned 10 days ago in the nursery facility of a large commercial swine operation were found dead. On evaluation, some weaners have swelling around the eyes and forehead. Some are in lateral recumbency and dyspneic. Necropsy of the dead piglets reveals subcutaneous and submucosal edema. The most likely causative organism is?
Air quality is often an issue in livestock confinement operations. Which one of the following gases is most likely involved with animal or human deaths in a confinement operation?
Excessive use of water to clean the udder is a risk factor for which type of mastitis?
Increasing grain ration in close-up dairy cows before calving
Dipping teats before milking
Mowing pastures that have gone to seed to reduce eye irritation in pastured cattle
Feeding anionic salts, such as ammonium chloride, to reduce the incidence of hypocalcemia in dairy cows.
Processing beef calves in such a way as to reduce stress before moving them to a feedlot
Shown here is a sample of corn silage.
Which type of corn silage is most likely be associated with chronic rumen acidosis in a dairy herd?
Long cut/large particle
ID the breed
You are presented a Holstein dairy cow with chronic watery diarrhea. No other cows in the herd are affected. What would be the most likely diagnosis?
Which European beef breed is shown in this picture?
What condition would you suspect if you palpate a cow rectally and found the rumen enlarged as shown in this picture?
Left abomasal displacement
This cow is being treated for hypocalcemia. What is wrong with this picture?
Improper head restraint
Improper placement of intravenous administration
Inadequate cardiac monitoring
Improper drug administration (calcium borogluconate)
Improper biosecurity measures
ID this English breed of dairy cattle
The most common infectious cause of neonatal calf diarrhea is?