How many hierarchical elements to research are there?
Select the correct order for the fours basic, hierarchical elements to research when looking from a bottom - up perspective:
Epistemology; Theoretical perspective; Methodology; Method
Method; Methodology; Theoretical perspective; Epistemology
Methodology; Method; Theoretical perspective; Epistemology
Theoretical perspective; Epistemology; Method; Methodology
Epistemology( Methodology, Method, Theoretical perspective, Epistemology ) refers to the techniques and procedures used to gather and analyse data. E.g. interviews, experimental tests, inventories or questionnaires. E.g. statistics, coding
Epistemology( Methodology, Method, Theoretical perspective, Epistemology ) refers to the research design. The plan of action or process linking the methods chosen with the research question to be answered. E.g. experimental design, ethnography, correlational research design.
Which is NOT an example of a theoretical perspective:
Epistemology refers to the way we understand:
Epistemology underpins our understanding of the relationship between ________ and ________.
qualitative data; quantitative data
Epistemology is closely linked to our understanding of the nature of reality, also called ontology
biology( ontology, realism, non-fictionalism, biology )
Which of the following is NOT an example of an epistemology provided in the lecture notes:
With objectivism, there is objective truth and meaning _________ of the subject and there is _________ truth/s the can be discovered.
With constructivism, meaning is constructed. The subject and object merge
transform( merge, separate, transform ) in the construction of meaning.
Which "ism" best describes the following example: Positivism, post positivism --> experimental research --> measurement and statistical analysis:
Which "ism" best describes the following example: Symbolic interactionism; grounded theory; interviews and interpretative coding
Which is NOT an element of quantitative research methods:
Logical positivism - universal truths that apply to all people in all contexts
Reality is socially constructed
Primacy of method
Outsider's point of view
Which is NOT an element of qualitative research methods:
Multiple truths & these truths are usually bound in the culture / context of the people studied
Variables are identifiable and measurable
Primacy of subject matter
Insider's point of view
Which of the statements is correct:
Quantitative = Nomothetic and Qualitative = Idiographic
Quantitative = Idiographic and Qualitative = Nomothetic
Idiographic = individual, unique
Hypothesis testing / theory refinement / theory verification and falsification are outcomes of:
Quantitative research methods
Qualitative research methods
Describing subjective experience of phenomena / conceptualisation / theory building are outcomes of:
Generalisability / prediction / causal explanations are purposes of:
gratification( interpretation, rationalisation, dramatisation, gratification ) and understanding social actors' perspectives are purposes of qualitative research methods.
Which is NOT an element of quantitative data:
Variables are predetermined
Detailed description of phenomena is generated
Data as numbers
Measured and quantified
With qualitative data (such as words and images), emerging themes
measurements( themes, variables, measurements ) are explored