Research Methods in Counselling Lecture 2

Question 1 of 23

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How many hierarchical elements to research are there?

Select one of the following:

  • 1

  • 2

  • 3

  • 4

  • 5

  • 6

Question 2 of 23

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Select the correct order for the fours basic, hierarchical elements to research when looking from a bottom - up perspective:

Select one of the following:

  • Epistemology; Theoretical perspective; Methodology; Method

  • Method; Methodology; Theoretical perspective; Epistemology

  • Methodology; Method; Theoretical perspective; Epistemology

  • Theoretical perspective; Epistemology; Method; Methodology

Question 3 of 23

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( Methodology, Method, Theoretical perspective, Epistemology ) refers to the techniques and procedures used to gather and analyse data. E.g. interviews, experimental tests, inventories or questionnaires. E.g. statistics, coding

Question 4 of 23

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( Methodology, Method, Theoretical perspective, Epistemology ) refers to the research design. The plan of action or process linking the methods chosen with the research question to be answered. E.g. experimental design, ethnography, correlational research design.

Question 5 of 23

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Which is NOT an example of a theoretical perspective:

Select one of the following:

  • Positivism

  • Feminism

  • Symbolic interactionism

  • Experimental design

Question 6 of 23

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Epistemology refers to the way we understand:

Select one of the following:

  • knowledge

  • research methods

  • qualitative data

  • human behaviour

Question 7 of 23

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Epistemology underpins our understanding of the relationship between ________ and ________.

Select one of the following:

  • researcher; participant

  • qualitative data; quantitative data

  • method; methodology

  • positivism; negativism

Question 8 of 23

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Epistemology is closely linked to our understanding of the nature of reality, also called ( ontology, realism, non-fictionalism, biology )

Question 9 of 23

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Which of the following is NOT an example of an epistemology provided in the lecture notes:

Select one of the following:

  • Obectivism

  • Constructivism

  • Subjectivism

  • Positivism

Question 10 of 23

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With objectivism, there is objective truth and meaning _________ of the subject and there is _________ truth/s the can be discovered.

Select one of the following:

  • because; one

  • regardless; one

  • because; infinite

  • regardless; infinite

Question 11 of 23

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With constructivism, meaning is constructed. The subject and object ( merge, separate, transform ) in the construction of meaning.

Question 12 of 23

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Which "ism" best describes the following example: Positivism, post positivism --> experimental research --> measurement and statistical analysis:

Select one of the following:

  • Objectivism

  • Constructivism

  • Subjectivism

Question 13 of 23

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Which "ism" best describes the following example: Symbolic interactionism; grounded theory; interviews and interpretative coding

Select one of the following:

  • Constructivism

  • Objectivism

  • Subjectivism

Question 14 of 23

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Which is NOT an element of quantitative research methods:

Select one of the following:

  • Logical positivism - universal truths that apply to all people in all contexts

  • Reality is socially constructed

  • Primacy of method

  • Outsider's point of view

Question 15 of 23

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Which is NOT an element of qualitative research methods:

Select one of the following:

  • Multiple truths & these truths are usually bound in the culture / context of the people studied

  • Variables are identifiable and measurable

  • Primacy of subject matter

  • Insider's point of view

Question 16 of 23

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Which of the statements is correct:

Select one of the following:

  • Quantitative = Nomothetic and Qualitative = Idiographic

  • Quantitative = Idiographic and Qualitative = Nomothetic

Question 17 of 23

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Idiographic = individual, unique

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 18 of 23

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Hypothesis testing / theory refinement / theory verification and falsification are outcomes of:

Select one of the following:

  • Quantitative research methods

  • Qualitative research methods

Question 19 of 23

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Describing subjective experience of phenomena / conceptualisation / theory building are outcomes of:

Select one of the following:

  • Quantitative research methods

  • Qualitative research methods

Question 20 of 23

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Generalisability / prediction / causal explanations are purposes of:

Select one of the following:

  • Quantitative research methods

  • Qualitative research methods

Question 21 of 23

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Contextualisation, ( interpretation, rationalisation, dramatisation, gratification ) and understanding social actors' perspectives are purposes of qualitative research methods.

Question 22 of 23

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Which is NOT an element of quantitative data:

Select one of the following:

  • Variables are predetermined

  • Operationalised

  • Statistically tested

  • Detailed description of phenomena is generated

  • Data as numbers

  • Measured and quantified

Question 23 of 23

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With qualitative data (such as words and images), emerging ( themes, variables, measurements ) are explored

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Research Methods in Counselling Lecture 2

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