Government Chapters 5-8 Review Questions

Question 1 of 60

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The idea that individuals are protected from discrimination on the basis of race, national origin, religion, and sex is called

Select one of the following:

  • civil liberties.

  • civil rights.

  • natural rights.

  • unalienable rights.

Question 2 of 60

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Individual attributes such as race, national origin, religion,
and sex are called

Select one of the following:

  • unalienable rights.

  • inherent characteristics.

  • indiscriminatory qualities.

  • civil rights categories.

Question 3 of 60

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Laws that required the strict separation of racial groups, with
whites and “nonwhites” attending separate schools, working
in different jobs, and using segregated public accommodations
such as transportation and restaurants are called

Select one of the following:

  • Fred Samuels laws.

  • Sally Hemmings laws.

  • Jim Crow laws.

  • Abraham Lincoln laws.

Question 4 of 60

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An election in which a party’s nominees were chosen but in
which only white people were allowed to vote is called

Select one of the following:

  • a general election.

  • a run-off primary.

  • an uncontested primary.

  • a white primary.

Question 5 of 60

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A mechanism that exempted individuals from conditions
on voting (such as poll taxes or literacy tests) if they or their
ancestors had been eligible to vote before 1870 is called

Select one of the following:

  • a poll tax.

  • a white primary.

  • the grandfather clause.

  • a literacy test.

Question 6 of 60

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Unlike sex-based discrimination, race-based discrimination
must pass the

Select one of the following:

  • heightened scrutiny test.

  • ordinary scrutiny test.

  • strict scrutiny test.

  • ultimate scrutiny test.

Question 7 of 60

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Initially the courts interpreted which amendment in such a
way that women were told they were citizens but that they
had no constitutional right to vote?

Select one of the following:

  • Thirteenth Amendment

  • Fourteenth Amendment

  • Fifteenth Amendment

  • Nineteenth Amendment

Question 8 of 60

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What right does Title IX protect for women?

Select one of the following:

  • equal access to credit

  • equal access to educational opportunities

  • equal access to employment opportunities

  • suffrage

Question 9 of 60

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In what decade was the ERA ratified and added to the U.S.
Constitution?

Select one of the following:

  • 1920s

  • 1970s

  • 1980s

  • It has not been ratified and added to the U.S. Constitution.

Question 10 of 60

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Today, citizens of what descent experience the highest
educational and income level compared with the nation
as a whole?

Select one of the following:

  • African

  • Asian

  • Mexican

  • Native American

Question 11 of 60

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Fill the blank space to complete the text.

was the period between 1866 and 1877 when the institutions and infrastructure of the South were rebuilt after the Civil War.

Question 12 of 60

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The legal right to bring lawsuits in court is called .

Question 13 of 60

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To pass the strict scrutiny test, differential treatment must be for the government to achieve a public interest.

Question 14 of 60

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During World War II, the federal government relocated citizens of descent to internment camps.

Question 15 of 60

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The ADA is the .

Question 16 of 60

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The public’s expressed views about an issue at a specific point in time are called

Select one of the following:

  • public opinion.

  • time frame analysis.

  • time tracked sample.

  • stratified sample.

Question 17 of 60

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Agents of socialization do not include

Select one of the following:

  • pets.

  • peers.

  • churches.

  • the media.

Question 18 of 60

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A majority of which of the following demographic groups did not support Barack Obama’s candidacy for the presidency?

Select one of the following:

  • Latinos

  • women

  • whites

  • Asians

Question 19 of 60

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The influence of an important external event in shaping the views of a generation is called

Select one of the following:

  • a. the age-cohort effect.

  • b. the generational effect.

  • c. the lifetime effect.

  • d. both (a) and (b).

Question 20 of 60

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5. A poll conducted in an unscientific manner, used to predict election outcomes, is called

Select one of the following:

  • a. an exit poll.

  • b. a tracking poll.

  • c. a push poll.

  • d. a straw poll.

Question 21 of 60

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6. In a poll, the group of people whose opinions are of interest and/or about whom information is desired is called the

Select one of the following:

  • a. quota sample.

  • b. target sample.

  • c. population.

  • d. bull’s-eye group.

Question 22 of 60

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7. A method by which pollsters structure a sample so that it is representative of the characteristics of the target population is called a

Select one of the following:

  • a. quota sample.

  • b. target sample.

  • c. population.

  • d. bull’s-eye group.

Question 23 of 60

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8. Polls that measure changes in public opinion over the course of days, weeks, or months by repeatedly asking respondents the same questions and measuring changes in their responses are called

Select one of the following:

  • a. exit polls.

  • b. tracking polls.

  • c. push polls.

  • d. straw polls.

Question 24 of 60

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9. A special type of poll that both provides information to campaigns about candidate strengths and weaknesses and attempts to skew public opinion about a candidate is called

Select one of the following:

  • a. an exit poll.

  • b. a tracking poll.

  • c. a push poll.

  • d. a straw poll.

Question 25 of 60

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10. Polls conducted at polling places on Election Day to determine the winner of an election before the polls close are called

Select one of the following:

  • a. exit polls.

  • b. tracking polls.

  • c. push polls.

  • d. straw polls.

Question 26 of 60

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11. The process by which we develop our political values and opinions throughout our lives is called .

Question 27 of 60

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12. The measurable difference in the way women and men vote for candidates and in the way they view political issues is called the .

Question 28 of 60

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13. A survey of a given population’s opinion on an issue or a candidate at a particular point in time is called a .

Question 29 of 60

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14. A scientific method of selection for a poll in which each member of the population has an equal chance at being included in the sample is called .

Question 30 of 60

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15. A process of random sampling in which the national population is divided into fourths and certain areas within these regions are selected as representative of the national population is called .

Question 31 of 60

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1. The idea that a group of wealthy, educated individuals wields most political power is called

Select one of the following:

  • a. pluralist theory.

  • b. elite theory.

  • c. rational choice theory.

  • d. democratic theory.

Question 32 of 60

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2. The motivation to join an interest group based on a belief in the group’s cause from an ideological standpoint is called a(n)

Select one of the following:

  • a. solidary incentive.

  • b. purposive incentive.

  • c. economic incentive.

  • d. organizational incentive.

Question 33 of 60

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3. A restaurant owner who joins a trade association interest group because it advocates for wage policies that would benefit the business is an example of someone motivated by

Select one of the following:

  • a. solidary incentives.

  • b. purposive incentives.

  • c. economic incentives.

  • d. organizational incentives.

Question 34 of 60

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4. A group that raises and spends money to influence the outcome of an election is called

Select one of the following:

  • a. an interest group.

  • b. a bundling organization.

  • c. a political action committee.

  • d. a social compact.

Question 35 of 60

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5. The phenomenon of someone deriving benefit from others’ actions is called

Select one of the following:

  • a. the problem of collective action.

  • b. the bundling problem.

  • c. the free rider problem.

  • d. the slacker problem.

Question 36 of 60

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6. A direct strategy to advance the interest of an interest group is

Select one of the following:

  • a. lobbying.

  • b. public outreach.

  • c. electioneering.

  • d. contributing to political parties.

Question 37 of 60

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7. The fluid web of connections among those concerned about a policy and those who create and administer the policy is called

Select one of the following:

  • a. a political action committee.

  • b. a congressional quorum.

  • c. an issue network.

  • d. a social network.

Question 38 of 60

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8. The interaction of mutual interests among members of Congress, executive agencies, and organized interests during policy making is called

Select one of the following:

  • a. a social network.

  • b. an iron triangle.

  • c. a square cube.

  • d. an issue network.

Question 39 of 60

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9. The practice of using public outreach to build a favorable public opinion of the organization is called

Select one of the following:

  • a. climate control.

  • b. interest outreach.

  • c. agenda setting.

  • d. maximizing spin.

Question 40 of 60

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10. Working to influence the election of candidates who support the organization’s issues is called

Select one of the following:

  • a. interest group bias.

  • b. incumbency advantage.

  • c. agenda setting.

  • d. electioneering.

Question 41 of 60

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Fill the blank space to complete the text.

11. To social scientists, the ways in which our lives are improved by social connections is called .

Question 42 of 60

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12. The motivation to join an interest group based on the companionship and the satisfaction derived from socializing with others is called .

Question 43 of 60

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13. A group that represents collective groups of industries or corporations is called a(n) .

Question 44 of 60

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14. Outcomes shared by the general public are called .

Question 45 of 60

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15. The idea that it is not economically rational for people to participate in collective action when the resultant collective good could be realized without participating is the essence of .

Question 46 of 60

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1. The formal statement of a party’s principles and policy objectives is called a

Select one of the following:

  • a. policy memo.

  • b. policy manifesto.

  • c. platform.

  • d. mission statement.

Question 47 of 60

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2. Individuals who identify with or tend to support a party are called the

Select one of the following:

  • a. the party in the electorate.

  • b. the party organization.

  • c. the party in government.

  • d. responsible party members.

Question 48 of 60

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3. The formal party apparatus, including committees, party leaders, conventions, and workers, is called

Select one of the following:

  • a. the party in the electorate.

  • b. the party organization.

  • c. the party in government.

  • d. responsible party members.

Question 49 of 60

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4. The situation that exists when Congress is controlled by one party and the presidency by the other is called

Select one of the following:

  • a. party disorganization.

  • b. bipartisan camaraderie.

  • c. divided government.

  • d. executive/legislative split.

Question 50 of 60

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5. A philosophy supporting the rights and empowerment of the masses as opposed to elites is called

Select one of the following:

  • a. libertarianism.

  • b. conservatism.

  • c. New Deal philosophy.

  • d. populism.

Question 51 of 60

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6. A significant shift in party allegiances or electoral support is called

Select one of the following:

  • a. populism.

  • b. dealignment.

  • c. realignment.

  • d. disalignment.

Question 52 of 60

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7. Franklin D. Roosevelt’s broad social welfare program in which the government would bear the responsibility of providing a safety net to protect the weakest members of society was called

Select one of the following:

  • a. the New Deal.

  • b. the Grand Formula.

  • c. the War on Poverty.

  • d. the Social Contract.

Question 53 of 60

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8. The situation in which voters vote for candidates from more than one party is called

Select one of the following:

  • a. populism.

  • b. dealignment.

  • c. realignment.

  • d. ticket splitting.

Question 54 of 60

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9. An election structure in which political parties win the number of parliamentary seats equal to the percentage of the vote the party receives is called

Select one of the following:

  • a. a first-past-the-post system.

  • b. a winner-take-all system.

  • c. a proportional representation system.

  • d. a two-party system.

Question 55 of 60

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10. An election in which voters choose the party’s candidates who will run in the later general election is called a

Select one of the following:

  • a. primary election.

  • b. recall election.

  • c. general election.

  • d. referendum election.

Question 56 of 60

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11. A new, grassroots, conservative protest movement that opposed recent government actions, including economic stimulus spending and health care reform, is called the

Question 57 of 60

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12. Political scientists’ view that a function of a party is to offer a clear choice to voters by establishing priorities or policy stances that differ from those of rival parties is called the .

Question 58 of 60

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13. The role that the party out of power plays, highlighting its objections to policies and priorities of the government in power, is called the .

Question 59 of 60

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14. Organizations that candidates form to support their individual election are called .

Question 60 of 60

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15. A campaign in which an individual seeking election, rather than an entire party slate, is the focus in a .

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Government Chapters 5-8 Review Questions

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Government Chapters 5-8 Review Questions

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