Quantitative Research Methods Midterm

Question 1 of 60

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Overgeneralizations are

Select one of the following:

  • when you exclude information

  • is when you make assumptions that are not scientifically based

  • when there is pressure to understand something and it contributes to bias

  • when you cannot accurately recall information

Question 2 of 60

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Inaccurate observations are

Select one of the following:

  • when there is pressure to understand something and it contributes to bias

  • when you cannot accurately recall information

  • when you make assumptions that are not scientifically based

  • when you exclude information

Question 3 of 60

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Selective observation is

Select one of the following:

  • when you exclude information

  • when you make assumptions that are not scientifically based

  • when you cannot accurately recall information

  • when you are pressured to understand something and it contributes to bias

Question 4 of 60

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Illogical reasoning is when

Select one of the following:

  • you cannot accurately recall information

  • you are excluding information

  • there is pressure to understand something and it contributes to bias

  • you make assumptions that are not scientifically based

Question 5 of 60

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Pre-modern reality is

Select one of the following:

  • when it was what is was

  • when people have opinions but understand others

  • that there is not objective reality

Question 6 of 60

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Quantitative data includes all of these aspects except:

Select one of the following:

  • numbers

  • it's easier to compare

  • it understands specifics

  • catches complex social phenomena

Question 7 of 60

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Attributes are ___________ while variables are ____________.

Select one of the following:

  • grouping of variables, measurable concepts

  • characteristics of people/things, independent

  • grouping of variables, issues to the problem

  • characteristics of people/things, grouping of attributes

Question 8 of 60

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Independent variables are presumed to cause of determine a dependent variable.

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 9 of 60

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Empirical support must correspond to what we observe.

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 10 of 60

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A theory can be a philosophy or a beleif.

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 11 of 60

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Physical Abuse affects a child's behaviour. The Abuse is the dependent variable and the child's behaviour is the independent variable.

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 12 of 60

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All of these are true about induction except:

Select one of the following:

  • moving from specific to general

  • moving from general to specific

  • generating hypothesis/theory

  • none of the above

Question 13 of 60

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Deductive focuses on testing theories or hypothesis while Induction focuses on creating theories or hypothesis.

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 14 of 60

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Evidence-based program have gone under evaulation.

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 15 of 60

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All of these are scientific constraints when conducting social research except:

Select one of the following:

  • Clinical

  • Administrative

  • Scientific

  • Ethical

Question 16 of 60

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What does the TCPS and REB stand for?

Select one of the following:

  • Tri-collective Party Statement and Research Ethics Board

  • Tri-council Policy Statement and Research Ethics Board

  • Tri-collective Party Statement and Respectful Ethics Board

  • Tri-council Policy Statement and Respectful Ethics Board

Question 17 of 60

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There are two new policy statements concerning quantitative research and research on the elderly population.

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 18 of 60

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There are all guiding principles of the TCPS except:

Select one of the following:

  • Respect privacy & confidentiality

  • Respect Justice

  • Respect vulnerable persons

  • Respect contact of person

  • Respect human dignity

  • Respect informed consent

  • Balancing harms & benefits

  • There are none to exclude

Question 19 of 60

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What are the six main components to conduct ethical research?

Select one of the following:

  • disclosure, voluntary participation, no harm, confidentiality, deception, analysis & reporting

  • voluntary participation, no harm, confidentiality, deception, analysis & reporting

  • disclosure, voluntary participation, no harm, confidentiality, deception

  • disclosure, voluntary participation, no harm, confidentiality, analysis & reporting

Question 20 of 60

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It is okay to have harm in research and still have it be considered ethical

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 21 of 60

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When an individual can be identified from the released output of the results of the research this is known as

Select one of the following:

  • attribute

  • identity

  • residual

Question 22 of 60

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When an individual's confidential information is revealed and can be attributed to him/her is known as which kind of broken disclosure

Select one of the following:

  • identity

  • attribute

  • residual

Question 23 of 60

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When an individual's information is released and it can be combined to obtain confidential data, this is known as

Select one of the following:

  • Residual

  • Identity

  • Attribute

Question 24 of 60

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Research is not intrusive by nature.

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 25 of 60

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Voluntary participation involves a person to give permission to participate in the study.

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 26 of 60

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It is not necessary to tell your participants about all the risks so you do not receive bias information.

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 27 of 60

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You do not have to tell a client if a placebo is being used.

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 28 of 60

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It is best to avoid vulnerable populations such as children, the homeless and victims of abuse.

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 29 of 60

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Anonymity involves ___________ while confidentiality involves ___________.

Select one of the following:

  • no trace of information , keeping information private

  • keeping information private, on trace of information

Question 30 of 60

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Deception is important and used often to get better results

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 31 of 60

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When you analyze and report your findings you should do all of these except:

Select one of the following:

  • show positive and negative results

  • be honest and open

  • include ideology that inhibit the findings

  • exercise care with vulnerable popoulations

  • benefits to scientific community must outweigh harm to subjects

Question 32 of 60

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_________ research involves becoming familiar with specific topics and examining a new interest or subject

Select one of the following:

  • Descriptive

  • Exploration

  • Explanation

Question 33 of 60

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___________ involves reporting on characteristics of a population, situation or event and involves asking what, when, where and how.

Select one of the following:

  • Explanitory

  • Exploritory

  • Descriptive

Question 34 of 60

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_________ involves answering why certain events happen and reports the relationships among different aspects of the phenomenon.

Select one of the following:

  • Explanitory

  • Exploritory

  • Descriptive

Question 35 of 60

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Idiographic model of explanation involves

Select one of the following:

  • enumeration of all the causes of an event

  • correlated variables

  • focusing on the significance

  • all of the above

Question 36 of 60

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An unit of analysis is what

Select one of the following:

  • a research explains and draws inferences about

  • a direct observation

  • is known as a timed dimension

  • all of the above

Question 37 of 60

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An unit of observation

Select one of the following:

  • is a direct observation

  • can be the same of the unit of analysis

  • can be an individual person, group, organization or social artifact

  • all of the above

Question 38 of 60

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An organization includes universities, church congregations and corporations.

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 39 of 60

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A married couple is an individual unit of observation.

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 40 of 60

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When studying riots that are occurring on the street you are focusing on which type of unit of observation

Select one of the following:

  • Groups

  • Individuals

  • organizations

  • social artifacts

  • none of the above

Question 41 of 60

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Ecological fallacy occurs when

Select one of the following:

  • assuming that something learned about an ecological unit says something about the individuals that make up the group

  • attributing something to a group based on the observed behaviour or characteristics of individuals

  • all of the above

  • none of the above

Question 42 of 60

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A cross sectional study is taken over a long period of time

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 43 of 60

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A longitude study needs to have at least two waves of research conducted

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 44 of 60

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These are all types of Longitude studies except

Select one of the following:

  • Cohort

  • Panel

  • Retrospective

  • Trend

Question 45 of 60

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Conceptualization involves

Select one of the following:

  • discussing central concepts of research & making them specific

  • defining all concepts in your research

  • performing a content analysis and applying the concepts

  • deciding on how you will measure concepts

Question 46 of 60

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A direct observables is

Select one of the following:

  • what is in history books and mediums

  • what is in front of us

  • theoretical creations

Question 47 of 60

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A indirect observables is

Select one of the following:

  • what is in front of us

  • a history book or medium

  • theoretical creations

Question 48 of 60

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A constructs concept is

Select one of the following:

  • a direction observable

  • an indirect observable

  • neither a direct or indirect obsrvable

  • none of the above

Question 49 of 60

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Concepts are building blocks for theories

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 50 of 60

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Conceptualization involves

Select one of the following:

  • making concepts specific

  • agreeing on concepts

  • having an indicator

  • all of the above

Question 51 of 60

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Interchangeability involves

Select one of the following:

  • various measures of the same concept on the same subjects

  • multiple indicators

  • different indicators for one concept should generally behave the same way

Question 52 of 60

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A single indicator may misclassify an individual, while multiple indicator will offset this effect

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 53 of 60

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This type of dimension is when you try to figure our the "essence of a phenomena" and tries to make a concept more specific

Select one of the following:

  • Real

  • Nominal

  • Operational

Question 54 of 60

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This type of dimension involves how a concept will be measured in research

Select one of the following:

  • Real

  • Nominal

  • Operational

Question 55 of 60

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NOIR stands for:

Select one of the following:

  • Nominal, Original, Interval, Ratio

  • Normal, Ordinal, Interval, Rational

  • Nominal, Ordinal, Interval, Ratio

  • Normal, Original, Interval, Ratio

Question 56 of 60

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The test-retest method suggests

Select one of the following:

  • that you should make the same measurement more than once

  • you should assign a set of measurements to half of your sample and another to the other half

  • subjects don't change over time so testing and retesting can occur far apart

  • all of the above

Question 57 of 60

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Precision is _________ while accuracy is __________.

Select one of the following:

  • fineness between attributes composing a variable, reflective of measure of actual attribute of a variable

  • caution when researching, reflective of measure of actual attribute of a variable

  • fineness between attributes composing a variable, reflective of reliablity

Question 58 of 60

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These are all important criteria for measuring quality except

Select one of the following:

  • Precision & accuracy

  • Reliability

  • Operatualization

  • Validity

Question 59 of 60

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You can have high reliability without vailidity

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 60 of 60

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you can have validity with reliability

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False
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Quantitative Research Methods Midterm

Jamie Savoie
Quiz by , created about 1 year ago

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Jamie Savoie
Created by Jamie Savoie about 1 year ago
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