MODELLING/VICARIOUS EXPERIENCE

Question 1 of 12

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, refers to seeing a ‘similar other’ perform the behaviour and one’s own performance against the performance of that similar other. is learning by observing someone else doing it. If they can do it, I think I can do it too.

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    successfully
    successfully
    trying to
    trying to
    learning to
    learning to
    appraising
    appraising
    improving
    improving
    enhancing
    enhancing
    Vicarious experience
    Vicarious experience
    Retraining
    Retraining
    Enactive mastery
    Enactive mastery
    Modelling
    Modelling
    Vicarious learning
    Vicarious learning
    Coping planning
    Coping planning

Question 2 of 12

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Modelling/vicarious experience -
- Bandura

•posits that human behaviour is the product of the dynamic interplay of personal, and environmental influences.
•emphasizes that learning occurs in a social context and that much of what is learned is gained through .

Why do we learn from others?
For most activities, there are no absolute measures of adequacy.
Therefore, people must in relation to the attainment of others.
(Bandura, 1977)

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    Social Cognitive Theory
    Social Cognitive Theory
    Theory of Planned Behaviour
    Theory of Planned Behaviour
    Theory of Reasoned Action
    Theory of Reasoned Action
    behavioural
    behavioural
    spiritual
    spiritual
    political
    political
    observation of models
    observation of models
    parental instruction
    parental instruction
    researched based teaching
    researched based teaching
    appraise their capabilities
    appraise their capabilities
    plan their performance
    plan their performance
    anticipate their successes and failures
    anticipate their successes and failures

Question 3 of 12

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Select from the dropdown lists to complete the text.

4 processes in observational learning:

( Attentional processes, Behavioural processes, Parental processes, Investigation ): exploring and deciding what behaviour we are going to model and from whom/where.

( Retention, Assumption, Clarification, Activation ): the active process of transforming and restructuring information about events for memory representation in the form of rules and conceptions. Cognitive rehearsal of the coded information.

( Production, Interpretation, Instigation, Self-motivation ): conceptions are translated into appropriate courses of action.

( Motivational processes, Integration processes, Creating advantage, Imitation ): experiencing a gain from the modelled behaviour, which makes the effort required worthwhile.

Question 4 of 12

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Festinger is credited with which theory, connected to modelling/vicarious experience?

Select one or more of the following:

  • Social Cognitive Theory

  • Protection Motivation Theory

  • Social Comparison Theory

Question 5 of 12

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Social Theory centers on the belief that there is a drive within individuals to gain accurate .

The theory explains how individuals evaluate their own opinions and abilities by comparing themselves to others in order to reduce uncertainty in these domains, and learn how to

If people want to achieve something, they model themselves on people who do it a little better.

Following the initial theory, research began to focus on social comparison as a way of self-.

Comparing ourselves to others is, for many activities, the only way to ‘know’ whether we are good at the activity.

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    Comparative
    Comparative
    Cognitive
    Cognitive
    Enhancement
    Enhancement
    self-evaluations
    self-evaluations
    understanding of others
    understanding of others
    information on resources
    information on resources
    define the self.
    define the self.
    enhance their social status.
    enhance their social status.
    gain advantage over comparable others.
    gain advantage over comparable others.
    enhancement
    enhancement
    aggrandisement
    aggrandisement
    comprehension
    comprehension

Question 6 of 12

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Modelling/vicarious experience - central element

Not imitation, but through and social comparison processes ƒ - not just doing what others are doing - process of appraisal of other’s behaviour, social comparison.

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    ACTIVE LEARNING PROCESS
    ACTIVE LEARNING PROCESS
    UPLIFTING PERFORMANCE
    UPLIFTING PERFORMANCE
    SOCIAL LEARNING EXERCISE
    SOCIAL LEARNING EXERCISE
    appraisal
    appraisal
    reward
    reward
    understanding
    understanding

Question 7 of 12

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Central elements - modelling/vicarious experience

Select one or more of the following:

  • Model needs to be chosen and portrayed in such a way as to provide information that can be used for appraisal and effect on self-efficacy

  • model needs to show what steps they took to master the behaviour, how they struggled and overcame challenges

  • Model must demonstrate mastery of sub-skills that are needed in a step-by-step process toward performing and maintaining the behavior.

  • There needs to be a clear reward for the behaviour.

  • The model should be similar to the target in characteristics.

  • Model should be inspirational with excellent mastery of the behaviour.

  • Degree of model's success in target behaviour should be extensive, so as to surprise and intimidate target group

  • Short-term success in changing of behaviour will be sufficient reward for target group

  • Model should show no vulnerability or weakness in attempts to achieve target behaviour

  • modelling efforts must focus on imitation of behaviour, discouraging participants from considering their own interpretation of behaviour

Question 8 of 12

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Choosing to use modelling/vicarious experience

According to Bandura, observational learning/modeling is the second most important source of information (after enactive mastery)

In order for modelling/vicarious experience methods to be effective, the target group should be . The method will not work with as they are unable to self-appraise.

The method should be used for people who need to improve their self-efficacy.

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    self-efficacy
    self-efficacy
    reinforcement
    reinforcement
    guidance
    guidance
    ready to change behavior
    ready to change behavior
    compliant
    compliant
    well-educated
    well-educated
    trained in coping methods
    trained in coping methods
    young children
    young children
    addicts
    addicts
    adolescents
    adolescents

Question 9 of 12

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Select from the dropdown lists to complete the text.

Evidence for use - modelling/vicarious experience

For ( physical activity, stopping smoking, fruit and vegetable intake ) a meta analysis showed that interventions that used vicarious experience and ( feedback on past performance, coping planning, enactive mastery ) produced significantly higher levels of ( physical activity, fruit and veg intake, dental hygiene ) self-efficacy than interventions that did not include these techniques.

Question 10 of 12

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Modelling/vicarious experience - there are strict parameters of use. Select the correct ones from the list below.

Select one or more of the following:

  • Model has to be attractive to target group

  • Model should share similar personal characteristics as target group

  • Model should perform slightly better on target behaviour

  • Model should display total mastery of the behaviour

  • Model should appear to have made no conscious effort to master the behaviour

  • Model should demonstrate steps taken to achieve success in the behaviour

  • Model should display coping - struggled and succeeded, with detailed steps along the route to success

  • Model should not appear to have experienced significant change in life circumstances because of behaviour change success

  • Model should show visible positive results from success in the behaviour

Question 11 of 12

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Example - use of modelling/vicarious experience

intervention for smoking cessation in which the role models were ex-smokers who had the same as the participants. The people in the intervention group were asked to select one out of six role models (all ex-smokers) from whom they would receive . The role models were discussing issues they had found difficult and they used to remain smoke-free. Participants could ask for on demand.

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    Mobile phone
    Mobile phone
    Video
    Video
    Support-group based
    Support-group based
    struggle
    struggle
    upbringing
    upbringing
    family situation
    family situation
    messages
    messages
    phone calls
    phone calls
    visits
    visits
    coping strategies
    coping strategies
    social networks
    social networks
    action plans
    action plans
    extra support messages
    extra support messages
    time with a therapist
    time with a therapist
    medical treatment
    medical treatment

Question 12 of 12

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Examples - use of modelling/vicarious experience

The North Project is long-term project in to reduce and other chronic diseases. It conducted mass media campaigns featuring peer modeling in a format: people in North Karelia were followed in news and public affairs programming as they to quit smoking, lose or maintain weight and control hypertension. Interpersonal communication networks were organized to provide and social reinforcement for new behaviours and advocacy of environmental changes such as smoking-free environments and higher cigarette taxes. Over these activities led to changes in behaviour that translated into a , 65% reduction in lung cancer and longer life expectancy.

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    Finland
    Finland
    Norway
    Norway
    Sweden
    Sweden
    cardiovascular
    cardiovascular
    diabetes
    diabetes
    autism
    autism
    reality television
    reality television
    soap opera
    soap opera
    theatre drama
    theatre drama
    learned
    learned
    were paid
    were paid
    were forced
    were forced
    Karelia
    Karelia
    Keralia
    Keralia
    Korilia
    Korilia
    direct modeling
    direct modeling
    retraining
    retraining
    coping plans
    coping plans
    25 years
    25 years
    5 years
    5 years
    1 year
    1 year
    70% reduction in cardiovascular disease
    70% reduction in cardiovascular disease
    50% reduction in heart attacks
    50% reduction in heart attacks
    25% reduction in diabetes
    25% reduction in diabetes
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MODELLING/VICARIOUS EXPERIENCE

alison.uu
Quiz by , created about 1 year ago

MODELLING/VICARIOUS EXPERIENCE

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alison.uu
Created by alison.uu about 1 year ago
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