What is the purpose if the following piece of writing?
We are a father and two sons living in a household without women. We are like an experiment in a satellite, free of normal earthly influences (like guilt, and bleach and sock drawers). We've lived for years now in a whole new all-male institution. Given its inadequacies as a child-rearing unit, I like it. It's so different from a household run by a woman. It's home alone except there are three of us. Here are a few characteristic gender moments.
Which of the following are the typical features of writing to inform?
Tick all that apply.
Causal connectives (connecting words indicating cause and effect)
Appeals to the senses
Clear topic sentences
Nouns and verbs dominate
Tendency towards simple and compound sentences
Complete this piece of writing to describe by choosing the most powerfully descriptive words and phrases from the drop-down menu. It is the opening of a story about one soldier's experience on the battlefields during the First World War.
The muddy field
battleground( muddy field, quaggy battlefield, battleground ) was empty
devoid of life( empty, deserted, devoid of life ) and the cold
freezing( cold, biting, freezing ) wind was blowing on my
gnawing at my
lashing my( blowing on my, gnawing at my, lashing my ) face. I was alone
isolated( alone, desolate, isolated ) and felt tired
worn-out( felt tired, exhausted, worn-out ). I hadn't slept for a long time
for what felt like years( for a long time, for ages, for what felt like years ). My legs ached and my worn-out
broken-down( worn-out, ragged, broken-down ) boots were heavy because of the mud.
like lead weights due to the mire
dirty because of the filth( heavy because of the mud., like lead weights due to the mire, dirty because of the filth )
I could still hear the deafening sounds of fighting
haunting sounds of the battle
loud noises from the battle( deafening sounds of fighting, haunting sounds of the battle, loud noises from the battle ). Smoke rose slowly
came from( rose slowly, curled gently, came from ) from the places where the bombs had fallen
craters left by the exploding shells
shell-holes( places where the bombs had fallen, craters left by the exploding shells, shell-holes ). I saw the broken remains
burnt-out remains( broken remains, skeletal remains, burnt-out remains ) of tanks that had been hit
obliterated( hit, destroyed, obliterated ) by shells. All around lay dead people in their uniforms.
lay the empty husks of my fellow men.
lay the dead of the battle.( lay dead people in their uniforms., lay the empty husks of my fellow men., lay the dead of the battle. ) The frozen faces looked at
watched me( looked at, admonished, watched me ) me as I walked
stumbled( walked, trudged, stumbled ).
I searched for my friend among the dead. I continued looking for hours
to forage among the dead for hours
searching for hours( looking for hours, to forage among the dead for hours, searching for hours ). It got dark and cold
grew dark and raw
became dark and dank( got dark and cold, grew dark and raw, became dark and dank ). I had to go because it would have been dangerous to stay.
nothing could survive here for long
to stay would mean certain death.( it would have been dangerous to stay., nothing could survive here for long, to stay would mean certain death. )
Writing to describe just means writing a fictional story.
Which of the following is NOT a form of writing to inform?
Complete the sentences by dragging and dropping the correct causal connectives in the spaces.
1) Water expands as it freezes, ice takes more space than water.
2) Sales are down high prices.
3) As a overnight rain, the pitch is not fit to use and the match has been cancelled.
When writing to inform or explain it is O.K to use bullet points.
Annotate this piece of writing to explain to show the key techniques that are used to make it an effective piece of writing to explain.
Which of the following techniques could you use when writing to describe?
Choose all that apply
Technical or specialist vocabulary
Adjectives and adverbs
Bullet point lists
In any piece of writing, whatever the purpose, it is important to be able to use punctuation for effect. See if you can remember how to use the 7 most common punctuation marks by choosing from the drop-down menus to complete the explanations.
1) A full stop (.) is used to indicate that you have finished a point
indicate you need to take a breath
indicate you are about to start a list( indicate that you have finished a point, indicate you need to take a breath, indicate you are about to start a list ) and are about to make a new one.
2) Commas (,) can indicate a pause
a stop( a pause, time, a stop ), separate clauses,
end sentences( separate clauses,, join sentences, end sentences ) allow the use of more than one adjective or adverb
noun or verb
word( adjective or adverb, noun or verb, word ), separate items on a list
separate paragraphs( separate items on a list, separate sentences, separate paragraphs )
3) Exclamations marks (!) should be used sparingly at the end of sentences
beginning of sentences
end of paragraphs( end of sentences, beginning of sentences, end of paragraphs ) to convey emotions such as surprise, anger, fear
emotions such as love, greed, and envy
emotions clearly and concisely( emotions such as surprise, anger, fear, emotions such as love, greed, and envy, emotions clearly and concisely ) etc. .
4) Questions marks (?) are used to turn sentences into questions
ask rhetorical questions
grab the reader's attention( turn sentences into questions, ask rhetorical questions, grab the reader's attention ) which can be direct or rhetorical.
long or short
open or closed( direct or rhetorical., long or short, open or closed )
5) A colon (:) is used to make a very definite pause
definite stop( very definite pause, slight pause, definite stop ) and is most often used just before a list.
at the end of a sentence
to separate clauses( just before a list., at the end of a sentence, to separate clauses )
6) A semi colon (;) is used instead of a full stop
a colon( a full stop, a comma, a colon ) so that two sentences which are linked by theme
are not linked at all
about opposite ideas( are linked by theme, are not linked at all, about opposite ideas ) can be joined.
7) The apostrophe (') has two
four( two, three, four ) main uses. It can be used to indicate possession
indicate place( indicate possession, indicate time, indicate place ) or to show when a letter is missing.
when a word is missing
when a sentence is missing( when a letter is missing., when a word is missing, when a sentence is missing )