What effect did the Treaty of Versailles have?
Vengeful treatment of Germany
Reparations that escalated war
Money troubles that weakened democracy
5 Causes of Depression Worldwide: C , R , A Dominance , S Market Crash of 1929 , H Protective Tariffs
America introduced __________ to the world.
What caused economic dominance?
America making products at high rates
High protective tariffs
America making products at high rates caused...
Everyone to follow credit model
Reparations for Germany
What are reparations?
Money given to those you have wronged
Money taken in order to wrong others
Taxes paid in times of war
Physical consequences to negative actions
Why was the Dawes Plan created?
To collect war debt from Germany
Because America could not pay reparations
To allot land to the Indians
To avoid the Stock Market Crash of 1929
Dawes Plan : US
Allies( US, Germany, Allies ) lends money to Germany
Allies( Germany, US, Allies ), Germany
Allies( Germany, US, Allies ) has to pay back Allies
Germany( Allies, US, Germany ) for war troubles, Allies
US( Allies, Germany, US ) pay debt back to US
Allies( US, Germany, Allies )
How much war debt was accumulated when Dawes Plan was put in place?
When was the Stock Market Crash?
Who did the Stock Market Crash effect?
Rich first, poor later
Poor first, rich later
What do High Protective Tariffs protect?
Domestic Industry - by making imports more expensive than ma and pa shops
Import Industry - by making imports cheaper than ma and pa shops
What is the Hawley Smoot Act?
Highest Protective Tariffs on imports in the nation
Lowest Protective Tariffs on imports in the nation
Highest Protect Tariffs on exports in the nation
Lowest Protective Tariffs on exports in the nation
Who enacted the Hawley Smoot Act?
What was the reaction to the Hawley Smoot Act?
People purchased within the US ; other countries raised tariffs to retaliate ; trading stopped
People purchased outside the US ; other countries lowered tariffs ; trading flourished
What is Prohibition?
Ban on alcohol
Ban on weapons
Ban on high tariffs
Women's rights movement
Black power initiative
What caused problems in the Middle East?
High Protective Tariffs
The Middle East - Ottoman Empire was divided by the Mandate System into:
Israle Jews vs Palestinian Arab Muslims
Palestinian Jews vs Israle Arab Muslims
When was the Russian Revolution?
What was the reason for the Russian Revolution of 1917?
Poor wanted to rise up against the rich
Russia religions were at odds about territories
Russia was not awarded reparations fast enough
Propaganda spun by America gave rise to an angry Russia
Romanovs & Rasputin - Mother
Father( Mother, Father ) had hemophilia - Four
Two( Four, Two ) daughters
sons( daughters, sons ) survived - Two
Four( Two, Four ) sons
daughters( sons, daughters ) died by pulling off umbilical
air supply( umbilical, air supply ) cord - One finally survived named Alexi
Lucas( Alexi, Lucas ) but he was very overprotected
underprotected( overprotected, underprotected ).
To Romanovs, Rusputin was considered a:
Bolsheviks were founded by
Volsheviks wanted Coummunist
Capitalist( Coummunist, Capitalist ) Rule. Whites
Reds( Whites, Reds ) wanted independence from Russia. Reds
Whites( Reds, Whites ) said the country must stay intact. Reds
Whites( Reds, Whites ) win!
1924( 1921, 1924 ) Lenin
Stalin( Lenin, Stalin ) realized Communism
Capitalism( Communism, Capitalism ) wasn't working with the Peasants
Wealthy( Peasants, Wealthy ) - No incentive to work without profit. Lenin
Stalin( Lenin, Stalin ) died in 1924
1921( 1924, 1921 ) so Stalin
Lenin( Stalin, Lenin ) took over the Communist
Capitalist( Communist, Capitalist ) Party.
Stalin's New Policies Included:
Collectivization of farms - all farms share stock, equipment, etc.
Secret Police - watch what negative things you say to anyone
Great Purge - if you oppose him, you will be killed
Where did Stalin's genocide take place?
What food source was wiped from Ukraine during Stalin's genocide?
What caused Stalin to burn all the wheat in the Ukraine?
Stalin found out Ukraine was hiding the wheat for themselves
Stalin found out Ukraine was exporting wheat to other countries
Stalin found out Jews lived in the Ukraine
Stalin found out Ukraine was importing goods from Germany
Where is Benito Mussolini from?
Who organized the Fascist Party / Totalitarianism?
Benito Mussolini changed his name to ___________ because he wanted to restore the glory of Rome!
Benito Mussolini's policies included:
Restore the glory of Rome
Restore the glory of Russia
Censor the press
Women are baby makers
Divorce is not allowed
Listen to the press
Women are factory laborers
High taxes against bachelors
Rewards for staying bachelors
Invasion of Ethiopia happened in:
What happened in 1935?
Invasion of Etheopia
Invasion of Normandy
Invasion of Italy
Invasion of Ukraine
How many were killed in the Invasion of Ethiopia?
Who invaded Ethiopia?
Why did Mussolini invade Ethiopia?
To gain Hitler's approval
To gain Stalin's trust
Because they were hiding wheat
For access to ports
How did Mussolini die?
Hung and beat by his own people
Shot by his own people
Drown in a river during invasion
Strangled to death by his successor
WWII( WWI, WWII ), Germany
Russia( Germany, Russia ) began to build extreme nationalism
weapons of mass destruction
international leadership( extreme nationalism, weapons of mass destruction, underground tunnels, international leadership ) - we blame European Jews
French Revolution( European Jews, American Economy, Russian Spies, Ukraine Terrorists, French Revolution )!
How does Hitler gain power?
Children trained to be good Nazis
Women earned metals for being good mothers
Disobeying Treaty of Versailles
Convincing nation to be purified and strong
Love of Mother Country
What were the Axis Powers?
Germany, Italy, Japan
Russia, America, Europe
Germany, Europe, France
Europe, Italy, Russia
What is the Nazi-Soviet Non-Aggression Pact?
Pledge not to attack each other
Pledge not to raise high protective tariffs
Pledge not to initiate revolutions
Pledge not to instigate racism
Japan aggression expanded due to
Hirohito and Hideki Tojo were leaders of:
Chiang Kai-shek was part of the __________________ Party.
Mae Zedong was part of the _________________ Party.
Mae Zedong and Chiang Kai-shek were leaders of what country:
Chiang Kai-shek became leader of the Nationalist
Communist( Nationalist, Communist ) Party in 1925
1930( 1925, 1920, 1935, 1930 ).
Chiang Kai-shek set up government in:
Japan was invaded under Chiang Kai-shek's leadership in:
After Japan was invaded in 1937, Chiang Kai-shek was forced to join ______________ Party and ________________.
Communist ; fled to Taiwan
Nationalist ; fled to Taiwan
Communist ; retaliated and won
Nationalist ; retaliated and won
When Chiang Kai-shek set up government in Nanjing, it was called:
Long March Across China
Long March Across Nanjing
Long March Across Taiwan
Long March Across Seas
Mao Zedong was:
a leader from Long March Across China
reigning from Japan
member of the Nationalist Party
martial arts specialist
The "Great Leap Forward" is described in:
Survival in Auschwitz
Treaty of Versailles
The "Great Leap Forward" caused:
collectivization of farms
1 child from every family to go to farms
30 million deaths
20 million deaths
huge breaks in science
populations to expand into suburbs
The purpose of the Red Guard is to
seek out traitors
protect Russian borders
be the front line in battle
India's Independence Movement
Tired of British rule in India
Tired of German rule in India
Gandhi emphasized civil disobedience and passive resistance to gain freedom
Gandhi emphasized civil obedience and aggressive resistance to gain freedom
What was the Salt March?
People of India were forced to make salt
People of India were not allowed to make salt
Gandhi led peaceful march to make salt
Gandhi led peaceful march to boycott making salt
British beat Indians who did not fault back
British beat Indians who fought back and won
Caused bad press for India
Caused bad press for British
Who created bad press for themselves during Salt March?
Europe's response to Nazi terrorism:
US response to Nazi terrorism:
WWII went from _______ to _______ :
Causes of WWII
Aggression by Totalitarianism
Aggression by Fascism
Tendencies toward Isolationism and Pacifism - US
Failure of Treaty of Versailles
Success of Treaty of Versailles
Weakness of League of Nations
Power of League of Nations
Appeasement - Europe
Retaliation - Europe
What countries did Hitler take over?
Sudetenland of Czechoslovakia
Hitler and Stalin formed a ________________________:
Alliance against Ethiopia
Hitler and Stalin formed a Non-Agression Pact to take over:
Blitzkrieg is also known as:
Hitler invaded Poland in _________:
Why did Great Britain and France give up appeasement against Germany in 1939?
Hitler invaded Poland
Hitler and Stalin entered a Non-Aggression Pact against Poland
Great Britain and France declared war on Germany in 1939 after Hitler invaded Poland.
What two countries declare war on Germany in 1939?
Great Britain and France
France and Italy
Great Britain and Italy
Poland and France
WWII started because of _____________:
Germany strike on Poland
Poland strike on France
France strike on Great Britain
Germany strike on Great Britain
What country did Germany and Mussolini Blitzkrieg?
After France was Blitzkreig'ed by Germany and Mussolini, Great Britain thought they were next so they _________:
Wore gas masks and sent children to countryside
Created u-boats and protected borders
Ended Non-Aggression Pact immediately
Entered agreements with America
The "Phony War" refers to ________:
Great Britain not getting attacked by Germany
France not getting attacked by Germany
Poland not getting attacked by Germany
Soviet Union not getting attacked by Germany
In what order did Germany "Blitzkreig"?
Poland, France, Great Britain
France, Poland, Great Britain
Great Britain, Poland, France
Great Britain invented ___________ during WWII.
How did Great Britain win Battle of Britain?
Allied with France
FDR did not want to be involved in WWII.
"Lend the garden hose to a neighbor's house that's on fire" refers to _______________ :
Winston Churchill Lend-Lead Act
FDR Lend-Lead Act
Gandhi Salt March
Nazi-Soviet Non-Aggression Pact
Long March to China
What does the Lend-Lease Act do?
Allows Europe to borrow US war equipment
Allows France to borrow Great Britain's war equipment
Allows Poland to borrow Europe's war equipment
Allows France to borrow US war equipment
Stalin( Hilter, Stalin ) goes against pact with Stalin
Hitler( Stalin, Hitler ) and invades Soviet Union
France( Soviet Union, Great Britain, Poland, France ) - bad
good( bad, good ) idea!
Hitler destroys Stalingrad to get to Moscow to get to St. Petersburg, but gets stuck in Stalingrad for 7 months. What is this called?
During Operation Blue, Hitler got stuck in _______________ for 7 months.
What was the negative turning point for Hitler?
Getting stuck in Stalingrad
FDR's Lend-Lease Act and Fire-Side Chats
Winston Churchill's victory at Battle of Britain
Blitzkreig on Poland, France, and Great Britain
Russia took __________ POWs from German troops in Stalingrad.
June 6th, 1944
June 3rd, 1941
June 1st, 1945
June 8th, 1942
In April 1945 what significant event occurred?
FDR, Mussolini, Hitler died
FDR, Churchill, Hitler died
Lend-Lease Act expired
Pearl Harbor bombed
What caused Germany to be faced with a 2 front war?
Great Britain and France become allies
FDR enters WWII via Lend-Lease Act
Invasion of Normandy / D-Day
FDR, Mussolini, Hitler die
Who orchestrated D-Day?
Who made sure the Holocaust was properly documented?
End of the Great War in Europe is known as:
VE - Day
D - Day
J - Day
V - Day
May 8th, 1945 signifies:
Auschwitz/Birkenau - Gas Chambers
Dwight D. Eisenhower
Experimentation on Jews
Jews DID fight back against genocide.
Theresienstadt told lies to the world about how bad it was.
How many Jews were killed during Holocaust?
Aside from Jews, how many others were killed during Holocaust?
Total, how many million died during Holocast?
What was Japan's part in WWII?
Japan invaded China 1937
Japan invaded Korea 1936
Japan bombed Pearl Harbor 1941
Japan seized Korea, Manchuria, China 1931
At first, US did nothing about Japans invasion on China.
Who agreed to sponsor peace talks on condition that Japan leave China after Rape of Nanjing?
What happened after FDR threatened "no more oil" to Japan if Japan did not leave China alone?
Battle of Britain
End of Great War
What happens after Pearl Harbor is bombed?
US declares war : 1st take down Hitler, 2nd get back at Japan
US declares war : 1st get back at Japan, 2nd take down Hitler
Japan declares war : 1st take down US, 2nd take down Hitler
Japan declares war : 1st take down Hitler, 2nd take down US
What turns tide against Japanese after bombing Pearl Harbor?
Battle of Midway
Battle of Normandy
What was the Japanese military's goal?
To build an empire
To destroy the US
To take over China
To reign Imperial
Roosevelt orders Asian Americans into containment camps after Pearl Harbor.
Executive Order 9066
What is the Nisei Regimen?
Asian Americans who fought in WWI
Japanese who fought in Rape of Nanjing
Nazi terrorism during Blitzenkreigs
Chinese militia after Japan invasion
Food shortages - people used Food Stamps to supply soldiers with food
Donate all metal - tin can kids searched for metal to donate to efforts
Factories altered - to create war necessities
Women expected to get dirty - Just like the men would if they were home
Propaganda - in your face
Who does the US send into WWII in the end?
Franklin D. Roosevelt
The largest battle in WWII was _______________ where Japanese attacked from underground.
The bloodiest island fight of WWII was _____________
What is Enola Gay responsible for?
Discovering radar in Great Britain
Dropping Atomic Bomb on Hiroshima
Making FDR Fire-Side chats popular
What are the immediate and long term effects of the Atomic Bomb?
shadows left behind
permanent cloth marks on skin
Aug 6 __________ , Aug 9 ____________, Aug 15 ___________
Hiroshima, Nagasaki, Japan gives up
Hiroshima, Japan gives up, Nagasaki
Nagasaki, Hiroshima, Japan gives up
Japan gives up, Nagasaki, Hiroshima
Atomic Bomb "Little Boy" is named after ____________ :
"Fat Man" Atomic Bomb was named after _____________:
Dwight D. Einsenhower
Occupation of Japan under MacArthur...