A local pastor and teacher at Liberty Hill Elementary School. He asked for a bus for the students but was refused and he made a court case for it an even when he was offered a bus he knew that it was more than a school bus thing.
He attends the Elementary School
the first African American to serve on the Supreme Court of the United States. Prior to becoming a judge, he was a lawyer who was best remembered for his activity in the Little Rock 9 and his high success rate in arguing before the Supreme Court and for the victory in Brown v. Board of Education
A lawyer who takes the opposite side
New Chief Justice
One of the Civil War Amendments; defined US citizenship and guarantees "equal protection under the laws".
Segregation established by law. For example Jim Crow and the Supreme Court decision.
Latin phrase meaning "by fact"
segregation laws in the south
Authority of a court to hear a case for the first time.
The authority of a court to hear a case appealed from a lower.
A written document explaining the position of one side or the other in a case.
A statement that presents the views of the majority of the Supreme Court justices regarding a case.
A statement that written by a Supreme Court justice who disagrees with the majority opinion
Principle followed by judges and the Supreme Court
A ruling that is used as the basis for a judicial decision in a later, similar case
Means fair and equal treatment in a court of law.
Case of a slave named Dred Scott. The Supreme Court ruled that enslaved African Americans were property, not citizens, and had no rights under the Constitution.
Case about Plessy, a black man, who purchased a ticket to ride the white's railroad car in Louisianan. Case established "separate but equal" doctrine.
Banned segregation in public schools.
Cases that challenged segregated schools in Clarendon County, SC.
During WWII Japanese American citizens living on the West Coast were moved into internment camps
Supreme Court case on affirmative action. it bars use of racial quota systems in college admissions but also affirmative action programs are constitutional