Forage Exam 2

Question 1 of 91

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What time of year, seeding rate, and depth should Arrowleaf clover be planted?

Select one or more of the following:

  • Autumn

  • 5-10 lbs/acre

  • 0-1/2 inches

  • 1-3 inches

  • 90-120 lbs/acre

  • E33arly Spring

Question 2 of 91

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What time of year, seeding rate, and depth should Bermuda-grass Sprigs be planted at?

Select one or more of the following:

  • Early Spring

  • Autumn

  • 20 or more bushels/acre

  • 15-20 lbs/acre

  • 1-3 inches

  • 1/4-1/2 inches

Question 3 of 91

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What time of year, seeding rate, and depth should Crimson clover be planted at?

Select one or more of the following:

  • Autumn

  • Early Spring

  • 20-30 lbs/acre

  • 15-20 lbs/acre

  • 1/4 - 1/2 inches

  • 1-2 inches

Question 4 of 91

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What time of year, seeding rate, and depth should Oats, Rye, and Wheat be planted?

Select one or more of the following:

  • Autumn

  • Early Spring

  • 90-120 lbs/acre

  • 20-30 lbs/ acre

  • 1-2 inches

  • 1/4 - 1/2 inches

Question 5 of 91

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What time of year, seeding rate, and depth should Tall Fescue be planted?

Select one or more of the following:

  • Autumn

  • Early Spring in zones C and D

  • 15-20 lbs/acre

  • 5-10 lbs/acre

  • 1/4 - 1/2 inches

  • 1-2 inches

Question 6 of 91

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What time of year, seeding rate, and depth should Ryegrass be planted at?

Select one or more of the following:

  • Autumn

  • Early Spring

  • 20-30 lbs/ acre

  • 15-20 lbs/acre

  • 0-1/2 inches

  • 1-3 inches

Question 7 of 91

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What is the definition of Germination (Germ)?

Select one of the following:

  • The % of seed that is capable of producing healthy plants when placed in a suitable environment

  • The % of seed that is of the variety and species

  • The % of seed that is of some other crop seed

  • The % of seed that is of weed species

Question 8 of 91

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(purity) is the % of seed that is of the variety and species of the label.

Question 9 of 91

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What is the % of seed that is of some other crop seed?

Select one of the following:

  • Other crop seed

  • Pure seed

  • Weed seed

  • Germination

Question 10 of 91

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What is Weed Seed?

Select one of the following:

  • % of seed that is ofweed species

  • % of seed that is of the variety and species on the label

  • % of seed that is of some other crop seed

  • % of seed that is viable

Question 11 of 91

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is the % of sticks, stems, broken seed, sand, or other such material mixed with the seed.

Question 12 of 91

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What is the % of seed that is viable but that will not germinate immediately due to a hard or waxy coat?

Select one of the following:

  • Hard seed

  • Pure seed

  • Weed seed

  • Other crop seed

Question 13 of 91

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The the initial variability of seed, the variability is likely to be after storage.

Question 14 of 91

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What is the optimum moisture percentage for long-term storage?

Select one of the following:

  • 13%

  • 6-8%

  • 10%

  • 3%

Question 15 of 91

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Even with optimum storage conditions, viability will as length of storage increases.

Question 16 of 91

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Check all that apply to Arrowleaf Clover.

Select one or more of the following:

  • Late season winter annual

  • Pasture/hay

  • Tolerant of soil acidity

  • Not tolerant of soil acidity and low fertility

  • Not adapted to wet areas

  • Adapted to wet areas

  • Does not respond to phosphorous and potassium

Question 17 of 91

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Apache and Yuchi are varieties of clover.

Question 18 of 91

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Check all that apply to Crimson Clover.

Select one or more of the following:

  • 2-3 feet in height

  • Tolerant of soil acidity

  • Not tolerant of soil acidity

  • Pasture/hay/green manure/beautification

  • Produces more forage at lower temps. compared to other clovers

  • Hay use only

Question 19 of 91

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Dixie, Tibbee, Chief, and AU Robin are examples of clover.

Question 20 of 91

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Check all Cool Season Annual Legumes.

Select one or more of the following:

  • Ball clover

  • Rose clover

  • Bahiagrass

  • Pearl Millet

  • Hop clover

  • Vetch

Question 21 of 91

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What are the 3 major nutrients?

Select one or more of the following:

  • Nitrogen

  • Phosphorous

  • Potassium

  • Calcium

  • Zinc

  • Boron

Question 22 of 91

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Where can Nitrogen come from?

Select one or more of the following:

  • Breakdown of soil organic matter, plant and animal residue

  • Manufactured nitrogen fertilizer

  • Legumes

  • Leaching

  • Volitilization

  • Denitrification

Question 23 of 91

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How can Nitrogen be lost?

Select one or more of the following:

  • Leaching

  • Denitrification

  • Volitilization

  • Fertilizer

  • Through soil organic matter, plant and animal residue

  • Legumes

Question 24 of 91

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helps plants manufacture food by using as a source of energy.

Question 25 of 91

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Which nutrient id needed by plants in relatively large amounts?

Select one of the following:

  • Potassium

  • Nitrogen

  • Phosphorous

Question 26 of 91

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What are the 3 secondary nutrients?

Select one or more of the following:

  • Calcium

  • Magnesium

  • Sulfur

  • Boron

  • Zinc

  • Iron

Question 27 of 91

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Soil should meet Calcium requirements.

Question 28 of 91

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What are the micro-nutrients?

Select one or more of the following:

  • Mn

  • Fe

  • Cu

  • Mo

  • Cl

  • Zn

  • Ni

  • B

  • Mg

  • Ca

Question 29 of 91

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Complete fertilizers contain ,,and .

Question 30 of 91

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What is the most common livestock manure used in the southeast?

Select one of the following:

  • Broiler litter

  • Cow manure

  • Horse manure

  • Hog manure

Question 31 of 91

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Which pH is neutral?

Select one of the following:

  • 7.0

  • 7.8

  • 3.5

  • 5.4

Question 32 of 91

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If the soil pH is below 7.0 what is it?

Select one of the following:

  • Acidic

  • Basic

Question 33 of 91

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If the soil pH is above 7.0 what is it?

Select one of the following:

  • Acidic

  • Basic

Question 34 of 91

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What pH do most forage crops do well with?

Select one of the following:

  • 5.8-6.5

  • 3.2-5.2

  • 4.5-5.5

  • 6.6-7.8

Question 35 of 91

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Most soils in the south tend to be more .

Question 36 of 91

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If lime is applied what happens to the soil pH?

Select one of the following:

  • Lowers

  • Raises

  • Stays the same

  • Liming has no effect on the soil pH

Question 37 of 91

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Cultivated fields should have lime...

Select one of the following:

  • Tilled into plow layer

  • Surface application

Question 38 of 91

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Surface application of lime is ok with what type of field?

Select one of the following:

  • Perennial sod

  • Cultivated field

Question 39 of 91

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Check all that apply for Non-intensive grazing.

Select one or more of the following:

  • Recycled in pasture greatly affected by grazing mgmt

  • 30% of forage used

  • 75% of forage used

  • 95% of forage used

  • High traffic areas

  • Distribution of nutrients recycled more uniform

Question 40 of 91

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What are some examples of high traffic areas?

Select one or more of the following:

  • Water trough

  • Mineral matter

  • Hay/feed area

  • Holding area/gates

  • Shaded areas

Question 41 of 91

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Check all that apply to High stocking rates/ rotational grazing.

Select one or more of the following:

  • 75% of forage used

  • Distribution of nutrients recycled more uniform

  • 30% of forage used

  • 95% of forage used

Question 42 of 91

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What type of grazing has a 95% of forage used rate?

Select one of the following:

  • Mob grazing

  • Rotational grazing

  • Constant grazing

Question 43 of 91

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If spring crops are planted to late what can happen?

Select one or more of the following:

  • Excessive weed competition

  • Drought in seedlings

  • Cold damage

Question 44 of 91

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Cold damage is the result if a spring crop is planted to .

Question 45 of 91

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What happens if a fall crop is planted to late?

Select one of the following:

  • Winter-kill

  • Heat stress

  • Weed competition

Question 46 of 91

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is the result if a fall crop is planted to early.

Question 47 of 91

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What is the ideal seeding technique for alfalfas and clovers?

Select one of the following:

  • Cultipacker seeder

  • Grain drill

Question 48 of 91

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What is the ideal seeding technique for small grains and vetch?

Select one of the following:

  • Grain drill

  • Cultipacker seeder

Question 49 of 91

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please a big role in proper time to plant.

Question 50 of 91

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Time of planting depends on .

Question 51 of 91

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What is recommended for highly acidic fields?

Select one or more of the following:

  • Apply 1/2 of recommended lime several months in advance

  • Till the lime in

  • Apply the remainder

Question 52 of 91

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Amount of Source X Nutrient Content =

Question 53 of 91

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How much Nitrogen should be applied near planting time?

Select one of the following:

  • 20-30 units

  • 40-50 units

  • 10-20 units

  • 5-15 units

Question 54 of 91

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What nutrients are good for young root development?

Select one or more of the following:

  • Phosphorous

  • Potassium

  • Nitrogen

  • Zinc

  • Calcium

Question 55 of 91

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Robust roots are essential to what?

Select one or more of the following:

  • Yield potential

  • Stand longevity

  • Soil fertility

  • Soil acidity

  • Soil pH

Question 56 of 91

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must be purchased with non-inoculant legume seed.

Question 57 of 91

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What are some seed considerations that must be considered?

Select one or more of the following:

  • Use good quality seed

  • Check variety tests to find appropriate variety

  • Purchase inoculant with non-inoculant legume seed

  • Use appropriate seeding rate

Question 58 of 91

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Seeding rate can vary based on...

Select one or more of the following:

  • Seed quality

  • Seedbed preparation

  • Method of planting

  • Time of year

  • How much weed seed is mixed

Question 59 of 91

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Age, and germination rate are examples of what?

Select one of the following:

  • Seed quality

  • Seedbed preparation

  • Method of planting

Question 60 of 91

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If I am using a drill to plant seed what can I do?

Select one of the following:

  • Go 20% lower than guidelines

  • Apply higher amounts than guidelines

  • Lower amounts than guidelines

Question 61 of 91

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If I am applying seed by Aerial what is recommended?

Select one of the following:

  • Use higher amounts than guidelines

  • Use lower amounts than guidelines

  • Follow the guidelines strictly

Question 62 of 91

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When using seed mixtures use to as much seed of each species vs. what used with single species planting.

Question 63 of 91

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When planting mixtures should be taken into account.

Question 64 of 91

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The final seedbed should be especially for alfalfas and clovers.

Question 65 of 91

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When evaluating a seedbed sole prints should not be than the sole of your shoe.

Question 66 of 91

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Seeds with extremely seeding rates may need to be mixed with sand/inert material to get correct seeding rate with equipment.

Question 67 of 91

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The seed should not be planted deeper than?

Select one of the following:

  • 8 times the thickness of the seed

  • 5 times the thickness of the seed

  • 8 times the height of the seed

  • 5 times the height of the seed

Question 68 of 91

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are thick underground horizontal stems that produces roots.

Question 69 of 91

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are horizontal stems above ground that put down roots.

Question 70 of 91

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When should you apply fertilizer?

Select one of the following:

  • Just prior to final seedbed preparation

  • After the final seedbed preparation

  • Once the field in tilled

  • After planting

Question 71 of 91

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When can herbicides be applied?

Select one or more of the following:

  • Before planting

  • At planting

  • After emergence of forage

Question 72 of 91

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There are sprigs in a bushel of sprigs.

Question 73 of 91

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How many sprigs should be used for Perennial Peanuts per acre?

Select one of the following:

  • 80-120

  • 20-30

  • 50-60

  • 150-170

Question 74 of 91

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PLS = ( X Rate) /

Question 75 of 91

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Planting Rate = ( / ) X

Question 76 of 91

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oz = 1 lb.

Question 77 of 91

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ft^2 = 1 acre

Question 78 of 91

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Total germination and Hard seed is the total % of seed, obtained by adding together the and the .

Question 79 of 91

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What is the weight of Rye per bushel?

Select one of the following:

  • 56 lbs

  • 60 lbs

  • 32 lbs

  • 24 lbs

Question 80 of 91

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Arrowleaf and Crimson clover have a bushel weight of?

Select one of the following:

  • 60 lbs

  • 54 lbs

  • 25 lbs

  • 32 lbs

Question 81 of 91

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Wheat has a bushel weight of?

Select one of the following:

  • 60 lbs

  • 34 lbs

  • 19 lbs

  • 70 lbs

Question 82 of 91

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Oats bushel weight is?

Select one of the following:

  • 32 lbs

  • 44 lbs

  • 65 lbs

  • 25 lbs

Question 83 of 91

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Annual Ryegrass has a bushel weight of?

Select one of the following:

  • 24 lbs

  • 42 lbs

  • 76 lbs

  • 13 lbs

Question 84 of 91

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Tall Fescue has a bushel weight of?

Select one of the following:

  • 25 lbs

  • 52 lbs

  • 76 lbs

  • 16 lbs

Question 85 of 91

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Seed can vary by?

Select one or more of the following:

  • Size

  • Weight

  • Shape

Question 86 of 91

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help speed up the drying process.

Question 87 of 91

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The cutter bar sits on the ground and picks up the grass and pushes it through the conditioner. What form of equipment is described?

Select one of the following:

  • V rake

  • Mower/conditioner

  • Fluffer/tetter

  • Baler

Question 88 of 91

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The faster the moisture point is reached the less there will be.

Question 89 of 91

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A roll bar rake is primarily used on what type of forage?

Select one of the following:

  • Alfalfa

  • Bahiagrass

  • Berumudagrass

  • Clover

Question 90 of 91

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The Bermudagrass stem Maggot first appeared in North America what year?

Select one of the following:

  • 2010

  • 1999

  • 1956

  • 2014

Question 91 of 91

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All varieties of bermudagrass as subject to .

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Forage Exam 2

marissaellenking
Quiz by , created about 1 year ago

Practice test over basic forage knowledge for the southeastern United states

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Created by marissaellenking about 1 year ago
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