WHAP

Question 1 of 135

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Persian political organization included which of the following features?

Select one of the following:

  • a. an emperor who was little more than a figurehead due to provincial satraps

  • b. lower-level officials drawn from local authorities- political assimilation

  • c. a civil service examination system open to all citizens

  • d. a written constitution

Question 2 of 135

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Which of the following was a unique feature of political life in classical Greece?

Select one of the following:

  • a. the granting of limited political rights to slaves

  • b. representative democracy

  • c. the idea of free male citizens running the affairs of state

  • d. the universal right to vote for all men and women who are citizens

Question 3 of 135

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Which of the following represents a similarity between the Persian Empire and Classical Greece?

Select one of the following:

  • a. by 500 B.C.E., the Persians and Greeks had centralized political structures

  • b. by 500 B.C.E., both had expansive civilizations, whether through conquest or colonization

  • c. by 500 B.C.E., both possessed a strong sense of unified citizenship

  • d.by 500 B.C.E, both had become ethnically homogenous

Question 4 of 135

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Which of the following statements represents a difference between the Persian Empire and Greece?

Select one of the following:

  • a. the Greeks emphasized an absolutist style monarchy

  • b. the Greeks permitted citizen women to participate in political actions whereas Persia did not

  • c. the Greek political culture permitted free males to openly participate in the Assembly

  • d. both political structures utilized provincial governors to maintain stability

Question 5 of 135

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Which statement relates to the Hellenistic Greek era?

Select one of the following:

  • a. a resulting factor of the Peloponnesian War

  • b. the diffusion and expansion of Greek culture into the former Persian Empire and beyond

  • c. an assimilation of diverse cultures to a more Classical Greek culture

  • d. all to these acceptable answers

Question 6 of 135

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Which of the following was a long-lasting consequence or continuum of the Greco-Persian Wars?

Select one of the following:

  • a. the decline of Athenian democracy

  • b. the end of Eurasian imperial states

  • c. the western expansion of the Maurya Empire

  • d. the concept of East/West divisions and conflict

Question 7 of 135

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Which of the following describes an early Persian policy towards people with different cultural traditions who lived within the empire?

Select one of the following:

  • a. taxation of those who continued to practice non-Persian traditions

  • b. suppression and elimination of non-Persiona traditions

  • c. respect and tolerance for non-Persian traditions

  • d. forced assimilation to the Persian way of life and culture

Question 8 of 135

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Athenian dominance over other regional city-states is directly related to the Athenian leadership during which series of conflicts?

Select one of the following:

  • a. Greco-Persian Wars

  • b. Punic Wars

  • c. Peloponnesian Wars

  • d. Macedonian Invasions

Question 9 of 135

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Which of the following statements is accurate of the Persian political structure but not the Greeks?

Select one of the following:

  • a. utilization of a system of spies to maintain control of satrapies

  • b. absolute monarchs ruled by the will of the god Ahura Mazda

  • c. upholding and respecting various religious cults was a method of maintaining stability

  • d. none of these statements relates to Greece- only to Persia

Question 10 of 135

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Infer: Which of the following is the most acceptable pattern of development for Classical Greek culture?

Select one of the following:

  • a. Achaemenids- Egypt- Minoan- Mycenae

  • b. Babylonians- Assyrians- Phoenicians- Minoans- Mycenae- Classical Greek

  • c. Egyptians- Phoenicians- Minoans- Mycenae- Classical Greek

  • d. Egyptians- Persians- Romans- Classical Greek

Question 11 of 135

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What is unique about the Classical Greek political structure?

Select one of the following:

  • a. the polis or city-state developed without a centralized state or empire

  • b. Pericles created the first truly democratic-republic

  • c. the political structure was controlled by series of tyrants

  • d. the socio-cultural homogeneity created a more unified state

Question 12 of 135

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Servants of the Spartan state were referred to as

Select one of the following:

  • a. Hessians

  • b. Satraps

  • c. Helots

  • d. Hellenists

Question 13 of 135

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Whereas the Persians were an assimilation of cultures and more unified due to geography, the Greeks

Select one of the following:

  • a. were independent monarchies

  • b. were culturally similar but politically independent due to geography

  • c. were centralized around the Black Sea due to geography

  • d. were a confederation of militaristic city-states

Question 14 of 135

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Greek economy was based on

Select one of the following:

  • a. maritime trade

  • b. the development of vineyards- olives and grapes

  • c. colonization in the region of the Mediterranean Basin

  • d. all are acceptable answers

Question 15 of 135

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Which of the following concepts is best representative of both the Persians and Greek?

Select one of the following:

  • a. expansion was based on warfare and conquest

  • b. their economic structures were based around a strong centralized government

  • c. conquest of territory compared to colonization due to population growth

  • d. conquest was curtailed by epidemic disease

Question 16 of 135

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Ganats were

Select one of the following:

  • a. underground irrigation systems

  • b. landed estates for agriculture

  • c. Persian military units

  • d. elevated fortresses or citadels

Question 17 of 135

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Why did commercialism become the basis for Athenian wealth?

Select one of the following:

  • a. restricted agricultural development due to geography

  • b. trade related to colonization

  • c. improvements in maritime technology

  • d. all are acceptable arguments for commercial success

Question 18 of 135

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A main causative reason for the Greco-Perisan Wars was

Select one of the following:

  • a. continued conflict in the region of Western Anatolia with the Ionian Greeks

  • b. the abduction of Pericles' wife

  • c. the efforts of Alexander to conquer Persian territory

  • d. commercial competitions

Question 19 of 135

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The Hellenistic Era is best represented as a period of

Select one of the following:

  • a. a reunification of the comer Persian empire under Alexander

  • b. expansion of Greek philosophy and cultural identities

  • c. the establishment of new urban areas throughout the empire

  • d. all of these are related to the Hellenistic Era

Question 20 of 135

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Which of the following is directly related to the death of Alexander the Great?

Select one of the following:

  • a. Antigonid Empire- Ptolemaic Empire- Seleucid Empire

  • b. Carthaginian influence grew in the Mediterranean Basin

  • c. the Roman Empire expanded eastward without conflict

  • d. chaos and rebellion resulted across the former Hellenistic Empire

Question 21 of 135

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Zoroastrianism most probably influenced which of the following philosophical or religious traditons?

Select one of the following:

  • a. Daoism

  • b. Confucianism

  • c. Judaism

  • d. Hinduism

Question 22 of 135

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Which of the following reflects a Zoroastrian idea that can be found in Judaism, Christianity, and Islam?

Select one of the following:

  • a. the concepts of heaven and hell

  • b. the idea of Brahman (World Soul)

  • c. the notion of reincarnation

  • d. the unity of opposites

Question 23 of 135

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Which cultural tradition is particularly noted for its emphasis on logic and relentless questioning of received wisdom, without giving much role to the gods?

Select one of the following:

  • a. Confucian philosophy

  • b. Greek philosophy

  • c. Daoism

  • d. Zoroastiranism

Question 24 of 135

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The cosmic struggle between Ahura Mazda and Angra Mainyu lies at the heart of which religion?

Select one of the following:

  • a. Buddhism

  • b. Hinduism

  • c. Judaism

  • d. Zoroastrianism

Question 25 of 135

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Which of the following was a distinctive feature of the Greek way of thinking in the classical era?

Select one of the following:

  • a. a reverence for organized religion

  • b. confidence in human reasoning

  • c. respect for received wisdom

  • d. deference to established authority

Question 26 of 135

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In the four centuries following the death of Jesus, Christianity

Select one of the following:

  • a. excluded women form leadership roles in the Church

  • b. rejected all the teaching and writing of Jews

  • c. created a church without hierarchy where all members were equal

  • d. defined Christianity as a religion open only to Jews

Question 27 of 135

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What did Confucianism and Greek rationalism share in common?

Select one of the following:

  • a. a fervent belief in the supernatural

  • b. a diverse pantheon of gods

  • c. a monotheistic perspective on religion

  • d. a secular approach to understanding the world

Question 28 of 135

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Which of the following represents a way that Greek scholarship influenced the world?

Select one of the following:

  • a. Greek learning was incorporated into Confucianism, creating a hybrid philosophy

  • b. Greek knowledge became a central element in an emerging "Eastern" civilization

  • c. Greek texts were translated into Arabic and stimulated Muslim intellectuals

  • d. Greek ideas entered India and were absorbed into Hinduism

Question 29 of 135

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What did Buddhism and Christianity have in common?

Select one of the following:

  • a. they both ultimately died out in the land of their birth as their ideas were absorbed into other religious traditions

  • b. they both started out as an effort to reform the religions from which they had come, but soon emerged as separate religions

  • c. they were both associated with a specific people and localized geographic region

  • d. neither ever became an active missionary religion and did not spread widely beyond the region of their birth

Question 30 of 135

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Who described himself as "the gadfly which God had given the state and all day long in all places ... arousing and persuading and reproaching you"?

Select one of the following:

  • a. Socrates

  • b. Confucius

  • c. Jesus of Nazareth

  • d. Plato

Question 31 of 135

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What did Jesus and Socrates share in common?

Select one of the following:

  • a. both were historical founders of religions that spread beyond their place origin

  • b. both were sentenced to death by states which felt threatened by their teachings

  • c. both were regarded as having divine status by their followers

  • d. both were prolific writers and left behind a rich written record of their ideas

Question 32 of 135

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Which of the following is true of the religious and philosophical traditions that developed in Eurasia in the centuries surrounding 500 B.C.E.?

Select one of the following:

  • a. all sought to define a single source of order and meaning in the universe

  • b. all played down the value of humankind

  • c. all drew on rationalism to explain the universe

  • d. all favored communal ritual

Question 33 of 135

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Both Buddha and Jesus

Select one of the following:

  • a. were transformed into gods or people of divine state by their followers

  • b. actively opposed Zoroastrianism

  • c. actively sought to found new religions during their lifetimes

  • d. allied themselves with religious authorities in their regions

Question 34 of 135

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Which of the following statements reflects the state of Christianity by 500 C.E.?

Select one of the following:

  • a. it was clear to all that the future of Christianity would be in Europe

  • b. states questioned the political loyalty of Christian converts and adopted a policy of religious persecution

  • c. Christianity became more unified as it spread, with Rome as its undisputed center

  • d. Christianity was endorsed by states in Europe and North Africa

Question 35 of 135

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Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle were associated with

Select one of the following:

  • a. the Vedas

  • b. Christianity

  • c. the development of social contracts

  • d. Greek rationalism

Question 36 of 135

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How did Christianity change in the first 500 years since its emergence?

Select one of the following:

  • a. the egalitarian small house churches during Jesus's lifetime evolved into a male-dominated hierarchal Christian church

  • b. Christianity changed from a religion of ritual and sacrifice to one of devotion and worship

  • c. Christianity evolved from philosophical reflections on the meaning of life to a fascination with the supernatural

  • d. reason replaced faith as the means of discovering the truth about the universe

Question 37 of 135

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Which of the following can be inferred due to the acceptance of Christianity by Emperor Constantine and the eventual ban on polytheism by Emperor Theodosius during the 4th century C.E.?

Select one of the following:

  • a. the spread of Christianity accelerated westward into Germanic Europe

  • b. the spread of Christianity accelerated into regions of Persia and Africa

  • c. put an end to the intermittent persecution of Christians and created a solidifying effect on the crumbling Roman Empire

  • d. both emperors were ridiculed by the aristocracy for not upholding Roman tradition and were forced out of their positions as emperor

Question 38 of 135

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Which of the following related to the spread of Christianity but not Buddhism

Select one of the following:

  • a. the religion/philosophy was intolerant of other belief systems as it spread

  • b. the religion/philosophy was absorbed into a revision of polytheism

  • c. the religion/philosophy became a geographically regionalized belief system

  • d. the religion/philosophy was more focused on internalized thought about moral concepts

Question 39 of 135

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Compared to the various interpretations of Buddhism, the various interpretations of Christianity created

Select one of the following:

  • a. the ideal women as equals in the eyes of the Christian Church following the death of Jesus

  • b. a "clear cut distinction between 'right' and 'wrong'

  • c. a concept of rational thought based on science

  • d. a unified religious empire stretching from Persian in the eat ti Africa and Europe in the auth and west

Question 40 of 135

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The spread and advancement of Christianity was enhanced by

Select one of the following:

  • a. the development of monasteries for teaching

  • b. missionary work

  • c. concept of salvation for all followers

  • d. all of these are acceptable

Question 41 of 135

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Following the fall of the Roman Empire in the west, the center of Christianity moved to

Select one of the following:

  • a. Ethiopia and the Coptic Christian Church

  • b. the holy city of Jerusalem

  • c. the city of Jericho

  • d. the Byzantine Empire- Constantinople

Question 42 of 135

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Conflicts and disputes in the Christian world led to

Select one of the following:

  • a. the creation of a council to oversee liturgical practices

  • b. the creation of the position of Pope, or Bishop of Rome

  • c. bitterness, violence, and warfare

  • d. the eventual removal of Nestorian beliefs

Question 43 of 135

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Which of the following is true of the Hebrew nation?

Select one of the following:

  • a. created a covenant with God

  • b. spent time in captivity in Babylon (Babylonian Captivity)

  • c. Held captive in Egypt/led out by Moses

  • d. traditionally consider the Torah as perfect

  • e. all of these

Question 44 of 135

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Which of the following is a common belief between Judaism and Christianity?

Select one of the following:

  • a. the Messiah

  • b. first five books as cultural history

  • c. one on one personal relationship with God

  • d. the influence of Mary Magdalene

Question 45 of 135

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Which concept is common to Socrates, the Buddha, and Jesus?

Select one of the following:

  • a. they each presented ideals that ultimately transformed their respective cultural regions

  • b. all three were put to death for challenging the state

  • c. each created a society that eliminated the concept of patriarchy

  • d. they created the concept of a parallel universe blending religion, philosophy and science

Question 46 of 135

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The economic wealth of the Early Roman State was based on

Select one of the following:

  • a. agriculture

  • b. mercantilism

  • c. mining

  • d. fishing

Question 47 of 135

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The Roman Republic was not a true democracy; it was ruled by

Select one of the following:

  • a. an emperor

  • b. a counsel of wealthy male citizens

  • c. the military

  • d. the priests

Question 48 of 135

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Which of the following was a key factor to the Romans' success in winning control of all of Italy?

Select one of the following:

  • a. the practice of enslaving their fiercest opponents

  • b. granting Roman citizenship to conquered peoples

  • c. the consuls served lifetime terms for stability

  • d. establishing alliances through intermarriage with the Etruscans

Question 49 of 135

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As a result of the Roman conquest of Carthage, Rome

Select one of the following:

  • a. it allowed the Greeks to regain maritime control of the Mediterranean Sea

  • b. Roman freed their slices to honor the victory

  • c. it limited Rome's southern expansion

  • d. Rome gained control of the western Mediterranean Sea

Question 50 of 135

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Similar to the early Persians and Alexander, when Rome took control of a foreign land, it

Select one of the following:

  • a. immediately enslaved the female population

  • b. reorganized the religious practices to their own

  • c. allowed considerable autonomy to cooperative elites and assimilated the populations

  • d. distributed the conquered territory among the military as reward for their loyalty

Question 51 of 135

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Infer: Which of the following statements best represent social changes to Italian/Roman society as the empire continued to expand?

Select one of the following:

  • a. long military service was required

  • b. farmers were taken off their land to serve the state

  • c. wealth was concentrated more and more in the hands of the aristocracy

  • d. all are acceptable outcomes of Roman expansion

Question 52 of 135

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The emperor responsible for the reorganization of the Roman government after 31 C.E. was

Select one of the following:

  • a. Julius Caesar

  • b. Constantine

  • c. Nero

  • d. Augustus

Question 53 of 135

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Which of the following was a motivation for the expansion of the Roman Empire?

Select one of the following:

  • a. the wealth of the Eastern Mediterranean societies

  • b. to gain grater control of the rider with China

  • c. the influence of Christianity

  • d. to repel the threat of Greek expansion and Persian reorganization

Question 54 of 135

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As a result of Germanic tribes entering into the western part of the Roman Empire,

Select one of the following:

  • a. they were rapidly accepted as citizens of the Roman state

  • b. they enslaved all Roman citizens who resisted

  • c. the bubonic plague devastated the Roman Empire

  • d. they assimilated and produced a hybrid culture that drew on both Germnic and Roman elements

Question 55 of 135

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When the Roman Empire disintegrated in 476 C.E., the eastern region of the empire came to be known as

Select one of the following:

  • a. the Holy Roman Empire

  • b. the Byzantine Empire

  • c. the Achaemenid Empire

  • d. the Ottoman Empire

Question 56 of 135

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Which of the following had an important influence on the Chinese imperial state following the fall of the Zhou Dynasty, the end of the Warring States Period, and the ascension of the Qin Dynasty?

Select one of the following:

  • a. Confucianism

  • b. Daoism

  • c. Legalism

  • d. Buddhism

Question 57 of 135

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The centralization of the Chinese state under Qin Shihuangdi included

Select one of the following:

  • a. standardization of weights, measures, and currency

  • b. participation of the lower classes in shaping public policy

  • c. the organization of Buddhist monasteries

  • d. the creation of a complex of bureaucratic governors to manage the massive territory

Question 58 of 135

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The early Han emperors reformed the Legalist system by

Select one of the following:

  • a. blending elements of the Roman Senate

  • b. distributing government bureaucratic positions to the peasantry

  • c. incorporating Confucianism

  • d. instituting Buddhism as a state philosophy

Question 59 of 135

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Emperor Shihuanghi's response to the resistance and opposition of the scholar elite to centralization

Select one of the following:

  • a. was to burn their books

  • b. was execution

  • c. forced them to move to the capital

  • d. all of these are acceptable

Question 60 of 135

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Whereas the Roman Empire fell primarily as a result of invasion, the Han Dynasty was weakened by

Select one of the following:

  • a. perpetual raids by nomadic groups

  • b. internal tension between the scholar bureaucrats and the eunuchs who were only loyal to the emperor

  • c. loyalties to the Confucian elite

  • d. all of these were reasons for the collapse of the Han Dynasty

Question 61 of 135

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Which of the following expressed the basic difference between what the Roman Empire and the Han Dynasty believed was the key to good government?

Select one of the following:

  • a. the Roman Empire empowered the bureaucracy while the Han Dynasty empowered the people

  • b. the Roman Empire depended on a merit-based system of political recruitment while the Han Dynasty limited political office to the aristocracy

  • c. the Roman Empire believed in the separation of church and state while the Han Dynasty made religion the basis of government

  • d. the Roman Empire emphasized good laws while the Han Dynasty emphasized good men (morals)

Question 62 of 135

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In contrast to what followed after the collapse of the Han Dynasty in China, the collapse of the Roman Empire

Select one of the following:

  • a. led to the emergence of highly decentralized political systems

  • b. caused an increase in population growth

  • c. ushered in a new phase of stability

  • d. produced a culturally homogenous civilization

Question 63 of 135

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In contrast to the Roman Empire, the process of empire formation or reunification in China

Select one of the following:

  • a. was less dependent on military forces including mercenaries

  • b. had precedents to follow

  • c. involved the absorption of a foreign religious tradition

  • d. took centuries for recovery and reunification

Question 64 of 135

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Which of the following was true of both the Roman and Chinese Empires?

Select one of the following:

  • a. they exhausted themselves through frequent indecisive battles with India

  • b. they invoked supernatural sanctions to support their rule

  • c. they evolved from republican tradition into empires ruled by single rulers

  • d. their economies relied heavily on slave labor

Question 65 of 135

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What statement best describes both the Roman and Chinese gender relations?

Select one of the following:

  • a. Roman and Chinese women had numerous political rights

  • b. while subordinate to men, Roman women were considerably freer and less oppressed than were the Chinese women

  • c. both cultures were matriarchal which protects the process of inheritance

  • d. Rome and China were patriarchal societies where the elite women had considerable influence

Question 66 of 135

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Why is "diversity" an apt word to describe India?

Select one of the following:

  • a. it has many deities

  • b. it has many languages and ethnic groups

  • c. it has a history of political division and class division

  • d. all of the above

Question 67 of 135

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The Vedic Age was a new historical period in India marked by

Select one of the following:

  • a. the migration of Chinese peasants into India

  • b. the migration of Indo-Europeans into India

  • c. the emergence of the Vedic Kingdom

  • d. insurgencies by the Persians and the Hellenistic Greeks

Question 68 of 135

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The class and caste systems in India were connected to

Select one of the following:

  • a. a widespread belief in reincarnation

  • b. purely economic concerns

  • c. the manipulations of the government

  • d. intervention by external invaders

Question 69 of 135

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The reincarnation of the atman into a given class depends on

Select one of the following:

  • a. economic standing in the society

  • b. karma or deeds in life

  • c. physical strength and mental discipline

  • d. place within the caste

Question 70 of 135

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What is the underlying message of the cycle of reincarnation?

Select one of the following:

  • a. strive for economic success

  • b. be the best and strongest human being you can be

  • c. accept your place and duties in life

  • d. always work to change your life and the world around you

Question 71 of 135

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The Brahmins were important because

Select one of the following:

  • a. they knew how to perform essential sacrifices correctly

  • b. they were the wealthiest of Indian society

  • c. they were the most educated members in society

  • d. they were the only members of society who could own property

Question 72 of 135

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The collection of Indian poetic hymns dedicated to the various deities and describing sacred practices is

Select one of the following:

  • a. Gilgamesh

  • b. Ramayana

  • c. the Rig Veda

  • d. the Artha Sastra

Question 73 of 135

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What does the literature of the Vedic Age reveal about the role of women?

Select one of the following:

  • a. they are depicted as slaves to men

  • b. they are depicted as strong and resourceful, reflecting a favorable position in society

  • c. they are responsible for the development of the Indian theater

  • d. they are responsible for the care and feeding of the bodhisattvas

Question 74 of 135

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To be released from the cycle of reincarnation is the concept of

Select one of the following:

  • a. samsura

  • b. sita

  • c. moksha

  • d. nirvana

Question 75 of 135

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Siddartha Gautama articulated the "Four Noble Truths" which taught that

Select one of the following:

  • a. life is suffering and suffering is caused by desire

  • b. life is mystical and ephermeral

  • c. the meaning of life can be understood by worshipping a plethora of gods and deities

  • d. humanity is sinful by nature

Question 76 of 135

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The ultimate spiritual reward in Buddhism is

Select one of the following:

  • a. material wealth

  • b. moksha

  • c. Brahminical salvation

  • d. nirvana

Question 77 of 135

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The foundation of the Hindu religion is

Select one of the following:

  • a. a more practical of Jainism

  • b. the practice of Mahayana Buddhism

  • c. the Vedic religion of northern Indian Aryans

  • d. the worship of the bodhisattvas

Question 78 of 135

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The Mauryan leader Ashoka converted to Buddhism and became a unique leader because of

Select one of the following:

  • a. the visions and revelations that he had

  • b. his dedication to nonviolence, morality, and moderation

  • c. Buddhist support for the government's extravagance

  • d. the brutality of his earlier conquests

Question 79 of 135

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The deepest underlying message in many pieces of Hindu literature is

Select one of the following:

  • a. the concept that nirvana can be achieved through meditation

  • b. that material desires create conflict

  • c. that death creates life/intrinsic divinity

  • d. that caste created social equality

Question 80 of 135

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The Chinese political system of strict laws and punishment is

Select one of the following:

  • a. Confucianism

  • b. Legalism

  • c. Daoism

  • d. Hinduism

Question 81 of 135

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How does Confucian philosophy differ from Legalism and Daoism?

Select one of the following:

  • a. it emphasizes rules of morality, responsibility, and proper behavior

  • b. it emphasizes the connection between the spiritual world, nature, and man's existence

  • c. it created a poltical structure based on matrilineal inheritance

  • d. its concepts of nature and society are based on the ethereal existence of ancestors

Question 82 of 135

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The fundamental concept of Daoism can be summarized as

Select one of the following:

  • a. a blind obedience to the ritual of divination

  • b. follow the path of nature and avoid unnecessary struggles

  • c. mankind is released from the world of evil through ancestor worship and sacrifice

  • d. the evil nature of man will overcome his enemies

Question 83 of 135

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Which of the following best exemplifies a core belief of Confucianism and Daoism?

Select one of the following:

  • a. the importance of education for self-improvement

  • b. the concept of morality thorugh nature

  • c. family life was central to Chinese culture

  • d. male/female hierarchy was critical for maintaining control of one's family

Question 84 of 135

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Which of the following philosophies emerged as a result of the Warring States period in China?

Select one of the following:

  • a. Legalism and Jainism

  • b. Confucianism and Daoism

  • c. Daoism and Buddhism

  • d. Confucianism, Daoism, and Zen Buddhism

Question 85 of 135

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Which of the following is true of Confucianism but not Hinduism?

Select one of the following:

  • a. Confucianism did not focus on spiritual matters such as gods, spirits, or the afterlife

  • b. holy literature was also the basis for understanding the cultural developement

  • c. the human sensory existence was illusory

  • d. Laws of Manu describe a divinely ordained social order

Question 86 of 135

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Pessimism, education as useless for improvement and only the state could act in the interest of the people are ideals related to

Select one of the following:

  • a. Hinduism

  • b. Legalism

  • c. Daoism

  • d. Buddhism

Question 87 of 135

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The concept or ideal that human society consisted of unequal relationships is a primary tenet of

Select one of the following:

  • a. Legalism

  • b. Theravada Buddhism

  • c. Hinduism

  • d. Confucianism

Question 88 of 135

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The philosophy and spirituality of Hinduism unpinned or supported

Select one of the following:

  • a. the caste system for the purpose of social stability

  • b. a tightening of the patriarchal society as related to the role

  • c. multiple paths for achieving the ultimate goal of moksha or liberation

  • d. all of these are acceptable answers

Question 89 of 135

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Which of the following describes how Confucianism affected Chinese society?

Select one of the following:

  • a. Confucianism was adopted as the state religion of China

  • b. the civil service examination system was based on Confucian views

  • c. Confucianism encouraged individualistic values

  • d. Confucianism challenged social and gender hierarachies

Question 90 of 135

Medal-premium 1

Buddhism and Hinduism are similar in that they both

Select one of the following:

  • a. rejected the religious authority of the Brahmins

  • b. rejected the concept of karma

  • c. offered hope for final release from the cycle of rebirth

  • d. evolved into monotheistic religions

Question 91 of 135

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How was India's social structure different from that of China?

Select one of the following:

  • a. India had fewer distinct social groups

  • b. Indian social groups were defined more rigidly due to the caste

  • c. social status in India was defined in terms of heredity

  • d. social distinctions in India were more fluid with greater upward mobility

Question 92 of 135

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Similar to First Civilizations, societies of the classical era

Select one of the following:

  • a. lacked sharp distinctions along class lines

  • b. were patriarchal in organization

  • c. rarely included slaves

  • d. were based on written constitutions and laws

Question 93 of 135

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China was unique in the ancient world in the extent to which

Select one of the following:

  • a. slavery and slaveholding defined the society and state as a whole

  • b. its social organization was shaped and defined by the actions of the state

  • c. they adopted concepts of the caste for the purpose of organization and stability

  • d. women were given more rights and freedoms to participate in public life

Question 94 of 135

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Classical era India and China were similar because in both societies

Select one of the following:

  • a. the social status of most people was never determined or influenced by heredity

  • b. social prestige was primarily attained thorough service to the state

  • c. upward mobility was common

  • d. sharp, well defined class distinctions and inequalities characterized the social order

Question 95 of 135

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During the classical era, slaves comprised more than one-third of the total population in

Select one of the following:

  • a. India

  • b. China

  • c. the Roman Empire

  • d. Athens

Question 96 of 135

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The growth of democracy in classical Athens was accompanied by

Select one of the following:

  • a. the simultaneous growth of slavery on a massive scale

  • b. the abolition of slaves and the right to vote

  • c. the association of slave status with ethnic bacgrounds

  • d. greater freedom for women to participate equally with men

Question 97 of 135

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Which ancient society had the fewest restrictions on the female population?

Select one of the following:

  • a. Han China

  • b. Athens

  • c. Sparta

  • d. Classical India

Question 98 of 135

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Which of the following philosophical or religious traditions provided a unifying ideology for peasant rebellions in China?

Select one of the following:

  • a. Hinduism

  • b. Confucianism

  • c. Daoism

  • d. Theravada Buddhism

Question 99 of 135

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Which of the following describes women's status in the classical civilizations?

Select one of the following:

  • a. upper-class women had a tendency to live less restricted lives than lower-class women

  • b. women in general experienced fewer restrictions compared to those living in pastoral societies

  • c. public life in general was male domain, while women's roles took place mostly in domestic settings (men are outside/ women are inside)

  • d. women in general experienced fewer restrictions as compared to those who lived in early agricultural villages

Question 100 of 135

Medal-premium 1

In contrast to women in Athens, Spartan women

Select one of the following:

  • a. were confined to their homes

  • b. married men close to their age

  • c. participated in government more equally

  • d. were praised for their intellect

Question 101 of 135

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How did the centuries of political fragmentation and conflict following the fall of the Han Dynasty affect the lives of Chinese women?

Select one of the following:

  • a. women found themselves restricted to a greater degree due to the cultural influences of nomadic peoples who conquered parts of northern China

  • b. women were permanently removed from positions of priests, nuns, and mediators of Daosim

  • c. Buddhism and Daosim grew in popularity along with the influenced of nomadic cultures resulting in some loosening of the strict paritarchy supported by Confucianism

  • d. writings such as those of Ban Zhou encouraged and influenced women to be more assertive public and in the home

Question 102 of 135

Medal-premium 1

Slaveholding was least prominent and least central to the economy of

Select one of the following:

  • a. Athens

  • b. China

  • c. Sparta

  • d. Imperial Rome

Question 103 of 135

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Peasants were honored for their work while merchants were not respected in the ideology of

Select one of the following:

  • a. China

  • b. India

  • c. Imperial Rome

  • d. Athens

Question 104 of 135

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Which social group occupied the highest level in the Indian caste?

Select one of the following:

  • a. Brahmin

  • b. Kshatriya

  • c. Vaishya

  • d. Shudra

Question 105 of 135

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Peasant rebellions and resistance in China was a result of

Select one of the following:

  • a. high taxes and rent

  • b. state demands for military service

  • c. demands for state labor

  • d. all of these are acceptable answers

Question 106 of 135

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Membership in a particular jati determined

Select one of the following:

  • a. occupation

  • b. whom one could marry

  • c. required duties and responsibilites

  • c. all are acceptable answers

Question 107 of 135

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The inequalities and maintenance of the caste was related to

Select one of the following:

  • a. Hindu ideals of karma, dharma, and rebirth (reincarnation)

  • b. Buddhist concepts of nirvana and enlightenment

  • c. a strict hardline state supported military

  • d. none of these is an acceptable answer

Question 108 of 135

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In India, the caste encouraged loyalty to local communities

Select one of the following:

  • a. due to the lack of a unified state military

  • b. because localization was based on the corresponding jati

  • c. through matrilineal inheritance

  • d. due to socio-cultural fragmentation

Question 109 of 135

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Which of the following represented the major source of slaves for Imperial Rome?

Select one of the following:

  • a. indebted citizens

  • b. prisoners of war

  • c. criminals

  • d. foreign citizens

Question 110 of 135

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In general, patriarchal systems that restricted women's lives were weakest

Select one of the following:

  • a. during long periods of peace and stability

  • b. in the early years of a civilization's developement

  • c. when states adopted ideologies that linked female inferiority to nature and animistic concepts

  • d. in urban-based civilizations at the height of their power

Question 111 of 135

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Which concepts is the best comparative analysis for the Yellow Turban Rebellion and the slave rebellion led by Spartacus in the Roman Empire?

Select one of the following:

  • a. both were large-scale, violent reactions to oppressive conditions implemented by each state

  • b. both resulted in the expulsion of slavery in their respective empirs

  • c. both forced their respective government to implement reforms and requirements of slaves

  • d. both saw influential women assume leadership roles

Question 112 of 135

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Which of the following is true of slavery in the Mediterranean societies but not in China or India?

Select one of the following:

  • a. slavery was much more common in the Mediterranean region than in China or India

  • b. slaved in the Mediterranean region were restricted in their duties compared to China

  • c. slave states developed in the Eastern states due to extensive trade

  • d. India and China depended on slaved to maintain an economy supplying a large population

Question 113 of 135

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Which of the following statements represents an accurate comparison of the treatment of women in Athens and Sparta?

Select one of the following:

  • a. In Athens, women were excluded from public life whereas women of Sparta were afforded more freedom but not any formal role in public life

  • b. Spartan women were often engaged in or preparing for war, whereas Athenian women had very little or no responsibility to the military

  • c. Athenian marriages typically took place between a woman in her teens and a man 10-15 years older whereas Spartan marriages were between people of the same age

  • d. all of these answers are acceptable and correct comparisons

Question 114 of 135

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Which of the following statements represents an accurate comparison of social hierarchies of China and India?

Select one of the following:

  • a. Indian society was divided into vast numbers of distinct social groups whereas China had fewer, but broader categories in their society

  • b. slaves were critical to the economy and held a higher level of esteem in India than in China

  • c. the social hierarchies were determined based on your occupation and importance to the state

  • d. upward mobility was a key motivator for the people to succeed in the duties and responsibilites

Question 115 of 135

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How did masculinity or feminism relate to social status?

Select one of the following:

  • a. females of elite families were permitted greater public freedoms

  • b. participation in Athenian democracy was open to all free born citizens

  • c. political offices were limited to men in Athens and Rome / China's civil service was limited to men

  • d. peasant women gained the same privileges as women of the aristocracy due to their importance of maintaining a working economic system

Question 116 of 135

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During the Classical Era, the world's population was unevenly distributed with the majority living on which landmass?

Select one of the following:

  • a. Africa

  • b. Central/South America

  • c. Eurasia

  • d. North America

Question 117 of 135

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Which of the following is the most commonly accepted cause for the decline of the Maya Civilization in the 9th century C.E.?

Select one of the following:

  • a. European invasions and conquest

  • b. mass flooding creating agricultural deprivation

  • c. long periods of drought

  • d. internal conflict and rebellion

Question 118 of 135

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Which of the following is an acceptable comparison for the development of civilizations in Mesoamerica and the Eurasian landmass?

Select one of the following:

  • a. greater diffusion and assimilation in the Eastern hemisphere due to geographic proximity

  • b. the availability of animals for domestication allowed for the development of pastoral societies in the Eastern civilizations whereas the Mesoamerica civilizations were not pastoral

  • c. the development of metallurgy in the Eastern hemisphere generated plow-based agricultural societies whereas the Mesoamerican civilizations maintained a simpler agricultural system

  • d. all these are acceptable comparisons

Question 119 of 135

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How did the environmental features of Africa affect the continent?

Select one of the following:

  • a. a general lack of rainfall meant that agricultural societies were completely dependent on irrigation

  • b. persistent warm temperatures accelerated the decomposition of humus, resulting in a less productive agriculture

  • c. the network of rivers draining the continent facilitated the emergence of large empires that encompassed most of the continents population

  • d. the scarcity of raw materials prevented the development of iron tools and weapons

Question 120 of 135

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Which of the following linguistic families was spoken by the migrating people of Africa?

Select one of the following:

  • a. Arabic

  • b. Bantu

  • c. Latin

  • d. Germanic

Question 121 of 135

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In contrast to cities in other civilizations, cities in the Niger River region

Select one of the following:

  • a. had their own centralized political structure with a divine monarch

  • b. were run by complex bureaucracies

  • c. were encompassed within a larger regional imperial state

  • d. functioned without a coercive dominating state authority

Question 122 of 135

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During the period of Bantu migration, these groups of people assimilated with East African hunting-gathering groups and gained an advantage due to

Select one of the following:

  • a. their ability to produce gunpowder

  • b. their extensive trade network with Europeans

  • c. their iron-working technology

  • d. their mysticism and rituals

Question 123 of 135

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Both the Maya and Axum were similar in the both

Select one of the following:

  • a. were ruled by a single powerful kind

  • b. possessed a written script

  • c. left behind few monumental structures

  • d. severely limited trade to protect homgeneity

Question 124 of 135

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During the second wave civilizations or the classical era, which of the following differentiated Mesoamerica from Eurasian civilizations?

Select one of the following:

  • a. domestication of animals

  • b. use of various metallurgies

  • c. the creation of complex imperial states

  • d. all of these are acceptable differences

Question 125 of 135

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The political organization of the May most resembled

Select one of the following:

  • a. the city-states of classical Greece

  • b. the imperial state of Rome

  • c. dynastic China

  • d. the Niger River civilization

Question 126 of 135

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Mesoamerican and Andean cultures were similar in that both

Select one of the following:

  • a. were influenced by the Chavin and Olmec

  • b. failed at their respective attempts to generate long-distance trade networks

  • c. used iron tools extensively

  • d. were dominated by cities or regional states rather than a single empire

Question 127 of 135

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As Meroe developed and exerted more influence along the southern Nile

Select one of the following:

  • a. a cultural shift away from Egypt occurred

  • b. they came in greater contact with the interior of Africa

  • c. they created an imperial state similiar to Rome

  • d. they developed a close trade alliance with the Muslim Arabs

Question 128 of 135

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Which of the following statements related to Andean civilizations is most accurate?

Select one of the following:

  • a. in the Andean region, it was possible to settle along the coastal plain

  • b. civilizations of the Andean region were politically weak

  • c. no regional religious traditions developed in the Andean region

  • d. the need for elaborate irrigation projects helped create strong states in the Andes region

Question 129 of 135

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Christianity in Axum most closely identified with which church?

Select one of the following:

  • a. the Coptic Church of Egypt

  • b. the Church of Rome

  • c. the Orthodox Church of Constantinople

  • d. Cyrillic Orthodoxy

Question 130 of 135

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Which statement most accurately describes the relationship between civilizations of Mesoamerica and the Andean region?

Select one of the following:

  • a. they developed a thriving trade network based on regional scarcity

  • b. they had constant battles over the territories north of South America

  • c. they had little if any direct contact with each other

  • d. they developed a strong alliance against common invaders

Question 131 of 135

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Which of the following relates to a feature of the Bantu religious culture?

Select one of the following:

  • a. it was concerned with explaining, predicting, and controlling local affairs

  • b. it claimed to be a universal religion and was focused on missionary outreach

  • c. it incorporated aspects of Christianity due to diffusion and assimilation with Rome

  • d. it viewed God as remote and largely uninvolved in ordinary life

Question 132 of 135

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The archeological evidence found at the village located at Chavin suggests

Select one of the following:

  • a. that it was a center of political attempts with democracy

  • b. that the culture studied science and medicine

  • c. that they were steeped in slave trade and slave-based economy

  • that the Chavin were focused on a religious movement that spread throughout the Andes

Question 133 of 135

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According to the remains of the Moche civilization suggests that

Select one of the following:

  • a. peace and meditation was a focus of the rulers to maintain stability

  • b. war and ceremony was important to the rulers

  • c. the leaders were focused on establishing a culture based on nature and farming

  • d. the rulers had established a civilization based on education and democracy

Question 134 of 135

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How did sharing a common border affect relations between the inland empires of Wari and Tiwanaku?

Select one of the following:

  • a. they exchanged knowledge as seen in the Tiwanaku adoption of the hillside terracing style of farming developed by the Wari

  • b. They appeared to cooperate as there was little overt conflict or warfare between them

  • c. people living along the border intermarried and created a hybrid culture that assimilated into a common Andean culture

  • d. there was constant warfare and invasions into each other's territory for resources

Question 135 of 135

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Which society was considered to be less patriarchal due to its system of "gender parallelism" which associated female roles with village life and male roles with hunting and the forest?

Select one of the following:

  • A. Aksum

  • b. Bantu

  • c. Maya

  • d. Tiwanaka

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Quiz by , created about 1 year ago

AP World History Quiz

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Created by maggieluhrman about 1 year ago
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