What is CASW?
Canadian Association of Social Workers
Canadian Administration of Social Workers
Canadian Association of Social Work
The CASW was founded in . The code of Ethics was adopted in , the revised code was in .
Originally there were how many members? And how many are there today?
What is the CASWE?
Canadian Association for Social Work Education
Canadian Administration for Social Workers Environment
Canadian Association for Social Workers Education
Canadian Association for Social Work Environment
The CASWE was founded in . Purpose is to & of Social Work Education and . It is responsible for & .
What is the IFSW?
International Federation of Social Work
International Foundation of Social Workers
International Federation of Social Workers
International Foundation of Social Working
IFSW was founded in . Represents over half a million Social Workers in different countries. Promotes Social Work as a . It also promotes participation of social workers in and .
What are the Social Work Associations?
CASW, CASWE, IFSW, IASWE
CASW, CASWE, ISFW, IASSW
CASW, CASWE, IFSW, IASSW
CSAW, CAWES, ISFW, AISSW
What is the IASSW?
International Administration of Social Work Schooling
International Association of Social School Work
International Association of Schools of Social Work
International Administration of Schools of Social Work
Worldwide network of social work schools. Adheres to all UN declarations and conventions on . Respect for rights. Rights of the individual is the foundation of , and .
What are the Main Roles of Social Workers?
Enabler, Broker, Advocate, Initiator, Mediator, Negotiator, Activist, Educator, Coordinator, Researcher, Group Facilitator, Public Speaker
Enabler, Researcher, Public Speaker, Teacher, Shoulder to cry on, Guidance
Listener, Speaker, Teacher, Second Parent, Friend
Friend, Leader, Speaker, Teacher, Listener, Enabler, Broker, Advocate, Negotiator
What are the 6 core values of CASW's Code of Ethics?
Respect for Inherent Dignity & Worth of Persons
Pursuit of Social Justice
Service to Humanity
Humanity of Service
Confidentiality in Professional Practice
Competence in Professional Practice
Integrity of Professional Practice
Keeping Clients Secrets
Looking for Justice in Social Settings
What are the aspects of professional ethics?
Normative Standards, Aspirational Ethics, Prescriptive Ethics
Normal Standards, Aspiring Ethics, Prescription Ethics
Normal Settings, Administration Ethics, Prescribed Ethics
What are Normative Standards, Aspirational Ethics and Prescriptive Ethics?
NS - identify what the expected standard should be. AE - identify the principles that professionals should attempt to reach. PE - refer to behaviors to which professionals are held accountable to uphold.
NS - find what your standards are. AE - find rules that professionals should try reach. PE - figure out what behaviors you should uphold
NS - find what standards suit you. AE - Find a principle that you are able to reach. PE - What behaviors do you require
What does ISD stand for?
Integrational Services of Delivery
Integrated Service Delivery
Immigration Service Delivery
International Social Dispute
ISD provides and Services. Recognizes people have a variety of needs. Programs coordinate so all are met. Social workers act as managers and planners. based and focused model. Enables people to access varied services in one location.
What is the Ambiguity of Social Work?
Social Workers balance urgent and practical measures with difficult and political questions
Social Workers balance non-important measures with difficult and political questions
Policy & Regulations conflict with the best interests of the client
Balances one's beliefs, professional standards and agency rules can be difficult.
Ones beliefs should come first
Professional Standards and Agency Rules are not applicable.
Ethical Decision Making Instructions are 1- Identify the key ethical issues in the situation. 2- identify ethical guidelines. 3 - identify which guidelines are important and which are not.
What are some questions you may want to consider when making an Ethical Decision?
What are my feelings & intentions telling me to do?
How do my values inform my decision? Will they hinder or help?
How will my decision affect others?
How would I feel if the decision was made public?
What decision best defines who I am as a person?
What will others think of me?
Some employment opportunities in Social work would be: Health Services, Government Services, Children Services, Communities, Research and some Self-Employment
Some challenges in the future of Social Work may be cutbacks, graphicsization, /multiculturalism, practice, -based practice, and privatization.
What are some direct practices of Social Work?
Social work with individuals
Social work with families (groups)
Social work with communities
Social work with government
Social work with more than one person
Social work within cities
Social work with individuals is sometimes called Social Case Work
Social work with Groups (Families) focuses on improving relationship difficulties, and dealing with family crisis.
Social Work with communities is a group of people who share the same interests or a geographic space
Self Reflection helps individuals understand who they are and changes our views on others
What are the stages of the social work process?
Intake, Assessment and Planning, Intervention, Evaluation and Termination
Assessment, Intake & Planning, Intervention, Evaluation & Termination
Planning & Assessment, Intake, Intervention, Evaluation & Termination
Intake, Intervention, Assessment & Planning, Evaluation & Termination
Intake is the step taken by a worker. Service is requested by a or created. of client is taken. Determination is made regarding the to be provided. is made regarding the clients situation. Decision is made regarding if the can help or not.
Assessment and Planning - Social worker and client analyze what help is needed by .
Worker creates a .
Plan provides initial course of .
Plan is altered through a series of -- process.
. Worker & Client implement the assessment and plans.
Client shares regarding process in problem resolution.
Focuses on creating between the client & worker.
Evaluate rationale for actions chosen & determines if needs were met. Consider unexpected/expected results.
Clients are involved.
occurs when action plan is done & needs are met.
Records are organized & stored
Support must be in place before is over.
What are the Direct Practice Skills?
Developing an egalitarian relationship rather than an authoritarian relationship is part of Dialoguing Skills?
What are the Dialoguing Skills?
Being Open, Warm, Empathetic, Genuine, listening & speaking in a way which benefits a client, wide perspective to find issues, accepting attitude - nonjudgemental, looking at problem with sociological dimensions, draw out info & feelings, relate to clients & own emotions, develop a egalitarian rather than authoritarian relationship, silence is a part of dialogue.
Being warm, open, loving, caring, kind, real, listening
Giving out good advice, listening to what they have to say, being open minded and non judgemental, have a wide perspective, look at problems with sociological dimensions.
Qualities of a Helping Relationship - , ,
What is a Helping Relationship - Refers to a relationship between a & social worker.
Social work as Art & Science - Referred to as -Based Practice.
looks to for validation.
Social workers locate empirical studies for guidance.
Helps professionals move towards a more holistic & artistic understanding of a practice.
Choose the different kinds of groups
Self Help Groups - Do NOT have a Professional facilitator, might be , have a leader or they find a leader within the .
Educational Groups - Primary focus is on , may also have a aspect.
Support/Therapeutic Groups - Primary focus is on people dealing with specific problems.
Task Groups - Primary focus is to a specific mandate.
Social Action Groups - Focuses on broader issues.
What are the Group Dynamics?
Group Influence & Confornity
Group Dynamics - & between group members, members sense of and the degree to which a group its members.
What are the stages of Group Development?
Assessment and Planning
Termination and Evaluation
Forming Stage - Planning and Creating a group
should be defined
Determine , frequency, of meetings
takes active role in the structure & format of group
Ground rules are discussed &
Storming Stage - Conflict emerges within the group
Differences can lead to (in the purpose & member roles)
Members test & challenge of leader
Facilitator establishes for the group
Norming Stage - Roles are defined and trust begins
Group moves toward working on the objectives
Performing Stage - Works toward goals
trust & sense of with each other are visible
Group is strong
Members may work towards
May start disengaging from each other
Some may get about group ending
Evaluate group experience
What is the Adjourning Stage?
Conclusion of Group
The Group Continues on to achieve more goals
Conceive more goals for the group
The group is over and terminated
What are the group facilitation skills?
Focus on Process
Giving Information or Advice
Rothman's Model of Community Work - 1960s Jack Rothman summarized work into 3 types:
Saul Alinsky's approach to Community Activism - Approach is and strategic
organizing is a process of going to war
Battle power holders to a distribution of resources
Disdainful of approaches
Start where people are
Paulo Freire's approach to Community Mobilization - Starts with survey
organizer & members go through finding of a listening survey
Process of reflection-action-reflection called
Committed to people being empowered to create a social revolution
Women Centered & Feminist approaches to Community Work - women are key to their
Rely on decision making, leadership, & process
Geared to more - changes involving small groups of citizens coming together
Community Capacity Building - Builds upon & assets of a community
Communities should develop their own
Create a of resources
Map becomes a foundation from which community members work to further their assets
Community Work as Healing purpose - looks at building community as a healing practice
members draw on community & values as part of healing process
Often used by groups and spiritual communities
Useful in helping people internal obstacles to meaningful participation
What are the Phases of Community Work - by Bill-Lee
Contact & Engagement
Action Planning & Mobilization
Key activities of Child Welfare
Information is taken
Advice is given
What are some considerations when you are forming a group?
Group influence & conformity
Determine purpose of the group
What is a disadvantage of self-disclosure?
May be used within manipulation, also may think that you are the one that requires counselling.
May be used for your benefit
Your letting the client know your personal life
Free counselling for you. Yay!
Person-Centered Practice is client focused
What are some considerations when forming a group?
Purpose of group
All working towards same goal
Theoretical Orientation in Group Work involves: Cognitive, Behavior, Affective and Structural?
History of Child Welfare: Pre-Industrial Child Welfare , New Era in Child Welfare Legislation Modern Child Welfare Policy .
Pre-Industrial Child Welfare Pre 1890
The Orphans act
The guardianship act
Apprentices & Minors act
The Indian Act
Juvenille Delinquent Act
Child Protection Act
New Era in Child Welfare Legislation 1890-1940
Child Welfare Act
Associated Children's aid societies of Ontario
Act for the prevention of cruelty to children
Factory Act and regulation of shops act
The Toronto children's aid society incorporated
Modern Child Welfare Policy
Two options for Kin: Kinship service and kinship care
Shift from volunteer to PROFESSIONAL services
Group Homes were launched
What are some forms of Child Abuse?
Physical Abuse, Neglect, Sexual Abuse and Emotional Abuse
Domestic Abuse, Substance Abuse, Emotional Abuse, Neglect
Sexual Abuse, Physical Abuse, Substance Abuse, Domestic Abuse
Neglect, Sexual Abuse, Physical Abuse, Substance Abuse
In the Parliament replaced the young offenders act with the .
It emphasized rehabilitation and re-entry into .
Looked to transfer of youth to adult court
Lowered the age of presumption to
Attempted to lower the number of in prison
Emphasized alternative sentencing
The youth criminal justice act lowered the age of presumption to 16
The young offenders act was replaced with the youth criminal justice act in 2000
The youth criminal just act tried to increase the number of youth in prison
Who is Jack Rothman
Who is Saul Alinsky
Father of community organizing
Worked with aboriginal Canadians
Who is Paulo Freire
Contemporary Community Work
Begins With listening Survey
reflection and action called PRAXIS
Thought he was better than others