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Clinical and counseling psychology are in which sub-discipline of psychology?
A person who doubts a claim until he or she has made direct observations that provide adequate support for the claim would be referred to as a(n)
Which of the following best illustrates a subjective observation?
My waist measures 32 inches around
The pizza tastes great
My left foot is half a shoe size bigger than my right foot
All the above are equally subjective observations
Which of the following is a theory rather than a definition of a psychological concept?
Memory is the set of mental processes that allow us to retain information for a period of time
Schizophrenia is caused by abnormal development of the brain during early life, which results in abnormal brain activity in adulthood
A cognitive process is any mental process involved in knowing the world, such as those involved in memory and perception
A sensation is a set of biological processes involving the activity of sensory receptors and parts of the nervous system stimulated by those receptors
Which of the following is an example of a theory rather than an observation (or set of observations)?
People tend to yawn when they see someone else yawning
Yawning involves movements of many facial muscles
Yawning is caused by the need to increase brain activity
Which of the following is not one of the three functions of a scientific theory?
The theory allows us to organize our observations
The theory allows us to explain our observations
The theory allows us to predict future observations
The theory allows us to make current and future observations
In general, the main goal of scientific research is to
develop theoretical approaches
Alcoholism is associated with biological heredity (genes): children of alcoholics are more likely to develop alcoholism, even when they are brought up in adoptive families. Given this fact, would it be correct to conclude that alcoholism is caused solely by genes?
Yes: children of alcoholics are more likely to develop alcoholism
Yes: these studies show that family environment is not important
No: alcoholism is a mental disorder and must have mental causes
No: alcoholism has many causes, one of which is biological heredity
According to this Philosopher "Character and intelligence are inborn and inherited"
Which branch of psychology deals with the function of behavior on how a person adapts to its environment
Psychology is the study of
Intrinsic and Extrinsic factors
Emotion and Motivation
Phrenology and Philosophy
Mind and Behavior
A stimulus refers to
A sensory input from the environment
A sexual desire, or turn on
The amount of time it takes to respond to a sensation
The knowledge of a person's experiences
Sigmund Freud believed that unconscious mental processes help shape emotions, feeling, thoughts, and behaviors. This theory is now known as:
Second Order Conditioning
The word Psychology comes from Ancient Greece. "Psych" meaning _____ and "ology" meaning _____
Mind; To know
Life; To study
Soul; To study
_____ refers to the conceptual relation of a measurement and property, whereas _____ refers to tendency for the measurement to produce the same results if measured again