Psychology 101

Question 1 of 15

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Clinical and counseling psychology are in which sub-discipline of psychology?

Select one of the following:

  • academic psychology

  • professional psychology

  • experimental psychology

  • basic psychology

Question 2 of 15

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A person who doubts a claim until he or she has made direct observations that provide adequate support for the claim would be referred to as a(n)

Select one of the following:

  • skeptical determinist.

  • skeptical empiricist.

  • empirical naturalist.

  • empirical materialist.

Question 3 of 15

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Which of the following best illustrates a subjective observation?

Select one of the following:

  • My waist measures 32 inches around.

  • The pizza tastes great.

  • My left foot is half a shoe size bigger than my right foot.

  • All the above are equally subjective observations.

Question 4 of 15

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Which of the following is a theory rather than a definition of a psychological concept?

Select one of the following:

  • Memory is the set of mental processes that allow us to retain information for a period of time.

  • Schizophrenia is caused by abnormal development of the brain during early life, which results in abnormal brain activity in adulthood.

  • A cognitive process is any mental process involved in knowing the world, such as those involved in memory and perception.

  • A sensation is a set of biological processes involving the activity of sensory receptors and parts of the nervous system stimulated by those receptors.

Question 5 of 15

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Which of the following is an example of a theory rather than an observation (or set of observations)?

Select one of the following:

  • People tend to yawn when they see someone else yawning.

  • Yawning involves movements of many facial muscles.

  • Yawning is caused by the need to increase brain activity.

Question 6 of 15

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Which of the following is not one of the three functions of a scientific theory?

Select one of the following:

  • The theory allows us to organize our observations.

  • The theory allows us to explain our observations.

  • The theory allows us to predict future observations.

  • The theory allows us to make current and future observations.

Question 7 of 15

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In general, the main goal of scientific research is to

Select one of the following:

  • make observations.

  • develop theoretical approaches.

  • derive predictions.

  • test theories.

Question 8 of 15

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Alcoholism is associated with biological heredity (genes): children of alcoholics are more likely to develop alcoholism, even when they are brought up in adoptive families. Given this fact, would it be correct to conclude that alcoholism is caused solely by genes?

Select one of the following:

  • Yes: children of alcoholics are more likely to develop alcoholism.

  • Yes: these studies show that family environment is not important.

  • No: alcoholism is a mental disorder and must have mental causes.

  • No: alcoholism has many causes, one of which is biological heredity.

Question 9 of 15

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According to this Philosopher "Character and intelligence are inborn and inherited"

Select one of the following:

  • Aristotle

  • Socrates

  • Ptolemny

  • Plato

Question 10 of 15

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Which branch of psychology deals with the function of behavior on how a person adapts to its environment

Select one of the following:

  • Behaviorism

  • Gestalt

  • Functionalism

  • Structuralsim

Question 11 of 15

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Psychology is the study of

Select one of the following:

  • Intrinsic and Extrinsic factors

  • Emotion and Motivation

  • Phrenology and Philosophy

  • Mind and Behavior

Question 12 of 15

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A stimulus refers to

Select one of the following:

  • A sensory input from the environment

  • A sexual desire, or turn on

  • The amount of time it takes to respond to a sensation

  • The knowledge of a person's experiences

Question 13 of 15

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Sigmund Freud believed that unconscious mental processes help shape emotions, feeling, thoughts, and behaviors. This theory is now known as:

Select one of the following:

  • Hysteria

  • Second Order Conditioning

  • Psychoanalytic Theory

  • Subconscious

Question 14 of 15

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The word Psychology comes from Ancient Greece. "Psych" meaning _____ and "ology" meaning _____

Select one of the following:

  • Mind; Behavior

  • Mind; To know

  • Life; To study

  • Soul; To study

Question 15 of 15

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_____ refers to the conceptual relation of a measurement and property, whereas _____ refers to tendency for the measurement to produce the same results if measured again

Select one of the following:

  • Operability; Power

  • Power; Operability

  • Reliability; Validity

  • Validity; Reliability

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Psychology 101

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Quiz by , created about 1 year ago

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lorenzol.valdez
Created by lorenzol.valdez about 1 year ago
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