This dental specialty is primarily concerned with the guidance and correction of misaligned teeth?
This dental specialty is concerned with treating the oral conditions in children and adolescents?
This dental specialty primarily treats and diagnoses the diseases of the supporting and surrounding tissues of the teeth?
This dental specialty is primarily concerned with the restoration and replacement of missing teeth and oral structures?
This dental specialty is primarily concerned with the health of the dental pulp, involving root canal treatment?
what prerequisites are necessary for a candidate to apply to dental school (2)?
successfully passing CDA exam
completion of the DAT exam
Completion of one year of physics, chemistry, organic chemistry and biology
all of the above
Ethics in dentistry
all the above
The State Dental Practice Act include:
continuing education requirement
duties delegated to dental auxiliaries
guidelines infection control
guidelines expose dental radiographs
situations that would lead to suspension or revocation of dental license
Failure to deliver due care with patients
an act that a "reasonable and prudent professional" would not preform
This involves failure to act as a "reasonable and prudent professional" would act
Practices and techniques that the dental team can employ to decrease the likelihood of malpractice lawsuit (4):
obtaining informed consent
delivering high quality dentistry
Three dental chair positions
Used to illuminate the oral cavity
Removes debris and excess fluid from mouth
high volume evacuator
Provides suction needed for oral evacuation system
high volume evacuator
Catches debris from mouth via HVE and saliva ejector
Foot control that operates hand pieces
According to Universal Precautions, patients who report to having a bloodbourne disease are treated differently than other patients in respect to their infection
Written authorization given by a parent or guardian for a proposed dental treatment on a patient less than 18 years of age
What is the standard of moral principles and practices that a profession closely follows
code of ethics
the dental practice act
Which member of the dental team is responsible for maintaining the office schedules
Dental assistant are not legally permitted to perform sterilization procedures or take impressions
The dental laboratory technician is usually a member of the dental team
Space between the tooth and the free gingival
What are the collective fibers that suspend the tooth in the socket and support the gingival
What are the collective tissues that surround and support the teeth
What is the hardest tissue in the human body
What is another name for the cementoenamel juction
Three steps of instrument transfer:
The fulcrum is a point of reset on which the fingers are stabilzed
The assistant pass and receive instruments with the left hand when working with a right handed dentist?
What is the goal of efficient instrument transfer?
allow the operators eyes to remain focused on the oral cavity
to minimized movement of the operators hands
to facilitate the rapid completion of the dental procedure
The transfer zone is an area between the operator and the assistant where instruments are exchanged. It takes place in the area just below the patients nose, near the chin.
The HVE tip should be placed on the soft palate or back of the tongue to capture all fluid or debris
The most effective use of the air/water syringe is the air /water combination spray
Which bone contains the foremen magnum
What bones make up the forehead
The largest muscle of mastication
What is the pyramid shaped cavity in the body of the maxilla and the largest accessory sinus of the nose?
What is the connection between the mandibular and maxillary jaws?
What is the study of the cause of a disease, which helps to determine how the disease came about
What is the mucosa membrane that lines the oral cavity called?
Pattern of response of living organism to some form of injury
What is one of the most serious health problems that have faced the american people?
What may the pediatric dentist prescribe if the patients teeth show a high incidence of caries as a preventive treatment?
pit and fissures sealant
What is the material placed in the deepest part of the cavity preparation closest to the pulp where it stimulates the formation of secondary dentin?
what is also referred to dental alloy and is composed of silver alloy mixed with mercury?
pit and fissure sealant
what instrument in dentistry isolates the teeth away from the tongue and lips to keep a dry environment?
Used to remove water, saliva, blood, and debris. This system removes the need for the patient to sit up and empty his or her mouth
The low volume evacuator system, this flexible plastic tube is bendable to be placed where necessary
Emits air or water or combination of the two into a spray
It means the death of cells due to loss of blood supply, bacterial toxins or physical and chemical damage
Partial removal of vital pulp that lies within the crown of a tooth, leaving the root portion intact, therefore keep the root vital
Also known as root canal treatment, involves the surgical removal of the vital pulp from a tooth
What is the type of anesthesia that will cause loss of sensation confined to a localized area of the body?
Another name for a bridge is
removable partial denture
fixed partial denture
Teeth are prepared for crowns and bridges both circumferentially and occlusally to accommodate the thickness of the material used to fabricate the new prosthesis
Retraction cord is placed:
after the final impression
before the final impression
before preparing tooth
A pre-impression is taken by the assistant prior to tooth preparation
so the lab has to make a copy
to fabricate provisional crown
to send to the lab for a final impression
If the patient is experiencing sensitivity at the cementation appointment
patient must reschedule for a new appointment
the permanent crown will not fit
local anesthesia can be administered
This instrument is used to aid in locating canal orifices
Endodontic files and reamers are fabricated from:
stainless steel and nickel titanium alloy
These are placed on the reamers and files to mark the length of the root canal
This instrument is used to remove excess gutta percha from the coronal portion of the canal and to condense gutta percha into canal opening
Instruments enlarge and smoothen the canal, they are tapered and twisted, move in and out, up and down motion within the canal
During root canal treatment, this solution is used to remove debris and mill bacteria from the canal
absorbent paper points
Material used to obturate or fill the canal, is supplied in a cone shaped and various sizes
Used to dry the canals during root canal treatment, supplied in various sizes ranging from fine to coarse
The gray side of the film should be in clear view and the white side should be against the plastic support of the bite block.
Which landmark on the radiograph should be placed into the slot of the bite block?
When taking a periapical x-ray of this tooth, the film is gently pressed on the floor of the mouth
maxillary first molar
Due to the curvature of the maxillary arch, this tooth may overlap its neighbor in the exposed radiograph
When using a bitewing tab:
film is held at an angle to the teeth
the film is held horizontally
tab is placed off centered on the film
The two types of methods used to position bitewing radiographs are bitewing tabs and a positioning instruments
The maxillary periapical x-ray should reveal:
the distal of the cuspid and both premolars
none of the canine and both of the bicuspids
the anterior of the canine and both bicuspids
Which bone(s) make up the forehead and part of the orbits and the nasal cavity?
Which bone forms the largest portions of the roof and the sides of the skull?
Which bone contains the foreman magnum and the external occipital protuberance?
Which bones contain the glenoid fossa?
The floor of this sinus is sometimes perforated with the apices of some maxillary teeth.
This sinus is located behind the superciliary arch, just above the eyebrow
These numerous and thin walled cavities are located between the upper portions of the nasal sinuses and the orbits
anterior and middle ethmoid cells
which of the following are the symptoms of sinusitis
pain in the maxillary teeth
pain in sinuses
What opens into the superior meatus under the superior and nasal concha?
posterior ethmoid cells
The ramus is a portion of the mandible that is perpendicular to the body?
The portion of the mandible that fits into the glenoid fossa is called?
The portion of the mandible that is a thick ridge at the median line
Which muscle is a fan shaped and is the largest muscle of mastication?
Which muscle of mastication suspends the angle of the mandible in a sling and aids in articulation of the maxilla and mandible?
Which muscle of mastication has two heads and has an action of opening and protruding the jaw?
Which muscle of the mastication is the most superficial and has great power and contractibility?
Which part of the temporaomandibular joint is an oval depression in the temporal bone just anterior to the ear canal?
Which part of the temoromandibular joint is a raised portion of the temporal bone anterior to the glenoid fossa?
Which part of the temoromandibular joint is a disc that lies on the conyle and divides the space between the glenoid fossa and into two cavities?
Used to improve retention between tooth structure and composite restoration
A mechanical method of combining dental alloy and mercury
Amalgam comes in pre measured alloy capsules that must be activated then mixed using a special device
The most common use of glass ionomer cement
cementation of crowns
cementation of bridges
a and b
Which device is necessary when doing a Class II amalgam restoration
high speed hand piece
matrix band retainer
A curing light is necessary for curing amalgam but not composite resin
Limited to the area of the injury
Not limited to area of injury
immediate localized protective response of the body to physical injury on the invasion of pathologic organisms
A slow ongoing process that may lead to permanent tissue damage
The restoration of injured tissue to its original state
regeneration and repair
Stage l dental caries is small and confined to the enamel
Stage ll dental caries confined to the enamel but has passed the halfway point between the out tooth structure and the dentin
Stage lll caries the decay has passed the half point between the DEJ and the pulp
Not a blood infection, spread via the fecal/oral route usually through contaminated food or water
A serios disease that can lead to a prolonged illness including destruction of liver cells, cirrhosis of the liver and death. All dental profession are recommended to receive this vaccine
A chronic disease of the liver which can be transmitted via blood transfusion, contaminated needles, skin penetration or sexual contact
A blood borne disease that is a frequent confection with HVC
Not a blood borne disease, usually spread via fecal/oral route through contaminated food or water. This disease is commonly found as an epidemic in developing countries
A defective virus that cannot replicate itself without the presnce of HBV
A sharply circumscribed lesion filled with water
A shallow defect in the soft tissue caused by mechanical trauma
A defect that varies greatly in size and presents as a break in the continuity of the mucosa similar to a crater
A patch or flat area raised slightly from surrounding tissues
Similar to blister containing only blood
A localized collection of pus in a circumscribed area
An epithelial lined sac filled with fluid or semisolid material
Ectopic sebaceous gland
Grayish white opalescent patter of mucosa with a slightlywrinkled surface
The most common oral fungal infection
Also known as canker sores
A painless pedunculated growth that forms a cauliflower pattern
A rare inherited trait that presents as symmetrical white lesion
white spongy nevus
A term meaning "white patch" this lesion must be firmly attached to underlaying tissues
A condition where inflammation is not contained to a localized area and spreads throughout the soft tissues
A white patchy lesion characterized by a unique pattern of circles and lines called "wickhams striae"
A fold of mucous membrane connected at the median line
Two fleshy folds surrounding the teeth
Principal organ of taste and speech
Small fleshy body that is suspended from the glossopalaltine arch
The soft palate in a relaxed state that hangs in a curtain-like partition
Two masses located on both sides of the oral cavity between the glossopalatine and pharyngopalatine arches
The upper surface of the tongue
Thickly distributed over the anterior two thirds of the tongue they are "cone shaped"
Deep red in color and mushroom shaped and scattered irregularly through the upper surface of the tongue
Large in size and number from 8 to 12, located at the back of the tongue in a "V" shape
Divides tongue into symmetrical halves
This is the duct of the parotid gland and enters the mouth opposite the second maxillary molar
This is the duct of the submandibular gland and enters the mouth at the anterior base of the tongue on either side of the labial frenum
This is the gland is smallest of the major salivary glands and is located beneath the mucous membrane of the floor of the mouth
This is the largest gland of the major salivary glands and is located bilaterally in front of and below the ear
This is a mixed gland located on each side of the face beneath the lower jaw and is about a size of a walnut