Before the industrial revolution, about 30% of the world’s population was engaged in farming to keep itself and the other 70% of people from starving.
The invention of the flying shuttle by John Kay in 1733 dramatically increased the ______, which led to inventions like the Spinning Jenny and the water frame. (one answer)
speed of weaving
health of workers
output of farms
livelihood of farmers
Check all that apply as Eurocentric theories for the Industrial Revolution to occur.
Cultural superiority: theory holds that Europeans are just better and smarter than other people.
Culture of science and invention in Europe makes creation of revolutionary technologies possible.
Freer political institutions in Europe encouraged innovation and incentives for inventors.
Europe’s small population required labor-saving inventions.
Coal deposits in England created demand for energy
High wages in European countries
Its difficult to make a blanket statement that China was economically inferior to Europe because
they grew tea
they supported a large population
death defying leaps of faith
they had a culture of invention
To quote the historian Robert Allen: “Wages were ___ and energy was ___. These prices led directly to the industrial revolution by giving firms strong incentives to invent technologies that substituted capital and coal for labor.”
Indian agriculture had a large population of laborers could be supported at a very low cost, meaning that Indian textile manufacturing could be very productive without using machines.
Check all that apply for items created during the industrial revolution.
out of season fruit
life outside of farming
The Industrial Revolution began in in the mid century (1750s)