The New Era experienced a flourish in..
In the 1920s, all of this was happening EXCEPT:
US Government was fostering business growth.
Entertainment was becoming a big business industry.
The promotion of drinking and speak-easies was becoming poplar.
There was middle class expansion and new household technology.
After the drop in war production, there was a an economic high.
What was the Bailey vs Drexel Furniture Case?
Defined Child Labor Restrictions.
Supported Working Women
Restricted Strikes from factory workers
Defined Minimum wage laws
Did the Colorado Coal Company vs United Mine Workers case do?
Restricted strikes by factory workers.
Supported working women.
Defined Child Labor laws.
Defined minimum wage.
Coolidge supported Farmers.
How did Coolidge first become president?
President Harding dies.
Won Election by landslide.
Barely won election.
Warren G. Harding was:
said to have "Looked as a president ought to look"
"An abomination to the United States Government"
Warren G. Harding beat Democrats James M. Cox and Franklin D. Roosevelt in the election of 1920
Harding pushed a "Return to Normalcy". He supported Fed. Gov. taking a role in the economy and social reforms.
Andrew Mellon and Herbert Hoover were a part of Harding's cabinet.
Calvin Coolidge was known as "Silent Cal". He kept taxes down and business up.
Andrew Mellon was the most influential man in Coolidge's cabinet.
The amount of millionaires rose in the 1920s.
The Conference was a five power treaty that included the United States, . It called on countries to reduce fleets to a ratio.
US imports were at their lowest in 1922.
The Fordey-McCumber Tariff Act openly...
Supported foreign goods
Kept foreign goods out of American markets.
Raised taxes on Cuban cigars and Liquor.
Put taxes on specifically German Exports.
The Dawes/ Young Act...
Provided Loans to Germany.
Provided loans to all Allied Powers.
Limited diplomatic interaction with Germany.
Limited diplomatic interaction with all foreign countries for 2 years.
When the great depression hit...
The United States withheld its loans to Germany.
The US started interacting with foreign powers again.
The US stopped loaning money to all of it's Allies.
The US continued to sever themselves from Germany.
What was the fault in the Dawes Plan and Young Plan?
Countries were recycling money, and as a result, countries were not gaining anything out of the arrangement.
The Germans were not paying their loans, so all the money was going to Germany while other countries were left with nothing.
The US and Allies could not agree on how debts were paid resulting in an economical deadlock.
Their was no problem. Countries simply did not follow the plan.
The Kellogg-Briand pact was an agreement signed only by all major world powers and was an agreement that outlawed all war.
Indians suffered from poverty, but eventually gained US citizenship in 1924.
Check all reforms that occurred in 1920s:
Indians gained citizenship
Women gained equal pay
Gays/ Lesbians gained minuscule rights
Old Age Pensions
Purchasing power increases in the 1920s. Earnings decrease and cost of living becomes unstable.
A.Introduces ideas and methods that changed production, wages, work conditions, and daily.
B.Was a Social Rights Activist, paying African Americans just as much as Whites.
C.Created the Assembly Line.
D.All of the above.
E.Both A and C
F.Both A and B
Ford's Model T...
Became an affordable, standard car the was available to anyone of any class.
Was an all black automobile only available to people of the upper class.
The Automobile changed america by building highways, making easy transportation,and creating a boom in all other related industries (Wood, oil, insurance, etc.)
Suburbs were created when Automobiles gave people access to jobs further away from them.
Check all examples of Consumer Culture.
Save money for your families necessities.
Buy this electric spoon and impress your friends.
A business man suggests a steady investment in an upcoming company.
A door to door salesman offers an investment in a vacuum cleaner
Advertisers celebrate consumption of goods.
Bankers encourage opening bank account.
Magazine ads and radio ads emphasize american fears and desires to encourage consumerism.
Installment plans were using money from someone else (A credit card company) to buy something and reimbursing them in small, annual payments.
What was a Bull Market?
A period of raising stock prices.
A strong, stable market.
An illegal market where they sold "Bulls", or barrels of alcoholic drinks disguised as cattle feed.
A crashing Market.
Buying on Margin, or credit, was a form of a risky investment practice. Buyers would often take a gamble and buy stocks on margin.
Mark all that was true about the 20s.
America's wealth was poorly distributed.
Farm income declined during the decade.
Farmers suffered from growth and debt and falling farm prices.
Factories suffered a greater deal than farmers.
Farming was vastly popular in the 1920s.
Income for farmers was at its peak.
Many people were moving from cities to farmland since the land was becoming less occupied due to people finding refuge in the suburbs.
People of the ghettos began searching for better lives as farmhands.
Mark everything true about African Americans in the 1920s.
The UNIA's (United Negro Integration Association) Jamaican member Garvey was deported for demand of black pride and separatism.
The Majority of African Americans were urbanized.
The Great Migration of African Americans moving from farms to cities caused discrimination and violence in the north,.
W.E.B. Du Bois organized the first attempt to protest treatment of African Americans, the Niagara Movement.
Marcus Garvey Began the UNIA.
Marcus Garvey believed:
1. Blacks should go back to Africa
2. Black is Beautiful.
The NAACP attempted to change the way blacks were treated in courts.
Caused Race Riots in Chicago.
Although Gays and Lesbians gained some attention for the first time in the 1920s, they did not face discrimination.
Check the characteristics of Flappers.
Assertion of independence/ equality.
Smoking/ Drinking in public
Nativists put immigration quotas on the US, limiting immigrants.
The Sacco and Vanzetti case featured to Italians put on trial for being anarchists, and executed by electric chair. Historians now say that they were really put to trial for "Being Italian".
This in no way reflects the 1920s, and people at the time were generally accepting of immigrants, not including Asians and Hispanics.
Protestant religion begins to spread in the middle/ west of the country.
The KKK is a prime example of the country's attempts to welcome change.
The Scopes Trial...
Was more of a trial of Creationist against Modernists, with American Liberties Union backing Clarence Darrow's defence and William Jennings Bryant as prosecutor.
Was trial against Italians Sacco and Vanzetti, accusing the immigrants of being anarchists and conspiring against the government.
In the 20s, education became a larger financial burden and there was a major decline in students in schools across America. In an attempt to gain more students in the education system, there were more electives offered and the No Child Left Behind Program was put into place.
Check the truths of the Age of Play.
Commercial entertainment expanded in the US.
New things such as mahjong, crosswords, and the jitterbug became new.
Movies and sports became huge.
Babe Ruth Became a hero of the 1920s.
Politicians became more involved in American entertainment.
Check all that is true of the Age of Ballyhoo.
Time Magazine appeared in 1923.
Tabloids were becoming a thing of the past.
Radio ads became unpopular.
Charles Lindbergh was blown out of proportion during the age of Ballyhoo.
was caused by the 18th Amendment that went into affect on January 16, 1820
was caused by the 19th Amendment that went into affect on January 16, 1820
prohibited the sale, manufacturing, sale , and transportation of alcohol
Prevented/ prohibited the consumption of Alcohol
Made crime rates to go up
Caused major crime to begin to decline
Was followed religiously by the American people
Caused the creation of Speak-Easies
Made criminals like Al Capone become wealthy from bootlegging
Prohibition was repealed 1933 by the 21st Amendment.
The Harlem Renaissance:
Celebrated Black Culture
Was a time when Jazz Music was popular.
Rooted in black culture.
Had achievements in literature, music, drama and painting.
Was the first time whites began to somewhat except black culture.
Was a time of temporary cultural tolerance.
Hoover won the Presidential Election of 1928. He promoted business growth and his term ended in 1933.
On October 29th, towards the end of the 20s, stock prices drop and send the nation into a panic. The crash unleashes a massive, interrelated depression.
During the crash farmers earn enough to maintain demand, but factory workers are well off.
When stock prices dropped...
Brokers, Banks, Banks, Investors, and Businesses were ruined.
US-European economic links were burdened.
Bank defaults occured.
America suffered from under-consumtion in the late 1920s.