Which of the following is true?
Immunocompromised patients respond better than healthy individuals to immunisation
Live-attenuated vaccines are made up of modified microorganisms
Inactivated vaccines induce a faster immune response than live-attenuated vaccines
All vaccines do not require cold chain storage
Which of the following statements are true regarding inactivated vaccines?
They have a high possibility of inducing the disease
They can only be manufacture from viruses
They often require multiple booster shots following the initial administration
They can be dangerous, and should be avoided in immunocompromised patients
Which group of the highest risk population lack immune protection from inactivated polysaccharide vaccines?
Pregnant and breast feed women
Child under the age of 18
Elderly over the age of 65 years old
A DNA vaccine can be
Produced by using chromosomal DNA derived from bacteria
Administered for clinical use in humans
A potential form of drug therapy when combined with other vaccines
Harmful and possibly cause virulence
The pivotal step in producing a live vaccine involves making the pathogen ___________?
Which of the following is NOT a disadvantage of live attenuated vaccinations (LAVs)?
They are heat labile so must have adequate cold chain storage conditions, meaning they are not ideal for developing countries
It is contraindicated in immunodeficient individuals
Multiple booster vaccinations are required to achieve protective antibody levels
There is a rare possibility it can revert back to the virulent strain of the pathogen
Which of the following statements with regards to pharmacists' role in vaccination is INCORRECT?
Pharmacists are allowed to administer any vaccinations directly to the public
Pharmacists host vaccination services in collaboration with nurses or doctors administering vaccination
Pharmacists are responsible in dispensing, distributing vaccines and cold chain management
Pharmacists can deliver information such as recommending vaccines, appropriate timing of vaccination and its benefits to patients
Mrs Smith is the regular customer of your community pharmacy. She comes into your pharmacy with a prescription for Influvac (influenza) vaccine. She tells you that she is 3 months pregnant and asks your advice whether it is safe for her to take the vaccine. What would you tell her?
Ask her to go back to the doctor to change to another brand of Influenza vaccine because Influvac is not suitable for pregnant women
Dispense the vaccine and reassure her that influenza vaccine is safe for pregnant women
Hold on to the prescription because the influenza vaccine is not suitable for her
Tell her that the vaccine is not required for pregnant women and it may even bring harmful effects to the infant
Which of the following statements are correct?
Thiomersal contains a form of mercury known as methyl mercury
Ethyl mercury is cleared more quickly and is less likely to accumulate in the body
Thiomersal is dangerous and can cause serious neurological effects when exposed to young children
Thiomersal is used as an active ingredient in vaccines
Controversy regarding vaccination of children is that vaccines can cause children to be more prone to allergic reactions. The primary biological mechanism which fosters the belief that vaccines increase the risk of developing allergies is known as...?
They hygiene hypothesis
IgE suppressor pathway
The vaccine hypothesis
The allergy prone pathway
A now discredited paper which was published in the Lancet claimed which vaccine led to autism?
Measles, mumps and rubella
Diphtheria, tetanus and pertussis
Which of the following regarding childhood immunisation is correct?
The first hepatitis vaccine is administered at 2 months of age
Prior chickenpox infection is a contraindication to chickenpox vaccination
Diphtheria, pertussis and tetanus vaccine is administered at 2 months, 4 months, 6 months, 4 years and at 12-16 years
Hepatitis A vaccine is routinely administered in children at the age of 2 months, 4 months, 6 months