What is the term used when referring to cognition?
'higher' mental processes
process by which we 'analyse'
Two cognitive processes are sensation and perception?
What is sensation?
A physiological process involving sensory receptors detecting and responding to the presence of stimuli. Anything which is experienced through the senses.
The mental process of organizing and interpreting sensory stimuli sent form the senses so it achieves a meaningful form.
The stages of visual perception are:
What are gestalt principles?
Figure ground, closure, similarity and proximity
Figure ground, closure, distance and proximity
Monocular cues include linear perspective, interposition, texture gradient, relative size and height in the visual field.
Visual constancies are our exposure to stimuli
Psychological factors that effect perception
Past experiences, context, motivation/emotional state, culture, suggestion and instruction
Whether one attends with divided or selective attention
Selective attention is attending to certain stimuli while ignoring others
Divided attention is a concentration of mental activity that involves focusing on specific stimuli and ignoring other stimuli
A visual illusion in which two lines of equal length – one capped with inward pointing arrowheads, the other capped with outward pointing arrowheads ar perceived as being different lengths.
An illusion caused by an intentionally disorted room, viewed through a peephole, disrupting perceptual constancies and misleading the viewer to perceive people changing size (Shrinking or growing) as they cross the floor from one corner of the room to the corner diagonally opposite.
An illusion where two horizontal lines of equal length are drawn inside two converging lines, but the line in the narrower section of the converging lines.