perception unit 2

Question 1 of 116

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Imperfect brain-eye coordination, or a different map in the brain than on the retina, is called what?
(Clue: The pattern of neural firing that lets you find the bathroom at night)

Select one of the following:

  • spatial maps

  • attentional maps

  • retinal maps

  • neural-optic maps

Question 2 of 116

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The aperture problem is offset by what?

Select one of the following:

  • both signals from the parietal lobe and overlapping columns in the brain

  • overlapping columns in the brain

  • signals from the parietal lobe

  • both signals from the occipital lobe and overlapping columns in the brain

Question 3 of 116

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What is it called, when an image is not on the horoptor?

Select one of the following:

  • visual saccades

  • peripheral vision

  • absolute disparity

  • steriopsis

Question 4 of 116

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Direct foveal focus on an attended object is what?

Select one of the following:

  • fixation

  • overt attention

  • attention

  • covert attention

Question 5 of 116

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This questions how we perceive individual features:

Select one of the following:

  • feature integration theory

  • aperture problem

  • binding problem

  • coherence

Question 6 of 116

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Where is the landmark area of the brain?

Select one of the following:

  • parietal region

  • right parahyppocampal gyrus

  • mid temporal lobe

  • occipital lobe

Question 7 of 116

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How objects are analyzed into separate features:
ie. the red ball is: red, round

Select one of the following:

  • feature integration theory

  • binding

  • pre-attentive stage

  • aperture

Question 8 of 116

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What things comprise attention

Select one of the following:

  • accomodation & convergence

  • adjustment & convergence

  • visual scanning & fixation

  • concentration & fixation

Question 9 of 116

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Neurons that respond when you engage in a behavior or see someone engaged in a behavior are what?

Select one of the following:

  • visual dominant mirror neurons

  • motor dominant parietal neurons

  • visual dominant motor neurons

  • mirror neurons

Question 10 of 116

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Where are mirror neurons located?

Select one of the following:

  • in the parietal region

  • in the pre-frontal cortex

  • in the occipital lobe

  • in the pre-motor cortex

Question 11 of 116

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This refers to the physical properties of whatever a person is looking at, things that make an object come into focus (such as color, contrast, lines, etc.)

Select one of the following:

  • stimulus salience

  • salience

  • attentional capture

  • attentional detail

Question 12 of 116

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What kind of processing does stimulus salience use?

Select one of the following:

  • Neural processing

  • Bottom-up processing

  • Top-down processing

  • Knowledge-based processing

Question 13 of 116

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How much a task requires from a person's capacity is what? Difficult tasks require more of this:

Select one of the following:

  • load capacity

  • capacity load

  • perceptual load

  • perceptual capacity

Question 14 of 116

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Structures created by the surfaces, textures, and the contours of the environment are?

Select one of the following:

  • stimulus

  • optic array

  • texture gradient

  • salient

Question 15 of 116

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Theory that there is a part of the brain that receives and compares both image displacement signals and corollary discharge signals:

Select one of the following:

  • figure-integration theory

  • comparison theory

  • figure-comparison theory

  • comparator theory

Question 16 of 116

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Specialized neurons that link specific sights and sounds are:

Select one of the following:

  • audiovisual neurons

  • audiovisual mirror neurons

  • parietal neurons

  • mirror neurons

Question 17 of 116

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Where do people focus when going around curves?

Select one of the following:

  • on the focus of expansion

  • on the destination

  • on the arch of the curve

  • on the road

Question 18 of 116

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That when you stare at something for long enough and then look away, you will still see it is called what?

Select one of the following:

  • mirroring

  • after-images

  • after-effects

  • local disturbances of the optic array

Question 19 of 116

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As you move and things are uncovered, what is it called?
What is it called when you move and things are covered?

Select one of the following:

  • accretion, deletion

  • steriopsis, horopsis

  • deletion, accretion

  • local disturbances of the optic array

Question 20 of 116

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What are local disturbances of the optic array?

Select one of the following:

  • when things are coming at you they appear to shrink and move together, and when things are going away from you they appear to grow and expand

  • when things that are coming at you they appear to grow and expand, and when things are going away from you they appear to shrink and move together

  • things that get your attention to a specific location

  • that as you move, stationary background objects are uncovered and covered

Question 21 of 116

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What gets your attention to a specific location?

Select one of the following:

  • spatial attention

  • stimulus salience

  • scene schemas

  • scene statistics

Question 22 of 116

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that identifying information in the retinal image is correlated to the depth of a scene is called:

Select one of the following:

  • invarient information

  • identifying information

  • scene maps

  • cue approach to depth perception

Question 23 of 116

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the aperture problem is what?

Select one of the following:

  • when you cannot perceive motion causing things to appear strobe like

  • when you feel like everything is moving even when it is not

  • when you cannot tell if something is moving or not

  • when you cannot tell the depth of something

Question 24 of 116

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When movement depicted in a still photo appears to continue to move in one's mind it is called:

Select one of the following:

  • representational momentum

  • induced motion

  • relational momentum

  • illusory motion

Question 25 of 116

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Where does an image appear if it does not appear on the horoptor?

Select one of the following:

  • in the sterioptor

  • in the fovea

  • in the focus of expansion

  • in the periphery

Question 26 of 116

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What is the pattern of neural firing that allows you to find the potty on the blackest of nights?

Select one of the following:

  • retinal mapping

  • attentional mapping

  • spatial mapping

  • area mapping

Question 27 of 116

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What part of the brain does attentional mapping deal with?

Select one of the following:

  • the parietal region

  • the superior temporal sulcrus

  • the right parahippocampal gyrus

  • mid temporal sulcrus

Question 28 of 116

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of all the things in the world, what we focus on in a given moment is called what?

Select one of the following:

  • attention

  • fixation

  • attentional capture

  • stimulus salience

Question 29 of 116

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occular motor cues work with

Select one of the following:

  • adjustment & convergence

  • accomodation & convergence

  • accomodation & fixation

  • attention & fixation

Question 30 of 116

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How do comic books allow you to visualize the story moving?

Select one of the following:

  • relational momentum

  • relational movement

  • representational movement

  • representational momentum

Question 31 of 116

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where is the memory place in the brain?

Select one of the following:

  • the pre-motor cortex

  • the pre-frontal cortex

  • the right parahippocampal gyrus

  • the parahippocampal area

Question 32 of 116

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information we gather from objects that suggest how they might be used are called what?

Select one of the following:

  • accomodations

  • visual cues

  • invarient information

  • affordances

Question 33 of 116

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That the longer you stare at a color, the duller it looks is called what?

Select one of the following:

  • chromatic adaptation

  • color adaptation

  • chromatic adjustment

  • color adjustment

Question 34 of 116

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How the eye's lens changes its shape to look at different objects or distances is called what?

Select one of the following:

  • adjustment

  • affordance

  • accomodation

  • adaptation

Question 35 of 116

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The area of maximum neural firings on the brain, that can expand and contract depending on what we need to focus on, is called what?

Select one of the following:

  • right parahippocampal gyrus

  • pre-frontal cortex

  • representational maps

  • receptive field maps

Question 36 of 116

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Attention is voluntary

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 37 of 116

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Where is the Human Navigation Network?

Select one of the following:

  • the right parahippocampal gyrus and the parietal lobe

  • the right hippocampus and the parietal lobe

  • the right parahippocampal gyrus and the occipital lobe

  • the right hippocampus and the occiptial lobe

Question 38 of 116

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What does the medial superior temporal area respond to?

Select one of the following:

  • vertical or horizontal movement

  • gradient flow

  • invarient information

  • rightward or leftward movement

Question 39 of 116

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What area of the brain responds to optic flow areas?

Select one of the following:

  • the parietal lobe

  • the occipital lobe

  • the medial superior temporal area

  • the pre-motor cortex

Question 40 of 116

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stereoscopic depth perception occurs with what?

Select one of the following:

  • movement

  • when images are on perfectly symmetrical corresponding points in both eyes

  • horopsis

  • when there is optic ataxia on both eyes

Question 41 of 116

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theory that cells further down behind the retina work in an opposite manner

Select one of the following:

  • opponent process theory

  • opposing theory

  • figure-ground theory

  • feature integration theory

Question 42 of 116

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The way a baseball player can move himself to catch a ball on a curve is an example of what?

Select one of the following:

  • visual saccades

  • motor saccades

  • mirror saccades

  • movement saccades

Question 43 of 116

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J.J. Gibson found that traditional cues for depth did not adequately explain what?

Select one of the following:

  • how pilots could find the runway

  • how pilots can land planes on the runway

  • how pilots could judge their positions relative to the runway

  • how pilots could know when to land on the runway

Question 44 of 116

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The area of the brain that helps people reach and grasp for things is called what?

Select one of the following:

  • occipital region

  • occipital reach region

  • parietal region

  • parietal reach region

Question 45 of 116

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What kind of cue cannot be represented in a laboratory condition?

Select one of the following:

  • visual

  • motor

  • movement

  • audiovisual

Question 46 of 116

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a small area in the center of the the human retina containing only cone receptors is called:

Select one of the following:

  • retinal maps

  • the cornea

  • the fovea

  • the horoptor

Question 47 of 116

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where/how things tend to go in the unfolding of an event is called:

Select one of the following:

  • scene statistics

  • scene schemas

  • statistical scene

  • statistical schema

Question 48 of 116

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How quickly do the eyes move?

Select one of the following:

  • approximately 5x per second

  • approximately 3x per second

  • approximately 4x per second

  • approximately 8x per second

Question 49 of 116

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What is it called when you look at an object for 30-60 seconds, and it appears to move

Select one of the following:

  • after effects

  • motion after effects

  • induced motion

  • apparent motion

Question 50 of 116

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perception of movement as a cue, related to something else, is called what?

Select one of the following:

  • gradient flow

  • induced motion

  • apparent motion

  • optic flow

Question 51 of 116

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when people go colorblind due to brain damage it is called:

Select one of the following:

  • optic ataxia

  • cerebral ataxia

  • cerebral achromatopsia

  • chromatic ataxia

Question 52 of 116

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what experiment demonstrated trichromatic theory?

Select one of the following:

  • where people were shown shapes that moved around a box a certain way, and then attributed emotional states to them

  • where people were shown 3 different colors, and had to replicate them by turning dials on a box

  • where people were shown different colors, and had to replicate them by turning 3 colored dials on a box

  • where people are shown different colors moving around a box, and had to replicate them with the colors.

Question 53 of 116

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when you don't see something long enough to figure out why it bugs you, it is called what?

Select one of the following:

  • subliminal perception

  • subliminal messaging

  • subliminal statistics

  • peripheral messaging

Question 54 of 116

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Light-from-above-assumption uses bottom- up processing

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 55 of 116

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scene schemas use top down processing

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 56 of 116

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Theory that cells further down behind the retina work in an opposite manner is called?

Select one of the following:

  • transposing

  • opposite process theory

  • opponent process theory

  • columns

Question 57 of 116

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When equally spaced objects appear closer together on the horizon it is called:

Select one of the following:

  • texture gradient or perspective convergence

  • occular convergence

  • gradient flow or optic flow

  • visual angles

Question 58 of 116

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What does opponent process theory cause?

Select one of the following:

  • after effects

  • after images

  • contrast

  • intensity

Question 59 of 116

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rate and lack of flow are cues that help us comprehend what?

Select one of the following:

  • distance

  • objects

  • movement

  • speed

Question 60 of 116

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If all your cones function, you are a what?

Select one of the following:

  • trichromat

  • dichromat

  • monochromat

  • tetrachromat

Question 61 of 116

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Blue and yellow pigment make what, why?

Select one of the following:

  • white, because blue pigments have short wavelengths and yellow pigments have medium and long wavelengths, and pigments are additive

  • white, because blue pigments have short wavelengths and yellow pigments have medium and long wavelengths, and pigments are subtractive

  • green, because blue pigments have short wavelengths and yellow pigments have medium and long wavelengths, and pigments are subtractive

  • green, because blue pigments have short wavelengths and yellow pigments have medium and long wavelengths, and pigments are additive

Question 62 of 116

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what kind of wavelength is white?

Select one of the following:

  • short medium and long

  • medium and long

  • short and medium

  • long

Question 63 of 116

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What wavelengths are red, yellow, green and blue?

Select one of the following:

  • red is short, yellow is short and medium, green is medium, blue is long

  • yellow is short, red is short and medium, blue is medium, green is long

  • green is short, blue is short and medium, red is medium, yellow is long

  • blue is short, yellow is short and medium, green is medium, red is long

Question 64 of 116

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communicates size and distance, something between two points relative to observes eyes

Select one of the following:

  • size constancy

  • size consistency

  • visual angles

  • visual saccades

Question 65 of 116

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what gets you prepared for a visual cue?

Select one of the following:

  • pre-cuing procedure

  • visual saccade

  • occular pre-cue

  • pre-cuing phase

Question 66 of 116

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What kind of attention is the most effective?

Select one of the following:

  • direct attention

  • foveal attention

  • focal attention

  • overt attention

Question 67 of 116

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damage to the parietal area of the brain causes what?

Select one of the following:

  • occular ataxia

  • optic ataxia

  • occular achromatosis

  • parietal ataxia

Question 68 of 116

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What part of our brain judges spatial location?

Select one of the following:

  • mid superior temporal area

  • superior temporal sulcrus

  • parietal area

  • pre frontal cortex

Question 69 of 116

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that when you see color under one type of light, it will still appear the same color under another type of light, is called?

Select one of the following:

  • chromatic consistency

  • chromatic constancy

  • color constancy

  • color consistency

Question 70 of 116

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what is selective reflection?

Select one of the following:

  • where some colors are absorbed into a substance or object that is translucent, and other colors pass through

  • where some colors are absorbed into a substance or object that is opaque, and other colors pass through

  • where some colors are absorbed into a substance or object that is translucent, and others colors are reflected

  • where some colors are absorbed into a substance or object that is opaque, and other colors are reflected

Question 71 of 116

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signals sent from the brain to the eye muscles to follow motion are called?

Select one of the following:

  • motor signals

  • motion signals

  • corollary discharge signals

  • image displacement signals

Question 72 of 116

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that distant objects appear less focused and bluish is:

Select one of the following:

  • spatial scene

  • atmospheric stimulus

  • atmospheric pressure

  • size constancy

Question 73 of 116

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relative height and positioning are examples of....?

Select one of the following:

  • spatial cues

  • mononocular cues

  • spatial scenes

  • occular cues

Question 74 of 116

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What is optic ataxia?

Select one of the following:

  • when people have trouble pinpointing where a visual stimulus is

  • when people cannot perceive motion

  • when people feel motion where there is none

  • when people cannot see color

Question 75 of 116

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when something is partially hidden, it is what?

Select one of the following:

  • accreded

  • occluded

  • deleted

  • recceded

Question 76 of 116

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what is the line called that goes along the visual field where everything can be seen perfectly with both eyes?

Select one of the following:

  • horizon

  • stereoptor

  • horoptor

  • periphery

Question 77 of 116

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why do researchers not believe there is a color center in the brain?

Select one of the following:

  • because they know it is in the eyes

  • because they know color requires signals from all over the brain

  • because they know it is in the occular region as well as in the pre frontal cortex, which is more than one region of the brain

  • that is false, they do believe there is a color center in the brain

Question 78 of 116

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what is blindness to motion called?

Select one of the following:

  • achromatosis

  • akinotopsia

  • achromatopsia

  • chromatic akinotopsia

Question 79 of 116

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the closer you are to an object the .... it appears, and the farther away you are from an object the .... it appears.

Select one of the following:

  • faster, slower

  • slower, faster

  • smaller, larger

  • blurrier, clearer

Question 80 of 116

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there is flow at the destination point, or straight ahead on the horizon

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 81 of 116

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that proportions stay relatively the same

Select one of the following:

  • visual saccades

  • motor saccades

  • size constancy

  • size consistency

Question 82 of 116

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what is stereopsis?

Select one of the following:

  • the disparity from the horopsis

  • how things are mirrored in opposing parts of each eye

  • how things are mirrored in identical parts of each eye

  • where something falls on the horoptor line

Question 83 of 116

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the absence of flow at the destination point, or straight ahead on the horizon, is what?

Select one of the following:

  • gradient flow

  • focal point

  • foveal point

  • focus of expansion

Question 84 of 116

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the distance in speed that occurs based on the location one is from something is called what?

Select one of the following:

  • optic flow

  • gradient flow

  • movement

  • visual disparity

Question 85 of 116

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data gathered based on what doesn't move or change, that things proportionally stay the same, is what?

Select one of the following:

  • invarient stimuli

  • motor saccades

  • invarient information

  • stimulus salience

Question 86 of 116

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what is the spectrum of visible light to humans?

Select one of the following:

  • 400-1400 nm

  • 200-700 nm

  • 400-700 nm

  • 700-1400 nm

Question 87 of 116

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approximately how many colors can most humans perceive?

Select one of the following:

  • 200

  • 700

  • 300

  • 400

Question 88 of 116

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humans cannot describe the complete spectrum of colors without what "pure" colors?

Select one of the following:

  • red, yellow, blue, white

  • red, yellow, blue, green

  • red, yellow, blue, black

  • red, yellow, blue

Question 89 of 116

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movement specific to living creatures is called?

Select one of the following:

  • organic motion

  • organic movement

  • biological motion

  • biological movement

Question 90 of 116

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when white is taken away from a color, it is called what?

Select one of the following:

  • saturation

  • intensity

  • desaturation

  • denaturation

Question 91 of 116

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what are achromatic colors?

Select one of the following:

  • grey, white, black, red

  • yellow, blue, red, green

  • yellow, blue, red

  • grey, white, black

Question 92 of 116

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with what type of color is there no selective reflection?

Select one of the following:

  • black

  • achromatic color

  • chromatic color

  • red

Question 93 of 116

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a neural circuit that helps detect motion is called what?

Select one of the following:

  • reichardt circuit

  • motion circuit

  • reichardt detector

  • motor detector

Question 94 of 116

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these use excitatory and inhibitory-ness to help us see colors sharply:

Select one of the following:

  • visual dominant parietal neurons

  • contrasting colors

  • opponent neurons

  • mirror neurons

Question 95 of 116

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copy of motor signals that is sent to the cortex to make the person aware they are moving are:

Select one of the following:

  • corollary discharge signals

  • corollary displacement signals

  • image displacement signals

  • image discharge signals

Question 96 of 116

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information sent to the brain about an image moving around on the retina is:

Select one of the following:

  • image displacement signal

  • image discharge signal

  • invarient information

  • corollary discharge signal

Question 97 of 116

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neurons that help us look around and get to things are

Select one of the following:

  • parietal motor dominant neurons

  • motor dominant parietal neurons

  • motor neurons

  • parietal neurons

Question 98 of 116

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Perception of movement cannot be explained by what is happening on the retina alone

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 99 of 116

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The two ends of the visual light spectrum are?

Select one of the following:

  • 400-430 (red) to 650-700 (violet)

  • 400-450 (violet) to 630-700 (red)

  • 400-450 (red) to 630-700 (violet)

  • 400-430 (violet) to 650-700 (red)

Question 100 of 116

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the degree to which things move in the same direction is?

Select one of the following:

  • coherence

  • constancy

  • consistency

  • collusion

Question 101 of 116

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what part of the bran does the shortest path constraint activate?

Select one of the following:

  • motor dominant parietal cortex

  • motor cortex

  • parietal cortex

  • parietal reach region

Question 102 of 116

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refers to the idea a person has a certain capacity for a task

Select one of the following:

  • perceptual capacity

  • perceptual load

  • perceptual identity

  • perceptual reality

Question 103 of 116

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Damage to the corollary discharge signals causes someone to be unable to perceive movement

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 104 of 116

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inability to judge distances due to damage to the visual and motor dominant neurons is what?

Select one of the following:

  • occipital ataxia

  • ocular ataxia

  • parahippocampal ataxia

  • hippocampal ataxia

Question 105 of 116

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how an object's individual features become bound together is?

Select one of the following:

  • binding

  • aperture

  • binding problem

  • aperture problem

Question 106 of 116

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attentional capture uses bottom-down processing

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 107 of 116

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constant, jerky movements of the eye are:

Select one of the following:

  • visual saccades

  • motor saccades

  • visual motion

  • occular spasms

Question 108 of 116

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the part of the brain that activates when viewing biological motion is?

Select one of the following:

  • superior temporal sulcrus

  • mid superior temporal area

  • parietal region

  • pre-frontal cortex

Question 109 of 116

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Real Motion Neurons respond when the eye is still, not when it is moving

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 110 of 116

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Visual saccades help a baseball player catch a ball on a curve

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 111 of 116

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constant physical adjustments relying on flow information to maintain position are called motor saccades

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 112 of 116

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failure to realize change in a scene, generally because it does have some continuities, is called

Select one of the following:

  • invarient blindness

  • inattentional blindness

  • change blindness

  • invarient inattention

Question 113 of 116

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how things that are not moving may appear to move, like how alternating lights on a sign may make an arrow appear to move forward

Select one of the following:

  • actual motion

  • apparent motion

  • illusory motion

  • induced motion

Question 114 of 116

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when the motion of one object makes another nearby object that is not moving appear to move, it is called:

Select one of the following:

  • actual motion

  • apparent motion

  • induced motion

  • illusory motion

Question 115 of 116

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theory that we move from pieces to wholes when viewing an object or scene, which is why eyewitness testimony can get messed up

Select one of the following:

  • apparent combination

  • aperture

  • binding

  • illusory conjuctions

Question 116 of 116

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how me move around actively and collect data from our environment to interpret it is called?

Select one of the following:

  • invarient information

  • visual angles

  • comparator theory

  • ecological approach

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perception unit 2

Jenny Kahn
Quiz by , created about 1 year ago

my personal practice exam i made for my perception midterm, based off class notes

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Jenny Kahn
Created by Jenny Kahn about 1 year ago
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