Characteristics of a living thing(Great grandma Mary remembers rock n roll
get and use energy
grow and develop
respond to the environment
made of cells
A Vascular plant contains...
tissue that moves water, minerals and food though the plant
tissue that digets food
A non vascular plant conatins...
simple low land plants
no true stems
high above ground needs lots of light
lives in mosit places
Gymnosperms are flower bearing plants, like maple trees and violets
Angiosperm plants are cone-bearing, such as pine trees
Leaves are thin and flat
made of vascular tissue
don't exist in plants
move carbon dioxide though plant
bring water in leaf
being minerals in leaf
prevents heat loss
prevents water loss
only on lower epidermis
on both lower and upper epidermis
are the sight of photosythesis
pores in the leaves
allow gases to enter and leave the plant
soak up water
Guard Cells help...
change shape to open and close stomata
regulate plant water level
take in oxygen
Function of a leaf
leaves make food for the plant
leaves relase water in to the atomosphere
Herbaceous stems are...
soft and flexiable
hard and woody
small and fragile
Woody stems are...
hard and stiff
tall and narrow
made of wood
Xylem carris food upward form the roots to the leaves
Phlom carries food down from the leaves to the stem, roots and developing fruit
Stems fuctions are to....
support the leaves and roots, transport food and water between roots and leaves, stores food
hold xylem and phloem tissue
Stems grow in width and length
Stems grow from the tops
Taproots have one rootoot
Fibrous have one root
The functions of roots are...
to keep that plants in the ground
absorb water and minerals
The roots have root hairs
The process the roots use is diffusions
What is a flower?
a modified stem that contains reproductive organs/structures which are covered by specialized leaves called petal
a nice smell on the flower to attract humans
perfect flowers contain...
both male and female parts
only male or female parts
The male part of a flower is called...
What does the stamen contain?
sperm nuclei or pollen
The flower may have more than 1 stamen or pistil
The female part is called...
The female part produces pollen
Imperfect flowers contain...
either male or female parts but not both
Pollination is the transfer of pollen from the stamen or anther to the pistil or stigma.
Cross Pollination is...
when pollen is carried from one anther of one flower to the stigma of another flower
when a stigma receives pollen from the anther of the same flower
Self Pollination is...
Pollination occurs by...
Fertilazation is the uniting sperm and egg cells
A fertilized egg becomes a...
The ovary enlarges and becomes a...
Soil is made up of...
What does soil provide for the plant?
take in the air
hold air, nutrients and water
Soil with fine particles has a _______ water holding capacity than with coarse particles.
Humus is organic material resulting from the decay of dead plantsand animals
Topsoil is made of sand clay and silt
What is subsoil made of?
clay and some sand
Osmosis is the movement of water from a high concentration to a low concentration across a semipermeable membrane
What is the life cycle of a plant?
sprout, germinate, grow, pollination, fertilization, dispersal of seeds
fruit, flower, dispersal of seeds, germinate, grow, pollination
What flowers use the wind as pollination?
flowers aren't color, no nectar, no scents, large stigma and anthers, lots of pollen
bright red color, strong scent, very little necter
What flowers are pollinated by birds?
bright red color, large sturdy flowers, large pools of nectar, long anther and stigma
sticky pollen, no scent, no nectar
What flowers are pollinated by bees?
strong scent, one large petal for landing pad, sticky pollen
bright color, long anthers, big ovary, no scent
strong scent, white color, small petals
What flowers are pollinated by flies
not very intersetinng
very little nectar
smell like rotting materials
What is it called when pollen is moved from anthers to sigima?
After pollen lands on the stigma, a ______________ ________ grows though the style to the ovale within the in ovary.
What goes through the stomata and vascular system?
What do the chloroplast do?
What does photosynthesis create?
Oxygen goes out through the stoma.
Sugar turns into resperation
Respiration omits oxygen
Cellular resperation turns into energy
What goes out through the stomata?