3082 MCQs L2

Question 1 of 12

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What were the main findings of the Weck et al. study investigating the efficacy of treatment for hypochondriasis?

Select one of the following:

  • Both Cognitive Therapy and Exposure Therapy were more effective than WLT. Anxiety was only significantly reduced by Exposure Therapy.

  • Exposure Therapy was more effective than either Cognitive Therapy or WLT. Depression was only significantly reduced by Exposure Therapy.

  • Both Cognitive Therapy and Exposure Therapy were more effective than WLT.

  • Both Cognitive Therapy and Exposure Therapy were marginally more effective than WLC.

Question 2 of 12

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What type of designs are used for the majority of clinical treatments?

Select one of the following:

  • A-B-A

  • A-B

  • Alternate/reversal design (A-B-A-B)

  • Multiple-baseline designs

Question 3 of 12

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A number of patients receive a treatment program, but half of them will receive the treatments in opposite order. What kind of design is this?

Select one of the following:

  • Clinical evaluation design

  • Case series with cross over

  • Crossed-series design

  • Efficacy study design

Question 4 of 12

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What type of experimental design would be used for assessment of 'forensic' behaviours such as shoplifting?

Select one of the following:

  • A-B design

  • Alternate/reversal design (A-B-A-B)

  • Intervention-only Design (B)

  • Changing-Criterion design.

Question 5 of 12

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Lambert and Ogles (2004) looked at the results of hundreds of studies and concluded that the average psychotherapy patient improved more than about ______ of clients who received no psychotherapy treatment.

Select one of the following:

  • 80%

  • 90%

  • 60%

  • 55%

Question 6 of 12

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Expectancy effects accounted for what percentage of patient improvement in Lambert and Barley's study of therapeutic factors?

Select one of the following:

  • 20%

  • 30%

  • 40%

  • 15%

Question 7 of 12

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Techniques accounted for what percentage of patient improvement in Lambert and Barley's study of therapeutic factors?

Select one of the following:

  • 15%

  • 30%

  • 20%

  • 40%

Question 8 of 12

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Why is the dodo-bird metaphor used when describing the effects of different types of therapy?

Select one of the following:

  • Because most studies show that extratherapeutic change is responsible for client outcomes in psychotherapy.

  • Because regardless of the type of treatment given, many different psychotherapeutic approaches seem to have the same effects.

  • Because the effectiveness of treatment depends upon correct diagnosis of the problem.

  • Because the effectiveness of treatment is always determined by a number of factors relating to the individual.

Question 9 of 12

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The results of ____ studies are generally less impressive but more generalisable than ____ studies.

Select one of the following:

  • Efficacy, effectiveness.

  • Effectiveness, efficacy.

  • multiple, individual.

  • moderator, mechanism.

Question 10 of 12

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Efficacy studies emphasise the ____ of the experimental designs, whereas effectiveness studies emphasise _____ .

Select one of the following:

  • internal validity, generalisability.

  • generalisability, internal validity.

  • External validity, internal validity.

  • Internal validity, external validity.

Question 11 of 12

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What are the core components of the therapeutic alliance?

Select one of the following:

  • The client's affective relationship to the therapist, the client's capacity to work purposefully, facilitative factors such as the therapist's empathy, and client-therapist agreement on goals and tasks of therapy.

  • The client's capacity to work purposefully in therapy, facilitative factors such as the therapist's empathy, the client's initial impression of the therapist, and client-therapist agreement on goals and tasks of therapy.

  • The client's affective relationship to the therapist, the client's capacity to work purposefully, the client's initial impression of the therapist, and client-therapist agreement on goals and tasks of therapy.

  • The client's affective relationship to the therapist, the client's capacity to work purposefully, facilitative factors such as the therapist's communication style, and client-therapist agreement on goals and tasks of therapy.

Question 12 of 12

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In an effectiveness study, the effect size of an intervention is generally based upon _____ from pre-to-post intervention.

Select one of the following:

  • reduction in client symptoms

  • Between-group changes

  • Within-subject changes

  • the patients adherence to the treatment

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3082 MCQs L2

renaecollett
Quiz by , created about 1 year ago

study for final exam

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renaecollett
Created by renaecollett about 1 year ago
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