Anatomy Year 2 Colloq2 Part 1

Question 1 of 82

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The secretory portion of the submandibular gland is: serous, mucous and mixed acini

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 2 of 82

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Parotid gland (glandula parotis) is serous gland.

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 3 of 82

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The lamina muscularis mucosae of the oesophagus is built of striated skeletal muscle

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 4 of 82

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The entire esophagus is located intraperitonally

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 5 of 82

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The covering epithelium of the stomach is unilayered cylindrical resorptive epithelium.

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 6 of 82

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Circular folds (plicae circulares) are typical for the large intestine

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 7 of 82

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The lining of the villi intestinales of the small intestine is simple columnar epithelium

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 8 of 82

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The exocrine part of the pancreas is made of mucous acini

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 9 of 82

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The exocrine part of the pancreas is occupied by serous acini

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 10 of 82

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The lingual papillae are located on its back, dorsum linguae and on its root, radix linguae

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 11 of 82

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The Paneth cells are located in the glands of Lieberkuhn of the small intestine.

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 12 of 82

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The bile surface of the hepatocyte faces the space of Disse.

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 13 of 82

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The Kupffer cells are macrophages.

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 14 of 82

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The sinusoids of the liver are fenestrated capillaries

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 15 of 82

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The vascular pole of the hepatocytes is towards the sinusoid

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 16 of 82

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The biliary pole of the hepatocytes is towards the sinusoid

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 17 of 82

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The duodenal glands are in the lamina propria of the mucous membrane

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 18 of 82

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B cells of the Langerhans islets produce glucagon

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 19 of 82

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A cells of the pancreas secrete insulin

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 20 of 82

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The parietal cells are typical for the large intestine

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 21 of 82

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The muscles of the palatum mole are striated skeletal muscles, involuntary.

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 22 of 82

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Arcus palatoglossus and arcus palatopharyngeus surround recessus piriformis

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 23 of 82

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Odontoblasts are located:

Select one of the following:

  • In the peripheral layer of the pulp

  • In the canalicules

  • In between the dentin and enamelum

  • In the periodontium

Question 24 of 82

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Which muscle is forming oral diaphragm (diaphragma oris)

Select one of the following:

  • m. Stylohyoideus

  • m. Geniohyoideus

  • M. Genioglossus

  • M. styloglossus

Question 25 of 82

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The space of Disse is located in:

Select one of the following:

  • Periportal zone

  • Between hepatocytes in the hepatic plates

  • Between hepatocytes and sinusoids

  • Between two adjacent sinusoids

Question 26 of 82

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The sinusoids in the liver are:

Select one of the following:

  • Venules

  • Fenestrated capillaries

  • Wide capillaries with incomplete lining

  • Arteriolae

Question 27 of 82

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The main cells of the stomach secrete:

Select one of the following:

  • Mucus

  • Chlorides

  • Pepsinogen

  • Pepsin

Question 28 of 82

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The intracellular canaliculi are characteristic of:

Select one of the following:

  • The chief cells

  • The goblet cells

  • The Panth cells

  • The parietal cells

Question 29 of 82

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The epithelium of tonsilla palatine is:

Select one of the following:

  • Multistratified non-keratinizing epithelium

  • Multistratified keratinizing epithelium

  • Henle's epithelium

  • Pseudostratified ciliated epithelium

Question 30 of 82

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The epithelium of the oesophagus is:

Select one of the following:

  • Stratified squamous non-keratinized epithelium

  • Stratified squamous keratinized epithelium

  • Transitional epithelium of Henle

  • Ciliated pseudostratified columnar epithelium

Question 31 of 82

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Tunica muscularis of the oesophagus consists of:

Select one of the following:

  • Smooth muscle

  • Striated skeletal muscle

  • In the upper third is striated skeletal muscle

  • In the upper part is smooth muscle

Question 32 of 82

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Lamina muscularis mucosae of the esophagus is

Select one of the following:

  • Smooth muscle tissue

  • Striated skeletal muscle tissue

  • Half smooth muscle tissue and half striated skeletal muscle tissue

Question 33 of 82

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There are microvilli on the surface of:

Select one of the following:

  • Parital cells of the fundus glands

  • Chief cell of the fundus

  • The Panth Cellsthe

  • Absorptive cells

Question 34 of 82

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Which of these is not a feature of the mucosa of the gastrointestinal tract?

Select one of the following:

  • Lamina propria

  • Goblet cells

  • Myenteric plexus

  • Plicae circulares

Question 35 of 82

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Adults have 12 true molars

Select one of the following:

  • 4

  • 8

  • 12

  • 16

Question 36 of 82

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Teeth are composed of:

Select one of the following:

  • Enamel, Gingiva, Dentin

  • Enamel, Dentin, Cementum

  • Enamel, Ginigiva, Dentin, cementum

  • Enamel, Dentin, cementum, pulpa

Question 37 of 82

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Which of these is not one of the three pairs of extrinsic salivary glands?

Select one of the following:

  • Parotid

  • Palatine

  • Submandibular

  • Sublingual

Question 38 of 82

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Stomach cells which secrete hydrochloric acid are:

Select one of the following:

  • Parietal

  • Goblet

  • Principle

  • Argentaffin

Question 39 of 82

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Which of these is a structural modification unique to the small intestine?

Select one of the following:

  • Plicae Circulares

  • Villi

  • Microvilli

  • All of these are unique to the small intestine.

  • None of these are unique to the small intestine.

Question 40 of 82

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The longitudinal muscle layer of the large intestine forms three distinct muscle bands called:

Select one of the following:

  • Sigmoid colon

  • Taeniae coli

  • Haustra

  • Epiploic Appendages

Question 41 of 82

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Within the liver, bile is produced by:

Select one of the following:

  • Kupffer cells

  • Endothelial cells of the sinusoids

  • Hepatocytes

Question 42 of 82

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The condition in which the liver becomes infused with fibrous tissue and is unable to repair itself is known as:

Select one of the following:

  • Hepatitis

  • Cirrhosis

  • Jaundice

  • Hepatoma

Question 43 of 82

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Enteroendocrine cells differ from goblet cells in which of the following ways?

Select one of the following:

  • The direction of release of secretion

  • The use of exocytosis for release of secretory product from the cell

  • Their presence in the small and large intestine

  • Their origin from a crypt stem cell

  • Secretion by a regulated pathway

Question 44 of 82

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There are no taste buds in:

Select one of the following:

  • Papilla fungiformis

  • Papilla Circumvallata

  • Papilla Filiformis

  • Papilla Foliata

Question 45 of 82

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The type of epithelium associated with the vermilion zone of the lips is

Select one of the following:

  • Stratified squamous nonkeratinized

  • Pseudostratified ciliated columnar

  • Stratified squamous keratinized

  • Cuboidal

  • Columnar

Question 46 of 82

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Intercellular canals are typical for:

Select one of the following:

  • Goblet cells

  • Parietal cells

  • Paneth cells

  • Main cells

Question 47 of 82

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Secretin and cholecystokinin are produced and secreted by cells in the lining of the alimentary tract. Which of the following statements about these two substances is true?

Select one of the following:

  • They are produced by the main cells of the stomach.

  • They are digested enzymes produces by the duodenum

  • They are produced by Paneth cells

  • They are hormones that have target cells in the pancreas and the billary tract. They are produced by diffuse neuroendocrine cells (DNES cells)

  • They are produced by Brunner glands and released into the lumina of the crypts of Lieberkuhn

Question 48 of 82

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Odontoblasts produce?

Select one of the following:

  • Cementum

  • Enamel

  • Dentin

Question 49 of 82

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Which of the following statements concerning the principle fibre bundles of the periodontal ligament is true?

Select one of the following:

  • They are composed of elastin

  • They extend from the cementum to the enamel

  • They extend from the dentin to the cementum

  • They are composed of collagen

  • They extend from one tooth to the next

Question 50 of 82

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Passage of a bolus through the esophagus into the stomach is facilitated by which of the following?

Select one of the following:

  • Peristaltic activity of the esophageal muscularis externa

  • Peristaltic activity of the gastric muscularis mucosae

  • Reflux through the pharyngoesophageal sphinter

  • Smooth muscle in the esophageal muscularis mucosae

  • Reflux through the gastroesopheal sphincter

Question 51 of 82

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The small intestine has three histologically distinct regions. Which of the following statements concerning the histological differences in the three regions is true?

Select one of the following:

  • Peyer patches are present only in the ileum.

  • Goblet cells are present only in the epithelium of the duodenum

  • Brunner glands are located in the duodenum

  • Lacteals are present only in the lamina propria of the ileum

  • The muscularis mucosae contains three layers of smooth muscle in the ileum and two layers in the duodenum and jejunum.

Question 52 of 82

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Which of the following materials can be absorbed directly by the surface lining cells of the stomach?

Select one of the following:

  • Vitamin B12

  • Polysaccharides

  • Chylomicrons

  • Triglycerides

  • Alcohol

Question 53 of 82

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Which of the following statements concerning liver sinusoids is true?

Select one of the following:

  • They are continous with a bile canaliculi

  • They are surronded by a well-developed basal lamina

  • They are lined by a nonfenestrated endothelial cells

  • They deliver blood to the central vein.

  • They deliver blood to the portal vein

Question 54 of 82

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Which of the following statements concerning the gallbladder is true?

Select one of the following:

  • It synthesizes bile

  • It is lined by a simple columnar epithelium

  • Bile leaves the gallbladder via the common bile duct

  • It has no muscle cells in the walls

  • It is affected by the hormone secretin

Question 55 of 82

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Acinar cells of the exocrine pancreas secrete

Select one of the following:

  • Glucagon

  • Lysozyme

  • Insulin

  • Plasma Proteins

  • Proteases

Question 56 of 82

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Pancreatic A-Cells (Alpha) secrete

Select one of the following:

  • Glucagon

  • Lysozyme

  • Insulin

  • Plasma Proteins

  • Proteases

Question 57 of 82

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Pancreatic B-Cells secrete

Select one of the following:

  • Glucagon

  • Lysozyme

  • Insulin

  • Plasma proteins

  • Proteases

Question 58 of 82

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Cells in the pancreas that secrete glucagon and insulin are which of the following?

Select one of the following:

  • A and B Cells

  • Acinar Cells

  • D Cells

  • Pancreatic D1 cells

  • Pancreatic Polypeptide Cells

Question 59 of 82

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Serous cells are glandular acinar cells that produce a watery, proteinaceous fluid. This cell type is most predominant in which of the following glands?

Select one of the following:

  • Esophageal glands

  • Intestinal glands (of Lieberkun)

  • The parotid gland

  • The sublingual gland

  • The submandibular gland

Question 60 of 82

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Submandibular acinar cells secrete

Select one of the following:

  • glucagon

  • lysozyme

  • Insulin

  • Plasma Protein

  • Proteases

Question 61 of 82

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Hepatocytes secrete

Select one of the following:

  • Glucagon

  • Lysozyme

  • Insulin

  • Plasma proteins

  • Proteases

Question 62 of 82

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Which of the following structures contain both smooth and skeletal muscle tissue?

Select one of the following:

  • Stomach

  • Jejenum

  • Cecum

  • Esophagus

  • Rectum

Question 63 of 82

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The bile and pancreatic ducts enter which of the following structures?

Select one of the following:

  • Stomach

  • 2nd Portion of the duodenum

  • Cecum

  • Ileum

  • Liver

Question 64 of 82

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Circular folds (plicae circulares) are characteristic of which of the following structures?

Select one of the following:

  • Transverse colon

  • Stomach

  • Jejunum

  • Cecum

  • Sigmoid colon

Question 65 of 82

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Omental appendices are located on which of the following structures?

Select one of the following:

  • Stomach

  • Duodenum

  • Ileum

  • Ascending colon

  • Liver

Question 66 of 82

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There are no tenia coli in which of the following structures?

Select one of the following:

  • Ascending colon

  • Transverse Colon

  • Descending colon

  • Sigmoid colon

  • Appendix

Question 67 of 82

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The main pancreatic duct and the bile duct unite to form which of the following structures?

Select one of the following:

  • Common bile duct

  • Hepatic duct

  • Accessory pancreatic duct

  • Cystic Duct

  • Hepatopancreatic ampulla

Question 68 of 82

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The round ligament of the liver is the fibrous remnant of which of the following structures?

Select one of the following:

  • Umbilical vein

  • Ductus venosus

  • Ductus arteriosus

  • Umbilical artery

  • Urachus

Question 69 of 82

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The porta hepatis gives passage to all of the following structures EXCEPT

Select one of the following:

  • Portal vein

  • Hepatic artery

  • Hepatic ducts

  • Lymphatic vessels

  • Cystic artery

Question 70 of 82

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The anatomical left and right lobes of the liver are separated on the diaphragmatic surface of the liver by which of the following structures?

Select one of the following:

  • Fissure for the round ligament of the liver

  • Fissure for the ligamentum venosum

  • Falciform ligament

  • Porta hepatis

  • Lesser omentum

Question 71 of 82

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For the parotid gland (glandula parotidea) the following is characteristic:

Select one or more of the following:

  • It is the smallest gland between the salivary glands

  • Is situated under the floor of the oral cavity

  • It is pure serous gland

  • Ductus sublingualis major opens in canalicula sublingualis

  • it is mixed serous-mucous gland

Question 72 of 82

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The pharynx:

Select one or more of the following:

  • There are 3 parts in its cavity

  • Epithelium of the mucous membrane in the nasopharynx is stratified squamous nonkeratinizing

  • m.constrictor pharyngis superior has 4 parts

  • Ostium pharyngeum tubae auditivae is in nasopharynx

  • the muscles of the pharynx are constrictors and levatores

Question 73 of 82

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The tongue:

Select one or more of the following:

  • Has striated skeletal muscles and proper muscles

  • The root is innervated by n.lingualis

  • Chorda tympani innervates gustatory the anterior 2/3 of the mucous membrane of the tongue

  • There are no taste buds in the papillae filiformes

  • The epithelium is stratified squamous nonkeratinized

Question 74 of 82

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The liver:

Select one or more of the following:

  • There are kupffer cells - components of the phagocyte system

  • The bile pole of the hepatocyte faces on the space of Disse

  • The afferent blood supply of the liver is functional and nutritive

  • The shape of the portal lobule is rhomboid

  • Has two surfaces: Diaphragmatic and visceral

Question 75 of 82

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Typical for the small intestine is:

Select one or more of the following:

  • It secretes pepsinogen

  • It secretes mucus

  • It secretes gastrin

  • Resorptive function

  • Unistratified cylindrical resorption epithelium

Question 76 of 82

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Typical for the small intestine is:

Select one or more of the following:

  • 3 parts caecum, colon et rectum

  • Plicae semilunares

  • 3 tenia coli

  • villi intestinales

  • Duodenum, jejunum, ileum

Question 77 of 82

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The small intestine:

Select one or more of the following:

  • Consists of 3 parts: duodenum, jejunum and ileum

  • The free surface columnar cells (absorptive cells) show cilia

  • The longitudinal muscular layer in its wall its collected in three bands, tenia coli

  • The epithelium of the mucous membrane is simple columnar absorptive epithelium

  • Brunner's glands are in the tela submucosa of the jejunum

Question 78 of 82

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The large intestine:

Select one or more of the following:

  • Consists of 3 parts: duodenum, jejunum and ileum

  • The mucous membrane forms the folds, circular folds (plicae circulares)

  • The longitudinal muscular layer in its wall is collected in 3 bands, tenia coli

  • The epithelium of the mucous membrane is simple columnar secreting

  • It has villi

Question 79 of 82

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The lips:

Select one or more of the following:

  • Are built of muscles and covered on the inner surface with mucous membrane, and on the outer surface with the skin

  • The epithelium of the mucous membrane is stratified sqaumous nonkeratinized

  • receive the blood supply from a.facialis

  • The intermediate zone is lined with skin with very thin epidermis

  • The mucous membrane is rich in glands

Question 80 of 82

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The Stomach:

Select one or more of the following:

  • The cardiac glands are in tela submucosa

  • Consists of pars cardiaca, fundus, pars pilorica.

  • The gastric glands produce pepsinogen, hydrochloric acid, mucus

  • Its epithelium is simple columnar secreting

  • The muscular coat of stomach is built of the smooth muscle in two layers

Question 81 of 82

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The Pancreas:

Select one or more of the following:

  • Is a mixed gland with exocrine and endocrine function

  • Is located intraperitoneal (it is covered with peritoneum)

  • Its exocrine part is compound tubuloacinar gland

  • A-Cells secrete somatostatin

  • Ductus pancreaticus opens in pars decendens duodeni

Question 82 of 82

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The pharynx:

Select one or more of the following:

  • The auditory tube opens in its nasal part

  • Is musculo-membranous tube with the skeleton of hialine cartilage

  • Its wall is built of smooth muscles

  • mm. constrictores are 4

  • Recessus piriformis is behind the ostium pharyngeum tubae auditiva

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Anatomy Year 2 Colloq2 Part 1

Sole C
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Anatomy Year 2 Colloq2

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