Anatomy Year 2 Colloq2 Part 2

Question 1 of 50

Medal-premium 1

The right kidney is lower than the left one

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 2 of 50

Medal-premium 1

The kidney parenchyma is made of cortex and medulla

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 3 of 50

Medal-premium 1

The ureter gets narrow in 3 (levels) places

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 4 of 50

Medal-premium 1

The ureter is located intraperitonially

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 5 of 50

Medal-premium 1

The mucous membrane of the urinary bladder makes many folds in trigonum vesicae

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 6 of 50

Medal-premium 1

Renal hilum is located on its medial margin

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 7 of 50

Medal-premium 1

Columnae renales are part of the medulla renalis

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 8 of 50

Medal-premium 1

Sinus renalis is part of the excretory passages

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 9 of 50

Medal-premium 1

Visceral layer of Bowman's capsule of the renal corpuscle is made of podocytes

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 10 of 50

Medal-premium 1

Juxtaglomerular cells of the kidney secretes prostaglandins

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 11 of 50

Medal-premium 1

Tuinica muscularis of the ureter consists of 3 layers of smooth muscle through its whole length.

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 12 of 50

Medal-premium 1

The external coat of the wall of the Urinary Bladder is only tunica adventitia

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 13 of 50

Medal-premium 1

The urinary bladder stores the urine

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 14 of 50

Medal-premium 1

The function of the KIDNEYS is:

Select one of the following:

  • Filter blood and produce urine

  • Store urine

Question 15 of 50

Medal-premium 1

The basal lamina of the glomerular filtration barrier is:

Select one of the following:

  • Simple

  • Is penetrating for the proteins

  • One for the capillaries and the other for the visceral layers of the bowman's

  • Built from lamina rara interna, lamina densa and lamina rare externa

Question 16 of 50

Medal-premium 1

The visceral layer of the Bowman's capsule consists of:

Select one of the following:

  • Simple columnar absorptive epithelium

  • Podocytes

  • Simple squamous epithelium

  • Simple cuboidal secreting epithelium

Question 17 of 50

Medal-premium 1

The epithelium of the urinary bladder is:

Select one of the following:

  • Multistratified non-keratinizing epithelium

  • Multistratified keratinizing epithelium

  • Henle's epithelium

  • Pseudostratified ciliated epithelium

Question 18 of 50

Medal-premium 1

The distal tubule of the nephron is:

Select one of the following:

  • Made of cuboidal cells with the basal invagination of the plasmalemma

  • There are long and plenty microvilli on the apical surface

  • These is an absorption of the proteins and glucose

  • Here the urine become acid

Question 19 of 50

Medal-premium 1

The light and dark cells are in the epithelium of:

Select one of the following:

  • The proximal tubule

  • Loop of Henle

  • The distal tubule

  • The collecting tubule

Question 20 of 50

Medal-premium 1

The sensory neurons supply the following structures:

Select one of the following:

  • The fibrous capsule

  • Cortex of the kidney

  • Medulla of the kidney

  • The blood vessels of the kidney

Question 21 of 50

Medal-premium 1

The capillaries of the renal glomeruli are:

Select one of the following:

  • Fenestrated capillaries

  • Sinusoids

  • Continuous

Question 22 of 50

Medal-premium 1

The epithelium of the ureter is:

Select one of the following:

  • Simple squamous epithelium

  • Transitional epithelium of Henle

  • Simple cuboidal covering epithelium

  • Simple columnar secreting epithelium

Question 23 of 50

Medal-premium 1

Fossa navicularis of the male urethra is lined by:

Select one of the following:

  • Simple columnar covering epithelium

  • Transitional epithelium of Henle

  • Pseudostratified columnar epithelium

  • Stratified squamous non-keratinizing epithelium

Question 24 of 50

Medal-premium 1

The renal sinus contains:

Select one of the following:

  • The funnel-shaped origin of the ureter

  • The pyramids

  • The renal corpuscules

Question 25 of 50

Medal-premium 1

In sinus renalis renal vein is located:

Select one of the following:

  • Dorsal to the arteria renalis and pelvis

  • Between arteria renalis and pelvis renalis

  • Anterior to the arteria renalis and pelvis renalis

  • Above the arteria renalis and pelvis renalis

Question 26 of 50

Medal-premium 1

All of the following statements concerning the renal hilum are correct EXCEPT

Select one of the following:

  • The renal vein is anterior to the renal artery

  • The renal artery is anterior to the renal pelvis

  • It is the entrance to the renal sinus

  • It is located on the concave medial margin of the kidney

  • It contains the renal pyramids

Question 27 of 50

Medal-premium 1

The renal papillae empty into which of the following structures?

Select one of the following:

  • Renal vein

  • Ureter

  • Minor calyces

  • Renal pyramid

  • Renal colunm

Question 28 of 50

Medal-premium 1

As the glomerular filtrate passes through the uriniferous tubule, ions and water are exchanged (actively or passively) with the renal interstitium, resulting in the filtrate being isotonic, hypotonic or hypertonic relative to blood plasma. During a condition of antidiuresis, which part of the uriniferous tubule would contain a hypertonic filtrate?

Select one of the following:

  • Bottom of descending thin limb of loop of Henle

  • Bowman (capsular) space

  • Distal portion of the ascending thick limb of the loop of Henle

  • Pars recta of the proximal tubule

  • Proximal convoluted tubule

Question 29 of 50

Medal-premium 1

As the glomerular filtrate passes through the uriniferous tubule, ions and water are exchanged (actively or passively) with the renal interstitium, resulting in the filtrate being isotonic, hypotonic or hypertonic relative to blood plasma. During a condition of antidiuresis, which one of the following parts of the uriniferous tubule would contain a hypotonic filtrate?

Select one of the following:

  • Bowman (capsular) space

  • Cortical collecting tubule

  • Distal portion of the ascending thick limb of the loop of Henle

  • Medullary collecting tubule

  • Proximal convoluted tubule

Question 30 of 50

Medal-premium 1

As the glomerular filtrate passes through the uriniferous tubule, ions and water are exchanged (actively or passively) with the renal interstitium, resulting in the filtrate being isotonic, hypotonic or hypertonic relative to blood plasma. During a condition of antidiuresis, which one of the following parts of the uriniferous tubule would contain a Isotonic filtrate?

Select one of the following:

  • Ascending thick limb of the loop of Henle

  • Bottom of descending thin limb of loop of Henle

  • Bowman (capsular) space

  • Medullary collecting tubule

  • Papillary collecting tubule

Question 31 of 50

Medal-premium 1

As the glomerular filtrate passes through the uriniferous tubule, ions and water are exchanged (actively or passively) with the renal interstitium, resulting in the filtrate being isotonic, hypotonic or hypertonic relative to blood plasma. During a condition of antidiuresis, which one of the following parts of the uriniferous tubule would contain a hypertonic filtrate?

Select one of the following:

  • Ascending thick limb of the loop of Henle

  • Bowman (capsular) space

  • Cortical collecting tubule

  • Medullary collecting tubule

  • Proximal convoluted tubule

Question 32 of 50

Medal-premium 1

The counter-current multiplier system in the kidney involves the exchange of water and ions between the renal interstitium and

Select one of the following:

  • the blood in the vasa tecta

  • the blood in the peritubular capillary network

  • the filtrate in the proximal convoluted tubule

  • the filtrate in the loop of Henle

  • the filtrate in the medullary collecting tubule

Question 33 of 50

Medal-premium 1

Which of the following statements concerning cortical collecting tubules is always true?

Select one of the following:

  • They are lined by a simple epithelium containing two types of cells

  • They are also known as the ducts of Bellini

  • They empty on the area cribrosa

  • They are permable to water

  • They are continuous with the ascending thick limb of the Henle loop.

Question 34 of 50

Medal-premium 1

Which one of the following structures is located in the renal cortex?

Select one of the following:

  • Vasa recta

  • Thin limbs of the loops of Henle

  • Afferent arterioles

  • Interlobar veins

  • Area Cribrosa

Question 35 of 50

Medal-premium 1

Which of the following statements concerning the structure of medullary rays is true?

Select one of the following:

  • They contain arched collecting tubules

  • They contain proximal convoluted tubules

  • They do not extend into the renal cortex

  • They lie at the center of a Renal Lobule

  • They contain thin limbs of the loops of Henle

Question 36 of 50

Medal-premium 1

To the female urethra doesn't concern the sign:

Select one of the following:

  • It has 3 parts

  • Is long about 4cm

  • In its upper part the epithelium is transitional of Henle

  • In mucous membrane there are mucous glands

Question 37 of 50

Medal-premium 1

The coats of the kidney:

Select one or more of the following:

  • They are three of them

  • Capsula adiposa continues in corpus adiposum pararenale

  • Capsula renalis has anterior and posterior sheets

  • Capsula renalis is thick, firmly attached to the kidney

  • There is a sensitivity innvervation for capsula fibrosa

Question 38 of 50

Medal-premium 1

Typical for the kidney is:

Select one or more of the following:

  • A pair organ

  • Located in the retroperitoneal space of the posterior abdominal wall

  • The renal sinus contains the nephrones

  • The endothelium of the glomerular capillaries is fenestrated

  • A hollow muscular organ

Question 39 of 50

Medal-premium 1

The kidneys:

Select one or more of the following:

  • They are located in the retroperitoneum

  • Both kidneys are located on each side of the vertebral column

  • The parenchyma of the kidneys is divided into lobes

  • Arteria arcuatae are on the border between medulla and cortex renalis

  • The proximal tubule is a part of the juxtaglomerular apparatus

Question 40 of 50

Medal-premium 1

The kidney:

Select one or more of the following:

  • Fascia renalis is over the parenchyma of the kidney

  • Vas efferences of the Malpigian corpuscle in the cortex has bigger diameter than vas afferens

  • Mesangium is between the capillaries of the glomerulus

  • Macula densa from juxtaglomerular apparatus is chemoreceptor

  • The wall of the distal tubule contains light and dark cells

Question 41 of 50

Medal-premium 1

Typical for the kidney is:

Select one or more of the following:

  • The Loop of Henle is made of cuboidal cells

  • The glomerulus is a continuation of vas afferens

  • The collecting tubules are made of flatten cells

  • The kidney produces the hormone erythropoietin

  • The parietal layer of the bauman's Capsule is made of podocytes

Question 42 of 50

Medal-premium 1

The kidney:

Select one or more of the following:

  • Pelvis renalis is entirely outside of the sinus renalis

  • Parenchyma of the kidney if formed of tubli seminiferi contorti

  • The name of the taking out arteriola is vas afferens

  • There are vascular pole and urinary pole in each Malpigian corpuscle

  • The kidney secretes erythropoetin

Question 43 of 50

Medal-premium 1

The calyces of the kidney:

Select one or more of the following:

  • They are small, moderate and big

  • They are located close to the urinary bladder

  • They are located in sinus renalis

  • They take place in formation of urine

  • They are covered by stratified squamous nonkeratinized epithelium

Question 44 of 50

Medal-premium 1

Pelivs renalis is concerned with:

Select one or more of the following:

  • It is entirely outside of the sinus renalis

  • It is situated in front of renal artery and renal vein

  • Major calcyes are large branches of the renal pelvis

  • It is lined with the transitional epithelium of Henle

  • Its outside coat is tunica adventitia

Question 45 of 50

Medal-premium 1

The ureter is concerned with:

Select one or more of the following:

  • It is intraperitoneal organ

  • It has 3 parts

  • in cross section it appears as a star

  • it is lined with the transitional epithelium of Henle

  • The muscular coat in the lower third of the ureter is in three layers of smooth muscle

Question 46 of 50

Medal-premium 1

The urinary bladder:

Select one or more of the following:

  • Apex prolongs in lig. Umbilicale medianum

  • Its anterior wall is lined by peritoneum

  • Both ureters penetrate the wall of the urinary bladder obliquely

  • The mucous membrane of the entire inner surface is strongly in folds

  • The smooth muscle of the tunica muscularis is in 2 layers

Question 47 of 50

Medal-premium 1

Typical for the urinary bladder:

Select one or more of the following:

  • Hollow muscular organ

  • Stores urine

  • Produces urine

  • Produce erythropoetin

Question 48 of 50

Medal-premium 1

The epithelium of the urinary bladder is:

Select one or more of the following:

  • Multistratified non-keratinizing epithelium

  • Multistratified keratinizing epithelium

  • Henle's epithelium

  • Pseudostratified ciliated epithelium

Question 49 of 50

Medal-premium 1

The male urethra:

Select one or more of the following:

  • Consists of abdominal and pelvic parts

  • Convey the urine and ejaculate

  • Ends with dilatation-fossa navicularis

  • The epithelium of the mucous membrane is entirely transitional epithelium of Henle

  • Has 3 narrow parts

Question 50 of 50

Medal-premium 1

The female urethra:

Select one or more of the following:

  • Is long and covoluted

  • Is located behind the vagina

  • Has striated skeletal muscle

  • Has tunica serosa

  • There are mucous glands in its mucous membrane

Icon_fullscreen

Anatomy Year 2 Colloq2 Part 2

Sole C
Quiz by , created about 1 year ago

Anatomy Year 2 Colloq2 Part 2

Eye 23
Pin 1
Balloon-left 0
Tags
Sole C
Created by Sole C about 1 year ago
Close