Nutrients Involved in Energy Metabolism (chp. 13)

Question 1 of 33

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Where are vitamins and minerals absorbed in the body?

Select one of the following:

  • small intestine

  • liver

  • heart

  • large intestine

Question 2 of 33

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This nutrient is a part of the coenzyme FAD; milk is a significant source

Select one of the following:

  • zinc

  • calcium

  • riboflavin

  • iron

Question 3 of 33

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This nutrient is a part of the coenzyme known as NAD; the body can make it from the amino acid tryptophan

Select one of the following:

  • zinc

  • sodium

  • thiamin

  • niacin

Question 4 of 33

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This nutrient functions as part of a coenzyme in amino acid metabolism; it also helps to make red blood cells

Select one of the following:

  • B12

  • B6

  • B1

  • B10

Question 5 of 33

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Whole grain products and pork are significant sources of this vitamin; it's part of a coenzyme that helps to convert pyruvate to acetyl CoA.

Select one of the following:

  • Riboflavin

  • Niacin

  • Thiamin

  • Iodine

Question 6 of 33

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Nutrient that enhances insulin activity in the body; it's often sold as a supplement for weight loss.

Select one of the following:

  • chromium

  • iodine

  • niacin

  • riboflavin

Question 7 of 33

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Which of these nutrients is NOT added to refined white flour during the enrichment process.

Select one of the following:

  • Iodine

  • Riboflavin

  • Niacin

  • Thiamin

Question 8 of 33

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Which energy metabolism nutrient is an essential component of thyroid hormones?

Select one of the following:

  • Chromium

  • Iron

  • Iodine

  • Magnesium

Question 9 of 33

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Which of these vitamins is not fat soluble?

Select one of the following:

  • Vitamin A

  • Vitamin C

  • Vitamin K

  • Vitamin D

Question 10 of 33

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What is the definition of an enzyme?

Select one of the following:

  • proteins that stop biochemical reactions

  • Most common cause of preventable brain damage in the world

  • proteins that catalyze biochemical reactions

  • the loss of electrons

Question 11 of 33

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Which is a source of B6 vitamins?

Select one of the following:

  • Enriched grains

  • Whole grains

  • Rice

  • Fortified cereals & grains

Question 12 of 33

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What much enriched flour contain?

Select one or more of the following:

  • Thiamin (B1)

  • Calcium

  • Niacin (B3)

  • Riboflavin (B2)

  • Folic Acid

  • Iron

  • Magnesium

Question 13 of 33

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Who is at risk of Thiamin deficiency?

Select one of the following:

  • elderly

  • healthy adolescent

  • alcoholics

  • infants

Question 14 of 33

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Which is NOT one of the 4 d's relating to the thiamin deficiency, Pellagra?

Select one of the following:

  • Diabetes

  • Dermatitis

  • Diarrhea

  • Dementia

  • Death

Question 15 of 33

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What is NOT true about chromium?

Select one of the following:

  • May enhance insulin function

  • promotes glucose uptake

  • Essential component of thyroid hormones

  • sources are whole grains, meats (liver), veggies

Question 16 of 33

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Which of these are NOT one of the functions of Iodine

Select one of the following:

  • Regulates body temperature

  • Regulates heartbeat

  • Regulates growth

  • Regulates blood cell production

  • Regulates nerve and muscle function

Question 17 of 33

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Which is NOT a source of iodine?

Select one of the following:

  • Saltwater seafood

  • Whole grains

  • Iodized salt

  • Dairy products

Question 18 of 33

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What is iodine deficiency called?

Select one of the following:

  • Phenylketonuria (PKU)

  • Glycogen Storage Disease

  • Galactosemia

  • Goiter

Question 19 of 33

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Thiamin pyrophosphate, TPP, is required for ___________.

Select one of the following:

  • protein synthesis

  • fatty acid synthesis

  • carbohydrate metabolism

  • DNA synthesis

Question 20 of 33

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Thiamin deficiency can be found among ________.

Select one of the following:

  • heavy users of alcohol

  • poor people in developing countries reliant on white rice as a staple food

  • poor people in developing countries reliant on corn as a staple food

  • both a and b

  • both a and c

Question 21 of 33

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Which of the following water-soluble vitamins participate in oxidation-reduction reactions?

Select one of the following:

  • thiamin and riboflavin

  • thiamin and vitamin B-6

  • pantothenic acid and niacin

  • riboflavin and niaciin

Question 22 of 33

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An alcoholic who consumes no dairy products is most at risk of developing ________ deficiency.

Select one of the following:

  • choline

  • vitamin B-6

  • riboflavin

  • thiamin

Question 23 of 33

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Niacin can be synthesized in cells from ______________.

Select one of the following:

  • riboflavin

  • fatty acids

  • glucose

  • tryptophan

Question 24 of 33

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Deficiencies of ________ and ____________ are extremely rare.

Select one of the following:

  • biotin; pantothenic acid

  • biotin; niacin

  • riboflavin; niacin

  • thiamin; niacin

Question 25 of 33

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Transamination reactions allow the formation of nonessential amino acids. Which vitamin is required for these reactions?

Select one of the following:

  • thiamin

  • niacin

  • riboflavin

  • vitamin B-6

Question 26 of 33

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Good sources of folate include _____________.

Select one of the following:

  • lentils, spinach, asparagus, and fortified foods

  • papayas, limes, oranges, and potatoes

  • dairy products, fortified foods, and nuts

  • tuna, chicken, beef, and dairy products

Question 27 of 33

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Folate functions in DNA synthesis and amino acid metabolism

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 28 of 33

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Macrocytic anemia, peripheral neuropathy, and impaired cognitive function are signs of ____________ deficiency.

Select one of the following:

  • ascorbic acid

  • niacin

  • vitamin B-12

  • Vitamin B-6

Question 29 of 33

Medal-premium 1

Sources of vitamin B-12 include__________.

Select one of the following:

  • whole grains, tuna, and eggs

  • dairy products, meat, and fish

  • citrus fruits, papayas, and bananas

  • dairy products, whole grains, and leafy, green vegetables

Question 30 of 33

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Manganese is a cofactor for metabolic enzymes.

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 31 of 33

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Which of the following is a function of iodine?

Select one of the following:

  • acts as a component of superoxide dismutase enzyme

  • aids in thyroid hormone metabolism

  • functions in antioxidant defense

  • enhances insulin activity

Question 32 of 33

Medal-premium 1

Which of the following is associated with the development of cretinism?

Select one of the following:

  • iron deficiency

  • zinc deficiency

  • iodine deficiency

  • selenium deficiency

Question 33 of 33

Medal-premium 1

Protein-rich foods are the main source of the mineral sulfur in our diets

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False
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Nutrients Involved in Energy Metabolism (chp. 13)

Jess Weistuch
Quiz by , created about 1 year ago

chapter 3 NFS 210 exam

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Jess Weistuch
Created by Jess Weistuch about 1 year ago
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