Energy Balance and Weight Control (chp.10)

Question 1 of 36

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What is the name of an index of a person's weight in relation to height; weight classifications such as overweight and obese are based on this index?

Select one of the following:

  • LDI

  • BMI

  • BRI

  • LRI

Question 2 of 36

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What is the psychological drive to find and eat?

Select one of the following:

  • hunger

  • appetite

  • starvation

  • salvation

Question 3 of 36

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What hormone is produced by fat cells that decreases appetite and increases energy expenditure?

Select one of the following:

  • Dopamine

  • Insulin

  • Gastrin

  • Leptin

Question 4 of 36

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What fat is stored within the abdominal cavity?

Select one of the following:

  • Gynoid

  • Visceral fat

  • Android

  • Subcutaneous fat

Question 5 of 36

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Restriction of kcals will decrease what component of energy output and is the largest component of energy output?

Select one of the following:

  • Body Mass Index

  • Basal Metabolic Rate

  • Air displacement

  • Satiety

Question 6 of 36

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Calipers are used for THIS type of body fat estimation.

Select one of the following:

  • Skinfold thickness

  • Air displacement

  • Dual energy X-ray absorptiometry (DEXA)

  • Bioelectrical impedance

Question 7 of 36

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What is an estimation of the energy required to digest, absorb, and metabolize food?

Select one of the following:

  • Calorimetry

  • Thermic Effect of Food

  • Basal Metabolism

  • Satiety

Question 8 of 36

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Fever, stress, pregnancy, and increase in lean body tissue all effect BMR in THIS way.

Select one of the following:

  • does not effect BMR

  • decreases BMR

  • increases BMR

Question 9 of 36

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What body type is associated with a tall, tin, lanky build?

Select one of the following:

  • android

  • gynoid

  • tetroid

  • molaroid

Question 10 of 36

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Which type of calorimetry measures the amount of oxygen uptake by the body?

Select one of the following:

  • Subtle Calorimetry

  • Direct Calorimetry

  • Indirect calorimetry

  • Major calorimetry

Question 11 of 36

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Which type of body fat distribution pattern is associated with increased risk of heart disease, diabetes and hypertension

Select one of the following:

  • upper body

  • lower body

  • neither A/B

  • both A/B

Question 12 of 36

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What is a safe, reasonable rate of weight loss?

Select one of the following:

  • 2 lbs/week

  • 5 lbs/week

  • 10 lbs/month

  • 6 lbs/month

Question 13 of 36

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What part of the brain is involved in food intake regulation?

Select one of the following:

  • Leptin

  • Ghrelin

  • Hypothalamus

  • None of the above

Question 14 of 36

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Which of these behaviors are the common behaviors to maintain weight loss practiced by participants in the National Weight Control Registry

Select one or more of the following:

  • eat 6 big meals every day

  • high levels of physical activity

  • lowfat/high carb diet

  • drink alcohol twice a day

  • eat breakfast

  • self monitoring

Question 15 of 36

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What eating disorder i associated with binging followed by purging of energy?

Select one of the following:

  • diabetes

  • Anorexia

  • Bulimia Nervosa

  • obesity

Question 16 of 36

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Factors that decrease BMR

Select one or more of the following:

  • growth

  • age

  • kcal restriction

  • stress

  • less body surface area and muscle mass

  • recent exercise

Question 17 of 36

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This is the Harris Benedict Formula for men.

Select one or more of the following:

  • 655 + ( 4.35 x weight in pounds ) + ( 4.7 x height in inches ) - ( 4.7 x age in years )

  • 66 + ( 6.23 x weight in pounds ) + ( 12.7 x height in inches ) - ( 6.8 x age in year )

Question 18 of 36

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Which on of these does not correctly match its function

Select one of the following:

  • Sedentary (little or no exercise) : BMR x 1.2

  • Lightly active (light exercise/sports 3-5 days/week) : BMR x 1.557

  • Very active (hard exercise/sports 6-7 days a week) : BMR x 1.725

  • Extra active (very hard exercise/sports & physical job or 2x training) : BMR x 1.9

Question 19 of 36

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Satiety is the physiological drive for food

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 20 of 36

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Which is NOT true about Ghrelin?

Select one of the following:

  • High levels when kcal intake is low

  • Hormone made by the stomach

  • Stimulates appetite & promotes energy storage

  • Acts as a hormone

Question 21 of 36

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Which is NOT true about Leptin?

Select one of the following:

  • Protein made by adipose tissue

  • Feed center, satiety center

  • signals satiety when adipose stores are increasing

  • signals appetite when adipose stores are decreasing

Question 22 of 36

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Body mass index is NOT for everyone

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 23 of 36

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Which is NOT one of the ways to measure body fat content?

Select one of the following:

  • Air displacement (BodPod)

  • Bioelectrical impedance

  • See your local doctor and get a checkup

  • Dual Energy X-ray Absorptiometry (DEXA)

Question 24 of 36

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Positive energy balance occurs when energy output surpasses energy intake.

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 25 of 36

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All of the following raise basal metabolism rate EXCEPT ________________.

Select one of the following:

  • growing

  • muscle mass

  • fever

  • starvation

Question 26 of 36

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Direct calorimetry estimates energy expenditure by collecting expired air from an individual during a specified amount of time.

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 27 of 36

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Which protein produced in fat tissue regulates body weight by signaling the brain about changes in body fay stores?

Select one of the following:

  • ghrelin

  • leptin

  • thyroid hormone

  • cholecystokinin

Question 28 of 36

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The most accurate method for diagnosing obesity is ______________.

Select one of the following:

  • underwater weighing

  • dual energy X-ray absorptiometry (DEXA)

  • skinfold thickness

  • body mass index

Question 29 of 36

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Jane's waist measurement is 35 inches. Which of the following statements about Jane's body fat distribution is correct?

Select one of the following:

  • Jane is at an increased risk of developing diabetes, hypertension, and heart disease

  • Jane's waist circumference indicates central body fat distribution

  • Jane has a "pear" shape

  • Both a and c are correct

  • Both a and b are correct

Question 30 of 36

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The set-point theory proposes that humans have a genetically predetermined body weight or body fat content, which the body closely regulates.

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 31 of 36

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A sound weight-loss program _______________.

Select one of the following:

  • includes a wide variety of low-energy density foods

  • stresses regular physical activity

  • includes behavior modification to change problem behaviors

  • all of the above

Question 32 of 36

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The danger of low-carbohydrate diets is that they cause fast weight loss in the form of ________________.

Select one of the following:

  • fat tissue

  • water

  • muscle

  • a and b

  • b and c

Question 33 of 36

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Surgery to reduce stomach volume should be reserved for people who have failed at more conservative approaches to weight loss.

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 34 of 36

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Which eating disorder starts with dieting and proceeds to near-total refusal to eat?

Select one of the following:

  • bulimia nervosa

  • binge eating

  • anorexia nervosa

  • none of the above

Question 35 of 36

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Bulimia nervosa is characterized by all of the following EXCEPT:

Select one of the following:

  • refusal to eat

  • secretive bingeing

  • purging

  • misuse of laxatives

Question 36 of 36

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Binge-eating disorder is more widespread than anorexia or bulimia.

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False
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Energy Balance and Weight Control (chp.10)

Jess Weistuch
Quiz by , created about 1 year ago

exam 3 NFS 210 practice test

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Jess Weistuch
Created by Jess Weistuch about 1 year ago
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