What is the name of an index of a person's weight in relation to height; weight classifications such as overweight and obese are based on this index?
What is the psychological drive to find and eat?
What hormone is produced by fat cells that decreases appetite and increases energy expenditure?
What fat is stored within the abdominal cavity?
Restriction of kcals will decrease what component of energy output and is the largest component of energy output?
Body Mass Index
Basal Metabolic Rate
Calipers are used for THIS type of body fat estimation.
Dual energy X-ray absorptiometry (DEXA)
What is an estimation of the energy required to digest, absorb, and metabolize food?
Thermic Effect of Food
Fever, stress, pregnancy, and increase in lean body tissue all effect BMR in THIS way.
does not effect BMR
What body type is associated with a tall, tin, lanky build?
Which type of calorimetry measures the amount of oxygen uptake by the body?
Which type of body fat distribution pattern is associated with increased risk of heart disease, diabetes and hypertension
What is a safe, reasonable rate of weight loss?
What part of the brain is involved in food intake regulation?
None of the above
Which of these behaviors are the common behaviors to maintain weight loss practiced by participants in the National Weight Control Registry
eat 6 big meals every day
high levels of physical activity
lowfat/high carb diet
drink alcohol twice a day
What eating disorder i associated with binging followed by purging of energy?
Factors that decrease BMR
less body surface area and muscle mass
This is the Harris Benedict Formula for men.
655 + ( 4.35 x weight in pounds ) + ( 4.7 x height in inches ) - ( 4.7 x age in years )
66 + ( 6.23 x weight in pounds ) + ( 12.7 x height in inches ) - ( 6.8 x age in year )
Which on of these does not correctly match its function
Sedentary (little or no exercise) : BMR x 1.2
Lightly active (light exercise/sports 3-5 days/week) : BMR x 1.557
Very active (hard exercise/sports 6-7 days a week) : BMR x 1.725
Extra active (very hard exercise/sports & physical job or 2x training) : BMR x 1.9
Satiety is the physiological drive for food
Which is NOT true about Ghrelin?
High levels when kcal intake is low
Hormone made by the stomach
Stimulates appetite & promotes energy storage
Acts as a hormone
Which is NOT true about Leptin?
Protein made by adipose tissue
Feed center, satiety center
signals satiety when adipose stores are increasing
signals appetite when adipose stores are decreasing
Body mass index is NOT for everyone
Which is NOT one of the ways to measure body fat content?
Air displacement (BodPod)
See your local doctor and get a checkup
Dual Energy X-ray Absorptiometry (DEXA)
Positive energy balance occurs when energy output surpasses energy intake.
All of the following raise basal metabolism rate EXCEPT ________________.
Direct calorimetry estimates energy expenditure by collecting expired air from an individual during a specified amount of time.
Which protein produced in fat tissue regulates body weight by signaling the brain about changes in body fay stores?
The most accurate method for diagnosing obesity is ______________.
dual energy X-ray absorptiometry (DEXA)
body mass index
Jane's waist measurement is 35 inches. Which of the following statements about Jane's body fat distribution is correct?
Jane is at an increased risk of developing diabetes, hypertension, and heart disease
Jane's waist circumference indicates central body fat distribution
Jane has a "pear" shape
Both a and c are correct
Both a and b are correct
The set-point theory proposes that humans have a genetically predetermined body weight or body fat content, which the body closely regulates.
A sound weight-loss program _______________.
includes a wide variety of low-energy density foods
stresses regular physical activity
includes behavior modification to change problem behaviors
all of the above
The danger of low-carbohydrate diets is that they cause fast weight loss in the form of ________________.
a and b
b and c
Surgery to reduce stomach volume should be reserved for people who have failed at more conservative approaches to weight loss.
Which eating disorder starts with dieting and proceeds to near-total refusal to eat?
none of the above
Bulimia nervosa is characterized by all of the following EXCEPT:
refusal to eat
misuse of laxatives
Binge-eating disorder is more widespread than anorexia or bulimia.