Nutrients involved in bone health (chp.15)

Question 1 of 35

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What is the most abundant mineral in the human body?

Select one of the following:

  • Potassium

  • Calcium

  • Phosphorus

  • Magnesium

Question 2 of 35

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99% of calcium in the body is located in bones

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 3 of 35

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Food additives are a source of THIS bone health nutrient; this is also a mineral that plays a role in the transport of lipids in the body because it is a component of lipoproteins.

Select one of the following:

  • Phosphorus

  • Fluoride

  • Calcium

  • Magnesium

Question 4 of 35

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Which is NOT a major function of calcium in the blood?

Select one of the following:

  • blood clotting

  • muscle contractions

  • nerve impulses

  • regulates heart beat/blood pressure

  • all of these are major functions of calcium in the blood

Question 5 of 35

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Calcitonin is a hormone produced by the parathyroid gland and ultimately raises blood calcium levels.

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 6 of 35

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Which fat-soluble vitamin is important in the synthesis and maintenance of bones in the body?

Select one of the following:

  • Vitamin E

  • Vitamin K

  • Vitamin D

  • Vitamin C

Question 7 of 35

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Green, leafy vegetables are a good source of what nutrient because it is a part of the chlorophyll?

Select one of the following:

  • Magnesium

  • Calcium

  • Fluoride

  • Phosphorus

Question 8 of 35

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Absorption of what mineral is increased by estrogen, vitamin D and hydrochloric acid?

Select one of the following:

  • Phosphorus

  • Calcium

  • Fluoride

  • Magnesium

Question 9 of 35

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Sources of this nutrient include toothpaste and mouthwash.

Select one of the following:

  • Calcium

  • Magnesium

  • Chloride

  • Fluoride

Question 10 of 35

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These are the two types on tissues on your bones

Select one or more of the following:

  • Cortical

  • Collagen

  • Tribecular

  • Osteoblast

Question 11 of 35

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Which does NOT correctly match with it's function.

Select one of the following:

  • Osteoblasts-build bone

  • Osteocytes-take up Ca from the bone

  • Osteoclasts-break the bone

  • all of these are correctly matched

Question 12 of 35

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Who are NOT at risk of getting calcium deficiency (osteoporosis)

Select one of the following:

  • postmenopausal women

  • lactose intolerant

  • vegans

  • elderly

Question 13 of 35

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Which is NOT a function of Phosphorus?

Select one of the following:

  • 80% in bones & teeth

  • Regulation of heartbeat & blood pressure

  • Phospholipids

  • Component of cell membranes, ATP, and DNA

Question 14 of 35

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These are sources of Phosphorus

Select one or more of the following:

  • baked goods

  • cheese

  • fatty fish

  • breakfast cereals

  • soda pop

  • mushrooms

Question 15 of 35

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Low calcium intake and high phosphorus intake can result in bone loss

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 16 of 35

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You can not obtain vitamin D from sunlight.

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 17 of 35

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Osteomalacia means "large bones" and is the childhood deficiency for Vitamin D.

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 18 of 35

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Osteoblasts are blne-building cells

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 19 of 35

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Most bone formation occurs ________.

Select one of the following:

  • between infancy and adolescence

  • between the ages of 20 and 30

  • between the ages of 30 and 40

  • over the age of 40

Question 20 of 35

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Significant nondairy sources of calcium include ____________.

Select one of the following:

  • almonds, beans, mustard greens, broccoli, and tofu

  • meat, eggs, and fish

  • whole-grain breads and cereals, peanuts, bananas, and spinach

  • all of the above

Question 21 of 35

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Calcium absorption is likely to be highest in ______________.

Select one of the following:

  • postmenopausal women

  • adults in middle age

  • adolescent males and females

  • both a and b

Question 22 of 35

Medal-premium 1

Which of the following is NOT a risk factor for osteoporosis?

Select one of the following:

  • low physical activity

  • low calcium and vitamin D intakes

  • obesity

  • amenorrhea

Question 23 of 35

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Low intakes of calcium and vitamin D have been associated with increased risk of cancer.

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 24 of 35

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Phosphorus deficiency is a common problem in North America.

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 25 of 35

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Over half of the magnesium in the body is found in the ________.

Select one of the following:

  • heart

  • liver

  • bones

  • brain

Question 26 of 35

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Which of the following helps protect against dental caries?

Select one of the following:

  • iodine

  • manganese

  • fluoride

  • chromium

Question 27 of 35

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Which of the following is a part of acquired (specific) immunity?

Select one of the following:

  • skin

  • hydrochloric acid

  • antibodies

  • fever

Question 28 of 35

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Antioxidants help minimize the damaging effect of free radicals.

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 29 of 35

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Wheat germ and vegetable oils are good sources of Vitamin E.

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 30 of 35

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Vitamin C is required for the formation of ____________, required to synthesize collagen.

Select one of the following:

  • tryptophan

  • serotonin

  • hydroxyproline

  • acetyl-CoA

Question 31 of 35

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Ingesting 1000 mg of supplemental vitamin C / day has been proven to prevent common colds.

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 32 of 35

Medal-premium 1

Selenium deficiency can cause impaired thyroid hormone metabolism.

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 33 of 35

Medal-premium 1

Which food provides very little vitamin A?

Select one of the following:

  • mango

  • spinach

  • banana

  • liver

Question 34 of 35

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Vitamin A is involved in all of the following functions EXCEPT _____________.

Select one of the following:

  • vision and dark adaptation

  • hemoglobin synthesis

  • resistance to infection

  • cell differentiation

Question 35 of 35

Medal-premium 1

Vitamin A deficiency is associated with the symptoms of night blindness, keratinization, and increased infections.

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False
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Nutrients involved in bone health (chp.15)

Jess Weistuch
Quiz by , created about 1 year ago

NFS 210 exam 3 review

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Jess Weistuch
Created by Jess Weistuch about 1 year ago
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