Anatomy Year 2 Test 3

Question 1 of 105

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Adenohypophysis derives from the ectoderm of the primary oral cavity

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 2 of 105

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There are three parts in the adenohypophysis

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 3 of 105

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Lobus pyramidalis is not an obligatory part of the thyroid gland.

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 4 of 105

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Acidophilic cells constitute 30-40% of the cell composition of adenohypophysis

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 5 of 105

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The islets of Langerhans are mostly located in the head of pancreas

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 6 of 105

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Secretion of Langerhans' island cells regulated by the adenohypophysis.

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 7 of 105

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Gonadotrpoic cells refer to the acidophilis cells of adenohypophysis

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 8 of 105

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Calcitonin and parathormone have antagonistic function

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 9 of 105

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Parafollicular cells have mesoblastic origin.

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 10 of 105

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The function of parathormone cells is regulated from adenohypophysis

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 11 of 105

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The cells of the zona reticularis of the adrenal gland produce aldosterone

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 12 of 105

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The cells of zona glomerulosa in suprarental gland are functionally related with the juxtaglomerular apparatus of the kidney.

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 13 of 105

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Secretory cells in epiphysis are pituicytes

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 14 of 105

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There are two lobes in the thyroid gland

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 15 of 105

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Iodine is needed for the synthesis of the parafollicular hormone

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 16 of 105

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Melatonin is secreted by the cells of epiphysis

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 17 of 105

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Mitochondria with turbo-vesicular folds are characteristic for the cells of the gland:

Select one of the following:

  • Cortex of suprarenal gland

  • Medulla of suprarenal gland

  • Thyroid gland

  • Adenohypophysis

Question 18 of 105

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What kind are the capillaries of the hypophysis?

Select one of the following:

  • Non continuous

  • Fenestrative

  • Continuous

  • All 3 kinds

Question 19 of 105

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The hormones of neurohypophysis are produced from cells located in:

Select one of the following:

  • Neurohypophysis

  • Anterior nucleus of hypothalamus

  • Medial nucleus

  • Infundibulum

Question 20 of 105

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In the chromophilic cells of adenohypophysis are stained with different staining:

Select one of the following:

  • Mitochondria

  • Granules

  • Plasmalema

  • Golgi apparatus

Question 21 of 105

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For which gland adenohypophysis does not secrete hormones?

Select one of the following:

  • Ovary

  • Mammary gland

  • Parathyroid gland

  • Cortex of suprarenal gland

Question 22 of 105

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Herring bodies are:

Select one of the following:

  • Structure of pituicytes

  • Vescicles with hormone, found in the terminal part of the axon of the neurosecretory cells Dilated Blood Sinuses

  • Granules in chromophilic cells

Question 23 of 105

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In normal function of the thyroid gland, thyrocytes in follicles are:

Select one of the following:

  • Squamous

  • Cuboidal

  • Cylindrical

  • Flattened

Question 24 of 105

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Indicated how the cells of the cortex of suprarenal gland are called:

Select one of the following:

  • Chromaffin

  • Adrenocorticocytes

  • Pituicytes

  • Pinealocytes

Question 25 of 105

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Pituicytes are cells in:

Select one of the following:

  • Neurohypophysis

  • Epiphiss

  • Thyroid gland

  • Adenohypophysis

Question 26 of 105

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The cells of the APUD system are:

Select one of the following:

  • Basophilic

  • Acidophilic

  • Argentophilic

  • Sudanophilic

Question 27 of 105

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Tubulovesicular mitochondria are typical for:

Select one of the following:

  • The cells of the adrenal gland cortex

  • C cells of the thyroid gland

  • Thyrocytes

Question 28 of 105

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The cells of the adrenal gland cortex are:

Select one of the following:

  • Chromaphin

  • Adrenocorticocytes

  • Pinealocytes

Question 29 of 105

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Insulin is produced by:

Select one of the following:

  • A-Cells of the langerhans islets

  • B-Cells of the Langerhans islets

  • Pinealocytes

  • Adrenocorticocytes

Question 30 of 105

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C-Cells are in:

Select one of the following:

  • Thyroid gland

  • Adenohypophysis

  • Adrenal gland

Question 31 of 105

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The epithelium of the thyroid follicle in hypofunction is:

Select one of the following:

  • Cuboidal

  • Cylindrical

  • Flatten

Question 32 of 105

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Parafollicular cells of thyroid gland have:

Select one of the following:

  • Ectoblastic Origin

  • Mesoblastic Origin

  • Endoblastic Origin

  • Mesenchymal Origin

Question 33 of 105

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For endocrine glands is characteristic:

Select one or more of the following:

  • Pour their secretion into the cavities

  • Rich network of fenestrated capillaries

  • Originate only from the ectoblast

  • Participate in the humoral regulation of vital functions

Question 34 of 105

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For the basophilic cells of the adenohypophysis is characteristic

Select one or more of the following:

  • Regulate the synthesis and secretion of triiodothyronine and thyroxine

  • Contain granules stained with basic dyes

  • Consist of 50% of all the cells of adenohypophysis

  • Secrete steroid hormones

  • Functionally they are separated to 3 kinds

Question 35 of 105

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For the thyroid gland is characteristic:

Select one or more of the following:

  • Follicles as the main structural unit

  • 2 kinds of secretory cells

  • The function of parafollicular cells is independant from the hormones of adenohypophysis

  • The hormone of parafollicular cells is tetraiodothyronin

  • Has endoblastic origin

Question 36 of 105

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For the follicular cells of the thyroid gland-thyrocytes is characteristic:

Select one or more of the following:

  • Synthesize and secrete calcitonin

  • Organised in groups with connective tissue between the follicles

  • They have double secretion

  • They have cuboid shape and oval nuclei

  • They can transform iodide ions to iodine

Question 37 of 105

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For the cortex of the suprarenal gland is characteristic:

Select one or more of the following:

  • Separated to 3 zones

  • Cells with mitochondria with cristae from tubulo-vesicular type and lipid inclusions

  • Cells of zona glomerulosa form strands reaching the medulla of the gland

  • Regular for the synthesis and secretion of glucocorticoids is the system renin-angiotensin-aldosterone.

  • Cells of zona fasciculata produce a great amount of vitamin C

Question 38 of 105

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For the medulla of the suprarenal gland is characteristic:

Select one or more of the following:

  • Divide into 3 zones

  • Orginates from ectoblast

  • Cells with an affinity to chromium salts and called Chromafin

  • Cells with mitochondria with cristae from tubular-vesicular type and lipids

  • Secrete hormones originating from dopamine

Question 39 of 105

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For the cells of the reticular zone of the adrenal gland is characteristic:

Select one or more of the following:

  • Peripherally located directly below the capsule

  • Synthesize glycocorticoid hormones

  • Their function is controlled by the adrenocortiotropic hormone

  • Arranged in strands that form a network

  • Have affinity with chromium salts

Question 40 of 105

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For the endocrine part of the pancreas (Islets of Langerhans) is characteristic:

Select one or more of the following:

  • Arranged in the follicles

  • Four types of basic secretory cells

  • The islets are mostly located in the pancreatic head

  • B-Cells are located in the islets

  • Secretion is regulated by hormones of the adenohypophysis

Question 41 of 105

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For cells of the APUD-system is characteristic:

Select one or more of the following:

  • Neuroectodermal Origin

  • Available only in the organs of the digestive system

  • Producing polypeptide hormones and biogenic amines

  • Depending on the pituitary hormones

  • Affinity for silver and chromium salts

Question 42 of 105

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For the epiphysis is characteristic:

Select one or more of the following:

  • Belongs structurally to the hypothalamus

  • There are two different types of secretory cells

  • It is called the pineal gland

  • Released peptide hormones and biogenic amines

  • A gonadotropic action

Question 43 of 105

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The testis has two margins; Margo medialis and margo lateralis

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 44 of 105

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The epithelium of ductus epididymis is multistratified cylindrical.

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 45 of 105

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The tunica muscularis of ductus deferens is made of two layers smooth muscle tissue

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 46 of 105

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The epithelium of the vagina is multi stratified squamous keratinizing

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 47 of 105

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Progesterone is secreted by the Graaf's follicule in the overium.

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 48 of 105

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Lig. ovarii proprium is a part of the supporting apparatus of the ovarium

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 49 of 105

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Ductus deferens is an element of spermatic cord (funiculus spermaticus)

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 50 of 105

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Mediastinum testis is a part of the parenchyma of the testis

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 51 of 105

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The widest part of the oviduct is the ampulla

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 52 of 105

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The uterus is a hollow muscle organ

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 53 of 105

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Prostate produces male sex hormones

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 54 of 105

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The ovary is situated in excavatio rectouterina

Select one of the following:

  • True
  • False

Question 55 of 105

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Which of the following structures opens into the prostatic sinus?

Select one of the following:

  • Prostatic utricle

  • Ejaculatory ducts

  • Prostatic ductules

  • Seminal vesicles

  • Bullbourethral glands

Question 56 of 105

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The paraurethral glands open into which of the following structures?

Select one of the following:

  • Near the external urethral orifice

  • In the neck of the bladder

  • In the prostatic utricle

  • In the seminal colliculus

  • In the ejaculatory ducts

Question 57 of 105

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All of the following statements concerning the ductus deferens are correct are correct EXCEPT:

Select one of the following:

  • It begins in the head of the epididymis

  • It ascends in the spermatic cord

  • It passes through the inguinal canal

  • It joins the duct of the seminal vesicle to form the ejaculatory duct.

  • It descends medial to the ureter and seminal vesicle

Question 58 of 105

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All of the following statements concerning the seminal vesicles are correct EXCEPT:

Select one of the following:

  • The peritoneum of the rectovesical pouch separates the superior ends of the seminal vesicles from the rectum.,

  • They do not store sperm.

  • They are elongated structures the lie between the fundus of the bladder and the rectum

  • The inferior ends of the seminal vesicles are separated from the rectum by the rectovesical septum

  • Bulbourethral gland empty into the seminal vesicles

Question 59 of 105

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All of the folllowing statements concerning the uterus are correct EXCEPT:

Select one of the following:

  • It is anteverted

  • It is anteflexed

  • The position of the uterus is fixed

  • It is divisible into main parts

  • The body of the uterus lies between the layers of the broad ligament.

Question 60 of 105

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Which of the following parts of uterus protrudes into the uppermost vagina?

Select one of the following:

  • Round ligament

  • Body

  • Fundus

  • Isthmus

  • Cervix

Question 61 of 105

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The rounded vaginal part of the cervix extends into the vagina and communicates with it through which of the following structures?

Select one of the following:

  • Uterine tubes

  • External os

  • Ureter

  • Urethra

  • Internal os

Question 62 of 105

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Laterally, the peritoneum of the broad ligament is prolonged superiorly over the ovarain vessels as which of the following structures?

Select one of the following:

  • Mesovarium

  • Mesosalpinx

  • Mesometrium

  • Suspensory

  • Suspensory ligament of the ovary

  • Transverse cervical (cardinal) ligaments

Question 63 of 105

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The oocytes expelled from the ovaries usaully are fertilized in which of the following areas of the uterine tubes?

Select one of the following:

  • Infundibulum

  • Ampulla

  • Isthmus

  • Uterine

  • Fimbria

Question 64 of 105

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The navicular fossa is located in which of the following structures?

Select one of the following:

  • Glans penis

  • Prostate

  • Bladder

  • Seminal vesicle

  • Expanded in the clitoris

Question 65 of 105

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The space between the labia minora, the vestibule, contains all of the following structures EXCEPT

Select one of the following:

  • Urethral opening

  • Opening of the vagina

  • Ducts of the greater vestibular glands

  • Ducts of the lesser vestibular glands

  • Bulbs of the vestibule

Question 66 of 105

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Each of the following statements relating to the labia minora is correct EXCEPT

Select one of the following:

  • They are folds of fat

  • They are hairless

  • They are enclosed in the pudendal cleft within the labia majora

  • They have a core of spongy connective tissue containing erectile tissue

  • They contain many sebaceous glands and sensory nerve endings

Question 67 of 105

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Parasympathetic stimulation in the female produces which of the following ?

Select one of the following:

  • Decreased vaginal secretions

  • Engorgement of erectile tissue in the bulbs of the vestibule

  • Engorgement of the greater vestibular gland

  • Decrease in size of the clitoris

  • The clitoris becomes flaccid

Question 68 of 105

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The paramesonephric ducts in the male degenerate except for which of the following structures?

Select one of the following:

  • Efferent ductules of the testis

  • Appendix testis

  • Ductus epididymis

  • Seminal vesicles

  • Ductus deferens

Question 69 of 105

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The only parts remaining from the mesonephric system in the female include which of the following structures?

Select one of the following:

  • Fimbriae

  • Uterine tubes

  • Epoophoron

  • Uterus

  • Cervix

Question 70 of 105

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The vaginal fornices are derived from which of the following structures?

Select one of the following:

  • Paramesonephric duct

  • Mesonephric ducts

  • Ectodermal duct

  • Sinovaginal bulbs

  • Urogenital sinus

Question 71 of 105

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Rapid elongation of the genital tubercle in the male gives rise to which of the following structures?

Select one of the following:

  • Testes

  • Scrotum

  • Ductus deferens

  • Phallus

  • Epididymis

Question 72 of 105

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The scrotum arises from which of the following structures?

Select one of the following:

  • Mesonephric ducts

  • Paramesonephric

  • Urethral folds

  • Cloacal fold

  • Genital swellings

Question 73 of 105

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The clitoris is derived from which of the following structures?

Select one of the following:

  • Urethral folds

  • Genital swellings

  • Urogenital groove

  • Mesonephric ducts

  • Genital tubercle

Question 74 of 105

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Which of the following structures give rise to the labia minora?

Select one of the following:

  • Mesonephric ducts

  • Urogenital groove

  • Genital swellings

  • Urethral folds

  • Genital tubercle

Question 75 of 105

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Which of the following structures extends into labia majora?

Select one of the following:

  • Suspensory ligament of the ovary

  • Ligament of the ovary proper

  • Processus vaginalis

  • Round ligament of the uterus

  • Uterine tube

Question 76 of 105

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Which of the following structures is the largest accessory gland of the male reproductive system?

Select one of the following:

  • Tetes

  • Seminal vesicles

  • Prostate

  • Bulbourethral glands

  • Epididymis

Question 77 of 105

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The mesosalpinx forms the mesentery for which of the following structures?

Select one of the following:

  • Uterine tube

  • Ovary

  • Small intestine

  • Bladder

  • Uterus

Question 78 of 105

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Distally the corpus spongiosum expands to form which of the following structures?

Select one of the following:

  • Bulb of the penis

  • Clitoris

  • Vestibule

  • Glans penis

  • Crura of the penis

Question 79 of 105

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The term vulva is synonymous with which of the following structures?

Select one of the following:

  • Mons pubis

  • Labia majora

  • Vestibule

  • Clitoris

  • Pudendum

Question 80 of 105

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Which of the following structures may be refferred to as the fourchette?

Select one of the following:

  • Prepuce of the clitoris

  • Frenulum of the labia minora

  • Vestibule of the vagina

  • Glans clitoris

  • Mons pubis

Question 81 of 105

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The lesser vestibular glands open into which of the following structures?

Select one of the following:

  • Vestibule between the urethral and vaginal orifices

  • Vestibule on each side of the vaginal orifice

  • Bulbs of the vestibule

  • Glans clitoris

  • Bulbourethral ducts

Question 82 of 105

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Which of the following structures is incised during median episiotomy for childbirth?

Select one of the following:

  • Perineal body

  • Greater vestibular glands

  • Lesser vestibular glands

  • Clitoris

  • Urethra

Question 83 of 105

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The membranous part of the male urethra is located in which of the following structures?

Select one of the following:

  • Bladder

  • Prostate

  • External urethral sphinter

  • Bulb of penis

  • Glans penis

Question 84 of 105

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The paraurethral glands are homologues to which of the following structures?

Select one of the following:

  • Testes

  • Prostate

  • Seminal vesicles

  • Bulbourethral glands

  • Epididymis

Question 85 of 105

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Which of the following areas contributes to the major part of the prostate?

Select one of the following:

  • Anterior lobe

  • Isthmus

  • Posterior lobe

  • Lateral lobe

  • Middle Lobe

Question 86 of 105

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All of the following structures surrond the corpora cavernosa and corpus spondiosum EXCEPT

Select one of the following:

  • Loose areolar tissue

  • Deep fascia

  • Tunica albuginea

  • Skin

  • Tunica dartos

Question 87 of 105

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The superior end of the vagina surrounds which of the following structures?

Select one of the following:

  • Round ligament

  • Urogenital hiatus

  • Urethra

  • Cervix

  • Neck of bladder

Question 88 of 105

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Which of the following structures forms the mesentary of the uterus?

Select one of the following:

  • Round ligament of the uterus

  • Mesosalpinx

  • Pelvic diaphragm

  • Endopelvic fascia

  • Mesometrium

Question 89 of 105

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Which of the pointed out elements cannot be associated with the sertoli cells:

Select one of the following:

  • Rough endoplasmic reticulum

  • Mitochondria with tubular cristae

  • Numerous junctions with the neighbouring cells

  • Phagocytosis of degenerated germ cells

Question 90 of 105

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Which of the cells do not participate in the hemo-testicular barrier:

Select one of the following:

  • Sertoli cells

  • Leidig cells

  • Peritubular myofibroblasts

  • Endothelial cells

Question 91 of 105

Medal-premium 1

The secret of vesiculae seminales is rich of:

Select one of the following:

  • Citric acid

  • Acid phosphatase

  • Frustose

  • Lipids

Question 92 of 105

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The epithelium of the uterus is:

Select one of the following:

  • Unistratified cylindrical

  • Cuboidal

  • Henle' epithelium

Question 93 of 105

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The epithelium of the ductus epididymis is:

Select one of the following:

  • Unistratified cylindrical

  • Cuboidal

  • Henle' epithelium

  • Two layers of cylindrical cells with streocilia

Question 94 of 105

Medal-premium 1

Corpus luteum is:

Select one of the following:

  • Endocrine organ

  • Supporting structure

  • Growing follicule

Question 95 of 105

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The epithelium of ductus epididymidis is:

Select one of the following:

  • Flatten epithelium

  • Cuboidal epithelium

  • Two layers of cells with stereocillia

  • Columnar epithelium

Question 96 of 105

Medal-premium 1

The prostatic glands in adults are:

Select one of the following:

  • Tubulous

  • Acinous

  • Tubulo-acinous

Question 97 of 105

Medal-premium 1

Which of the following parts of the male urethra is the widest and most dilatable?

Select one of the following:

  • Proprostatic

  • Prostatic

  • Membranous

  • Spongy

  • External urethral meatus

Question 98 of 105

Medal-premium 1

Testosterone is:

Select one of the following:

  • Protein hormone

  • Steroid hormone

  • Glucoprotein hormone

Question 99 of 105

Medal-premium 1

The elements of the blood-testis barrier are:

Select one or more of the following:

  • Endothelial cells of the blood capillaries

  • Lamina basalis of the blood capillaries

  • Lamina basalis of the seminiferous tubules

  • Podocytes

  • Lamina propria of the seminiferous tubules

Question 100 of 105

Medal-premium 1

Typical for the ovarium is:

Select one or more of the following:

  • Facies medialis and facies lateralis

  • Mesovarium is part of the supporting aparatus

  • Pair organ

  • Stroma of follicles

  • Cytogenic and endocrine function

Question 101 of 105

Medal-premium 1

Typical for the prostate is:

Select one or more of the following:

  • Stores spermatozoa

  • Secreted testosterone

  • Has basic, apex and three surfaces

  • Makes folds

  • The epithelium of the glands is cylindrical

Question 102 of 105

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Typical for the testis is:

Select one or more of the following:

  • Facies medialis and facies lateralis

  • Mesovarium is part of the supporting aparatus

  • Pair organ

  • Follicles

  • Cytogenic and endocrine function

  • Tubuli seminiferi contorti

Question 103 of 105

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Typical for the vesicula seminalis is:

Select one or more of the following:

  • Pair organ

  • Secrete acidic phosphatase

  • Three layers of the wall

  • Located medially of ampulla ductus deferentis

  • Outer layer is advetitia

Question 104 of 105

Medal-premium 1

The posterior fornix is the deepest part of which of the following structures?

Select one of the following:

  • Urinary Bladder

  • Vagina

  • Deep perineal space

  • Urethra

  • Uterus

Question 105 of 105

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The distal end of the ovary connects to the lateral wall of the pelvis by which of the following structures?

Select one of the following:

  • Round ligament

  • Ligament of the ovary

  • Suspensory ligament of the ovary

  • Transverse cervical ligament

  • Lateral cervical ligament

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Anatomy Year 2 Test 3

Sole C
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Anatomy Year 2 Test 3

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