_____ is the process of influencing others to achieve group or organizational goals.
Which of the following statements about leaders and managers is true?
Managers are critical to inspiring employees and setting long-term direction.
Leaders are more concerned with means, while managers are more concerned with ends.
Organizations need both leaders and managers.
Most organizations place greater emphasis on leadership than on management.
Leaders are critical to getting out the day-to-day work.
Relatively stable characteristics such as abilities, psychological motives, or consistent patterns of behavior, form the basis for the _____ theory of leadership.
Which one of the following traits refers to high levels of effort and is characterized by achievement, motivation, energy, tenacity, and initiative?
According to the Blake/Mouton leadership grid, _____ leadership style occurs when leaders care about having a friendly, enjoyable work environment but don't really pay much attention to production or performance.
Which of the following is an example of a situational theory of leadership?
Fiedler's contingency theory
Equity theory of leadership
Charismatic leadership theory
In Fiedler's contingency theory, the term _____ refers to the degree to which a particular condition either permits or denies a leader the chance to influence the behavior of group members.
In Fiedler's contingency theory, the term _____ refers to the degree to which leaders are able to hire, fire, reward, and punish workers.
Which of the following is an example of an environmental contingency in path-goal theory?
Locus of control
A study was conducted by a company on how leadership behavior influences employees' attitude toward their job. It was found that it is important for leaders to be friendly with and to show concern for their employees to promote job satisfaction. Which of the following leadership behaviors is emphasized in this scenario?
Which of the following is NOT one of the four leadership styles identified in the path-goal theory of leadership?
According to the path-goal theory of leadership, which of the following leadership styles involves being friendly and approachable to employees, showing concern for them and their welfare, treating them as equals, and creating a friendly climate?
The founder of a medical products distributor, establishes challenging goals for his employees and is confident that they will be able to achieve these goals. In terms of the path-goal theory, the founder is exhibiting a(n) _____ leadership style.
The _____ is an organization's set of procedures, rules, and policies.
primary work group
formal authority system
locus of control
The normative decision theory _____.
states that the situation determines what leadership style to use
helps leaders determine how much employee participation should be used in decision making
assumes that certain inalienable characteristics determine the most effective leaders
assumes leaders are generally unable to change their leadership style
assumes leader behavior can be fitted to subordinate characteristics
Which of the following is a rule used within normative decision theory to increase decision acceptance?
The subordinate information rule
The leader information rule
The commitment requirement rule
The goal congruence rule
The problem structure rule
_____ is the ability to anticipate, envision, maintain flexibility, and work with others to initiate change that will create a positive future for an organization.
_____ is leadership that creates a positive image of the future that motivates organizational members and provides direction for future planning and goal setting.
The two types of visionary leadership are _____.
situational leadership and transactional leadership
charismatic leadership and transformational leadership
transformational leadership and transactional leadership
situational leadership and strategic leadership
tactical leadership and charismatic leadership
The two kinds of charismatic leaders are _____.
optimistic charismatics and pessimistic charismatics
visionary and nonvisionary leaders
effective charismatics and ineffective charismatics
transformational and transactional leaders
ethical charismatics and unethical charismatics
_____ is a leadership that generates awareness and acceptance of a group's purpose and mission and gets employees to see beyond their own needs and self-interest for the good of the group.
Transformational leaders _____.
do not allow followers to question assumptions
help followers see how their jobs fit with the organization's vision
have moral standards that put their interests before everyone else's
often rely on discipline to bring performance up to standards
do what is best for themselves instead of their organizations
Transactional leaders often _____.
put their interests before their organization's needs
motivate followers by providing them with meaningful and challenging work
pay special attention to individual needs by creating learning opportunities
rely too heavily on discipline or threats to bring performance up to standards
Which type of leader behaviour is demonstrated by a CEO who visits company plants to meet and talk to employees at all levels in order to better understand their concerns and feelings?
When an individual is running for a local political office, he or she makes lots of promises to people. When the individual wins the election and assumes office, he or she is often unable to carry out the political promises. In the context of leadership traits, the individual lacks _____.