What was the Marshall Plan?
The other side to the Truman Doctrine
A charity organisation
A spy organisation set up by Truman
Who devised it?
Harry S. Truman
What did it do?
Donated money to Western European countries
Donated money to European countries
Donated money to countries that didn't belong to the USSR
Donated money to Eastern European countries
How much did George Marshall request from Congress for Marshall Aid?
Initially, Congress disagreed with the Marshall Plan because of the amount of money required.
Initially, Congress disagreed with the Marshall Plan as there were suspicions that countries would use the aid to trade with the USSR
What made Congress change their minds about Marshall Aid?
When George Marshall reported the damage done in Europe
When Czechoslovakia was seized by the communists
When non-communists in Czechoslovakia were killed
When the Czechoslovakian leader Jan Masaryk, a supporter of the West, was murdered
When they realised Stalin was attempting to capture as many European countries as he could
When George Marshall was shot on a visit to Poland
When was Marshall Aid given out?
China's accepting of Marshall Aid angered Stalin
Stalin was angry when Yugoslavia accepted Marshall Aid
Why was he angry?
His moustache wasn't as curly as the British moustaches
Yugoslavia had been a communist country and he was suspicious that the West would try and be allies with them
On a map, Yugoslavia formed a bridge between East and West Europe; Stalin didn't want this
USSR and Yugoslavia had an alliance; if this was broken he would be furious
Yugoslavia had always been independent - so Stalin had always been suspicious - and this was the final straw
Stalin was angry that nobody had accepted his 'Stalin Aid'
What did Stalin do to Tito, leader of Yugoslavia, as a result?
Tito was shot by Soviets in 1948
Tito was expelled from Cominform in 1948
Tito was invaded by Soviets in 1948
Tito was expelled from Cominform in 1949
What did Stalin view Marshall Aid as?
A loan, not a donation
What were USA's interests for giving Marshall Aid?
They believed communism thrived where there was poverty, so giving money would hold this back
They wanted to increase trade with Europe to avoid another depression
They wanted to be the hero and show up Stalin
If they could gain the trust of Europe, they could control their markets so they had more power over there
Marshall Aid increased suspicions between USA and USSR