In 1579, who is the Englishman who helps launch a new age of piracy and becomes the most successful pirate in history?
Drake's secret partner-in-crime is the English ________, Elizabeth 1...He's already plundered over ____ Spanish ships. The King of _______ has put a price on his head, ___ _________ dollars today, dead or alive.
What is the Spanish ship, the Cacafuego, carrying?
Why can't Drake risk an all-out attack?
His plan: a surgical strike from _______ quarters, to take out the Spanish galleon's main ______...two _________ balls chained together smash through the mast.
True or False. The pirate haul from the Cacafuego was enough to pay off England's entire national debt and fund the English government for a year.
What is the key to the new global economy?
High in the Andes of ________ America, a discovery that will launch a new era in the story of mankind: Potosi, a mountain made of __________.
True or False. In Potosi, silver veins can be up to 12 feet thick.
But within ______ years, the richest silver ore is mined out, leaving Spanish engineers with a __________. The remaining ore is too low grade for the silver to be extracted using _______.
True or False. Bartolomeu Medina's secret formula of using mercury to extract silver is instantly successful.
Finally, a breakthrough. The missing ingredient, a common substance used to tan leather: _________ _________. Reacting with mercury, the missing catalyst that _________ the silver from its impurities. The key that turns the mines of ________ into the richest source of silver mankind has ever known.
How much silver was mined in Potosi each year?
What are the Spanish silver coins that become the world's first universal currency called?
True or False. The silver Spanish coin was legal tender in the United States until 1857.
What does the scroll and pillars of the Spanish royal crest inspire?
Spanish fleets ship _______ tons out of silver out of the Americas, creating a new Atlantic ______.
What becomes the world's new richest and busiest trading city?
A century after the _________ conquest of the New World, the riches of the Americas and an explosion of global _______, have turned the Netherlands into the ________ nation on the planet. The Dutch control over half the world's _________. More new millionaires than _________ else on Earth. The highest income per head in ________. A city in love with __________.
True or False. Jan Van Goyen was a successful artist who hated gambling.
What exotic luxury imported from Turkey is in demand in Amsterdam?
Today, a tulip bulb sells for about _____ cents, but in Holland in ______, the rarest bulbs are selling for _____ times their weight in _______.
True or False. Amsterdam's merchants give birth to speculation and the Future's Market when they begin to sell the rights to next year's tulip harvest and not the bulbs themselves.
True or False. The price of tulips crash and tulips once sold for 5,000 guilders are now worthless.
What did Jan Van Goyen do to pay off his tulip investment debt that made him famous?
One group of _________ radicals will reject this world as corrupt and ungodly, and set on a __________ that will transform the future of a continent: ________ _________.
What does this group call themselves?
Why did this group come to North America?
Within months, the Pilgrims are struggling to ________. They land at the start of a bitter New England ________. Their crops fail. Malnutrition. Starvation. __________. _____ men, women, and children make the crossing. ____ months later, _____ of them are dead.
Who does the land the Pilgrims have settled on belong to?
True or False. Mile Standish was not a soldier, but a simple Pilgrim.
3,000 miles from home, the first _________ __________ the Pilgrims encounter greets them in their own __________.
Samoset: a Wabenaki ______. His English learned from earlier ________ to this coast.
List three important things about Squanto.
True or False. Squanto was kidnapped by the Spanish, sold into slavery, won his freedom, made his way to London, learned English, was hired as an interpreter, and eventually earned his passage back home.
Who was the governor of the pilgrims?
True or False. The Pilgrims would have survived without Squanto's help.
What does Squanto teach the Pilgrims to use as a fertilizer for the sandy soil?
What is the key to the Pilgrims survival?
____% of all Americans today are descended from these ______ 50 pioneers.
____ pioneers who turned their back on a world devoted to making ______, lay the foundations of the _______ _______, the greatest trading nation of the future.
What commodity changes the destiny of Africa?
Who was Queen Nzinga Mbande's enemy?
In the _________ and Caribbean, the Spanish and Portuguese lay out vast new plantations of ______ _____.
What new commodity arises out of the industrial scale agriculture in the Americas?
True or False. Queen Nzinga never sold African captives or prisoners of war to the Portuguese.
As the sugar trade _______, so does the demand for more African ________. Her former trading partners have ________ against her. They now want her _______ as slaves.
True or False. Queen Nzinga and her sisters successfully escape from the Portuguese slave traders.
Over ___ centuries, European slave traders will transport ____ million Africans to the New World, the majority from _______ Africa.
250 years later ________ will be abolished. Mankind's taste for ________ transforms the face and civilization of ___ continents. Today, almost a ____ of the population of the Americas can race their roots back to _______.
How many people is Shah Jahan the emperor of in India?
What does "Shah Jahan" mean?
Contributing to Jahan's wealth, a string of trading _____ along India's coast, drawing thousands of _________ merchants flush with American ________.
100 ____ of silver pours into India each year, generating _________ in taxes paid to one man, Shah _______.
With the emperor on campaign, his favorite ______ in labor with their ______ child. Her name, Mumtaz Mahal, "the _______ of the palace."
True or False. Mumtaz Mahal is saved by Shah Jahan.
What does Shah Jahan commission for his beloved wife?
Global ______ and wealth on a vast new scale creates some of mankind's most ionic _________. We'll spend the next 350 years building __________ to our economic power and our connected world.