Define Detente in the Cold War
The relaxing of tensions between the USSR and the USA
The collapse of communism
The treaties signed by both sides to keep peace
What were pressures for detente on USSR?
Needed increased trade with other parts of the world e.g USA
Brezhnev wanted to increase Khrushchev's policy on peaceful co-existence
Their beliefs in communism were turning to doubts
Arms spending was crippling the economy
Brezhnev turned his :-( upside-down
The UN would only let them join if they had peaceful relations with others
The USSR fell out with China and needed better relations with the USA
They intended to cripple the USA's economy from the inside
What were pressures for detente on USA?
Their economy was crippled; Arms Race, Vietnam War
They wanted to unite their powers to create a super-super-power
Losing the Vietnam War hit their confidence
Losing the Korean War hit their confidence
Civil rights movement (black = white) was pressure
USSR - USA = :-(
USSR + USA = :-)
What does SALT stand for?
Strategic Arms Limitation Talks
Superpowers Agreeing Like That
Strategic Ammunition Limit Talks
When was SALT created?
What is SALT?
An agreement limiting each sides's ballistic missiles
A tasty condiment, usually served with chips
A treaty to bring the two superpowers's armies together
When and by whom was the Helsinki agreement signed?
1975, by 35 countries
1970, by 30 countries
1975, by two countries
What did the Helsinki Agreement entail?
That the West would recognise East Germany and the Soviet's boundaries
That the two should increase trade
That the USSR could join the UN
What happened in the Soviet Invasion?
On Xmas Day 1979 Afghanistan was invaded by Soviet troops who killed leader Amin
On New Year's Day in 1980 Babrak Karmal was their new leader, flown in from the USSR
Leader Amin allowed Soviets into the country but they overthrew him and took hold of Afghanistan
Their new leader was Leonid Brezhnev from the USSR
24th Dec 1980 Afghanistan was invaded by Soviets who respected their country
25th Dec 1980 Afghanistan was invaded by the USSR who killed Amin
The Mujahedin were joined by: