what is a genus and what is a species
a genus is a group of animals together that have similarities and a species is what the animal/organism is
a genus is the first part of the latin name species is the second
what is continuous variation
continous variation is when results vary in within a range without distinct categories
when there are no gaps within the graph
what are the 5 kingdoms?
plants animals fungi prokaryote and protoctists
fungi are ______ they feed off _____ and decaying material they are ______ and have a ____ but dont have _____
fungi are saprophytes they feed off dead organisms and decaying material they are multicellular and have a cell wall but they dont have chlorophyll
saprophytes they feed off dead organisms and decaying material they have a cell wall
if a male from one species interbereds with a female from another species you get a ____
what are an organisms characteristics determined by
the genes inherited from their parents
how their parents look
Painkillers do not cure infectious diseases.
because they dont kill pathogens bacteria and viruses they only cure sypmtoms.
they dont kill germs
Plants and animals have become adapted in many different ways to reduce the risk of
being eaten by predators.
Describe these adaptations.
Give examples of animals and plants adapted in the ways you describe.
animals have adapted to reduce their risk of being eaten by prey, by being able to camoflouge and blend into its background when a predator is in sight because as they blend in, it wont be easy for the predator to spot its victim. other animals have also grown either horns or prickly spikes, for example the enchida has skies all over it and uses them as self defense when it feels threatend, a springbok can also use its horns to protect itsself from predators , so both horns and spikes could hurt the predator.
they can change colour and they have horns.
A person has been vaccinated against measles. The person comes in contact with the
measles pathogen. The person does not catch measles.
white blood cells produce anitbodies and antibodies destroy the pathogen. antibiotics will also have built the immune system to be stong enough to protect itself from the measles
what is cystic fibrosis
cystic fibrosis is a genetic disorder of the cell membranes it causes the body to produce alot of thick sticky mucus in the air passages gut and pancreas
a genetic disorder
what is sickle cell anemia
sickle cell anemia is a genetic diorder characterised by funny looking red blood cells they get stuck in the capillaries and this deprives the body cells of oxygen
a disorder of wrongly shaped cells