social facts vs social constraints
ideas linked to Emile Durkheim
how our actions are limited as by Durkheim
main ideas of Karl Marx
August Comte ideas
Ideas of Harriet Martineau
ideas of WEB Dubios
Dubois and the self
examples of rationalization
ideas of marxism
rational choice theory
how sociology helps us
middle range theories
How did Emile Durkheim think that the division of labor contributes to organic solidarity in modern societies?
How can sociology have practical implications?
The functionalist approach has been criticized for ?
The concept of __________ refers to the fact that social contexts are not random events but have distinct patterns.
According to some postmodern theorists, such as Jean Baudrillard, how has the spread of electronic media affected society?
Postmodern theorists argue that much of our world is now
According to Max Weber, _________ is a general process through which social, economic, and cultural life is organized according to principles of efficiency, on the basis of technical knowledge.
How is the sociological imagination key to the study of sociology?
What best describes one of the principal aims of sociology?
Which of the following is one of the contributions that Harriet Martineau made to the field of sociology?
Sociology can be said to have developed as a result of efforts to understand the effects of __
Alice Goffman' research
Park and Ogburn: purpose
Park's ideas about soc as a science
Ogburn's ideas about soc as a science
ways that soc is a science
ways that soc is unlike natural science
steps in the research process:
importance of hypotheses
causation vs correlation
the importance of controls
list 3 research methods in soc research
pros and cons of ethnography
pros and cons of surveys
pros/cons of experiments
life history as a research method
common research methods
culture vs society
human culture: how its shapes society
why sociologists avoid ethnocentrism
judging a society by its own standards
importance of language
how cultural meanings are expressed /formed
types of human societies
industrialized society key points
effects of globalization
How do developing countries today differ from traditional civilizations?
Which of the following statements best captures sociologist Ann Swidler's notion of culture as a "tool kit"?
What is a primary difference, besides food sources, between agrarian societies and both pastoral societies and hunting and gathering communities?
Which of the following is an example of a cultural value?
The Nature versus Nurture debate examines the importance of
According to the linguistic relativity hypothesis, how does language influence our perceptions of the world?
Which of the following is a characteristic of preindustrial civilizations?
role play importance
the importance of organized play in children
formal operational stage
Not everyone reaches formal operational stage- depends on level of schooling
adults of limited education think in concrete terms with
socialization stages: who socializes them?
traditional vs modern social position acquistion
peer groups vs age-grades
Barrie Thorne and gender play main ideas
Barrie Thorne on gender socialization
According to Hodge and Tripp, it is not the vio-
lence alone that affects behavior but
mass media: video game effects on schoolwork
functionalist view on social roles
how individuals come to assume social roles
social identities vs self identities
how we learn gender roles
the problem with freuds theories
Chodorow's views on gender socialization
Which of the following statements is central to Jean Piaget's ideas about child development?
From a sociological perspective, what is a characteristic of human beings that most distinguishes us from other animals?
How are social identity and self-identity different?
Which of the following is an example of a formal way that schools serve as socializing agents?
How is old age viewed differently in traditional and modern societies?
What new perspective did researchers Robert Hodge and David Tripp bring to the study of television programs affect children?
Erving Goffman founded what
Goffman on daily routines
importance of social interaction
central insight of goffman
places where there's no audience segregation
the importance of civil inattention
Goffman's beliefs of what sociologists should focus on
Conclusion of Ekman's study
Influences of facial expressions
the problem with the internet
A central insight of sociology since Goffman
James Henslin and Mae Biggs study
focused interaction leads to...
all interactions are
In focused interac-
tion, each person communicates as much by facial expression
and gesture as by the words actually exchanged.
unfocused interactions online
impression management and internet
small talk and social context
the importance of shared understanding in social lives
importance of small talk
Garfinkel student study on street interchanges with talk
interactional vandalism describes cases
like these in which a subordinate person breaks the tacit rules
of everyday interaction that are of value to the more powerful.
is closely tied up with overarching class, gender, and racial
response cries as impression management
Edward Hall and personal space
importance of social life with clocks in time-space and regionalization
how internet changes space time intractions
pros and cons of internet to social interactions
result of increased internet usage
compulsion of proximity
importance of coprescence
. In societ-
ies where men on the whole dominate women in both public
and private life, men may feel freer than women to make eye
contact with strangers.
how nonverbal communication eludes to gender inequalities
Gardner on harassment of women
Anderson: micro macrosoc and class inequalities
Impression management refers
According to research, how has the increase in the use of electronic communication in the workplace affected face-to-face interaction in offices?
Why is it important to link microsociology and macrosociology when analyzing everyday social interactions?
social aggregate vs social group
primary vs secondary groups
primary and secondary group purposes
prevalence of primary and secondary groups in history
secondary groups effect on intimacy
reference groups types and importance
George Simmels study of dyads
large group interactions with others
Asch's conformity study
Janis and the group think study
networks vs social groups
importance of internet in social network
factors effecting internet usage
organizations can be primary or secondary
example of A formal organization is
designed to achieve its objectives, often by means of explicit rules, regulations, and procedures.
traditional and modern social systems
pros and cons of orgs
Weber on beuracracy
ideal bueracracy by weber
informal vs formal relations
Meyer and Rowan on formal relations
Merton feared that formal relations rigidity could lead to
Burns and Stalker 2 orgs types: mechanistic and organic
Ritzer mcdonald principles
japanese vs weberian bureaucracy
Networked organizations offer at least two advantages
over more bureaucratic ones: They can foster the ﬂow of in-
formation, and they can enhance creativity. As we’ve seen,
bureaucratic hierarchy can impede the ﬂow of information
What concern does sociologist George Ritzer share with Max Weber about the effects of rationalization on modern society?
According to Max Weber, why is the expansion of bureaucracy inevitable in modern societies?
According to the political scientist Robert Putnam, one of the most important factors to the health of a modern democracy is
Judy Wajcman, which of the following has the most influence on the type of management techniques used in an organization
What is one major difference in how computerization has affected highly skilled professionals versus less-skilled production and service workers?
The increase in the popularity of the corporate culture approach to management is due in part to
Kanter on women in professions