All of the following countries were members of the Warsaw Pact EXCEPT
The Truman Doctrine
announced that the United States would support any country threatened by communist aggression.
established assistance to Hungarian rebels.
formed an alliance system against Soviet aggression.
helped to drive communists out of France.
The Berlin Blockade
was the Allied effort to rid Germany of Nazis.
resulted in the construction of a wall that divided Germany into two countries.
led to armed conflict between the United States and the Soviet Union.
blocked the transportation of goods by land and sea into West Berlin.
Which of the following was a treaty to regulate nuclear weapons?
This political cartoon illustrates
the different views the Soviet Union and United States had about what to do with Germany after World War II.
the widening gap between the Soviet Union and United States during the early Cold War.
the increasingly aggressive stance that the Soviet Union had towards Poland.
What role did the arms race play in the downfall of the Soviet Union?
It prevented the adoption of perestroika.
It forced the Soviet Union to take part in guerrilla wars.
It put a strain on the inefficient Soviet economy.
It forced many state-run schools to close.
The intention of the Marshall Plan was to
rebuild the military power of Western Europe.
help the Japanese economy recover from the war.
rebuild the economies of war-shattered Europe.
prevent the spread of communism into Africa and Asia.
The leaders of the Czechoslovakian reform movement of 1968 (also known as the "Prague Spring") attempted to
abolish the Communist party.
remove Czechoslovakia from the Warsaw Pact.
The purpose of the policy of containment was to
prevent East Germany from linking politically with Soviet Union.
resist the extension of Soviet expansion and influence throughout the world.
isolate the Soviet Union diplomatically.
limit the number of nuclear weapons and tests.
In Khrushchev's "Secret Speech" of 1956 he
directly criticized the policies of the Stalin years.
called for a new round of purges of the "radical elements" in the Communist Party.
advocated the invasion of Afghanistan.
detailed plans to put the first man into space.
"The Parties to this Treaty reaffirm their faith in the purposes and principles of the Charter of the United Nations and their desire to live in peace with all people and all governments. They are determined to safeguard the freedom, common heritage, and civilization of their peoples, founded on the principles of democracy, individual liberty, and the rule of law." This quote is from the
charter of the Council for Mutual Economic Assistance.
founding of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization.
second round of the Strategic Arms Limitation Talks.
plans for establishing the Strategic Defense Initiative.
Which of the following statements best summarizes the Revolutions of 1989?
The revolutions were mostly peaceful and Communist governments were no longer in power.
The revolutions were relatively bloodless but only a minimal amount of influence was gained by democratic parties.
The revolutions saw a considerable loss of life through the Communist governments were eventually defeated.
The revolutions most likely would have failed if it were not for massive American assistance in terms of both money and weapons.
The Brezhnev Doctrine basically
aimed at producing more ICBMs than that of the United States.
attempted to fix the economic problems of the Soviet Union.
was declared in reaction to the U-2 Spy Plane incident.
stated that Communist parties could not go their own direction.
Which of the following is presented in correct chronological order?
The Marshall Plan is begun, the Berlin Wall is erected, Gorbachev becomes head of the Soviet Union, Sputnik is launched.
The Marshall Plan is begun, Sputnik is launched, the Berlin Wall is erected, Gorbachev becomes head of the Soviet Union.
Gorbachev becomes head of the Soviet Union, the Berlin Wall is erected, Sputnik is launched, the Marshall Plan is begun.
The Berlin Wall is erected, the Marshall Plan is begun, Sputnik is launched, Gorbachev becomes head of the Soviet Union.
All of the following statements about Mikhail Gorbachev are true EXCEPT
He adopted a policy of openness that allowed to criticize the government.
He believed that Communism had failed and must be replaced by a new system.
He attempted to restructure the economy and address the problems plaguing the Soviet economy.
He signed several treaties with the West that reduced the number of weapons that each side possessed.
At the last two major conferences of World War II, Yalta and Potsdam, it became clear that
strong disagreements about the future of Europe were developing between the United States and the Soviet Union
fundamental disagreements on how to defeat Germany existed between the Allies.
an arms race already existed between the United States and the Soviet Union.
major steps toward establishing a European Union would occur in the next fifty years.
the foreign policy approach advocated by the French government.
the lessening of tensions between the Soviet Union and the United States.
a foreign policy that relied on an ever-increasing number of nuclear weapons.
established in reaction to the Hungarian Rebellion of 1956.
The Solidarity movement in Poland worked
for free trade unions and democratic government.
to eliminate all traces of capitalism from the Polish economy.
to suppress all forms of protest that was aimed at the Communist Party.
for replacing aging machines and technology.
The Berlin Wall was built
to halt the stream of refugees from East Berlin into West Berlin.
as a symbol to the West of the closed nature of Communist society.
to keep the people of West Berlin from entering East Berlin.
under the presidency of Dwight Eisenhower.
Which of the following would be considered a feature of perestroika?
Increased levels of free-market economic activity allowed by the Soviet Union.
Greater centralization of the Soviet Union's economic activity.
A crackdown on liberal elements in the media.
Allowing open discussions on the political course that the Soviet Union should take.